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In the geologic timescale, the Wuchiapingian or Wujiapingian is an age or stage of the Permian. It is the lower or earlier of two subdivisions of the Lopingian epoch or series; the Wuchiapingian spans the time between 254.14 million years ago. It was followed by the Changhsingian. Regional stages with which the Wuchiapingian is coeval or overlaps include the Djulfian or Dzhulfian, Rustlerian and Castilian; the Wuchiapingian was first used in 1962, when the Lopingian series of southwestern China was divided in the Changhsingian and Wuchiapingian formations. In 1973 the Wuchiapingian was first used as a chronostratigraphic unit; the base of the Wuchiapingian stage is defined as the place in the stratigraphic record where the conodont species Clarkina postbitteri postbitteri first appears. A global reference profile for this boundary is located near Laibin in the Chinese province of Guangxi; the top of the Wuchiapingian is at the first appearance of conodont species Clarkina wangi. The Wuchiapingian contains two ammonite biozones: that of the genus Araxoceras and that of the genera Roadoceras and Doulingoceras.

An extinction pulse occurred during the Wuchiapingian. GeoWhen Database - Wuchiapingian Upper Paleozoic stratigraphic chart at the website of the subcommission for stratigraphic information of the ICS

Sharzhenga River

The Sharzhenga is a river in Nyuksensky and Nikolsky Districts of Vologda Oblast in Russia. It is a left tributary of the Yug River, it is 183 kilometres long, the area of its basin 1,500 square kilometres. The main tributary is the Andanga River; the river basin of the Sharzhenga comprises the northwestern part of Nikolsky District and is located in the Northern Ridge chain of hills. The source of the Sharzhenga is in the southern part of the Nyuksensky District; the river flows south, enters Babushkinsky District, turns northeast. In the village of Logduz it enters Nikolsky District. Downstream from the village of Zelentsovo the valley of the Sharzhenga is continuously populated, the forests on the river banks have been cut; the mouth of the Sharzhenga is downstream of the village of Kalinino, between the town of Nikolsk and the selo of Kichmengsky Gorodok. Река Шарженга. State Water Register of Russia. Retrieved 22 September 2011

Dominican University of California

Dominican University of California is a private university in San Rafael, California. It was founded in 1890 as Dominican College by the Dominican Sisters of San Rafael, it is one of the oldest universities in California. Dominican is accredited by the Western Association of Colleges. More than 45 undergraduate and graduate degree programs are offered with an average class size of 16. In 2019-2020, total enrollment was 1,783 students. Ninety-one percent of students are from California, 6% are from other states and 3% from other nations. In Fall 2019, 100% of incoming first-year students received financial aid, 68% came from ethnically diverse backgrounds and 23% are the first in their family to attend college. In 2019, Dominican University of California introduced a Test-Optional Policy, allowing first-year students applying for admission to have the option to submit SAT or ACT scores, beginning with the fall 2020 cohort; the university competes in the Pacific West Conference. The history of Dominican University of California can be traced back to 1850.

It was in this year. At the time of this appointment, he was in Italy attending a meeting of the Dominican Order, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Saint Dominic de Guzmán in France in 1216; as Bishop Alemany was returning to his new post in California, he stopped in Paris at the Dominican Monastery of the Cross and expressed his desire to have a few Dominican Sisters join him to teach the children of the Forty-niners. A Belgian novice, Sister Mary of the Cross Goemaere volunteered to accompany the new bishop and to begin a school in his new diocese. Within three years, nine women joined Sister Mary to form the Congregation of the Most Holy Name. In 1854, the Dominicans moved to Benicia. Following the leadership of Mother Mary Goemaere, Mother Louis O'Donnell moved the motherhouse, a school and novitiate from Benicia to San Rafael in 1889. In 1890 the Congregation of the Most Holy Name, under the auspices of Mother O'Donnell, filed Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State of California.

With the encouragement of faculty of the University of California in Berkeley, a junior college was opened in 1915, in 1917 a four-year college, Dominican College, was formed. At that point Dominican College became the first Catholic college in California to grant the bachelor's degree to women. A female-only institution, Dominican College became coeducational in 1971. 1917 – Dominican became the first Catholic college in California to grant the bachelor's degree to women. 1924 – The State Board of Education certifies Dominican to recommend candidates for public school teaching credentials. 1926 – Dominican was placed on the approved list of the Association of American Universities. 1931 – Dominican College of San Rafael was recognized by the American Association of University Women and in 1932, the Marin County Chapter of that group was established 1931 – Dominican became a member of the Northwestern Association of Colleges. 1950 – Dominican opened its graduate program to men. 1963 – Archbishop Alemany Library opened.

