Isabella Fiorella Elettra Giovanna Rossellini is an Italian actress, author and model. The daughter of Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman and Italian neorealist film director Roberto Rossellini, she is noted for her successful tenure as a Lancôme model, for her roles in films such as Blue Velvet and Death Becomes Her. Rossellini received a Golden Globe Award nomination for her performance in Crime of the Century. Rossellini was born in Rome, the daughter of Swedish actress Ingrid Bergman, of Swedish and German descent, Italian director Roberto Rossellini, born in Rome from a family from Pisa, Tuscany, she has three siblings from her mother: her fraternal twin sister Isotta Rossellini, an adjunct professor of Italian literature. She has four other siblings from her father's two other marriages: Romano, Renzo and Raffaella. Rossellini was raised in Rome, as well as in Santa Paris, she underwent an operation for appendicitis at the age of five. At 11, she was diagnosed with scoliosis. In order to correct it, she had to undergo an 18-month ordeal of painful stretchings, body casts, surgery on her spine using pieces of one of her shin bones.
She has incision scars on her back and shin. At 19, she went to New York City, where she attended Finch College, while working as a translator and a RAI television reporter, she appeared intermittently on L'altra Domenica, a TV show featuring Roberto Benigni. However, she did not decide to stay full-time in New York until her marriage to Martin Scorsese, whom she met when she interviewed him for RAI. At the age of 28, her modeling career began, when she was photographed by Bruce Weber for British Vogue and by Bill King for American Vogue. During her career, she has worked with many other renowned photographers, including Richard Avedon, Steven Meisel, Helmut Newton, Peter Lindbergh, Norman Parkinson, Eve Arnold, Francesco Scavullo, Annie Leibovitz, Denis Piel, Robert Mapplethorpe, her image has appeared on such magazines as Marie Claire, Harper's Bazaar, Vanity Fair, ELLE. In March 1988, an exhibition dedicated to photographs of her, called Portrait of a Woman, was held at the Musee d'Art Moderne in Paris.
Rossellini's modeling career led her into the world of cosmetics, when she became the exclusive spokesmodel for the French cosmetics brand Lancôme in 1982, replacing Nancy Dutiel in the United States and Carol Alt in Europe. At Lancôme, in 1990, she was involved in product development for the fragrance Trésor. In 1996, when she was 43, she was removed as the face of Lancôme for being "too old." In 2016, at the age of 63, she was rehired by Lancôme's new female CEO, Francoise Lehmann, as a global brand ambassador for the company. In October 1992, Rossellini modelled for Madonna's controversial book Sex. Rossellini appeared in Madonna's music video for her successful Top 5 hit song "Erotica", released in the autumn/fall of 1992. Rossellini was the inaugural brand ambassador for the Italian Silversea Cruises company in 2004, she appeared in print ads and on their website. Barbara Muckermann, the senior vice-president of worldwide marketing and communications in 2004, said at the time of the announcement, "Isabella is the ideal personification of Silversea's exclusive standard of elegance and sophistication."
Rossellini made her film debut with a brief appearance as a nun opposite her mother in the 1976 film A Matter of Time. Her first role was the 1979 film Il Prato, in 1980 she appeared in Renzo Arbore's film Il pap'occhio with Martin Scorsese. Following her mother's death in 1982, Rossellini was cast in White Nights; this was followed by her notable role as the tortured nightclub singer Dorothy Vallens in the David Lynch film Blue Velvet, in which she contributed her own singing. Other significant film roles during this period include her work in Cousins, Death Becomes Her and Immortal Beloved. In 1996, she appeared as herself in an episode of the TV series Friends called "The One With Frank Jr." In 2003, Rossellini was a recurring character on the television series Alias. In that same year, she appeared in the Canadian film The Saddest Music in the World, directed by Guy Maddin. In 2004, she played the High Priestess Thar in the Sci-Fi Channel miniseries Legend of Earthsea, director Robert Lieberman stated that Rossellini "brings a big persona to the screen.
