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Wu-Tang Clan

Wu-Tang Clan is an American hip hop group formed in the New York City borough of Staten Island in 1992 composed of rapper-producer RZA and rappers GZA, Ol' Dirty Bastard, Method Man, Ghostface Killah, Inspectah Deck, U-God and Masta Killa. An important act in the East Coast and hardcore hip hop styles, Wu-Tang Clan are regarded as one of the most influential hip hop groups of all time, their 1993 debut album, Enter the Wu-Tang, is considered one of the greatest hip hop albums of all time. Wu-Tang Clan has released four gold and platinum studio albums; the group has introduced and launched the careers of a number of affiliated artists and groups, collectively known as the Wu-Tang Killa Bees. In 2008, About ranked them "the No. 1 greatest hip hop group of all time". Kris Ex of Rolling Stone called Wu-Tang Clan "the best rap group ever". In 2004, NME hailed them as one of the most influential groups of the last ten years. In the late 1980s, cousins Robert Diggs, Gary Grice, Russell Jones formed a group named Force of the Imperial Master known as the All in Together Now Crew.

Each member recorded under an alias: Grice as The Genius, Diggs as Prince Rakeem or The Scientist, Jones as The Specialist. The group never signed to a major label, but caught the attention of the New York City rap scene and was recognized by rapper Biz Markie. By 1991, The Genius and Prince Rakeem were signed to separate record labels; the Genius released Words from the Genius on Cold Chillin' Records and Prince Rakeem released Ooh I Love You Rakeem on Tommy Boy Records. Both were soon dropped by their labels. Embittered but unbowed, they on new monikers. RZA began collaborating with Dennis Coles known as Ghostface Killah, another rapper from the Stapleton Houses in Staten Island; the duo decided to create a hip hop group whose ethos would be a blend of "Eastern philosophy picked up from kung fu movies, Five Percent Nation teachings picked up on the New York streets, comic books." Wu-Tang Clan assembled in late 1992 with RZA as the group's producer. RZA and Ol' Dirty Bastard adopted the name for the group after Wu Tang.

Their debut album loosely adopted a Shaolin vs. Wu-Tang theme, dividing the album into Shaolin and Wu-Tang sections; the group developed backronyms for the name, including "We Usually Take All Niggas' Garments", "Witty Unpredictable Talent And Natural Game", "Wisdom of the Universe, the Truth of Allah for the Nation of the Gods". Wu-Tang Clan became known in 1993 following the release of the independent single "Protect Ya Neck", which helped gain the group a sizable underground following. Though there was some difficulty in finding a record label that would sign Wu-Tang Clan while still allowing each member to record solo albums with other labels, Loud/RCA agreed, releasing their debut album, Enter the Wu-Tang, in November 1993; the album received critical acclaim, to date is regarded as one of the greatest hip hop albums of all time. The success of Enter the Wu-Tang: 36 Chambers established the group as a creative and influential force in mid-1990s hip hop, allowing Ol' Dirty Bastard, GZA, RZA, Raekwon, U-God, Method Man, Ghostface Killah to negotiate solo contracts.

RZA spoke on the Wu-Tang Clan's unorthodox business model: We reinvented the way hip hop was structured, what I mean is, you have a group signed to a label, yet the infrastructure of our deal was like anyone else's We still could negotiate with any label we wanted, like Meth went with Def Jam, Rae stayed with Loud, Ghost went with Sony, GZA went with Geffen Records, feel me? And all these labels still put "Razor Sharp Records" on the credits Wu Tang was a financial movement. So what do you wanna diversify...? Your assets? RZA was the first to follow up on the success of Enter the Wu-Tang with a side project, founding the Gravediggaz with Prince Paul and Frukwan and Poetic; the Gravediggaz released 6 Feet Deep in August 1994, which became one of the best known works to emerge from hip hop's small subgenre of horrorcore. RZA held the role of primary producer for the first wave of the group members' solo albums, producing out of his basement studio in Staten Island. In November 1994, Method Man's debut album, was released.

It was produced by RZA, who for the most part continued with the grimy, raw textures he explored on 36 Chambers. RZA's hands-on approach to Tical extended beyond his creating the beats to devising song concepts and structures; the track "All I Need" from Tical was the winner of the "Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group" at the 1995 Grammy Awards. After the release of Tical, Ol' Dirty Bastard was the next member to launch a solo career, his debut album, Return to the 36 Chambers: The Dirty Version, was released in March 1995, is considered a hip hop classic. Raekwon's debut studio album, Only Built 4 Cuban Linx... was released in August 1995. Cuban Linx was a diverse, theatrical epic that saw RZA move away from the raw, stripped-down beats of the early albums and towards a richer, cinematic sound more reliant on strings and classic soul samples; the album is noted for reviving the mafioso rap subgenre. Cuban Linx featured all but one Wu member, featured the debut from Cappadonna; the album featured rapper Nas, the first non-Wu-Tang-affiliated rapper to appear on a Wu-Tang Clan album.

