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Wuchang Uprising

The Wuchang Uprising was an armed rebellion against the ruling Qing dynasty that took place in Wuchang, China on 10 October 1911, the beginning of the Xinhai Revolution that overthrew China's last imperial dynasty. It was led by elements of the New Army, influenced by revolutionary ideas from Tongmenghui; the uprising and the eventual revolution directly led to the downfall of the Qing dynasty with five millennia of imperial rule, the establishment of the Republic of China, which commemorates the anniversary of the uprising's starting date of 10 October as the National Day of the Republic of China. The uprising originated from popular unrest about a railway crisis, the planning process took advantage of the situation. On 10 October 1911, the New Army stationed in Wuchang launched an assault on the residence of the Viceroy of Huguang; the viceroy Ruicheng fled from the residence, the revolutionaries soon took control of the entire city. In 1895, China was decisively defeated by Japan in the First Sino-Japanese War.

Intellectuals in China were divided into several factions. Constitutional monarchist reformers led by Kang Youwei and Liang Qichao took control and orchestrated the Hundred Days' Reform in the Qing government; the reforms failed due to the Wuxu Coup by Empress Dowager Cixi. Disillusioned with the monarchy and the Qing government, many revolutionary groups began emerging across the country. In 1905, revolutionary leaders such as Sun Yat-sen and Song Jiaoren met in Tokyo to discuss a merger between different revolutionary groups. A new group known as Tongmenghui was formed after this meeting. After the Boxer Rebellion, many Western powers saw railway investments as part of the consolidation in their spheres of influence over China. Railway constructions took place across Shandong, Yangtze Valley and Manchuria. Provincial governments, with permission from the Qing court began to construct their own railways; the Canton-Hankou Railway and Sichuan-Hankou Railway were under the oversight of Guangdong, Hunan and Sichuan.

Faced with ongoing financial struggles due to ongoing indemnity payments from the Boxer Protocol, the Qing court turned to Sheng Xuanhuai in 1910, a "classic bureaucratic capitalist", adhered to his policy of securing foreign loans through the nationalization of all railway lines. This policy was met with stiff resistance in Sichuan, the resistance turned into a movement known as the Sichuan Railway Protection Movement. In response, the Qing court suppressed the unrest by force, contributing to the declining popularity of its government. By August 11 there were massive rallies in Chengdu. On 7 September the Viceroy of Sichuan, Zhao Erfeng, was asked to "intervene vigorously", he ordered the arrest of key leaders in the Railway Protection League ordered troops to open fire on the protesters. Meanwhile, inaction toward nationalization of railway lines in both Hunan and Hubei were criticized by the local press. Confidence in the Qing government among the populace continued to deteriorate in response to the escalation of the railway crisis.

There were two revolutionary groups in the Wuhan area, the Literary Society and the Progressive Association. These groups, led by Jiang Yiwu and Sun Wu worked together as commander and chief of staff of the revolutionary efforts in Wuhan. Beginning in September, 1911, these two groups began negotiating with the Tongmenghui for possible collaboration in the next uprising; the date was set for 6 October, on the Mid-Autumn festival. The date was postponed, due to inadequate preparations. On 9 October, while Sun Wu was supervising the making of explosive devices in the Russian concession in Hankou, one of the devices exploded unexpectedly, inflicting serious injuries on Sun; when he was hospitalized, the hospital staff discovered his identity and alerted the Qing authorities. With their identities revealed, the revolutionaries in the New Army stationed in Wuchang were facing imminent arrest by the Qing authorities; the decision was made by Jiang Yiwu of the Literary Society to launch the uprising, but the plot was leaked to the Viceroy of Huguang, he ordered a crackdown of the revolutionaries and executing several prominent members.

