Hungry Heart: Wild Striker
Hungry Heart: Wild Striker is a Japanese soccer manga and anime series, authored by Captain Tsubasa creator Yōichi Takahashi. The manga series was serialized in Akita Shoten's Weekly Shōnen Champion; the anime series was produced by Nippon Animation and Animax, premiered in Japan on Animax between September 11, 2002 and September 10, 2003, spanning a total of 52 episodes. Animax aired the series across its other networks worldwide, including its English-language networks in Southeast Asia and South Asia, its other networks, including Hong Kong, Latin America and numerous other regions. German-based sportswear brand Puma were the commercial sponsors for the anime series, with many of the clothing and sportsgear sporting Puma's brand. Hungry Heart: Wild Striker tells the story of Kanō Kyōsuke, a teenage high school student who at the beginning of the series, has just transferred into Jyoyō Orange High School. Kyōsuke's older brother is the illustrious and famous A. C. Milan soccer player, Kanō Seisuke, who had first taught him how to play and love the game of soccer and whom he has admired since childhood.
After Seisuke left Japan to sign with Italian powerhouse A. C. Milan, people started comparing Kyōsuke with his brother and criticizing him due to his different playing style. Living in his brother's shadow, Kyōsuke's love for the game started to evaporate and lessen, he lost most of his passion for it. After his transfer to Jyoyō and a fated meeting with Tsujiwaki Miki, an enthusiastic girl with a lot of passion for soccer and who soon reinvigorates his love for the game with her determination to excel, Kyōsuke's deep love and passion for soccer returns to its fullest, he soon joins the Jyoyō men's soccer team and makes several friends, such as his fellow freshmen, Sakai Jefferson, a talented goalkeeper, Rodrigo, a passionate Brazilian transfer student. Kyōsuke, with the support of his friends at Jyoyō and invigorated with Miki's care and help and by his love and determination to excel in soccer, takes on the best, discovers an immense and determined passion for the game. Note: Names are given in the original Japanese order, with the family name, followed by the given name.
Kanō Kyōsuke, Voiced by: Toriumi Kousuke Called Orangehead jokingly by some of his friends, Kyōsuke learned the ins and outs of soccer from his illustrious elder brother, A. C. Milan playmaker Kanō Seisuke. After Seisuke's departure, he loses interest in the game, but rediscovers his love for it after a fated meeting with Miki; the coach of Jyoyō's women's soccer team, the determination exhibited by the girls Miki, invigorates his passion for soccer, soon he joins Jyoyō's men's soccer team, emerging as their ace striker. In the last episode, he becomes a player for AFC Ajax. Tsujiwaki Miki Voiced by: Katou NatsukiKyōsuke's closest friend, the captain of the Jyoyō female soccer team. Despite their frequent fights, the two fall in love with each other. Rafael Rodrigo del Franco, Voiced by: Ishizuka KatashiA transfer student from Brazil who wants to go pro in order to help his large family. While he appears to be cold, self-centered and only driven by money at first, his attitude radically changes after his meeting with Kyosuke.
Rodrigo is Jyoyo's playmaker. In the final year, he becomes the captain of Akanegaoka. Sakai Jefferson Kōji, Voiced by: Takatsuka MasayaA half-Japanese transfer student from Sweden, known for being attractive to women. Jyoyō's star goalkeeper learns to overcome his repressed fear of injury through his interactions with his new teammates. Sakai shares a strong bond with both Kyosuke. Kamata Gohzo, Voiced by: Nomura KenjiReferred to as "Sergeant Chin" by Kyosuke, he played forward in junior high but becomes Jyoyo's defensive leader and vice captain. Kyosuke joking jabs at him, but respects Kamata deeply. Kamata is playing for a regional team and aiming for a spot in the J-League. Sako Toshiya, Voiced by: Nagano YoshikazuJyoyo's team captain and playmaker prior to Rodrigo's takeover. Sako is mentally quick and always willing to help his teammates, he has a rivalry with Ryosei's genius playmaker Furuki during high school. He and Furuki end up being teammates in university. Ichikawa Hiroshi, Voiced by: Yoshino HiroyukiKnown for his hot-headed attitude.
