Xinhai Lhasa turmoil

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Xinhai Lhasa turmoil (Chinese: 辛亥拉萨动乱) refers to the ethnic clash in the Lhasa region of Tibet and various mutinies following the Wuchang Uprising. It effectively resulted in the end of Qing rule in Tibet.

Background[edit]

The Wuchang Uprising unfolded on October 10, 1911, and marked the beginning of the Xinhai Revolution. Turmoil in the frontier regions of China began to spread.[1]:58-59

The revolutionaries led by Sun Yat-sen insisted on "getting rid of the Tartars" and rejected the Manchus, creating a new regime based completely on the Han dominated China proper.

Turmoil in Tibet[edit]

The influence of the Wuchang Uprising rapidly spread to the frontier region. Qing armies in Tibet ended up struggling against each other, and as a result, Tibet fell into a state of anarchy. In the winter of 1911, the Qing Governor of Sichuan, Zhao Erfeng, was executed by radicals, and the situation turned worse as Xikang fell into turmoil as well. As a result, the Dalai Lama was able to eliminate Qing influence in Tibet and return as the sole administrator of the region. The Qing army in Tibet were unable to resist the Dalai Lama's forces, and fled back to inland China via India.[1]:59

After the end of the Qing empire, Sichuan New Army left Lhasa in 1912.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Melvyn C. Goldstein (18 June 1991). A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-91176-5.