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Yahoo! is an American web services provider headquartered in Sunnyvale and owned by Verizon Media. The original Yahoo! company was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo in January 1994 and was incorporated on March 2, 1995. Yahoo was one of the pioneers of the early Internet era in the 1990s, it provides or provided a Web portal, search engine Yahoo! Search, related services, including Yahoo! Directory, Yahoo! Mail, Yahoo! News, Yahoo! Finance, Yahoo! Groups, Yahoo! Answers, online mapping, video sharing, fantasy sports, its social media website. At its height it was one of the most popular sites in the United States. According to third-party web analytics providers Alexa and SimilarWeb, Yahoo was the most read news and media website – with over 7 billion views per month – ranking as the sixth-most-visited website globally in 2016. Once one of the largest internet companies, Yahoo declined starting in the late 2000s, in 2017 Verizon Communications acquired most of Yahoo's Internet business for $4.48 billion, excluding its stakes in Alibaba Group and Yahoo!

Japan, which were transferred to Yahoo's successor company Altaba. Despite its decline from prominence, Yahoo domain websites are still among the most popular, ranking 10th in the world according to the Alexa rankings as of October 2019. In January 1994, Yang and Filo were electrical engineering graduate students at Stanford University, when they created a website named "Jerry and David's guide to the World Wide Web"; the site was a directory of other websites, organized in a hierarchy, as opposed to a searchable index of pages. In March 1994, "Jerry and David's Guide to the World Wide Web" was renamed "Yahoo!". The human-edited Yahoo! Directory, provided for users to surf through the Internet, became their first product and the company's original purpose; the "" domain was created on January 18, 1995. The word "yahoo" is a backronym for "Yet Another Hierarchically Organized Oracle" or "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle"; the term "hierarchical" described. The term "oracle" was intended to mean "source of truth and wisdom", the term "officious", rather than being related to the word's normal meaning, described the many office workers who would use the Yahoo database while surfing from work.

However and Yang insist they selected the name because they liked the slang definition of a "yahoo": "rude, uncouth." This meaning derives from the Yahoo race of fictional beings from Gulliver's Travels. In 1995, a search engine function, called Yahoo! Search, was introduced; this allowed users to search Yahoo! Directory. Yahoo soon became the first popular online search engine on the World Wide Web. Yahoo grew throughout the 1990s. Yahoo went public in April 1996 and its stock price rose by 600 percent within two years. Like many search engines and web directories, Yahoo added a web portal, putting it in competition with services like Excite and America Online. By 1998, Yahoo was the most popular starting point for web users, the human-edited Yahoo Directory the most popular search engine, receiving 95 million page views per day, triple the number compared to rival Excite, it made many high-profile acquisitions. Yahoo began offering free e-mail from October 1997 after the acquisition of RocketMail, renamed to Yahoo!

Mail. In 1998, Yahoo decided to replace AltaVista as the crawler-based search engine underlying the Directory with Inktomi. Yahoo's two biggest acquisitions were made in 1999 – that of Geocities for $3.6 billion, for $5.7 billion. Its stock price skyrocketed during the dot-com bubble, Yahoo stocks closing at an all-time high of $118.75 a share on January 3, 2000. However, after the dot-com bubble burst, it reached a post-bubble low of $8.11 on September 26, 2001. Yahoo began using Google for search in 2000. Over the next four years, it developed its own search technologies, which it began using in 2004 using technology from its $280 million acquisition of Inktomi in 2002. In response to Google's Gmail, Yahoo began to offer unlimited email storage in 2007; the company struggled with several large layoffs. In February 2008, Microsoft Corporation made an unsolicited bid to acquire Yahoo for $44.6 billion. Yahoo formally rejected the bid, claiming that it "substantially undervalues" the company and was not in the interest of its shareholders.

By 2011, Yahoo had a market capitalization of $22.24 billion. Carol Bartz replaced Yang as CEO in January 2009. In September 2011, she was removed from her position at Yahoo by the company's chairman Roy Bostock, CFO Tim Morse was named as Interim CEO of the company. In early 2012, after the appointment of Scott Thompson as CEO, rumors began to spread about looming layoffs. Several key executives left, including Chief Product Officer Blake Irving. On April 4, 2012, Yahoo announced about 14 percent of its 14,100 workers; the cut was expected to save around $375 million annually after the layoffs were completed at end of 2012. In an email sent to employees in April 2012, Thompson reiterated his view that customers should come first at Yahoo, he completely reorganized the company. On May 13, 2012, Yahoo issued a press release stating that Thompson was no longer with the company, would be replaced on an interim basis by Ross Levinsohn appointed head of Yahoo's new Media group. Thompson's total compensation for his 130-day tenure with Yahoo was at least $7.3 million.