In the first year, he has trouble with Rodrigo's individualist attitude, as he believes teamwork is the key for victory. In the second year, he has to deal with Yūya and his group. Esaka Masashi, Voiced by: Matsumoto YoshirouReferred to as "Osaka" by Kyosuke, Esaka seems to take everything in stride and with a smile on his face. While appearing to be no more than comic relief, he is quite passionate about his teammates' well-being and the team's performance, he is selected to be Jyoyo's new captain by both Sako and Kamata, who both acknowledged his excellent attitude and drive to improve. Kiba Yūya, Voiced by: Suzumura KenichiAnime-only character. Called "Nesthead" by Kyōsuke. Kyōsuke's rival during his second year for the forward position, he falls in love with Miki and battles with Kyōsuke in order to win her heart. He is known for striking ability. Shinkawa Masahiko, Voiced by: Fukuyama JunAnime-only character; the fastest member of the team and Yūya's close friend. He and Muroi joined soccer to help Yūya make it into the J-League as a way to thank him for getting them out of their lives as delinquents.
Captain Tsubasa, is a popular long-running Japanese manga series created by Yōichi Takahashi in 1981. The series revolves around the sport of association football focusing on Tsubasa Oozora; the series is characterized by dynamic and exciting football moves stylish and implausible. The plot focuses on Tsubasa's relationship with his friends, rivalry with his opponents, training and the action and outcome of each football match. Across the multiple Captain Tsubasa mangas, the plot shows Tsubasa's and his friends' growth as they face new rivals. Takahashi decided to create Captain Tsubasa inspired by 1978 FIFA World Cup in Argentina; the Captain Tsubasa manga series was serialized in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump comic book magazine between 1981 and 1988, spanning a total of 37 tankōbon volumes. This was followed by numerous sequels. Captain Tsubasa and its sequels have sold over 80 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling manga series; the original Captain Tsubasa manga series was adapted into a TV animation series, produced by Tsuchida Production, whose first season premiered in Japan on the TV Tokyo network between October 10, 1983 and March 27, 1986.
Numerous movies and television series have followed with the latest one airing between April 2, 2018 and April 1, 2019. Captain Tsubasa became into one of the most memorable manga and anime worldwide, most notably in Japan due to how it popularized association football. Multiple real life players have been inspired to become professionals after seeing the series. In a poll conducted by TV Asahi in 2005, the Captain Tsubasa anime series ranked 41 in a list of top 100 anime series. Tsubasa Oozora is an 11-year-old elementary school student, in love with football and dreams of one day winning the FIFA World Cup for Japan, he lives together with his mother in Japan, while his father is a seafaring captain who travels around the world. Tsubasa is known as the Soccer no Moshigo which translates as "heaven-sent child of football"; when he was only a year old, he was run over by a rushing bus while playing with a ball. However, Tsubasa held the ball in front of him; the force of the bump blew him away.
Hence, Tsubasa's motto of "The ball is my friend". Since he was little, he always went out with a ball, his mother concludes. At a young age, Tsubasa had amazing speed, dribbling skills and shotpower – he astounded anyone who saw him play. At the beginning of the story and his mom both move to the city of Nankatsu, a fictional town in Shizuoka Prefecture well known for their talented elementary school football teams and where Tsubasa meets Ryo Ishizaki, a football-loving young student who sneaks out from his mother's public bath houses and chores to play football, he meets Sanae Nakazawa an enthusiastic girl who loves football and helps cheer the Nankatsu high school team on and Genzo Wakabayashi, a talented young goalkeeper whom he soon challenges to a game in Nankatsu's annual sports festival. He meets Roberto Hongo, one of the best Brazilian footballers in the world, a friend of Tsubasa's father and who starts living with Tsubasa and his mother in order to train Tsubasa. Roberto becomes a mentor to Tsubasa and helps him to harness his football skills, convincing him to join Nankatsu Elementary School and its fledgling elementary school football team, which Roberto coaches as he passes his techniques onto Tsubasa.
