World Baseball Softball Confederation is the world governing body for the sports of baseball and softball. It was established in 2013 by the merger of the International Baseball Federation and International Softball Federation, the former world governing bodies for baseball and softball, respectively. Under WBSC's organizational structure, IBAF and ISF now serve as the Baseball Division and Softball Division of WBSC; each division is governed by an Executive Committee, while the WBSC is governed by an Executive Board. Headquartered in Lausanne, the WBSC was granted recognition as the sole competent global authority for both the sports of baseball and softball by the International Olympic Committee at the 125th IOC Session on 8 September 2013; the WBSC has 208 National Federation Members in 141 countries and territories across Asia, Americas and Oceania. Professional baseball organizations as well as youth organizations are included and form an arm of the WBSC as Associate Members; as the recognised governing body in baseball/softball, the WBSC is charged with overseeing all international competitions and holds the exclusive rights of all competitions and world championships featuring National Teams.
These rights extend to the Olympic Games, with baseball and softball returning to the Olympic Programme for the 2020 games. WBSC's members hold the rights to select National Teams; this exclusive authority of the WBSC and its Members in each constituent country to sanction and regulate the sport of baseball applies in the 141 territories in which the WBSC has an associated National Federation. Discussions to merge baseball and softball world governing bodies were sparked by a Memorandum of Understanding that saw baseball and softball leaders agree to form a joint bid to be added to the 2020 Olympic Games sports program. Following its exclusion of baseball and softball from the Summer Olympics in 2005, the IOC reclassified baseball and softball as two disciplines of the same sport; as the IOC's guidance indicated the necessity for baseball and softball to be jointly considered for reinstatement in the Olympic programme, the two independent International Federations set out on a path toward a full and complete merger.
In 2012, the International Baseball Federation and the International Softball Federation laid out the essential ground rules for partnership and began working on a constitution that would guide the merger and provide a framework for governance and operations. At a historic IBAF Congress in Tokyo in April 2013, the Constitution was ratified and since it had been approved by an ISF working group empowered to do so, the WBSC was formalized and empowered; the creation of a single federation allowed for the permanent alignment and management of baseball and softball at the world level. The merger resulted in an immediate boost to the governance and gender equality of baseball and softball, criteria for an Olympic sport that are valued by the IOC. At the first World Baseball Softball Congress—in Hammamet, Tunisia—Italy's Fraccari was elected to a seven-year term as the first president of WBSC, along with a elected Executive Board; the WBSC is governed by the Executive Board, which consists of fourteen members: president, secretary general, two vice presidents, baseball executive vice president, softball executive vice president, four members at large, athlete representative for baseball, athlete representative for softball, global ambassador.
The Baseball Division is governed by an Executive Committee, which has thirteen members: president, secretary general, 2nd vice president, 3rd vice president, three members at large, four continental vice presidents, executive director. The Softball Division is governed by an Executive Committee that has twenty-three members: president, secretary general, 1st vice president, 2nd vice president, twelve vice presidents, two at-large members, two athlete representatives, immediate past president, executive director; the WBSC has four departments: media, finance and marketing. It has several commissions. Professional Leagues Australia: Australian Baseball League Japan: Nippon Professional Baseball Mexico: Mexican Pacific League and Mexican Baseball League Puerto Rico: Liga de Béisbol Profesional Roberto Clemente South Korea: Korea Baseball Organization United States and Canada: Major League Baseball Taiwan: Chinese Professional Baseball League Venezuela: Venezuelan Professional Baseball League Youth Leagues PONY Baseball and SoftballMulti-Sport Organizations United States Specialty Sports Association Africa African Baseball and Softball Association Americas Pan American Softball Confederation Pan American Baseball Confederation Asia Baseball Federation of Asia Softball Confederation Asia Europe Confederation of European Baseball European Softball Federation Oceania Baseball Confederation of Oceania Oceania Softball Confederation Baseball at the Summer Olympics WBSC Premier12 World Baseball Classic Women's Baseball World Cup 23U Baseball World Cup 18U Baseball World Cup 15U Baseball World Cup 12U Baseball World Cup Softball at the Summer Olympics Men's Softball World Championship Women's Softball World Championship Junior Men's Softball World Championship Junior Women
Alona E. Evans was an American scholar who specialized in international law and was one of the first American academics to write extensively on legal issues related to international terrorists and refugees. Evans was a professor in and the chair of the Department of Political Science at Wellesley College, Wellesley and was the first woman to be president of the American Society of International Law. Evans was born Alona Elizabeth Evans on February 27, 1917, in Rhode Island, she was the daughter of Florence Elizabeth Whitehead. Her father, an immigrant from Wales, was an investigator for the Internal Revenue Service when he was killed at age 54 by a drunk driver while on duty in North Carolina in 1941. Evans received a B. A. and a PhD from Duke University, North Carolina. She served with the U. S. Department of War and the U. S. Department of State during World War II. Evans was a member of the faculty of the Wellesley College Department of Political Science from 1945 until her death in 1980, she became a professor in 1958 and was chair of the Department from 1959-1970 and 1972-1973.