On July 15, 20

Nostoc commune

Nostoc commune is a species of cyanobacterium in the family Nostocaceae. Common names include witch's butter, mare's eggs, fah-tsai and facai, it is cosmopolitan in distribution. Nostoc commune is a colonial species of cyanobacterium, it forms a small, hollow gelatinous globule which grows and becomes leathery and convoluted, forming a gelatinous mass with other colonies growing nearby. Inside the thin sheath are numerous unbranched hair-like structures called trichomes formed of short cells in a string; the cells are bacteria and thus have no internal membrane system. To multiply, they form two new cells. Along the trichomes, larger specialist nitrogen-fixing cells called heterocysts occur between the ordinary cells; when wet, Nostoc commune is bluish-green, olive green or brown but in dry conditions it becomes an inconspicuous, crisp brownish mat. Nostoc commune is found in many countries around the world, it is able to survive in extreme conditions in arid areas. It is a terrestrial or freshwater species and forms loose clumps on soil and paved surfaces, among mosses and between cobbles.

In Singapore, Nostoc commune is found growing on alkaline soils, in brackish water, in paddy fields, on cliffs and on wet rocks. Nostoc commune can fix nitrogen from the atmosphere and can therefore live in locations where no nitrogenous compounds are available from the substrate. Nostoc commune contains photosynthetic pigments and the energy storing photosystems in membrane structures called thylakoids located in cytoplasm of the cells, it contains pigments that absorb long and medium wavelength ultraviolet radiation, which enables it to survive in places with high levels of radiation. Under adverse conditions, Nostoc commune can remain dormant for an extended period of time and revive when conditions improve and water becomes available; the desiccated colony is resistant to heat and to repeated patterns of freezing and thawing and produces no oxygen while dormant. It has been found that extracellular polysaccharides are vital to its stress tolerance and ability to recover. Nostoc commune can occur in pockets in the thallus of hornworts such as Phaeoceros.

Nostoc commune is eaten as a salad in the Philippines and is eaten in Indonesia and China. In Taiwan, it is nicknamed 雨來菇 yǔ lái gū. Nostoc commune var. flagelliforme is known as 发菜 fàcài in China which forms part of the food traditionally served at the Lunar New Year. Research indicates that consumption of Nostoc commune var. sphaeroides, in addition to consumption of other cyanobacteria, may be beneficial by means of an anti-inflammatory mechanism

Eucalyptus neglecta

Eucalyptus neglecta known as Omeo gum, is a species of small tree, endemic to a small area of Victoria, Australia. Older plants have rough, fibrous bark on the trunk, otherwise smooth grey to brownish bark, a crown of lance-shaped, egg-shaped or oblong leaves arranged in opposite pairs, flower buds in groups of between seven and fifteen, white flowers and cup-shaped or conical fruit. Eucalyptus neglecta is a tree, sometimes a mallee that grows to a height of 6–7 m and forms a lignotuber, it has smooth grey to brownish bark, but older specimens have fibrous grey to brown bark on the trunk. The crown of the tree is composed of sessile, juvenile leaves that are arranged in opposite pairs, with some intermediate and adult leaves. Juvenile leaves are greyish green, broadly elliptic to round, up to 110 mm long and 70 mm wide. Adult leaves are lance-shaped, the same shade of green on both sides, 80–150 mm long and 25–35 mm wide on a petiole up to 23 mm long; the flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of between seven and fifteen on an unbranched peduncle up to 5 mm long, the individual buds sessile.