On the evening of 10 October, Wu Zhaolin as provisional commander led the revolutionary elements of the New Army staged a mutiny against the Qing garrison in Huguang, capturing the residence of the Viceroy in the process along with securing strategic points in the city after intense fighting. As the Viceroy escaped, the Qing garrison fell into disarray. Between the night of 10 October and noon of 11th, "more than 500 Manchu soldiers were killed" with "over 300 captured". On 11 October, the mutineers established a military government representing the Hubei province, persuaded one of the high-ranking officers in the New Army, Li Yuanhong, to be the temporary leader. Li was resistant to the idea, but he was convinced by the mutineers after they approached him; the newly established military government were able to confirm that foreign powers would not intervene in the uprising, they went on to raise the "iron blood 18-star flag" while signaling for the other provinces to follow their suit. On 12 October, the revolutionaries marched toward the rest of the province, capturing Hankou and Hanyang in the process.

In response to the uprising, the Qing government called for the help of Yuan Shikai and the Beiyang Army to march toward Wuchang. For the revolutionaries, Huang Xing would arrive at Wuhan in early November to take over the command. Positions of revolutionary forces in Wuhan were subsequently attacked by t

Eddie Allen (folk musician)

Eddie Allen is an American folk musician. To date, he has produced two albums, The Trempealeau Hotel and Faith in Gravity, both released by Weary Wolf Records, a division of Folked Up Musics, his musical style is rooted in the folk tradition of the midwestern United States, many of his songs describe the trials and tribulations of the lives of people in the working class. Both of his albums are out of print, he has stated that he has no intention of producing a third, his first album, The Trempealeau Hotel, was river-themed, focusing on the culture of people who worked on the Mississippi River. The title track refers to a hotel in Trempealeau, Wisconsin, a small village on the border of Wisconsin and Minnesota, it was released on LP, although a remastered CD was produced in limited quantities. His second album, Faith In Gravity, dropped the river theme and contained a number of songs with a poppy feel, most notably the title track, it includes one live track, Longevity Blues, a humorous song about the vices one needs to give up to ensure a long life.

As a point of trivia, the in-leaf contains a track listing in Korean hangul, for which Eddie Allen thanks "Marissa's mother" the mother of the Marissa of Marissa's Lullaby, the fourth track on the album. All songs are by Eddie Allen; the Trempealeau Hotel River of Life The Trempealeau Hotel The Sprague Song Recurring Dream No End Of Love Hatful of Diamonds Captain Walter Karnath For You My Love Steamboat Lover Lauren's Little Lullaby Faith In Gravity Flesh and Bone Last Night When The Cold Wind Blew Winter of'77 Marissa's Lullabye Faith In Gravity All My Songs Are Love Songs Maybe Natural Disaster Longevity Blues Grandad's Song The Hunter's Prayer Into Light Eddie Allen on Folklib Eddie Allen playing "The Trempealeau Hotel" live in 2011

M. D. Cockburn

Montague Dundas Cockburn was a Scottish coffee planter, district collector of Salem, in Tamil Nadu, between 1820 and 1829. Cockburn is known as the "Father of Yercaud" for developing the resources of the Shevaroy Hills, for introducing the cultivation of coffee and apples into most of the hill stations of Tamil Nadu in Yercaud, a small hill station in Salem District. Cockburn helped in improving the coffee plantations in Tamil Nadu. While he was collector of Salem, he visited many hill stations, like Yercaud and Kotagiri, it was when he visited Yercaud in 1820 that he introduced coffee plants from Arabia. Cockburn erected a small hut, now known as Grange Estate. During the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the building was fortified to form a castle-like structure, is an important landmark today; the first coffee estate in Kotagiri was planted by Cockburn in Kanhutty. Catherine Falls, located 7 km from Kotagiri, was named after his wife, Catherine Jane Lascelles

Great Southwest Building

The Great Southwest Building the Petroleum Building, is a skyscraper located at 1314 Texas Avenue in Downtown Houston, Texas in the United States. The structure was commissioned by Joseph S. Cullinan founder of The Texas Company to house the offices of his growing oil and gas business. Designed by New York Architect Alfred Bossom, the building features Art Deco styling with unusual Mayan touches including reliefs and a stepped back style on upper floors to mimic a Mayan pyramid; this Mayan influenced design would be re-imagined 50 years with the styled Heritage Plaza building finished in 1987. After Texaco relocated to larger offices, the building continued to serve smaller oil and gas companies on upper floors and retail outlets on the ground floor. In 2015, a Dallas based developer Todd Interests purchased the structure with plans to renovate the building and create 150 luxury apartment units; the project will receive a 15,000 tax credit per unit from the Houston Downtown Living Initiative, a program designed to encourage residential development in the city center.

