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Wuxing (Chinese philosophy)

The wuxing known as the Five Elements, Five Agents, Five Movements, Five Phases, Five Planets, Five Processes, Five Stages, Five Steps, or Five Ways, is the short form of "wǔ zhǒng liúxíng zhī qì" or "the five types of chi dominating at different times". It is a fivefold conceptual scheme that many traditional Chinese fields used to explain a wide array of phenomena, from cosmic cycles to the interaction between internal organs, from the succession of political regimes to the properties of medicinal drugs; the "Five Phases" are Fire, Wood and Earth. This order of presentation is known as the "Days of the Week" sequence. In the order of "mutual generation", they are Wood, Earth and Water. In the order of "mutual overcoming", they are Wood, Water and Metal; the system of five phases was used for describing relationships between phenomena. After it came to maturity in the second or first century BCE during the Han dynasty, this device was employed in many fields of early Chinese thought, including disparate fields such as geomancy or feng shui, traditional Chinese medicine, military strategy, martial arts.

The system is still used as a reference in some forms of complementary and alternative medicine and martial arts. Xing of wuxing means moving. Wu Xing refers to the five major planets that create five dimensions of earth life. Wuxing is widely translated as "Five Elements" and this is used extensively by many including practitioners of Five Element acupuncture; this translation arose by false analogy with the Western system of the four elements. Whereas the classical Greek elements were concerned with substances or natural qualities, the Chinese xíng are "primarily concerned with process and change," hence the common translation as "phases" or "agents". By the same token, Mù is thought of as "Tree" rather than "Wood"; the word'element' is thus used within the context of Chinese medicine with a different meaning to its usual meaning. It should be recognized that the word phase, although preferred, is not perfect. Phase is a better translation for the five seasons mentioned below, so agents or processes might be preferred for the primary term xíng.

Manfred Porkert attempts to resolve this by using Evolutive Phase for 五行 Wǔ Xíng and Circuit Phase for 五運 Wǔ Yùn, but these terms are unwieldy. Some of the Mawangdui Silk Texts present the wuxing as "five virtues" or types of activities. Within Chinese medicine texts the wuxing are referred to as Wu Yun or a combination of the two characters these emphasise the correspondence of five elements to five'seasons'. Another tradition refers to the Wǔ Xíng as the Five Virtues; the five phases are around 72 days each and are used to describe the state in nature: Wood/Spring: a period of growth, which generates abundant wood and vitality Fire/Summer: a period of swelling, brimming with fire and energy Earth: the in-between transitional seasonal periods, or a separate'season' known as Late Summer or Long Summer – in the latter case associated with leveling and dampening and fruition Metal/Autumn: a period of harvesting and collecting Water/Winter: a period of retreat, where stillness and storage pervades The doctrine of five phases describes two cycles, a generating or creation cycle known as "mother-son", an overcoming or destruction cycle known as "grandfather-grandson", of interactions between the phases.

Within Chinese medicine the effects of these two main relations are further elaborated: Inter-promoting Interacting Overacting Counteracting The common memory jogs, which help to remind in what order the phases are: Wood feeds Fire Fire creates Earth Earth bears Metal Metal collects Water Water nourishes WoodOther common words for this cycle include "begets", "engenders" and "mothers". Wood parts Earth Earth dams Water Water extinguishes Fire Fire melts Metal Metal chops WoodThis cycle might be called "controls", "restrains" or "fathers". According to wuxing theory, the structure of the cosmos mirrors the five phases; each phase has a complex series of associations with different aspects of nature, as can be seen in the following table. In the ancient Chinese form of geomancy, known as Feng Shui, practitioners all based their art and system on the five phases. All of these phases are represented within the trigrams. Associated with these phases are colors and shapes. Based on a particular directional energy flow from one phase to the next, the interaction can be expansive, destructive, or exhaustive.

A proper knowledge of each aspect of energy flow will enable the Feng Shui practitioner to apply certain cures or rearrangement of energy in a way they believe to be beneficial for the receiver of the Feng Shui Treatment. According to the Warring States period political philosopher Zou Yan 鄒衍, each of the five elements possesses a personified "virtue", which indicates the foreordained destiny of a dynasty. Zou Yan claims that the Mandate of Heaven sanctions the legitimacy of a dynasty by sending self-manifesting auspicious signs in the ritual color t

Purple Pills

"Purple Pills" known as "Purple Hills" in the radio edit, is a hip hop single by American rap group D12, taken as the second cut from their debut studio album, Devil's Night. It achieved notable success, peaking at number 19 on the Billboard Hot 100, number 2 in the United Kingdom and Norway, number 3 in Australia, number 5 in Sweden and number 10 in the Netherlands and Finland; the track features verses rapped by Eminem, Proof, Swifty and a joint verse between Kuniva and Kon Artis. The album version of the song contains many references to drug use, with "purple pills", "golden seals", "Mushroom Mountain" being examples of recreational drug use; when it was announced that the group intended to release the track as a single, due to the drug and sex references, it was deemed inappropriate for play on many radio stations, as such, a censored version of the song, "Purple Hills", was made. This version replaces them with comical lyrics; such changes include the line "I've been to mushroom mountain" altered to say "I've climbed the highest mountain".