1971 – Dominican became coeducational. 1984 – Dominican opens the Ukiah Center, in Mendocino County, creating a satellite campus offering Teacher Credential Programs and MS in Education Programs 1990 – Dominican's Nursing program received accreditation from the National League of Nursing. 2000 – Dominican College of San Rafael becomes Dominican University of California 2006 – Bachelor of Fine Arts in Dance program initiated 2007 – Dominican opens a new Science Center 2009 – Dominican's School of Business and Leadership was accepted into the Association of Asia Pacific Business Schools 2010 – Dominican opened a federally funded national research facility focused on Sudden Oak Death 2012 – Dominican received an $8 million-plus gift to update Meadowlands Hall 2014 - The university's School of Business and Leadership is renamed the Andrew P. Barowsky School of Business 2014 - Began publishing master's theses and faculty scholarship online in Dominican Scholar 2014 - The Dominican Experience commenced 2016 - Working as a voter education partner for the Commission on Presidential Debates, Dominican hosts College Debate 2016.

2018 - Dominican partners with Make School, enabling Dominican to offer a Minor in Computer Science and Make School to offer an accelerated bachelor's degree in Applied Computer Science under Dominican’s oversight. 2019 - Dominican introduced a Test-Optional Policy, beginning with students applying for admission in the Fall 2020 cohort. Dominican occupies 80 acres in central Marin County in the City of San Rafael, it is situated in a residential neighborhood at the base of San Pedro Mountain. The gardens of the University are a combination of four former family estates and contain over 100 species of trees. A seasonal creek flows east to west through the middle of campus. 90% of freshmen live on-campus. Freshmen are automatically guaranteed a residency on campus while sophomores and seniors receive on-campus housing through a lottery. All residence halls are co-ed with gender specific bathrooms; each hall has a "resident advisor". In the 1980s, an alumna remembered that she had her picture taken when she was a student at the college in the 1950s.

She went in search of the print. While she didn't find her photograph, nearly 100 original Ansel Adams photographs were discovered scattered across campus; these photographs, taken by the not-yet-famous Adams between 1932 and 1952, are part of the Dominican private collection. Enameled terra-cotta sculptures grace the entryways to Meadowlands Hall, Guzman Hall, Archbishop Alemany Library and Cal

Hyper Light Drifter

Hyper Light Drifter is a 2D action role-playing game developed by Heart Machine. The game pays homage to 8-bit and 16-bit games, is considered by its lead developer Alex Preston as a combination of The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past and Diablo. Preston launched Kickstarter funding for the title for US$27,000 to develop the title for Microsoft Windows, OS X, Linux computers, but ended up with more than US$600,000, allowing him to hire more programmers and artists, expanding the title for console and portable platforms through stretch goals. Though scoped for release in 2014, various improvements in the game and issues with Preston's health set the release back; the Microsoft Windows, Linux and OS X versions were released in March 2016, the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One versions in July 2016. A Special Edition port of the game, featuring additional content, was released for the Nintendo Switch in September 2018 and for iOS devices in July 2019. Hyper Light Drifter is a 2D action role-playing game fashioned after The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past, rendered in a pixelated style comparable to Superbrothers: Sword & Sworcery EP.

The player controls the Drifter, a character that has access to technology that has long been forgotten by the inhabitants of the game's world and is suffering from an unspecified illness. The story concept was inspired by lead developer Alex Preston's heart disease, has been likened by others to Studio Ghibli's Castle in the Sky, while Preston cites the studio's Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind as inspiration for the game's world; the Drifter is equipped with an energy sword but can gain access to other modules that expand their weapon and ability arsenal. These require power from rare batteries scattered around the world. Weaponry includes traditional console role-playing game archetypes, including long-range guns and area attacks. Rather than scavenging ammunition from the game world to load the player's guns, the player's ammunition instead charges when hitting enemies and objects with the energy sword; the player faces difficult monsters, both in number and ability, requiring the player to hone their tactics to succeed in the game.