Heritage Plaza

Empire, Louisiana

Empire is a census-designated place in Plaquemines Parish, United States. The population was 993 at the 2010 census. Empire, along with Venice, is the third largest seafood port in the United States by weight and value"".. Some two thousand boats home port from Empire. Species landed include oysters, shrimp and other types of fin fish. During the BP oil spill, seafood landings came to a halt. Oyster landings did not resume for an entire year. Under the Coast 2050 plan, a 50,000 cfs freshwater diversion is proposed at Empire, which threatens the livelihood of the fishermen and the supporting businesses by drastically altering the salinity in the surrounding marshes. During the afternoon of August 28, 2005, Hurricane Katrina approached the northern coastline of the Gulf of Mexico, generating tropical force winds along coastal areas of Florida, Alabama and Louisiana. At 6:10 a.m. on August 29, 2005, Katrina made landfall just a few miles southeast of Empire, at Buras-Triumph. Many shrimp and oyster boats were grounded along the levees near Empire.

On the morning of August 29, the eye of the storm passed over Empire. The area was flooded, causing dozens of boats that had popped their moorings to settle near the southern foot of the Empire High Rise Bridge; as a result, all traffic coming into or out of southern Plaquemines Parish was routed over the draw bridge on U. S. Route 11. Many notable businesses such as Tom's Place Oyster Bar and The Delta Marina were destroyed. Empire has an elevation of 3 feet. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 7.6 square miles, of which 5.2 square miles is land and 2.4 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,211 people, 771 households, 573 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 415.4 people per square mile. There were 923 housing units at an average density of 173.4/square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 60.79% White, 33.79% African American, 0.41% Native American, 2.76% Asian, 0.90% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.18% of the population. As of the census of 2010, there were 993 people, 391 households, 257 families residing in the CDP; the racial makeup was 63.64% White, 37.46% African American, 7.96% Asian, some other race 1.51%. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 1.51%. It lost over 50% of its white population and over 70% of its black population due to Hurricane Katrina. Overall, Empire had lost about 55% of its population. There were 771 household, out of. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.30. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 29.5% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64 and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.7 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $27,208, the median income for a family was $35,035.

Males had a median income of $30,357 versus $20,096 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,960. About 24.1% of families and 27.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.5% of those under age 18 and 28.2% of those age 65 or older. Louisiana road map of major roads: LA-roadmap

Sabian (wrestler)

Darnell Kittrell is an American professional wrestler. He performs for Combat Zone Wrestling under the ring name BLK Jeez, where he was a founding member of The Blackout / BLKOUT while under the ring name Sabian. In addition to CZW, he competes for several other American independent promotions under either the Sabian or BLK Jeez ring names. After completing his training, Kittrell made his professional wrestling debut on February 26, 2000 under the ring name Sabian, he won his first championship, the Hybrid Pro Wrestling Junior Heavyweight Championship, only six months by defeating Insayashi. After wrestling on the independent circuit for three years, Sabian made his Combat Zone Wrestling debut on May 4, 2004 with a victory over Sean Bishop. On June 12, Sabian joined Ruckus to form the Blackout, or BLKOUT, as they defeated Derek Frazier and Chri$ Ca$h to earn an opportunity at the World Tag Team Championship, which they won from the H8 Club on in the night. On August 14, Eddie Kingston joined the Blackout as they defeated Gage, Hatred and Ca$h.