Most of Bizarre's verse is changed, due to the strong amount of sexual and drug content in it. Music videos were made for both "Purple Pills" and "Purple Hills" respectively; the accompanying music videos were directed by Joseph Kahn. In the United States and United Kingdom, radio play was limited to "Purple Hills", as "Purple Pills" was deemed not suitable for radio. However, a number of underground radio stations in the United States played "Purple Pills". Music channels were restricted to playing the video for "Purple Hills"; when physically released, two versions of the single were made available in the United Kingdom — one for "Purple Pills", with the "Purple Pills" audio track and music video, one for "Purple Hills", with the "Purple Hills" audio track and music video. In Europe and Australia, one version of the single was available—this contained "Purple Pills" as an audio track but the music video for "Purple Hills". In America, one version of the single was available — this contained "Purple Hills" as an audio track with no enhanced section.

UK CD single #1 UK CD single #2 UK 12" vinyl UK Cassette European CD single Europe and Australia Maxi single European 12" vinyl US CD single US and UK Promotional 12" vinyl Notes^ signifies an additional producer. ^ signifies a co-producer. Lyrics of "Purple Pills" at MetroLyrics Lyrics of "Purple Hills" at MetroLyrics


Tedhakattiटेढाकट्टी is a village and Village Development Committee in Bara District in the Narayani Zone of south-eastern Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 4623 people living in 476 individual households. According to the census 2011 it has population of more than 4683, its name was from Singh's family. The richest family of village is Singh's family. In this VDC there are two places Rupauliya. Nine wards in this VDC. After establishment of constitution on 10 March 2017A. D it falls in adarsh kotwal gaau palika. From this village some cities are nearby such as Kalaiya, Kolavi, Simraungadh and Birganj. Now at present it is a ward of Adarsh Kotwal Gaau palika ward-5, it is surrounded by river from all sides by the Aadua river. Nowadays many castes live here such as Bhumiaar, Shah, Doom, Pandit, etc. According to the census 2011 it has population of more than 4683. UN map of the municipalities of Bara District

Sony Ericsson W880i

The Sony Ericsson W880i is a mobile phone, announced on 6 February 2007 and released in spring 2007. Part of Sony Ericsson's Walkman series, the phone has been popular due to its tiny dimensions and low weight. At only 9.4 mm thick, the W880 was one of the few phones on the market that were thinner than 1 cm, the other notable example being the Nokia 5310 XpressMusic from that year. The W880i is available in three different colour schemes. There is a fourth color scheme, "Gold", available to Vodafone. There is a non-3G version of the phone; the W880 features a 2.0-megapixel camera and a secondary VGA camera located on the front which can be used for 3G video conferencing. The phone comes with Walkman Player v2.0, which gives a faster interface with few differences from the previous version. The phone comes with 16 MB of memory and a 1 GB M2, but can be expanded up to 2 GB via the Memory Stick Micro slot. Other features include photo/video editing, picture blogging, web gallery uploading, QCIF video recording, 3G data transferring capabilities of up to 384 kbit/s.

This model shares all of the features the W850i has except the form factor and the lack of radio and camera light. The phone's CPU is an ARM 9 processor clocked at 206 MHz; the W880 was Sony Ericsson's thinnest phone when released, one of the slimmest on the market. There were few phones less than a centimetre thick beforehand, most notably Motorola FONE F3 and Samsung X820. Supports a wide range of audio and image formats, next to software: Audio: MIDI, MP3, MP4, AAC, AAC+, M4A, 3GP, AMR, WMA, WAV, Real 8 and G-MDI. Video: MP4, 3GPP, H263 and Real 8. Image: JPEG, GIF, BMP, PNG, WBMP, SVG Software: Java ME, Flash. Writing for Know Your Mobile, Mat Toor praised the fact that the W880i had 3G, a screen, "easy on the eye " and it's TrackID software which could identify music from a 10 second sample. Toor, bemoaned the lack of autofocus and flash on the camera, stating that it was only useful for outdoor use as well as the size of the keys, which he compared to "metallic grains of rice". Furthermore, in testing, he found that the battery lasted nowhere near the 425 hours Sony claimed in its advertising.