Preston's goal was to replicate the experience of playing on the SNES, noting that the unit had "amazing perfect games designed for limited environments" which he challenged himself to simulate in Hyper Light Drifter. One feature of SNES games that Preston captured is that there is no spoken dialog, placing more emphasis on the game's music and visuals to tell a story. Hyper Light Drifter is based on the vision of its key developer, Alex Preston. Preston had been born with congenital heart disease, throughout his life has been hospitalized with digestive and immune-system issues relating to this condition. While in college, Preston had used the mediums of painting and film to illustrate his experiences with frail health and near-death conditions. Preston envisioned Hyper Light Drifter as a video game as a means "to tell a story can identify with, expressing something personal to a larger audience, so more connected and have an outlet for the many emotions that crop up around life-altering issues".

Further, he had yearned to develop a game that combined the best elements of The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past and Diablo for many years, which would feature world exploration and combat that required some strategy by the player, depending on foes they faced. After several years of being an animator, he felt he could do so in 2013; the theme and story for the game, featuring a protagonist suffering from a terminal disease, is meant as a simile for his own health. Preston set out to make the game for Windows, OS X, Linux computers and started a Kickstarter campaign in September 2013 to secure US$27,000 in funding to complete the title. Prior to starting the campaign, Preston had secured the help of programmer Beau Blyth who created titles like Samurai Gunn, musician Disasterpeace, who worked on the music for Fez, he opted to develop the game under the studio name Heart Machine as an allegory for the various medical devices he needs to track his own health, to use for future projects following Hyper Light Drifter.

The project funding was exceeded in a day, grew over US$100,000 within a few days of its launch. To encourage additional funding, Preston created new stretch goals, including additional gameplay modes, more bosses and characters, expanding the release to include the PlayStation 4 and Vita, the Ouya, the Wii U consoles; these goals were all met with more than US$640,000 raised. Preston stated that he had had these additional platforms in mind when first launching the Kickstarter, but did not want to over-promise what he felt he could deliver; the additional funds have helped Preston hire additional developers to aid in porting the game to these additional consoles. The game was set for release in mid-2014 but was delayed until the second quarter of 2016, due to the expanded scope of the game, the need to perfect the game before its first release, the lead developer's health issues. Preston found help from several developer friends around the Los Angeles area, he and a number worked together to build out Glitch Space, a small open office space for small developers to work from and share ideas with others.

Besides his own team, Preston got frequent help from developers Ben Esposito, Brandon Chung, Ben Vance. Preston was encouraged by letters of support he got from people across the globe after reporting on some of his health conditions; the letters influenced Preston to alter the story in Hyper Light Drifter as to not make it about a problem facing a single character but something

Alex (A Clockwork Orange)

Alex is a fictional character in Anthony Burgess' novel A Clockwork Orange and Stanley Kubrick's film adaptation of the same name, in which he is played by Malcolm McDowell. In the film, his surname is a reference to Alex calling himself The Large in the novel. In the film, two newspaper articles print his name as "Alex Burgess". In addition to the book and film, Alex was portrayed by Vanessa Claire Smith in the ARK Theatre Company's multi-media adaptation of A Clockwork Orange, directed by Brad Mays. Alex is the narrator in the novel A Clockwork Orange; the character is portrayed as a sociopath who robs and assaults innocent people for his own amusement. Intellectually, he knows that such behaviour is morally wrong, saying that "you can't have a society with everybody behaving in my manner of the night", he professes to be puzzled by the motivations of those who wish to reform him and others like him, saying that he would never interfere with their desire to be good. He speaks a teenage slang created by author Anthony Burgess.

The language is based on English and Russian words, but borrows from other sources such as Cockney rhyming slang, Romani speech, schoolboy colloquialisms. His beverage of choice is milk spiked with various drugs, which he and his fellow gang members drink to fortify themselves for "ultraviolence". Alex is fond of classical music Ludwig van Beethoven, whom he habitually refers to as "Ludwig Van". While listening to this music, he fantasises about endless rampages of rape and slaughter. Alex's favourite melee weapon is a "cut-throat britva", or straight razor. Alex lives with his parents in a block of flats in a dystopian England in which his brand of "ultraviolence" is common. At the age of 15, he is a veteran of state reform institutions. While the youngest of his gang, he is the most intelligent, designates himself as the leader. Another member of the gang, resents his high-handedness, begins plotting against him along with the rest of the gang. One night, the gang breaks into a woman's house, Alex assaults and kills her by ramming her face with a sculpture of a penis and testicles.