Mature buds are oval. Flowering occurs between November and February and the flowers are white; the fruit is a woody, cup-shaped or conical capsule 3–4 mm long and 4–7 mm wide with the valves near rim level. Eucalyptus neglecta was first formally described in 1904 by Joseph Maiden in The Victorian Naturalist from specimens collected near Omeo by Alfred William Howitt; the specific epithet is from the Latin neglectus meaning "neglected" because the species was not recognised as distinct at first. Omeo gum grows on river flats along creeks in the Victorian high country, including near Omeo and Bright. Although rare, it is recognised because of the unusual foliage in its crown. List of Eucalyptus species

Adolf Schulz-Evler

Adolf or Andrey or Adolf Andrey Schulz-Evler was a Polish-born composer. Born in Radom, Poland, he studied at the Warsaw Conservatory under Carl Tausig in Berlin. From 1884 to 1904 he taught at the Kharkiv Music School, he wrote about 52 pieces. He is best known for his piano transcription of Johann Strauss II's Blue Danube Waltz: Arabesques on "An der schönen blauen Donau." This has been recorded by many pianists, including Jorge Bolet, Jan Smeterlin, Marc-André Hamelin, Earl Wild, Leonard Pennario, Piers Lane, Byron Janis, Isador Goodman, Benjamin Grosvenor and—perhaps most famously—Josef Lhévinne. His list of works includes: Op 2: Invitation a la Valse Op 4: Variations in G major Op 5: Melodie Op 6: Nocturne in F major Op 8: Revelation I in B major Op 9: Revelation II in E♭ major Op 10: Revelation III in F major Op 11: Serenade Op 12: “Arabesques” Variations on the Blue Danube Waltz Op 14: Rhapsodie Russe for Piano & Orchestra Op 17: Etude pour les octaves Op 19: “Narzan” Valse Op 40: Pezzetino amichevole Donau Walzer Echo de la Partita de J S Bach - Paraphrase de Concert Fantaisie Melodie No. 1 O beaux veux bleus O toi toutes mes fleurs Poeme sans paroles Biography at the Classical Composers Database Free scores by Andrey Schulz-Evler at the International Music Score Library Project

P. T. Bivott

Philippe Tomás "P. T." Bivott is an American-born boy from the Henderson's Boys book series by Robert Muchamore. In the events of Eagle Day, he was fifteen years old, he first appears at the end of The Escape. Bivott emigrated to France after stealing a lot of money, it is revealed in Maximum Security that Bivott became CHERUB's gym master. There is a plaque in the oldest of CHERUB's gyms saying: "Any boy bringing in mud or dirt on his plimsolls will be thrashed. P. T. Bivott" Bivott's father tried to rob a bank in Chicago; the job resulted in the death one of Bivott's brothers and their father. Bivott fled to France with a sack of twenty dollar bills. Described as handsome by Rosie. Tall and gangly with long dark hair, greased back, it is assumed that he must be physically fit because he becomes CHERUB's sports master. Bivott has been described as calm, he likes to stay away from danger. He may not be loyal to many people, he has a shady side and can cheat his way out of a card game, is a good and experienced thief.

Bivott only appears at the end of the book, saving Rosie after their boat was hit by a U-Boat. Bivott plays a more major role in Eagle Day. After meeting with Charles Henderson and the children, he decided to join them, under the pretense that they were running away to Spain. After he discovered that they were, in fact, trying to undermine the Nazi plot to invade Great Britain he attempted to run away but was stopped by Paul. After some indecision Charles Henderson decided not to kill him. At the end of the book he sailed to England with the rest of the group. Bivott is a member of Group A of Henderson's Boys, he goes to North Scotland with the rest of Group A to take part in parachute training. It is revealed that he is now Rosie Clarke's boyfriend. Bivott goes undercover with Group Troy to Nazi occupied France, he supports himself by using short con tricks. After a while he is stabbed by a man he conned before and is shipped back to Great Britain where Luc replaces him. Rosie Clark dumps him because he tried to sleep with her when she said no. Henderson's Boys Official website Character Profile

Strays (Jane's Addiction album)

Strays is the third studio album by American rock band Jane's Addiction, released on July 22, 2003 on Capitol Records. Released 13 years after Ritual de lo habitual, the album marks the band's longest gap between full studio albums, although the group had recorded and released two new songs six years prior on the compilation album Kettle Whistle. Strays is the first album to feature bassist Chris Chaney. Regarding the decision to record a new studio album after such a long hiatus, drummer Stephen Perkins stated that the band had completed two reunion tours performing old material, that Jane's was ready for "a new challenge."Upon its first week of release, the album sold 110,500 copies in the United States and is certified Gold. The single, "Just Because", was nominated for a Grammy Award in 2004. "I keep kind of asking,'Hey, want to work on something fresh? Let's just see where we end up,'" remarked singer Perry Farrell in 2001. "I don't want it to be premeditated, but my wish is that we do kick into it and do a full, new Jane's Addiction album… I made the best music with these guys."According to drummer Stephen Perkins, "It all started around March or April 2002 with Bob Ezrin producing a Porno for Pyros track for the movie Dark Blue: an incredible song called "Streets of Fire", just epic.