Tsubasa meets Taro Misaki, who has travelled around Japan due to his father's job and soon joins Nankatsu. The two become the best of friends on the pitch and real life, forming a partnership soon to be renowned as the "Golden Duo" or "dynamic duo" of Nankatsu. Soon Tsubasa and his Nankatsu team start taking on the best of elementary school football, meeting such talented players as Kojiro Hyuga, Ken Wakashimazu, Jun Misugi, Hikaru Matsuyama and many others. Tsubasa's Nankatsu squad wins numerous youth national championships and he wins the U-17 World Championships for Japan, before leaving the country to play in Brazil. Tsubasa leaves Japan for Brazil and starts playing, with his mentor Roberto as the manager, for São Paulo, in Brazil's premier professional league, Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, winning the final against Flamengo 4–3. While in Brazil, Tsubasa gets to meet several talented Brazilian players, such as his teammate and roommate Pepe, who comes from a humble background, as well Flamengo star striker Carlos Santana, a prodigious yet emotionless talent.
Enthusiastic football-loving youngster Shingo Aoi, whom Tsubasa once played against while in the high school national championships, leaves Japan to play football in Italy, where he hopes to play for a major Italian professional team. After arriving in Italy, Shingo gets tricked by a man who gives him fraudulent promises of getting him selected for an Italian team. After Shingo is taken to a badly furnished field, the man runs away. Shingo realizes that he is swindled and tries hard to get his money back, doing such jobs as shoe-shining, until his enthusiastic attitude catches the eye of one of the coaches of Inter Milan, who sign him to play for their squad as an attacking midfielder; the Japan's youth side plays the first phase of AFC Youth Championship without Taro Misaki, Makoto Soda, Hiroshi Jito, Shun Nitta, the Tachibana brothers Masao and Kazuo and Kojiro Hyuga. After Tsubasa and Shingo join the team, it defeats Thailand 5–4 after being 4–1 down at one stage. In the second pha
Tokyo Tokyo Metropolis, one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, has served as the Japanese capital since 1869. As of 2018, the Greater Tokyo Area ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world; the urban area houses the seat of the Emperor of Japan, of the Japanese government and of the National Diet. Tokyo forms part of the Kantō region on the southeastern side of Japan's main island and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo was named Edo when Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters in 1603, it became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from Kyoto in 1868. Tokyo Metropolis formed in 1943 from the merger of the former Tokyo Prefecture and the city of Tokyo. Tokyo is referred to as a city but is known and governed as a "metropolitan prefecture", which differs from and combines elements of a city and a prefecture, a characteristic unique to Tokyo; the 23 Special Wards of Tokyo were Tokyo City. On July 1, 1943, it merged with Tokyo Prefecture and became Tokyo Metropolis with an additional 26 municipalities in the western part of the prefecture, the Izu islands and Ogasawara islands south of Tokyo.
The population of the special wards is over 9 million people, with the total population of Tokyo Metropolis exceeding 13.8 million. The prefecture is part of the world's most populous metropolitan area called the Greater Tokyo Area with over 38 million people and the world's largest urban agglomeration economy; as of 2011, Tokyo hosted 51 of the Fortune Global 500 companies, the highest number of any city in the world at that time. Tokyo ranked third in the International Financial Centres Development Index; the city is home to various television networks such as Fuji TV, Tokyo MX, TV Tokyo, TV Asahi, Nippon Television, NHK and the Tokyo Broadcasting System. Tokyo third in the Global Cities Index; the GaWC's 2018 inventory classified Tokyo as an alpha+ world city – and as of 2014 TripAdvisor's World City Survey ranked Tokyo first in its "Best overall experience" category. As of 2018 Tokyo ranked as the 2nd-most expensive city for expatriates, according to the Mercer consulting firm, and the world's 11th-most expensive city according to the Economist Intelligence Unit's cost-of-living survey.
In 2015, Tokyo was named the Most Liveable City in the world by the magazine Monocle. The Michelin Guide has awarded Tokyo by far the most Michelin stars of any city in the world. Tokyo was ranked first out of all sixty cities in the 2017 Safe Cities Index; the QS Best Student Cities ranked Tokyo as the 3rd-best city in the world to be a university student in 2016 and 2nd in 2018. Tokyo hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics, the 1979 G-7 summit, the 1986 G-7 summit, the 1993 G-7 summit, will host the 2019 Rugby World Cup, the 2020 Summer Olympics and the 2020 Summer Paralympics. Tokyo was known as Edo, which means "estuary", its name was changed to Tokyo when it became the imperial capital with the arrival of Emperor Meiji in 1868, in line with the East Asian tradition of including the word capital in the name of the capital city. During the early Meiji period, the city was called "Tōkei", an alternative pronunciation for the same characters representing "Tokyo", making it a kanji homograph; some surviving official English documents use the spelling "Tokei".