On September 11, the Blackout retained their title against The S. A. T. during the day show while wrestling the H8 Club to a no contest during the night show. On December 11, the Blackout lost the World Tag Team Title in a Cage of Death to rival Chri$ Ca$h and his allies J. C. Bailey, Nate Webb and SeXXXy Eddy. Despite the title loss, Sabian managed to defeat Mike Quackenbush on April 2, 2005 to win the World Junior Heavyweight Championship, his first CZW singles title. Sabian would go on to hold the title until June 11, when he re-lost the title to Quackenbush in a match involving B-Boy. On July 9, the Blackout defeated their rivals SeXXXy Eddy and Nate Webb. On October 8, Sabian was unsuccessful in regaining the World Junior Heavyweight Title in a match involving the champion Derek Frazier, Niles Young and Mike Quackenbush. On December 10, Sabian and Eddie Kingston lost to The Kings of Wrestling in a match for the Kings' World Tag Team Title. Beginning in 2006, the Blackout gained revenge against the Kings by defeating them and Super Dragon on January 14 in a six-man tag team match.

Less than a month on February 11, Sabian won a gauntlet match to earn a shot the World Junior Heavyweight Title. In the night, Sabian faced Frazier for the title, but the match ended in a no-contest, resulting in the title being vacated. On March 11, Sabian was again unsuccessful in his bid for the title as Niles Young defeated him, Heretic and Cloudy to win the title. On May 13, both Sabian and Ruckus entered the sixth annual Best of the Best tournament. After he and Matt Sydal defeated Sonjay Dutt in the first round, Sabian defeated Sydal in the quarterfinals to advance to the finals, where he faced Austin Aries, Claudio Castagnoli and fellow Blackout teammate and World Heavyweight Championship Ruckus, who defended the title earlier in the event twice. Ruckus managed to defeat Sabian and Castagnoli to retain his title for the third time that night and thus win the Best of the Best tournament. However, shortly after winning the tournament and retaining his title, Ruckus was challenged to an impromptu match by Chris Hero, one half of the Blackout's rivals the Kings of Wrestling, who defeated him for the title.

Despite the title loss, the Blackout recovered as Sabian and new member Robbie Mireno defeated the Kings of Wrestling for the World Tag Team Title. Less than a month on December 11, the Blackout lost the title to Onyx and Rainman, who proclaimed that they were the "original" Blackout. In response, Sabian teamed up with Ruckus instead of Merino and the Blackout defeated Onyx and Rainman on January 13 to reclaim the title. Over the next few months, the Blackout defeated several other teams in non-title matches before losing to Team AnDrew in a non-title match on June 9. Team AnDrew continued their pursuit of the World Tag Team Title going to the point of interfering in a match between the Blackout and Niles Young and Derek Frazier on September 8. On in the night, Team AnDrew defeated both the Blackout and Young and Frazier for the World Tag Team Title; the feud between the Blackout and Team AnDrew expanded to include Young and Frazier and it intensified further after Young defeated Sabian and Gulak in a three-way match on September 15.

On October 13, Sabian defeated Cloudy before defeating Danny Havoc on in the night to win the World Junior Heavyweight Title for the second time. After winning the title, Sabian began a small feud with female wrestler LuFisto. On November 10, Sabian retained his title against LuFisto. On December 8, the BLKOUT was banned from ringside during Sabian's title rematch with LuFisto. After Sabian again retained his title, SeXXXy Eddy struck LuFisto with a steel chair and in response, Sabian attacked Eddy and hugged LuFisto as a sign of respect. On January 12, 2008, Sabian retained the World Junior Heavyweight Title after defeating Azrieal. On May 10, Sabian won the eighth annual Best of the Best tournament after defeating Drake Younger, Bruce Maxwell and TJ Cannon in the first round, rival Drew Gulak in the quarterfinals and Chuck Taylor in the finals. Despite winning the tournament, Sabian would go on to lose the World Junior Heavyweight Title to Taylor in a title match shortly after the tournament.

On October 11, Sabian and Ruckus defeated 2 Girls 1 Cup to win their third World Tag Team Championship. On November 8, Sabian and Ruckus lost the title back to 2 Girls 1 Cup. Beginning in 2009, Sabian made only sporadic appearances in CZW due to competing throughout the independent circuit and overseas for International Pro Wrestling