Evans taught courses such as introductory international law, international criminal law and the American criminal justice system. She served as adviser to the Wellesley Law Club. Evans was a member of the American Society of International Law from 1943 until her death in 1980, she was Judicial Decisions Editor for the Society’s publication, the American Journal of International Law, from 1966 until 1976, the first woman to serve on that journal's board of editors. She was Vice President of the Society from 1976-1979 and President in 1980, again the first woman to hold these positions in the history of the Society; when she died in 1980, she was in the middle of her term as President of ASIL. Evans was a member of the Executive Committee of the International Law Association and Chair of its Committee on International Terrorism. Evans was a member of the board of directors of the American Association of University Women from 1963-1967 and received the AAUW Achievement Award in 1971 in recognition of her accomplishments in international law.
Evans was listed in many editions of Who's Who of American Women. Evans was the author of numerous articles on international law in journals such as the American Journal of International Law, International Law Reports, International Lawyer, the British Yearbook of International Law, she was co-editor and a contributor to Legal Aspects of International Terrorism. ISBN 978-0-669-02185-1 The content of this book was prepared for the U. S Department of State under the auspices of the American Society of International Law. Evans died of congestive heart failure at age 63 on September 1980 in Newton, Massachusetts. Evans provided that her estate be used to endow student prizes for excellence in international law, including at Duke University, her alma mater
The Spain women's national handball team is the national team of Spain. It is governed by the Royal Spanish Handball Federation and takes part in international handball competitions. Spain was the big surprise of the 2008 European Championship, making it to the final after beating Romania and Germany and getting a draw against Norway, all of which were expected to beat Spain. In the final, Spain once again met Norway, they couldn't repeat their efforts from the group stage and lost 34–21. 1979: Runners-up 1987: 3rd place 1991: 3rd place 1993: 3rd place 1997: 5th place 2001: Runners-up 2005: Champions 2009: 4th place 2013: 5th place 2018: Champions Carpathian Trophy 2001: Second place Carpathian Trophy 2007: Second place Carpathian Trophy 2013: Third place Squad for the 2019 World Women's Handball Championship. Head coach: Carlos Viver Jorge Dueñas Juan Carlos Solar Players who have seen their individual performance recognized at international tournaments, either as Most Valuable Player or as a member of the All-Star Team.
All-Star TeamCarmen Martín, 2008 Junior World Championship, 2011 World Championship, 2014 European Championship, 2016 European Championship, 2018 European Championship Begoña Fernández, 2008 European Championship, 2009 World Championship Marta Mangué, 2009 World Championship, 2012 Summer Olympics Nerea Pena, 2010 European Championship Alexandrina Cabral, 2019 World Championship Official website IHF profile
This list details Australian people working in the film industry who have been nominated for, or won, Academy Awards. These awards honour outstanding achievements in theatrically released motion pictures and were first presented by the United States Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1929; as of 2016, a total of 43 awards from 154 nominations have been won by Australians. Additionally, awards for Scientific and Engineering achievements have been given to Australians four times. Art director and costume designer Catherine Martin has received more awards than any other Australian with four wins from six nominations in the Best Costume Design and Best Production Design categories. Cate Blanchett is the most nominated individual in this list with seven nominations, which resulted in a win for Best Leading Actress and Best Supporting Actress. Peter Weir has received five nominations in the Best Picture, Best Director and Best Original Screenplay categories without a win. May Robson was the first Australian-born person to receive an Oscar nomination for Best Actress in 1933 for Lady for a Day.
In 1942, Ken G. Hall became the first Australian to win an Academy Award for his documentary Kokoda Front Line! in the Best Documentary category. Suzanne Baker was the first Australian woman to win an Oscar, given to her in 1977 for Best Animated Short for Leisure. Cate Blanchett was the first Australian actor to win more than one award in the acting categories. Peter Finch was the first actor to be awarded an Oscar posthumously, winning the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in Network in 1976; the only other acting Oscar awarded posthumously was to fellow Australian Heath Ledger 32 years when his performance in The Dark Knight earned him the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 2008. Australians have been nominated at least once in all categories; the Oscar for Best Costume Design has been the most successful category for Australians with seven wins from 17 nominations. The Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film, Best Original Score, the Best Documentary are the only categories in this list where Australians have been nominated without winning.