The name Tokyo was first suggested in 1813 in the book Kondō Hisaku, written by Satō Nobuhiro. When Ōkubo Toshimichi proposed the renaming to the government during the Meiji Restoration, according to Oda Kanshi, he got the idea from that book. Tokyo was a small fishing village named Edo, in what was part of the old Musashi Province. Edo was first fortified in the late twelfth century. In 1457, Ōta Dōkan built Edo Castle. In 1590, Tokugawa Ieyasu was transferred from Mikawa Province to Kantō region; when he became shōgun in 1603, Edo became the center of his ruling. During the subsequent Edo period, Edo grew into one of the largest cities in the world with a population topping one million by the 18th century, but Edo was Tokugawa's home and was not capital of Japan. The Emperor himself lived in Kyoto from 794 to 1868 as capital of Japan. During the Edo era, the city enjoyed a prolonged period of peace known as the Pax Tokugawa, in the presence of such peace, Edo adopted a stringent policy of seclusion, which helped to perpetuate the lack of any serious military threat to the city.
The absence of war-inflicted devastation allowed Edo to devote the majority of its resources to rebuilding in the wake of the consistent fires and other devastating natural disasters that plagued the city. However, this prolonged period of seclusion came to an end with the arrival of American Commodore Matthew C. Perry in 1853. Commodore Perry forced the opening of the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate, leading to an increase in the demand for new foreign goods and subsequently a severe rise in inflation. Social unrest mounted in the wake of these higher prices and culminated in widespread rebellions and demonstrations in the form of the "smashing" of rice establishments. Meanwhile, supporters of the Meiji Emperor leveraged the disruption that t
Weekly Young Jump
Weekly Young Jump, launched in 1979, is a weekly Japanese magazine that publishes various seinen manga in each issue. It is published by Shueisha under the Jump line of magazines; the chapters of series that run in Weekly Young Jump are collected and published in tankōbon volumes under the "Young Jump Comics" imprint every four months. Many of the featured series are known to contain a fair amount of sexual content; the magazine is headquartered in Tokyo. Weekly Young Jump has a special issue, called Aoharu, and Weekly Young Jump has a sister magazines called Ultra Jump, Grand Jump, Jump X. Weekly Young Jump was launched in 1979 as Young Jump and was designed to be a seinen alternative to their popular Weekly Shōnen Jump anthology that targets a younger male audience; the Young in Weekly Young Jump is a manga magazine cliché, the translation of "seinen" meaning "young" or "youth." In 2008 Rozen Maiden from Monthly Comic Birz was set to restart in the Weekly Young Jump magazine. In 2008 an offshoot issue similar to Monthly Shōnen Jump was released called Monthly Young Jump.
There are twenty-six manga titles being serialized in Weekly Young Jump. Out of twenty-six series, two series are serializing monthly and two series are in hiatus. 81 Diver Addicted to Curry All You Need Is Kill Arcana B Gata H Kei Blue Heaven Captain Tsubasa Road to 2002 Captain Tsubasa: Golden-23 Captain Tsubasa: Kaigai Gekito Hen in Calcio Captain Tsubasa: Kaigai Gekito Hen En La Liga Colorful Cyclops Shōjo Saipūū Demon Fighter Kocho Elfen Lied Gantz Girl Friend Gokukoku no Brynhildr Hamatora Hanappe Bazooka Hen Hibi Rock Himōto! Umaru-chan Hotman Innocent Inubaka: Crazy for Dogs Jiya Kamen Teacher Kamen Teacher Black Kappa no Kaikata Kirara Kokou no Hito Kōkō Tekken-den Tafu Liar Game Mad Bull 34 MazinSaga Me~teru no Kimochi Minna Agechau My Dear Marie Neko Janai mon! Nozomi Witches Oku-sama wa Joshi Kōsei Papa no Iukoto o Kikinasai!〜Rojō Kansatsu Kenkyū Nisshi〜 Rozen Maiden Salaryman Kintaro Samurai Gun Skyhigh Skyhigh Karma Skyhigh shinjō Spirit Warrior Spirit Warrior: Taimaseiden Spirit Warrior: Magarigamiki Tokyo Ghoul Tokyo Ghoul:re Tough Usogui Yokokuhan -The Copycat- Zetman Young Jump Gold is a spin-off issue of Weekly Young Jump, first published on July, 2017.