She carries a great deal of beauty. We needed someone who had a feeling of authority to be this kind of mother superior type and at the same time not be dour and unattractive."In 2006, Rossellini appeared in several television documentaries. First, she narrated a two-hour television special on Italy for the Discovery Channel's Discovery Atlas series. Alongside Segway PT inventor Dean Kamen, she spoke about her past and current activities on an episode of Iconoclasts, a series that featured on the Sundance Channel, an independent film network founded by film industry veteran Robert Redford; the Sundance Channel purchased the 2006 Guy Maddin-directed short film My Dad Is 100 Years Old, a tribute that Rossellini created for her father. In the film, she played every role, including Federico Fellini, Alfred Hitchcock, her mother Ingrid Bergman. Rossellini's twin sister, Isotta Ingrid, criticized the short film, calling it an "inappropriate" tribute. In 2007, Rossellini guest starred on two episodes of the television show 30 Rock, playing Alec Baldwi
Margaret JoBeth Williams is an American actress and television director. Her directorial debut with the 1994 short film On Hope earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Live Action Short Film. Since 2009, she has served as president of the Screen Actors Guild Foundation. Williams rose to prominence appearing in such films as Stir Crazy, The Big Chill, The Day After and Poltergeist II: The Other Side. A three-time Emmy Award nominee, she was nominated for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for her work in the TV movie Adam and the TV miniseries Baby M, her third nomination was for her guest role in the sitcom Frasier. She starred in the TV series The Client and had recurring roles in the TV series Dexter and Private Practice. Williams was born in Houston, is the daughter of Frances Faye, a dietitian, Fredric Roger Williams, an opera singer and manager of a wire and cable company. Williams grew up in the South Park neighborhood of Houston, attended Jones High School, from which she graduated in 1966.
She graduated from Pembroke College in Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1970, intending to become a child psychologist. Instead, she turned to theater, training with Jim Barnhill and John Emigh, as well as at the Trinity Repertory Company, taking voice lessons to neutralize her Texan accent, she moved to New York City and began to appear in television series in the mid-1970s. Williams's first television role was on the Boston-produced first-run syndicated children's television series Jabberwocky, which debuted in 1972, her character was named, JoBeth. She joined the Jabberwocky cast in season two, replacing Joanne Sopko; the series ran until 1978. She was a regular on two soap operas, playing Carrie Wheeler on Somerset and Brandy Shelloe on Guiding Light. Williams's feature-film debut came in 1979's Kramer vs. Kramer as a girlfriend of Dustin Hoffman's character, memorably quizzed by his son after being discovered walking nude to the bathroom. Williams is most recognized for her roles in Stir Crazy, with Gene Wilder and Richard Pryor, Poltergeist, as suburban housewife Diane Freeling, a character she reprised in a sequel, Poltergeist II: The Other Side, 1986).
A year she was part of the ensemble comedy-drama The Big Chill. This led to her only major starring role in a studio feature film, American Dreamer, opposite Tom Conti. High-profile co-starring roles in Teachers with Nick Nolte, Desert Bloom with Jon Voight, Memories of Me with Billy Crystal, Blake Edwards's Switch with Ellen Barkin followed, she is known for starring opposite Kris Kristofferson in Oscar-winning director Franklin J. Schaffner's final film, the Vietnam POW drama Welcome Home. In 1992, she re-teamed with The Big Chill director Lawrence Kasdan to portray Bessie Earp in Wyatt Earp with Kevin Costner, starred as Crazy Diane/Sane Diane, a schizophrenic shut-in, in the dark independent comedy, Me, Myself and I, she co-starred with Ed O'Neill in the John Hughes-written comedy Dutch, starred in Stop! Or My Mom Will Shoot as the police detective/love interest of Sylvester Stallone's character. In 1995, she was nominated for an Academy Award for her 1994 live-action short On Hope, starring Annette O'Toole.