As Alex flees from the house after hearing police sirens, Dim hits him with a milk bottle and the gang leaves him to be arrested. Alex is sentenced to 14 years in prison. Over the next two years, Alex is a model prisoner, endearing himself to the prison chaplain by studying the Bible, he is fond of the passages in the Old Testament portraying torture and murder. Prison officials recommend him for the Ludovico Technique, an experimental treatment designed to eliminate criminal impulses. During the treatment, prison doctors inject him with nausea-inducing drugs and make him watch films portraying murder and rape; the treatment conditions him to associate violent thoughts and feelings with sickness. Alex is affected by watching footage of Nazi war crimes set to Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, one of his favourite pieces of music, his sentence is commuted to time served, he is released. Once he returns to society, however, he finds that the treatment worked too well: any thought of violence brings him to his knees with pain, he cannot defend himself.

His parents have rented out his room, he is brutalised by his former victims, beaten by his former accomplices George and Dim, who are now police officers. He collapses in front of an old house, owned by a writer the government considers "subversive"; the writer is one of the gang's victims, but he does not recognise Alex, wearing a mask as he and his friends beat the man and gang-raped his wife, who died of her injuries. When Alex tells him of his plight, the writer promises to help him. However, the writer realises who Alex is upon hearing him singing "Singin' in the Rain", the song he had sung while raping his wife, he drugs Alex and forces him to listen to the Ninth Symphony, which causes Alex so much pain that he attempts suicide by jumping out of the window. He survives, but is badly injured, wakes up in a state hospital, his parents take him back and the government, smarting from the bad publicity, gives him a well-paying job where he can channel his naturally-violent tendencies against the enemies of the state.

The effects of the Ludovico Technique have worn off, Alex is his old, ultraviolent self again: "I was cured, all right". While the film ends here, the novel features an additional chapter in which Alex, now a few years older, outgrows his sociopathy and begins to think about starting a family; the American Film Institute rated Alex the 12th greatest film villain of all time. Empire magazine selected Alex as the 42nd greatest movie character of all time Wizard magazine rated Alex the 36th greatest villain of all time. Malcolm McDowell's performance has been acclaimed by critics. McDowell was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, some consider his failure to receive a Best Actor nomination at the Academy Awards a major snub. In 2008, his performance was ranked #100 on Premiere Magazine's "100 Greatest Performances of All Time."In 2004, Vanessa Claire Smith won LA Weekly's Leading Female Performance award for her gender-bending performance in the stage production of A Clockwork Orange

Sarah Thomas (librarian)

Sarah Elizabeth Thomas is an American librarian best known for her leadership positions in a number of research libraries. In May 2013 it was announced that she had been appointed vice president for Harvard University Library. Thomas was raised in Haydenville, United States, graduated from Smith College in 1970, she qualified as a professional librarian at Simmons College in 1973 and received her Ph. D. from Johns Hopkins University in 1982 for a thesis on the Austrian author Hugo von Hofmannsthal and his relations with his publisher. Between 1996 and 2006, Thomas held the positions of Adjunct Professor of German and Carl A. Kroch University Librarian at Cornell University. Between 2007 and 2013, she held the office of Bodley's Librarian and Director of the Bodleian Libraries at the University of Oxford; as Bodley's Librarian, she was responsible for the operation of the largest university libraries in the United Kingdom, one of the major research libraries in the world. Her previous experience in major United States research libraries included Harvard's Widener Library, Johns Hopkins, the National Agricultural Library, the Library of Congress, the Research Libraries Group.

She is the first woman to have held the position of Bodley's Librarian, the second librarian to have been in charge of the university's integrated library service. Thomas, an American, is the first foreign librarian to have run the Bodleian. In an interview she gave shortly after taking up the position, she recalled visiting Oxford when she was working at the Library of Congress to speak at the Sheldonian Theatre, she said that she remembered thinking "I could just die and be happy". When recruitment consultants approached her about applying for the post and she saw the job description, she said, "it was love at first sight, it was everything I wanted to do, but bigger. Integration, the digital library, the estates programme, the opportunity to be inside a magnificent institution and have a role at a pivotal moment in its history –, just too enticing for me."In 2007, Thomas was awarded the Melvil Dewey Medal of the American Library Association, in 2010 was awarded the Smith College Medal. She was elected a Member of the American Philosophical Society in 2013.

Sarah Thomas is married to Peter B. Hirtle, an archivist, they have two sons. Cornell's University Librarians: Sarah Thomas Full text of doctoral thesis via Oxford Research Archive