It includes Weekly Young Jump series' side stories. Weekly Shonen Jump Ultra Jump Official site
Katsushika is a special ward located in Tokyo, Japan. The ward calls itself Katsushika City in English; as of May 1, 2015, the ward has an estimated population of 444,356, a population density of 12,770 people per km². The total area is 34.80 km². Katsushika Ward is at the east end of Tokyo Metropolis, it is on an alluvial plain and it is low above sea level. The ward office is located at Tateishi. Katsushika has boundaries with three wards of Tokyo: Adachi and Sumida; the cities of Matsudo in Chiba Prefecture, Misato and Yashio in Saitama Prefecture form the northeast border of the ward. Major rivers in Katsushika include the Edogawa and Ayasegawa. Nakagawa and Shin-nakagawa flows through the ward. Katsushika District was a division of Musashi Province; when the province was divided and reconfigured, the district was partitioned between Kita-Katsushika District, Higashi-Katsushika District and the remainder was based in Tokyo Prefecture. Minami-Katsushika District conformed today's Katsushika Ward proper, plus Edogawa and Sumida wards.
On October 1, 1932, the former Minami-Katsushika District of what was known as Tokyo Prefecture, its seven towns and villages and became part of the old Tokyo City. The special ward was founded on March 15, 1947. Katsushika contains Narihira Santosen Temple, the "Bound Jizō" of Ōoka Echizen, Shibamata Taishakuten, selected as one of the 100 Soundscapes of Japan and 100 Landscapes of Japan. Takara Tomy has its headquarters in Katsushika; the Tokyo Detention House, a correctional facility, is in the ward. One of Japan's seven execution chambers is in the Tokyo Detention House. Tokyo Seiei College Tokyo University of Science Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates public high schools. Katsushika Commercial High School Katsushika Sogo High School Katsushikano High School Honjo Technical High School South Katsushika High School Nousan High School Katsushika School for the Blind Katsushika operates public elementary and junior high schools. Katsushika Aoto Junior High School Katsushika Okudo Junior High School JR East Joban Line: Kameari, Kanamachi Stations Sobu Main Line: Shin-Koiwa Station Keisei Electric Railway Keisei Main Line: Horikiri-shobuen, Aoto, Keisei Takasago Stations Keisei Oshiage Line: Yotsugi, Keisei Tateishi, Aoto Stations Keisei Kanamachi Line: Keisei Takasago, Keisei Kanamachi Stations Hokuso Railway Hokuso Line: Keisei Takasago, Shin-Shibamata Stations Shuto Expressway C2 Central Loop Route 6 Kan-nana Kuramae bashi Heiwa bashi Shibamata Kaidō Okudo Kaidō Tokyo Route 307 Oji-Kanamachi-Edogawa line Katsushika has sister-city relationships with Fengtai District in Beijing and with Floridsdorf, a district of Vienna, Austria.
Rumi Hiiragi, voice actress Susumu Hirasawa, progressive-electronic musician Minako Honda, musical actress Yui Horie, voice actress Takaaki Ishibashi, owarai comedian, singer Satomi Kobayashi, actress Kazunari Ninomiya, actor, voice actor, presenter Kenny Omega, Professional Wrestler Miho Takagi, essayist Youichi Takahashi, manga artist, creator of Captain Tsubasa The longest-running manga series in history, Kochira Katsushika-ku Kameari Kōen-mae Hashutsujo takes place in Katsushika. The neighborhood of Shibamata is the home of Tora-san, the protagonist of the long-running Otoko wa Tsurai yo film series, played by Kiyoshi Atsumi. A statue of Tora-san stands outside of Shibamata Station. Other notable works set in Katsushika are the television series Kamen Rider Hibiki and the film Long Vacation. Media related to Katsushika, Tokyo at Wikimedia Commons Katsushika City Official Website
National Diet Library
The National Diet Library is the national library of Japan and among the largest libraries in the world. It was established in 1948 for the purpose of assisting members of the National Diet of Japan in researching matters of public policy; the library is similar in scope to the United States Library of Congress. The National Diet Library consists of two main facilities in Tōkyō and Kyōtō, several other branch libraries throughout Japan; the National Diet Library is the successor of three separate libraries: the library of the House of Peers, the library of the House of Representatives, both of which were established at the creation of Japan's Imperial Diet in 1890. The Diet's power in prewar Japan was limited, its need for information was "correspondingly small"; the original Diet libraries "never developed either the collections or the services which might have made them vital adjuncts of genuinely responsible legislative activity". Until Japan's defeat, the executive had controlled all political documents, depriving the people and the Diet of access to vital information.