In 1997, she played a domineering lesbian in the independent comedy Little City with Jon Bon Jovi, an hysterical publishing editor in Just Write with Jeremy Piven. In 2005, she appeared in the Drew Barrymore-Jimmy Fallon baseball comedy Fever Pitch. In October 2011, she appeared with Steve Martin, Owen Wilson, Rashida Jones, Jack Black in the bird-watching comedy The Big Year for Twentieth Century Fox. Williams has gained critical acclaim for a number of performances in notable television movies, including the nuclear holocaust film The Day After, Murder Ordained, as Lois Burnham Wilson in My Name is Bill W. and the critically acclaimed Masterpiece Theatre presentation of The Ponder Heart for director Martha Coolidge. She earned Emmy nominations for starring as real-life characters Revé Walsh in the film Adam and Mary Beth Whitehead in Baby M. In 1993, she anchored the improvised Showtime dramedy Chantilly Lace with Helen Slater and Martha Plimpton, she had an Emmy-nominated guest-starring role on Frasier and played Reggie Love in the 1995–1996 CBS series The Client, which lasted only 21 episodes, but gained a wider audience when it was rebroadcast in reruns on the TNT Network.
Williams appeared on a 2006 episode of 24 as Christopher Henderson's wife, who takes a bullet for her husband. She appeared in one episode of the 1998 TV miniseries From the Earth to the Moon as Marge Slayton, the wife of Deke Slayton; the episode is part 11 of the series and titled "The Original Wives Club". In 1999, Williams teamed with John Larroquette and Julie Benz for the CBS network situation comedy Payne; the show, the American television version of the hit British comedy Fawlty Towers, lasted just 10 episodes. In 2007, she joined Dexter for a four-episode arc as the serial killer's future mother-in-law, she appeared in a memorable 2009 Criminal Minds listed as Special Guest Star in the episode "Empty Planet" as Professor Ursula Kent, who helps the BAU with a bomb threat in Seattle. She has played the recurring role of Bizzy Forbes-Montgomery, mother of Kate Walsh's Addison, on ABC's Private Practice since 2009. In 2014, she appeared in th
Catherine Anne O'Hara is a Canadian-American actress and comedian. She first drew notice as an actress in 1974 as a member of The Second City improvisational comedy troupe in Toronto, she landed her first significant television role in 1975 starring opposite John Candy and Dan Aykroyd in the main cast of the Canadian sitcom Coming Up Rosie. The following year and Candy began work on Second City Television, where she drew acclaim for both her work as a comedic actress and writer, winning a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety Series in 1981. O'Hara has appeared in several films directed by Tim Burton, beginning with the role of Delia Deetz in the 1988 film Beetlejuice. Other roles she has portrayed in Burton films include the voices of Sally/Shock in The Nightmare Before Christmas and Susan Frankenstein in Frankenweenie, she has frequently collaborated with director and writer Christopher Guest, appearing in the mockumentary films Waiting for Guffman, Best in Show, A Mighty Wind, For Your Consideration.
In 2000, she won a Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role for the film The Life Before This. She is known to audiences as Kate McCallister, the mother of Kevin, in both Home Alone and Home Alone 2: Lost in New York, she has played the role of Justice Strauss in Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events. In 2010 O'Hara was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie and the Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film for her portrayal of Aunt Ann in Temple Grandin opposite Claire Danes. For her work on the television series Schitt's Creek, O'Hara has won four consecutive Canadian Screen Awards for Best Lead Actress in a Comedy Series, between 2016 and 2019, her other notable television appearances include the recurring roles of Dr. Georgina Orwell in the Netflix series A Series of Unfortunate Events and Carol Ward in Six Feet Under, the voices of Jackie Martin in Glenn Martin, DDS, Miss Malone in The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley, Kaossandra in Skylanders Academy and Liz Larsen in Committed.
She has hosted Saturday Night Live twice during her career and made numerous guest appearances on sitcoms, variety shows, late night television. O'Hara was born in Toronto, into a large family of Irish descent, she is the sixth of seven children. She attended Burnhamthorpe Collegiate Institute. O'Hara started her comedy career in 1974 as a cast member of The Second City in her native Toronto, she was an understudy for Gilda Radner. Two years this theater troupe created the sketch comedy show SCTV, for which O'Hara became a regular performer, her memorable characterizations on the show included Las Vegas scorcher Lola Heatherton, buzzer-happy game show contestant Margaret Meehan, raunchy nightclub comedian Dusty Towne, soap opera seductress Sue Ellen, stage actress Sue Bopper Simpson. In the late 1970s, she provided voice-overs for a number of cartoons, work which would continue throughout her career. During a short time in the early 1980s when SCTV was in between network deals, she was hired to replace Ann Risley when Saturday Night Live was being retooled in 1981.