That segued into the Strays project."The band entered Henson Recording Studio in 2002, with producers Ezrin and Brian Virtue. Of the former, Farrell said: "He raises the bar for all of us. It's like training for the Olympics - something. You're trying to make the most beautiful music, you try to break new ground creating sound that no one's heard before; when working with Bob, doing that becomes a real possibility." Bassist Martyn LeNoble was fired halfway through the recording. "I recorded pretty much the whole Strays record," he said. "And Perry erased it. He fired me on the spot in Japan when we still had a whole flight back to the U. S. That's the last time. Perry and Bob replaced all my bass parts on Strays. Perry was saying everything I played sounded like shit, but they had the new guy pretty much play my parts, maybe a couple of little changes, so I guess they couldn't have been that shitty."LeNoble was replaced by Chris Chaney, whom Dave Navarro described as "perhaps the most intense musician I've worked with."

"Dave and Stephen have been playing together since they were 13 years old," Chaney noted. "They have quite a synergy or chemistry – and for me as a bass player to be able to come into, remarkable. It gives me a great opportunity to shine. I did a record with Tommy Lee and we needed a drummer to go tour with, what better drummer than Stephen Perkins. I was only able to do it for about six weeks because I was playing with Alanis Morissette and I had to go back to that. But, in that short time, Stephen and I had a great relationship and last August he called me and asked me to do some shows." Original cover artwork created for the album by Storm Thorgerson was rejected by the band, used instead on The Bottom Half by Umphrey's McGee. Vocalist Perry Farrell states that the band "went into the studio thinking fast, modern and to the point." Strays was labeled by critics as a genre which the band was a precursor to. This album was included among a group of 15 DualDisc releases that were test-marketed in two cities: Boston and Seattle.

The DualDisc version of the album was not reissued after the test-market run. It has the standard album on the CD side and bonus material on the DVD side, including a 5.1 surround mix of the entire album. The surround mix is encoded in Dolby Digital and lossless MLP, is only available on the DualDisc. All other bonus material is identical with the album's regular CD/DVD version; the album received positive reviews, with a Metacritic score of 75, based on 19 reviews. Playlouder noted, "Their glee and enthusiasm can be heard coursing through every bar." NME cited it as "one of the best rock albums of 2003". Alternative Press called it "better than anyone could have predicted." The Boston Globe said, "The new Jane's sounds a lot like the old Jane's. It is hard rock, with none of the trippiness that defined singer Perry Farrell's post- Addiction band, Porno for Pyros, or the electronic maundering that marred his lone solo album, 2001's Song Yet to Be Sung." IGN awarded Strays 7.5 out of 10 and stated, "Basically the band has not ventured too far from the sounds they exhibited on 1990's Ritual De La Habitual, making Strays sound like the follow-up that could/should have happened 13 years ago.

All of which makes me wonder what this album would have sounded like if they'd been making music together during the past decade. Yet despite these shortcomings, Strays is a valiant effort by a band that not only changed the face of Los Angeles rock, but still knows how to.""There's much of the old aggression and quirkiness," noted Classic Rock, "with early Farrell influence The Cure poking their way to the surface… but it's cleaner, more direct. Such as with'Strays' itself, this approach works well: the band power on as Navarro peels off double-tracked and imaginative solos. Farrell's vocal is more conventional, but now and returns reassuringly to the yelp of old – although now sparingly deployed for greater effect."Giving the album a C+, Stylus Magazine noted that it is "good in its own right, but you're better off listening to it in isolation from the rest of their canon". Pitchfork Media claimed, "Strays lacks what made the band great in the first place: believable songs and lyrics."In 2005, Strays was ranked number 404 in Rock Hard magazine's book of The 500 Greatest Rock & Metal Albums of All Time.

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