The U. S. occupation forces under General Douglas MacArthur deemed reform of the Diet library system to be an important part of the democratization of Japan after its defeat in World War II. In 1946, each house of the Diet formed its own National Diet Library Standing Committee. Hani Gorō, a Marxist historian, imprisoned during the war for thought crimes and had been elected to the House of Councillors after the war, spearheaded the reform efforts. Hani envisioned the new body as "both a'citadel of popular sovereignty'", the means of realizing a "peaceful revolution"; the Occupation officers responsible for overseeing library reforms reported that, although the Occupation was a catalyst for change, local initiative pre-existed the Occupation, the successful reforms were due to dedicated Japanese like Hani. The National Diet Library opened in June 1948 in the present-day State Guest-House with an initial collection of 100,000 volumes; the first Librarian of the Diet Library was the politician Tokujirō Kanamori.
The philosopher Masakazu Nakai served as the first Vice Librarian. In 1949, the NDL became the only national library in Japan. At this time the collection gained an additional million volumes housed in the former National Library in Ueno. In 1961, the NDL opened at its present location in Nagatachō, adjacent to the National Diet. In 1986, the NDL's Annex was completed to accommodate a combined total of 12 million books and periodicals; the Kansai-kan, which opened in October 2002 in the Kansai Science City, has a collection of 6 million items. In May 2002, the NDL opened a new branch, the International Library of Children's Literature, in the former building of the Imperial Library in Ueno; this branch contains some 400,000 items of children's literature from around the world. Though the NDL's original mandate was to be a research library for the National Diet, the general public is the largest consumer of the library's services. In the fiscal year ending March 2004, for example, the library reported more than 250,000 reference inquiries.
As Japan's national library, the NDL collects copies of all publications published in Japan. Moreover, because the NDL serves as a research library for Diet members, their staffs, the general public, it maintains an extensive collection of materials published in foreign languages on a wide range of topics; the NDL has eight major specialized collections: Modern Political and Constitutional History. The Modern Political and Constitutional History Collection comprises some 300,000 items related to Japan's political and legal modernization in the 19th century, including the original document archives of important Japanese statesmen from the latter half of the 19th century and the early 20th century like Itō Hirobumi, Iwakura Tomomi, Sanjō Sanetomi, Mutsu Munemitsu, Terauchi Masatake, other influential figures from the Meiji and Taishō periods; the NDL has an extensive microform collection of some 30 million pages of documents relating to the Occupation of Japan after World War II. This collection include the documents prepared by General Headquarters and the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, the Far Eastern Commission, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey Team.
The Laws and Preliminary Records Collection consists of some 170,000 Japanese and 200,000 foreign-language documents concerning proceedings of the National Diet and the legislatures of some 70 foreign countries, the official gazettes, judicial opinions, international treaties pertaining to some 150 foreign countries. The NDL maintains a collection of some 530,000 books and booklets and 2 million microform titles relating to the sciences; these materials include, among other things, foreign doctoral dissertations in the sciences, the proceedings and reports of academic societies, catalogues of technical standards, etc. The NDL has a collection of 440,000 maps of Japan and other countries, including the topographica
Futbol Club Barcelona referred to as Barcelona and colloquially known as Barça, is a Spanish professional football club based in Barcelona, Spain. Founded in 1899 by a group of Swiss and Catalan footballers led by Joan Gamper, the club has become a symbol of Catalan culture and Catalanism, hence the motto "Més que un club". Unlike many other football clubs, the supporters operate Barcelona, it is the fourth-most valuable sports team in the world, worth $4.06 billion, the world's second-richest football club in terms of revenue, with an annual turnover of €690.4 million. The official Barcelona anthem is the "Cant del Barça", written by Jaume Picas and Josep Maria Espinàs. Domestically, Barcelona has won 25 La Liga, 30 Copa del Rey, 13 Supercopa de España, 3 Copa Eva Duarte, 2 Copa de la Liga trophies, as well as being the record holder for the latter four competitions. In international club football, Barcelona has won 20 European and World titles: 5 UEFA Champions League titles, a record 4 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, a joint record 5 UEFA Super Cup, a record 3 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, a joint record 3 FIFA Club World Cup.