However, she quit the show without appearing on air, choosing to go back to SCTV when the show signed on with NBC. Her SNL position was given to fellow Canadian Robin Duke, who had replaced O'Hara for a season on SCTV. O'Hara began her career on television, apart from SCTV, in the mid-1970s, she appeared in the 1976 television film The Rimshots, the children's television series Coming Up Rosie for a year, television specials, such as Witch's Night Out and Intergalactic Thanksgiving. But it was her performances on SCTV that earned her fame in Canada, why she returned to the show, not only as an actress but as a writer for both SCTV and SCTV Network 90, which earned her an Emmy Award for outstanding writing and two Emmy Award nominations, she has written for SCTV Channel. O'Hara has appeared in a number of television series and television films and continues to work in television. During the 1990s, she made guest appearances on Tales from the Crypt, Oh Baby, Morton & Hayes and The Larry Sanders Show.
She served as actress and director on Dream On and The Outer Limits, the revival of the'60s series of the same name. O'Hara has guest-starred on top-rated television series including Six Feet Under and Curb Your Enthusiasm. In May 2008, it was announced that she had signed on to star in the upcoming ABC dramedy Good Behavior, her role in the 2010 television film Temple Grandin earned her three award nominations: a Primetime Emmy Award, a Satellite Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award. O'Hara has had a successful career in film, she made her feature debut in the 1980 film Double Negative, which starred her SCTV co-stars John Candy, Eugene Levy, Joe Flaherty. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, O'Hara appeared in many supporting roles, including Martin Scorsese's After Hours and Heartburn, with Meryl Streep, she had more notable roles in Beetlejuice, the blockbuster hit Home Alone and its sequel Home Alone 2: Lost in New York. In 1992, O'Hara worked alongside Jeff Daniels in the comedy. O'Hara continued to appear in many films during the beginning of the 21st century.
She received roles in four of Christopher Guest's mockumentary films, three of which earned her awards and nominations: Waiting for Guffman, Best in Show, A Mighty Wind and For Your Consideration. Her role in 1999's The Life Before This
Virgil Walter Earp was both deputy U. S. Marshal and Tombstone, Arizona City Marshal when he led his brothers Morgan and Wyatt and Doc Holliday in a confrontation with outlaw Cowboys at the Gunfight at the O. K. Corral on October 26, 1881, they killed Billy Clanton. All three Earp brothers had been the target of repeated death threats made by the Cowboys who were upset by the Earps' interference in their illegal activities. All four lawmen were charged with murder by Ike Clanton. During a month-long preliminary hearing, Judge Wells Spicer exonerated the men, concluding they had been performing their duty, but two months on December 28, friends of the slain outlaws retaliated, ambushing Virgil. They shot him in the back, hitting him with three shotgun rounds, shattering his left arm and leaving him permanently maimed; the Cowboys suspected. His brother Morgan Earp was assassinated in March 1882. Charges against those suspected were dismissed on a technicality. Wyatt Earp, appointed as deputy U. S. Marshal to replace Virgil, concluded he could not rely on civil justice and decided to take matters into his own hands.
Wyatt assembled a federal posse that included their brother Warren Earp and set out on a vendetta to kill those they felt were responsible. Virgil left Tombstone to recuperate from his wounds in California where his parents lived. Virgil married; when he returned, his wife and child had left. He held a variety of other jobs throughout his life, though he worked in law enforcement, his younger brother Wyatt, who spent most of his life as a gambler, became better known as a lawman because of writer Stuart N. Lake's fictionalized 1931 biography Wyatt Earp: Frontier Marshal and portrayals of him in movies and fiction as Old West's "toughest and deadliest gunmen of his day." In 1898, Virgil learned that his first wife Ellen Rysdam and their daughter were living in Oregon and reestablished contact with them. After suffering from pneumonia for six months, Virgil died on October 19, 1905. Virgil Earp was born in Hartford, the second son of Nicholas Earp and Virginia Ann Cooksey. In February 1860, while living in Pella, Iowa, 16-year-old Virgil eloped with 17-year-old Dutch immigrant Magdalena C.