GZA's debut album, Liquid Swords, was released in November 1995. It had a similar focus on inner-city crime akin to Only Built 4 Cuban Linx, but it was far darker, both in GZA's grim lyrics and in the

Horn Brigade

The Horn Brigade known as the Dutch Brigade, or the “Iron Brigade of the Army of the Cumberland,” was an infantry brigade in the Union Army of the Cumberland during the American Civil War. The brigade fought in the battles of Shiloh, Stones River, Liberty Gap, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta and Nashville; the brigade gained the sobriquet “Horn Brigade” while under the command of August Willich, a former Prussian Army officer who favored using bugle calls to signal movements. It was known as the Dutch Brigade because of the ethnic makeup of the brigade and the brigade commander, it became known as the “Iron Brigade of the Army of the Cumberland” following its actions on September 20, 1863, when it drove back an entire Confederate division during the Battle of Chickamauga. The brigade that would become known as the Horn Brigade consisted of the 15th Ohio, 49th Ohio, 32nd Indiana, 39th Indiana and Battery A, 1st Ohio Light Artillery; these units were joined by the 89th Illinois, 25th Illinois, 35th Illinois, 68th Indiana, 8th Kansas, 15th Wisconsin, 51st Indiana.

The brigade was known by the following designations: Johnson's Brigade, McCook's Command, to November 1861. 6th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to December 1861. 6th Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of the Ohio, to September 1862. 6th Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps, Army of the Ohio, to November 1862. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Right Wing, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XX Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps, to August 1865. The brigade was further distinguished by a tactic invented by August Willich known as “advance firing,” in which the regiments were organized into four ranks, with one rank moving forward and reloading as it was replaced with the rank farthest to the rear; this tactic was used by the 49th Ohio to great effect at the Battle of Liberty Gap during the Tullahoma Campaign and again by the brigade at the Battle of Chickamauga. At the Battle of Missionary Ridge, the brigade led the charge against the Confederate lines against orders, was among the first to reach the top of the ridge.

Richard W. Johnson William H. Gibson August Willich Charles T. Hotchkiss Abel D. Streight Larry J. Daniel, Days of Glory: the Army of the Cumberland, 1861-1865. “German Americans in the Civil War,” St. Louis Public Library Genealogy: https://www.slpl.org/blogs/post/german-americans-in-the-civil-war/ Richard Mann, The Buckeye Vanguard: the 49th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry E. W. Niles, “Willich's Dutch Brigade on the March.” National Tribune http://www.ohiocivilwar.com/cw49.html Official Records of the War of the Rebellion Volume XXIII, Volume XXX Otto, John Henry. Memoirs of a Dutch Mudsill: The "War Memories" of John Henry Otto, Company D, 21st Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press. Phillip Reyburn, Clear the Track: A History of the Eighty-Ninth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, The Railroad Regiment, Taft, W. F.. ""About Willich's Bugles"". National Tribune

Baddomalhi

Baddomalhi is a city located 35 miles northeast of Lahore, Pakistan in Narowal District. It is located at 31°58'60 North 74°40'0 East with an altitude of 217 metres; the boundry of Baddomalhi post office is extended to cheenay kay dograa village and this is the last village of District Narowal and village is small but violent areas. In the reign of Shahjahan, Rai Jani, an ancestor of the Badhomalhi family of Malhi Jatts who led the foundation of this city, was granted a Jagir by Shahjahan; the town is named after the Sufi a landlord named Baddo Malhi. The other ancient and prominent figure of that time from rhis village is a Muslim Saint named Syed Faqir Ullah Shah Kazmi; the tomb of Kazmi is situated in Baddomalhi. Baddomalhi was a well-organized town, before partition, it had good economy before partition. Baddomalhi has the exact 40-mile distance from above-mentioned cities. Baddomalhi is rich in rice production and most of the population is linked to this by one way the other e.g. harvesting to finish product.

The contribution of Baddomalhi to the national consumption and export of rice is above c18%. There are more than thirty five Rice Mills in the town. A latest and state of the art rice processing mills with the name of " S. J. Rice Mills" has started working there to facilitate the local rice farmers and dealers. Baddomalhi has good influx of villagers to its markets. Since Baddomalhi is only 35 miles from Lahore, a good number of people commute everyday to Lahore for work and leisure activities; the area is divided as the lines mathed with sheikhupura. The weather is cloudy naowa days; the village known as Aehdi pur dogra too much alcohol captured from the village under the locals of aehdi pur and regards goes to SHO zafar iqbal badomali police station. At the village chander kay the fights have been closed Baddomalhi is a fertile land regarding education though people here are poor and it has small number of educational institutes. Government Islamia Degree College Government Degree College For Women Government Islamia High School Government Muslim High School Allama Iqbal Standard K.

G High School Dar-e-Arqam School Mazhar Iqbal Muhammad Aqeel Ahmad Malhi Syed Jawad Ahmad Shah Muhammad Shabir Zamani And many more http://wikimapia.org/country/Pakistan/Punjab/Baddomalhi/ http://www.airport-images.com/city_1998737_Baddomalhi http://www.ecp.gov.pk/content/na/NA-117.pdf http://www.worldcitydb.com/baddomalhi_-3823989.aspx