Barcelona was ranked first in the International Federation of Football History & Statistics Club World Ranking for 1997, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2015 and occupies the second position on the UEFA club rankings. The club has a long-standing rivalry with Real Madrid. Barcelona is one of the most supported teams in the world, the club has one of the largest social media following in the world among sports teams. Barcelona players have won a record number of Ballon d'Or awards, with recipients including Johan Cruyff, as well as a record number of FIFA World Player of the Year awards, with winners including Ronaldo, Romário and Rivaldo. In 2010, three players who came through the club's youth academy were chosen as the three best players in the world in the FIFA Ballon d'Or awards, an unprecedented feat for players from the same football school. Barcelona is one of three founding members of the Primera División that have never been relegated from the top division since its inception in 1929, along with Athletic Bilbao and Real Madrid.
In 2009, Barcelona became the first Spanish club to win the continental treble consisting of La Liga, Copa del Rey, the UEFA Champions League, became the first Spanish football club to win six out of six competitions in a single year, by winning the Spanish Super Cup, UEFA Super Cup, FIFA Club World Cup. In 2011, the club won five trophies; this Barcelona team, which won 14 trophies in just 4 years under Pep Guardiola, is considered by some in the sport to be the greatest team of all time. By winning their fifth Champions League trophy on 6 June 2015, Barcelona became the first European club in history to achieve the continental treble twice; the highest paid sports team in the world, in November 2018 Barcelona became the first sports team with average first-team pay in excess of £10m per year. On 22 October 1899, Hans Gamper placed an advertisement in Los Deportes declaring his wish to form a football club. Eleven players attended – Walter Wild, Lluís d'Ossó, Bartomeu Terradas, Otto Kunzle, Otto Maier, Enric Ducal, Pere Cabot, Carles Pujol, Josep Llobet, John Parsons, William Parsons – and Foot-Ball Club Barcelona was born.
FC Barcelona had a successful start in regional and national cups, competing in the Campionat de Catalunya and the Copa del Rey. In 1902, the club won its first trophy, the Copa Macaya, participated in the first Copa del Rey, losing 1–2 to Bizcaya in the final. In 1908, Hans Gamper – now known as Joan Gamper – became club president in a desperate attempt to save Barcelona from extinction, finding the club struggling not just on the pitch, but financially and after not winning a competition since the Campionat de Catalunya in 1905, he said in a meeting, "Barcelona must not die. If there is nobody, going to try I will assume the responsibility of running the club from now on." Club president on five separate occasions between 1908 and 1925, he spent 25 years in total at the helm. One of his main achievements was ensuring Barça acquire its own stadium and thus generate a stable income. On 14 March 1909, the team moved into the Camp de la Indústria, a stadium with a capacity of 8,000. To celebrate their new surroundings, the club conducted a logo contest the following year.
Carles Comamala won the contest, his suggestion became the crest that the club still wears – with some minor changes – as of the present day. With the new stadium, Barcelona participated in the inaugural version of the Pyrenees Cup, which, at the time, consisted of the best teams of Languedoc and Aquitaine, the Basque Country and Catalonia; the contest was the most prestigious in that era. From the inaugural year in 1910 to 1913, Barcelona won the competition four consecutive times. Carles Comamala played an integral part of the four-time champion, managing the side along with Amechazurra and Jack Greenwell; the latter became the club's first full-time coach in 1917. The last edition was held in 1914 in the city of Barcelona. During the same period, the club changed its official language from Castilian to Catalan and evolved into an important symbol of Catalan identity. For many fans, participating in the club had less to do with the game it