"Ellen" Rysdam. One report states that they saw each other only and kept their marriage secret until Ellen was about to deliver their first child; when her parents Gerrit Rysdam and Magdalena Catrina Van Velzen learned of the marriage, they were furious, as they preferred that she marry a man, Dutch. Virgil's father thought. Both parents wanted to get the marriage annulled. One source reports that Rysdam was successful, but another says her father failed because Virgil and Ellen refused to reveal where they had been married, they claimed they had used false names, which would have made the marriage invalid in any case. Virgil and Ellen remained together for a year in spite of her parents' disapproval. On July 26, 1861, Virgil enlisted at age 18 in the Union Army. Ellen had a daughter named Nellie Jane, born January 7, 1862 or in July 1862. Virgil was mustered in to the Illinois Volunteer Infantry for three years on September 21, 1862. Virgil was assigned to the 83rd Illinois Infantry on August 21, 1863.
The 83rd was on garrison duty in Tennessee. Virgil was court docked two weeks pay as punishment. In the summer of 1863 while Virgil was on active duty, Ellen's father told her that Virgil had been killed in Tennessee. In early 1864, Ellen married a Dutch man named John Van Rossum, in May of that year they joined a large group who relocated from Pella, Iowa, to the Oregon Territory; when Virgil was discharged from the military on June 26, 1865, he returned to Iowa but could not find his wife and daughter. He hired on at a local farm and helped operate a grocery store, before leaving for California to join the rest of the Earp family. In 1868, Nicholas Earp took the family east again settling in Lamar, Missouri. On August 28, 1870, Virgil married Rosella Dragoo in Lamar, his father as justice of the peace married them. Virgil met Alvira "Allie" Sullivan from Florence, Nebraska in 1874, she was a waitress at the Planter's House Hotel in Iowa. They never remained together the rest of his life. During the remainder of his life, Virgil worked at a variety of jobs, including peace officer, rail construction in Wyoming, stagecoach driver, sawmill sawyer in Prescott, Arizona Territory, in life, prospector.
The Earp brothers were close and moved together, seeking a better life. Virgil spent time in Dodge City, Kansas in 1877 with his younger brother Wyatt, though there is no record of Virgil holding any law enforcement position there, Allie claimed he worked as a deputy town marshal with Wyatt. From Dodge City and Allie moved to Prescott in July 1877, the capital of the Arizona Territory. Virgil first delivered mail in Miller Valley later owned a saw mill at the base of Thumb Butte, just west of Prescott. In October 1877, U. S. Marshal Wiley Standifer, Yavapai County Sheriff Edward Franklin Bowers, Prescott Constable Frank Murray, Virgil Earp, a man named McCall attempted to arrest John Tallos and an accused murderer named Wilson. While the others road on horseback or carriages, Virgil ran on foot after the posse that pursued the two men to the edge of town, where a gun fight broke out. Virgil spotte
Celia Ann "Mattie" Blaylock was a prostitute who became the romantic companion and common-law wife of Old West lawman and gambler Wyatt Earp for about three years. Knowledge of her place in Wyatt's life was concealed by Josephine Earp, his common-law wife, who worked hard to protect her and Wyatt's reputation in their years. Mattie was born Celia Ann Blaylock in Monroe Township, Johnson County, near Fairfax, Iowa, to Henry Blaylock and Elizabeth "Betsy" Vance, she was second daughter. The family lived on a small farm that Henry had obtained in 1846. Henry and his wife were stern parents and adhered to the principle, "spare the rod and spoil the child," and "children should be seen and not heard." Celia, or "Celie" as she was known as a child, attended Sunday school, learned Biblical parables, was taught to live by the Ten Commandments. When her older sister Martha Jane was 17 she married Charles Probst on July 1, 1870. Celia had no desire to live on a farm the rest of her life. In mid-1868, Celia ran away with her younger sister Sarah to avoid farm life.
