The World Meteorological Organization is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 193 Member States and Territories. The President of the World Meteorological Congress, its supreme body, is Gerhard Adrian as a successor of David Grimes; the Organization is headquartered in Switzerland. It followed on from the International Meteorological Organization, founded in 1873, a non-governmental organization. Reforms of status and structure were proposed from the 1930s, culminating in the World Meteorological Convention signed on 11 October 1947 which came into force on 23 March 1950, it formally became the World Meteorological Organization on 17 March 1951, was designated as a specialized agency of the United Nations. WMO has a membership of 193 Member States and Territories as of May 2019; the Convention of the World Meteorological Organization was signed 11 October 1947 and established upon ratification on 23 March 1950. The WMO hierarchy: The World Meteorological Congress, the supreme body of the Organization, determines policy.
Each member state and territory is represented by a Permanent Representative with WMO when Congress meets every four years. Congress elects the President and Vice-Presidents of the Organization and members of the Executive Council; the Executive Council implements Congress decisions. The Secretariat is an eight-department organization with a staff of 200 headed by a Secretary-General, who can serve a maximum of two four-year terms; the annually published WMO Statements on the status of the World Climate provides details of global and national temperatures and extreme weather events. It provides information on long-term climate change indicators including atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, sea level rise, sea ice extent; the year 2016 was the hottest year on record, with many weather and climate extremes, according to the most recent WMO report. Disaster risk reduction The Global Framework for Climate Services The WMO Integrated Global Observing System Aviation meteorological services Polar and high mountain regions Capacity development Governance In keeping with its mandate to promote the standardization of meteorological observations, the WMO maintains numerous code forms for the representation and exchange of meteorological and hydrological data.
The traditional code forms, such as SYNOP, CLIMAT and TEMP, are character-based and their coding is position-based. Newer WMO code forms are designed for portability and universality; these are BUFR, CREX, for gridded geo-positioned data, GRIB. In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change jointly created by WMO and United Nations Environment Programme received the Nobel Peace Prize "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about anthropogenic climate change, to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change." The World Meteorological Day is held annually on 23 March. WMO states that "the International System of Units should be used as the system of units for the evaluation of meteorological elements included in reports for international exchange." The following units, which include units which are not SI units, are recommended by the WMO for meteorological observations: Degrees Celsius for temperature, or alternatively Kelvin. Metres per second for wind speed.
Degrees clockwise from north for wind direction, or alternatively on the scale 0-36, where 36 is the wind directly from north and 09 is the directly wind from east. Hectopascals for atmospheric pressure. Percent for relative humidity. Millimetres for precipitation Millimetres for evaporation. Millimetres per hour for precipitation intensity, or alternatively kilograms per square metre per second Hours for sunshine duration. Metres for visibility. Metres for cloud height. Geopotential metres for geopotential. Kilograms per square metre for snow water equivalent. Watts per square metre for irradiance. Joules per square metre for radiant exposure. Oktas for cloud cover; the World Meteorological Organization at a Glance WMO Public website WMO for Youth WMO Bulletin WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin WMO Statements on the Status of the World Climate International Meteorological Organization Prize Professor Dr Vilho Väisälä Awards Norbert Gerbier-Mumm International Award WMO Research Award for Young Scientists Professor Mariolopoulus Award As of May 2019, WMO Members include a total of 187 Member States and 6 Member Territories.
Ten United Nations member states are not members of WMO: Equatorial Guinea, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Palau, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and San Marino. Cook Islands and Niue are WMO non-members of the United Nations. Vatican City and State of Palestine and the states with limited recognition are not members of either organization; the six WMO Member Territories are the British Caribbean Territories, French Polynesia, Hong Kong, Curaçao and Sint Maarten and New Caledonia. Region I consists of the states of a few former colonial powers. Region I has 57 member states and no member territories: Non-member Equatorial Guinea Region II has 33 member states and 2 member territories; the member states are: The member territories are: Hong Kong Macau Region III consists of the states of South America, including France as French Guiana is an overseas region of France. It has a total of 1
Lima is a town in Rock County, United States. The population was 1,312 at the 2000 census; the unincorporated community of Lima Center is located in the town. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.4 square miles, of which, 36.4 square miles of it is land and 0.03% is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,312 people, 472 households, 367 families residing in the town; the population density was 36.0 people per square mile. There were 494 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 92.38% White, 0.53% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 4.57% from other races, 1.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.58% of the population. There were 472 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.4% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.2% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.06. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.1 males. The median income for a household in the town was $48,913, the median income for a family was $54,821. Males had a median income of $33,646 versus $25,476 for females; the per capita income for the town was $20,718. About 3.1% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over. George Gleason, Wisconsin legislator, lived in Lima. Joseph Kinney, Jr. Wisconsin legislator, lived in Lima
Armenian-Egyptian relations are foreign relations between Armenia and Egypt. Egypt was one of the first countries in the Arab world which recognized the independent Armenia in 1991. In March 1992, the diplomatic relations were established between the two countries. In May 1992, the first diplomatic mission of Armenia in the Arab East was inaugurated in Cairo. Egypt has an embassy in Yerevan. Following Armenia's independence from the Soviet Union, Egypt was one of the first countries to recognize Armenia's independence, a Convention on the establishment of the bilateral diplomatic relations has been signed in 1992; the Egyptian embassy in Yerevan was opened in May 1993 while the Armenian embassy in Cairo was opened in March 1992. The most significant point in the political relations between the two countries is the Armenian appreciation towards Egypt's neutral position with regard to Nagorno Karabakh conflict, as well as Egypt's hosting the Armenians fleeing from massacres that took place against them, their integration into the Egyptian society.