In conclusion he felt that the drawbacks were "niggles" and that the W880i was a contender for the best phone of 2007. The W880i was superseded by the Sony Ericsson W890i in 2007. Nokia 2630 Nokia 5310 XpressMusic Sony Ericsson T700 Ericsson T66 Official Sony Ericsson W880i Page GSMArena SEfanatics Sony W880i review on SubReview Flash menus on the W880i

Ishaq ibn Muslim al-Uqayli

Ishaq ibn Muslim ibn Rabi'a ibn Asim al-Uqayli was a general and governor for the Umayyad Caliphate in the region of Arminiya, a close supporter of the last Umayyad caliph, Marwan II. Following the defeat of Marwan by the Abbasid Revolution, he resisted but came to terms with the Abbasids. Ishaq's grandfather Rabi'a was a Basran who had fought and died in the Battle of the Camel, after which the family moved to the Jazira. Along with his brothers, Abd al-Malik and Isa, Ishaq was one of the commanders of Marwan ibn Muhammad during the latter's governorship in Armenia and Adharbayjan and his campaigns against the Khazars, thus in 738 he captured his strongholds. In 743/744, he was appointed as commander of Derbent and governor of the combined province of Armenia and Adharbayjan, he accompanied Marwan in 745/746 in the fighting in the Jazira, during the Third Fitna, he returned to his governorship in Armenia, which he seems to have kept until the end of the Umayyad Caliphate in 749/750. At that time, following the defeat of Marwan at the hands of the armies of the Abbasid Revolution, he assembled the remnants of the Umayyad armies and rallied Marwan's supporters in Armenia and the Jazira and established himself with 60,000 men at the fortress of Sumaysat, awaiting the Abbasid advance.

In the event, a negotiated settlement was reached between Ishaq and Abu Ja'far, many of the pro-Umayyad leaders became accepted in the ranks of the Abbasids. Thus Ishaq himself became one of the most influential members of al-Mansur's council, his brother Bakkar, who participated in the rebellion of Abdallah ibn Ali in 754, was pardoned again and rehabilitated, going on to govern Arminiya under al-Mansur. Blankinship, Khalid Yahya; the End of the Jihâd State: The Reign of Hishām ibn ʻAbd al-Malik and the Collapse of the Umayyads. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-1827-7. Crone, Patricia. Slaves on Horses: The Evolution of the Islamic Polity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52940-9. Kennedy, Hugh N.. The Early Abbasid Caliphate: A Political History. London and Sydney: Croom Helm. ISBN 0-7099-3115-8

USS Eastern Chief (ID-3390)

USS Eastern Chief was a United States Navy cargo ship in commission from 1918 to 1919. Eastern Chief was built as the commercial cargo ship SS Yoshida Maru No. 3 and completed in December 1917 by the Uraga Dock Company in Uraga, Japan. Soon after completion she was sent to the United States, where she was placed under the control of the United States Shipping Board, which renamed her SS Eastern Chief. On 10 September 1918, the U. S. Navy's 6th Naval District inspected her at Charleston, South Carolina, for possible naval service during World War I, the Shipping Board transferred her to the Navy on 25 September 1918 at the Charleston Navy Yard in Charleston; the Navy assigned her the naval registry identification number 3390 and commissioned her on 27 September 1918 as USS Eastern Chief with Lieutenant Commander A. P. Jensen, USNRF, in command. Assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service, Eastern Chief departed Hampton Roads, Virginia, on 9 October 1918. After stopping at Sydney, Nova Scotia, for repairs, she arrived at La Pallice, France, on 26 November 1918 to discharge her cargo and load ordnance and engineering stores.

She departed La Pallice on 14 December 1918 and arrived at Norfolk, Virginia, on 8 January 1919. On 9 February 1919, Eastern Chief was again underway for La Pallice. During her transatlantic crossing, she went to the aid of the disabled U. S. Navy cargo ship USS West Haven on 15 February 1919, standing by West Haven until a tug came to assist. Eastern Chief helped tow West Haven to Bermuda resumed course for La Pallice, which she reached on 23 February 1919, she steamed to Antwerp, where she finished offloading her cargo. She departed Antwerp on 3 May 1919 bound for Norfolk, where she arrived on 23 May 1919. Eastern Chief was decommissioned on 29 May 1919; the Navy transferred her back to the U. S. Shipping Board the same day; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. Department of the Navy: Naval Historical Center Online Library of Selected Images: Civilian Ships: S. S. Eastern Chief. Named Yoshida Maru # 3. Was USS Eastern Chief in 1918-1919 NavSource Online: Section Patrol Craft Photo Archive: Eastern Chief