Celia was a reasonably skilled seamstress and may have sought work in that field, but both girls found life on their own difficult. There were few employment possibilities for young girls, they headed west to one of the growing towns along the Kansas-Iowa-Missouri border area. Sarah returned home less than a year chagrined and shamed by her experience, her parents took her back in disgrace. At some point after leaving home, Celia chose the alias "Mattie" in an effort to conceal her identity and remain as anonymous as possible. However, court records indicate that she continued to call herself by her childhood nickname of "Celie", phonetically spelled by court clerks as "Sally"; the first known record of Mattie's presence is a picture taken in Fort Scott in 1871. It's not known. Court records show that she adopted prostitution as her profession beginning in 1872 in Fort Scott later in Dodge City. Mattie Blaylock may have met Wyatt between 1871 and 1873, she continued to work as a prostitute during their early years together.
In the 1880 United States Census Blaylock is listed as Wyatt's wife though there is no record of a legal marriage. Blaylock was said to have suffered from headaches, while in Tombstone, she became addicted to laudanum, a then-common opiate and pain killer, it is not known when Earp and Blaylock ended their relationship. Tombstone diarist George W. Parsons never mentioned seeing Earp and his next common-law wife, Josephine "Sadie" Marcus and neither did John Clum in his memoirs. Frank Waters wrote in The Earp Brothers of Tombstone of public fights between Sadie Marcus and Blaylock and how the affair was a public scandal. However, Waters' book has been criticized as biased for its negative portrayal of Wyatt Earp and for including details not mentioned in the original manuscript by Allie Earp. After the Gunfight at the O. K. Corral and the March 18, 1882, assassination of Morgan Earp, Wyatt Earp, his youngest brother Warren, a posse of other deputies began a vendetta, they hunted down some of the outlaw Cowboys they believed responsible for maiming Virgil Earp and killing Morgan.
In early April, Wyatt left Arizona for New Mexico and Colorado. Blaylock left Tombstone with other Earp family members for California, she expected to receive a telegram from Earp telling her where to meet him, but it never arrived. Instead, Earp went to San Francisco in late 1882 and began a relationship with Josephine "Sadie" Marcus, the common-law wife of Johnny Behan in Tombstone. Blaylock left Colton for Pinal City, Arizona Territory, a town that Blaylock and Earp had stopped in for two months in 1879 on their way to Tombstone; when the couple had been there three years earlier, it was a booming silver town. Upon Mattie's return, the silver boom had died down and the bulk of the town's population had moved on. Blaylock had planned a return to prostitution in Pinal City, but with most of the prospective clientele gone with the silver, making a living there proved difficult. On July 3, 1888, Blaylock took a lethal dose of alcohol, her death was ruled as "suicide by opium poisoning". A long time abuser of laudanum and alcohol, it is possible she overdosed by accident and died of respiratory depression.
The coroner's report of her death is brief. She is buried in the cemetery at Pinal City, now a ghost town, located just west of the former cement and mining town of Superior, Arizona. Wyatt Earp Mattie's Grave Marker Removed Photos of Mattie Blaylock's gravesite
Tombstone is a historic city in Cochise County, United States, founded in 1879 by prospector Ed Schieffelin in what was Pima County, Arizona Territory. It became one of the last boomtowns in the American frontier; the town grew into the mid-1880s as the local mines produced $40 to $85 million in silver bullion, the largest productive silver district in Arizona. Its population grew from 100 to around 14,000 in less than seven years, it is best known as the site of the Gunfight at the O. K. Corral and presently draws most of its revenue from tourism; the town was established on a mesa above the Goodenough Mine. Within two years of its founding, although far distant from any other metropolitan area, Tombstone had a bowling alley, four churches, an ice house, a school, two banks, three newspapers, an ice cream parlor, alongside 110 saloons, 14 gambling halls, numerous dance halls and brothels. All of these businesses were situated on top of a large number of silver mines; the gentlemen and ladies of Tombstone attended operas presented by visiting acting troupes at the Schieffelin Hall opera house, while the miners and cowboys saw shows at the Bird Cage Theatre and brothel.