In the following tables, the years correspond to the year. Note: Before 2012, the category was called Best Art Direction-Set Decoration. Cinema of Australia List of Australian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film The official website of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Further readingAcademy Awards® Nominations and Awards for Australian projects and people at Screen Australia O stands for Oscar and for Oz at The Age
The Thinker is a bronze sculpture by Auguste Rodin placed on a stone pedestal. The work shows a nude male figure of heroic size sitting on a rock with his chin resting on one hand as though deep in thought used as an image to represent philosophy. There are about 28 full-sized castings, in which the figure is about 186 cm high, though not all were made during Rodin's lifetime and under his supervision. There are various other versions, several in plaster, studies and posthumous castings exist in a range of sizes. Rodin first conceived the figure as part of his work The Gates of Hell commissioned in 1880, but the first of the familiar monumental bronze castings did not appear until 1904; the Thinker was named The Poet, was part of a large commission begun in 1880 for a doorway surround called The Gates of Hell. Rodin based this on The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri, most of the figures in the work represented the main characters in the poem with The Thinker at the center of the composition over the doorway and somewhat larger than most of the other figures.
Some critics believe that it was intended to depict Dante at the gates of Hell, pondering his great poem. Other critics reject that theory, pointing out that the figure is naked while Dante is clothed throughout his poem, that the sculpture's physique does not correspond to Dante's effete figure; the sculpture is nude, as Rodin wanted a heroic figure in the tradition of Michelangelo, to represent intellect as well as poetry. This detail from the Gates of Hell was first named The Thinker by foundry workers, who noted its similarity to Michelangelo's statue of Lorenzo de Medici called Il Penseroso, Rodin decided to treat the figure as an independent work at a larger size; the figure was designed to be seen from below and is displayed on a high plinth, although the heights vary chosen by the various owners. The Thinker has been cast in multiple versions and is found around the world, but the history of the progression from models to castings is still not clear. About 28 monumental-sized bronze casts are in public places.
In addition, there are sculptures of different study-sized scales and plaster versions in both monumental and study sizes. Some newer castings have been produced posthumously and are not considered part of the original production. Rodin made the first small plaster version around 1881; the first full-scale model was presented at the Salon des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1904. A public subscription financed a bronze casting in 1906, which became the property of the City of Paris, was put in front of the Panthéon. In 1922, it was moved to the Hôtel Biron, transformed into the Rodin Museum. A bronze cast of the sculpture can be found in front of Grawemeyer Hall on the University of Louisville Belknap Campus in Louisville, Kentucky, it was made in Paris and was first displayed at the St. Louis World's Fair in 1904 given to the city; this sculpture was the only cast created by the lost-wax casting method. The "Penseur", a poem by Philadelphia poet Florence Earle Coates at Wikisource Rodin: The B. Gerald Cantor Collection, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on The Thinker Link to The Thinker at the official Web site of the Musée Rodin.
The Thinker Inspiration and Critical Reception The Thinker project, Munich. Discussion of the history of the many casts of this artwork; the Thinker, Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University, Object Number 1988.106, bronze cast No. 10, edition of 12. Auguste Rodin and The Thinker, the story behind his most iconic sculpture of all time at biography.com
Disenchanted Hearts Unite is the fourth studio album from the indiepop band Tullycraft. The band recorded half of the album at Soundhouse Studios in Seattle, the other half in guitarist, Chris Munford’s living room. Jenny Mears provided additional vocals on many of the songs, Corianton Hale made a guest appearance. Shortly after the recording of the Disenchanted Hearts Unite, lead guitarist, Harold Hollingsworth left the group and both Mears & Hale joined the band. Jen Abercrombie from the Los Angeles band Rizzo, who had contributed vocals to the City of Subarus album, appeared on the songs “Fall 4 U” and “Building The Robot.” The album reached #33 on the CMJ Top 200 chart in 2005. At the end of 2009, Disenchanted Hearts Unite appeared on a number of'Best Albums of the Decade' lists. "Stowaway" "Our Days in Kansas" "Every Little Thing" "Leaders of the New School" "The Last Song" "Molly's Got a Crush on Us" "Polaroids from Mars" "Rumble with the Gang Debs" "Fall 4 U" "Girl About Town" "Building the Robot" "Secretly Minnesotan" Sean Tollefson – vocals, keyboard Jeff Fell – drums Chris Munford – guitar, backing vocals Jenny Mears – vocals, backing vocals Harold Hollingsworth – lead guitar Corianton Hale – backing vocals Kip Beelman & Chris Munford – recording, audio engineering Taryn Webber – cello on "Fall 4 U" and "Polaroids From Mars" Jen Abercrombie – vocals on "Fall 4 U" and "Building The Robot" Roshan Gurusinghe - recording assistant Corianton Hale received a regional design award from Print Magazine for the design and layout of the Disenchanted Hearts Unite album.
The Disenchanted Hearts Unite album was featured in the book FOR SALE - Over 200 Innovative Solutions In Packaging Design by John Foster The song "Molly's Got A Crush On Us" is based on the BMX Bandits' song “Kylie's Got A Crush On Us”. "Girl About Town" is a Helen Love cover. Strong, M. C.. The Great Indie Discography pg. 1041. Published by Canon Books Ltd. ISBN 1-84195-335-0. Foster, John. FOR SALE - Over 200 Innovative Solutions In Packaging Design pg. 21. Published by HOW Books ISBN 978-1-60061-063-9