In the past 20 years and Egypt have succeeded in establishing excellent political, cultural and scientific cooperation. Egypt was one of the first countries in the Arab world which recognized the independence of Armenia in 1991. Armenia and Egypt signed more than 40 bilateral legal documents, dozens of high-level official delegations paid mutual visits, many significant cultural and public events have occurred, projects of economic cooperation have been worked out by joint efforts. According to the Armenian American newspaper Asbarez, in late 2013, amid rising Turkish-Egyptian tensions that followed the removal of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi from office in early July 2013, there were many Egyptian editorials and op-eds condemning the Turkish government's Armenian genocide denial, the topic was discussed on Al-Soura Al-Kamila, a popular Egyptian television talk show hosted by Lilian Daoud. Mustapha Bakri, an independent member of the Egyptian parliament, introduced a resolution calling for recognition of the Armenian Genocide.
An Arabic-language documentary film, Who Killed the Armenians?, was produced in Egypt and screened at Heliopolis Library. In a speech at the 2019 Munich Security Conference, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi implicitly recognized the Armenian Genocide, nothing that a hundred years before, Egypt had hosted Armenian refugees "after the genocide." The comments were welcomed by Egypt's Armenian community. To Armenia To Egypt Egyptian Cultural Days were held in November 4–11 in Armenia within the framework of Armenia-Egypt cultural cooperation, intergovernmental agreement signed between the two states. In the framework of Egyptian cultural days in Yerevan 2 ballet performances of Egypt’s Opera and Ballet Theatre performed, many Egyptian films presented. An art exhibition presenting works of Egyptian artists has been organized. Armenian folk songs at El-Gumhuriya Hall, Cairo Opera House, 6 October 2011, Distinguished Artist Of Armenia Arsen Grigoryan, singer Anna Kharatyan and the Mro Ensemble gave a concert at the El-Gumhuriya Hall of Cairo Opera House within the framework of events dedicated to the 20th anniversary of independence of Armenia.
Armenian theme at The International Scientific Conference in Alexandria, 27 September 2011, Armenia had a special status of an honorary guest at The fourth International Symposium of History and Publishing in the Languages and Countries of the Middle East. The Symposium celebrated the 500th anniversary of Armenian book printing and the choice of the city of Yerevan as the World Book Capital 2012 by UNESCO, by dedicating a special session on publishing in Armenia. Within the framework of the three-day scientific conference an exhibition for ancient Armenian books was held in the Library of Alexandria. Armenian Cultural days in Egypt, 17–22 September 2010, was jointly organized by the Egyptian Ministry of Culture and the Armenian Embassy in Egypt as part of a larger bilateral initiative to foster cultural exchange between Egypt and Armenia; the series included a photo exhibit of Zaven Sargsyan, the director of Sergey Parajanov’s museum, on Armenian architecture in addition to three performances from The Armenian National Song and Dance Ensemble named after Tatoul Altounian, first in Cairo and thereafter at Damanhour’s newly restored Opera House, the Sayed Darwish Opera House in Alexandria.
Gayane Ballet at Cairo Opera House, 15 & 18 April 2007 Armenian National Academic Opera and Ballet Theater, presented "Gayane" by Aram Khachaturian, conductor Karen Durgaryan, choreographer Hovhannes Divanyan in Cairo and Alexandria. With one show in Cairo Opera House Main Hall and another in Sayed Darwish Theatre, the Gayane performances celebrated the 15th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Armenia and Egypt. Armenians in Egypt Kalousdian Armenian School List of Egyptian Armenians Arek Monthly Arev Tchahagir weekly Housaper daily Armenian embassy in Cairo