Under the surface were tensions that grew into deadly conflict. The mining capitalists and the townspeople were Republicans from the Northern states. Many of the ranchers were Confederate Democrats; the booming city was only 30 miles from the U. S.–Mexico border and was an open market for cattle stolen from ranches in Sonora, Mexico, by a loosely organized band of outlaws known as The Cowboys. The Earp brothers—Wyatt and Morgan—as well as Doc Holliday, arrived in December 1879 and mid-1880; the Earps had ongoing conflicts with Cowboys Ike and Billy Clanton and Tom McLaury, Billy Claiborne. The Cowboys threatened the Earps over many months until the conflict escalated into a shootout on October 26, 1881; the historic gunfight is portrayed as occurring at the O. K. Corral, though it occurred a short distance away in an empty lot on Fremont Street. In the mid-1880s, the silver mines penetrated the water table and the mining companies made significant investments in specialized pumps. A fire in 1886 destroyed the Grand Central hoist and the pumping plant, it was unprofitable to rebuild the costly pumps.
The city nearly became a ghost town, saved only because it was the Cochise County seat until 1929. The city's population dwindled to a low of 646 in 1910, but grew to 1,380 by 2010. Tombstone has been noted on lists of unusual place names. Ed Schieffelin was a scout for the U. S. Army headquartered at Camp Huachuca. Schieffelin searched the wilderness looking for valuable ore samples. At the Santa Rita mines in nearby Santa Cruz Valley, three superintendents had been killed by Indians; when friend and fellow Army Scout Al Sieber learned what Schieffelin was up to, he is quoted as telling him, "The only rock you will find out there will be your own tombstone", or, according to another version of the story, "Better take your coffin with you, Ed. After many months, while working the hills east of the San Pedro River, he found pieces of silver ore in a dry wash on a high plateau called Goose Flats, it took him several more months to find the source. When he located the vein, he estimated it to be twelve inches wide.
Schieffelin's legal mining claim was sited near Lenox's grave site, on September 21, 1877, Schieffelin filed his first claim and fittingly named his stake Tombstone. When the first claims were filed, the initial settlement of tents and wooden shacks was located at Watervale, near the Lucky Cuss mine, with a population of about 100; the Goodenough Mine strike occurred shortly after. Former Territorial Governor Anson P. K. Safford offered financial backing for a share of the mining claims, Schieffelin, his brother Al, their partner Richard Gird formed the Tombstone Mining and Milling Company and built a stamp mill near the San Pedro River, about 8 miles away; as the mill was being built, U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor Solon M. Allis finished surveying the new town's site, revealed on March 5, 1879, to an eager public; the tents and shacks near the Lucky Cuss were moved to the new town site on Goose Flats, a mesa above the Goodenough Mine at 4,539 feet above sea level and large enough to hold a growing town.
Lots were sold on Allen Street for $5.00 each. The town soon had about 100 residents. At the town's founding in March 1879, it took its name from Schieffelin's initial mining claim. By fall 1879, a few thousand hardy souls were living in a canvas and matchstick camp perched amidst the richest silver strike in the Arizona Territory; when Cochise County was formed from the eastern portion of Pima County on February 1, 1881, Tombstone became the new county seat. Telegraph service to the town was established that same month. In early March 1880, the Schieffelins' Tombstone Mining and Milling Company which owned the original Goodenough Mine and the nearby Tough Nut Mine, was sold to investors from Philadelphia. Two months it was reported that the Tough Nut Mine was working a vein of silver ore 90 feet across that assayed at $170 per ton, with some ore assaying at $22,000 a ton. On September 9, 1880, the richly appointed Grand Hotel was opened, adorned with fine oil paintings, thick Brussels carpets, toilet stands, elegant chandeliers, silk-covered furniture, walnut furniture, a kitchen with hot and cold running water.
At the height of th
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States. With over six million residents, it is the 18th-most populous state of the Union; the largest urban areas are St. Louis, Kansas City and Columbia; the state is the 21st-most extensive in area. In the South are the Ozarks, a forested highland, providing timber and recreation; the Missouri River, after which the state is named, flows through the center of the state into the Mississippi River, which makes up Missouri's eastern border. Humans have inhabited the land now known as Missouri for at least 12,000 years; the Mississippian culture built mounds, before declining in the 14th century. When European explorers arrived in the 17th century they encountered the Osage and Missouria nations; the French established Louisiana, a part of New France, founded Ste. Genevieve in 1735 and St. Louis in 1764. After a brief period of Spanish rule, the United States acquired the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Americans from the Upland South, including enslaved African Americans, rushed into the new Missouri Territory.
Missouri was admitted as a slave state as part of the Missouri Compromise. Many from Virginia and Tennessee settled in the Boonslick area of Mid-Missouri. Soon after, heavy German immigration formed the Missouri Rhineland. Missouri played a central role in the westward expansion of the United States, as memorialized by the Gateway Arch; the Pony Express, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, California Trail all began in Missouri. As a border state, Missouri's role in the American Civil War was complex and there were many conflicts within. After the war, both Greater St. Louis and the Kansas City metropolitan area became centers of industrialization and business. Today, the state is divided into the independent city of St. Louis. Missouri's culture blends elements from Southern United States; the musical styles of ragtime, Kansas City jazz, St. Louis Blues developed in Missouri; the well-known Kansas City-style barbecue, lesser-known St. Louis-style barbecue, can be found across the state and beyond. Missouri is a major center of beer brewing.
Missouri wine is produced in Ozarks. Missouri's alcohol laws are among the most permissive in the United States. Outside of the state's major cities, popular tourist destinations include the Lake of the Ozarks, Table Rock Lake, Branson. Well-known Missourians include U. S. President Harry S. Truman, Mark Twain, Walt Disney, Chuck Berry, Nelly; some of the largest companies based in the state include Cerner, Express Scripts, Emerson Electric, Edward Jones, H&R Block, Wells Fargo Advisors, O'Reilly Auto Parts. Missouri has been called the "Mother of the West" and the "Cave State"; the state is named for the Missouri River, named after the indigenous Missouri Indians, a Siouan-language tribe. It is said that they were called the ouemessourita, meaning "those who have dugout canoes", by the Miami-Illinois language speakers; this appears to be folk etymology—the Illinois spoke an Algonquian language and the closest approximation that can be made in that of their close neighbors, the Ojibwe, is "You Ought to Go Downriver & Visit Those People."
This would be an odd occurrence, as the French who first explored and attempted to settle the Mississippi River got their translations during that time accurate giving things French names that were exact translations of the native tongue. Assuming Missouri were deriving from the Siouan language, it would translate as "It connects to the side of it," in reference to the river itself; this is not likely either, as this would be coming out as "Maya Sunni" Most though, the name Missouri comes from Chiwere, a Siouan language spoken by people who resided in the modern day states of Wisconsin, South Dakota, Missouri & Nebraska. The name "Missouri" has several different pronunciations among its present-day natives, the two most common being and. Further pronunciations exist in Missouri or elsewhere in the United States, involving the realization of the first syllable as either or. Any combination of these phonetic realizations may be observed coming from speakers of American English; the linguistic history was treated definitively by Donald M. Lance, who acknowledged that the question is sociologically complex, but that no pronunciation could be declared "correct", nor could any be defined as native or outsider, rural or urban, southern or northern, educated or otherwise.
Politicians employ multiple pronunciations during a single speech, to appeal to a greater number of listeners. Informal respellings of the state's name, such as "Missour-ee" or "Missour-uh", are used informally to phonetically distinguish pronunciations. There is no official state nickname. However, Missouri's unofficial nickname is the "Show Me State"; this phrase has several origins. One is popularly ascribed to a speech by Congressman Willard Vandiver in 1899, who declared that "I come from a state that raises corn and cotton and Democrats, frothy eloquence neither convinces nor satisfies me. I'm from Missouri, you have got to show me." This is in keeping with the saying "I'm from Missouri" which means "I'm skeptical of the matter and not convinced." However, according to researchers, the phrase "show me" was in use