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D.V. Adams Co.-Bussell and Weston

The D. V. Adams Co.-Bussell and Weston Building is a historic commercial building at 190 Water Street in downtown Augusta, Maine. Built in 1909, it is one of the state's best early examples of a department store building; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986. The D. V. Adams Co.-Bussell and Weston Building is located on the west side of Water Street, Augusta's principal business thoroughfare, on the block south of Bridge Street. It is a three-story brick structure, with a flat roof adorned by an ornate projecting cornice, it is five bays wide, with the bays articulated by pilasters, the first-floor display windows separated from the upper floors by a stylized entablature. The central bay is wider than the others, housing the recessed building entrance on the ground floor, three-part windows on the upper floors with slender pilasters dividing the sections; the interior retains original decorative features, including iron columns, a wooden staircase, pressed metal ceilings.

The building was designed by the Boston, Massachusetts firm of Freeman and Wilcox, was built in 1909 for Bussell & Weston, a dry goods retailer. The building is a notable departure from the commercial Italianate architecture that predominates on Water Street, it had a stepped parapet, replaced c. 1919-1926 with the present Italianate cornice, bringing it more in sympathy with its neighbors. The building housed a department store until 1985. National Register of Historic Places listings in Kennebec County, Maine

Surdulica massacre

The Surdulica massacre was the mass murder of Serbian men by Bulgarian occupational authorities in the southern Serbian town of Surdulica in 1916 and early 1917, during World War I. Members of the Serbian intelligentsia in the region functionaries, teachers and former soldiers, were detained by Bulgarian forces—ostensibly so that they could be deported to the Bulgarian capital, Sofia—before being taken into the forests around Surdulica and killed. An estimated 2,000–3,000 Serbian men were executed by the Bulgarians in the town and its surroundings. Witnesses to the massacre were interviewed by an American writer named William A. Drayton in December 1918 and January 1919. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July, marking the beginning of World War I. Serbia was invaded by a combined German and Austro-Hungarian force on 7 October 1915. On 14 October, the Kingdom of Bulgaria invaded the country from the east; the Serbian Army was forced to retreat through Albania. Serbia was divided between the Austro-Hungarians and Bulgarians.

The Bulgarian occupation zone was located in the area between the cities of Skopje and Niš, a target of Bulgarian nationalism. As Bulgarians emphasize, before 1878, that area was under the jurisdiction of the Bulgarian Exarchate and had certain Bulgarophile intelligentsia, but afterwards it was ceded to Serbia and pro-Serbian sentiments became prevailing ubiquitously. A policy of Bulgarianisation targeting ethnic Serbs was implemented there; as result in September 1916, the Serbian high command sent Kosta Pećanac in the Toplica District to organize a guerrilla uprising. There, Pećanac joined forces with local leaders; as a consequence, one of the first measures undertaken by the Bulgarian military authorities was the mass-deportation of non-Bulgarian adult males. On 16 December 1916, the Bulgarian military governor of the occupied Serbian territories ordered that "all men between 18 and 50 who have served in the Serbian Army, all officers, former teachers, journalists, former deputies, military functionaries, all suspected persons, should be arrested and interned".

Arrests of Serbian men followed. In January–February 1917 the Bulgarians began conscripting local Serbs for military service and a rumor was spread that the Allies had reached Skopje, so the Serbs should rise in revolt; the decision for this rebellion was taken and on 21 February, the Toplica rebellion broke out. Its leaders gathered several hundreds of rebels who conquered Kuršumlija. Pećanac attempted to attract Albanians on his side, but without success. On 12 March, the Bulgarian counterattack started under the command of Alexander Protogerov involving comitadjis' forces of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organisation. After several days of fighting, the Bulgarians entered Prokuplje on 14 March and Austro-Hungarians the Kuršumlija; as of 25 March, the order there was restored. In the battles, several thousand people were killed, including civilians. In April 1917, the Serbian guerrillas attacked a railway station and on 15 May, Pecanac entered the old Bulgarian border and invaded Bosilegrad, burned down.

He withdrew to Kosovo, controlled by the Austro-Hungarians. By these circumstances many Serbian men in the occupied territories were detained by Bulgarian patrolmen, ostensibly to be taken to the Bulgarian capital, Sofia. Instead, they were taken into the forests surrounding the town of Surdulica and killed, as historian Andrej Mitrović describes it, "using the most brutal methods". Colonel von Lustig, an Austro-Hungarian liaison attached to the German 11th Army, reported: It is known that most of the Serbian intelligentsia, i.e. functionaries, teachers and others, withdrew with what was left of the Serbian Army, but a certain number of them started to return for psychological or material reasons. Here, in -occupied territory, it is impossible to find either them or those that did not flee; these men were handed over to Bulgarian patrols as suspects without any judicial procedure, with the order that they should be "taken to Sofia". The patrols return the next day without them. Whether they are taken 20 or 200 kilometers, it is all the same.

The patrols pack up spades, disappear into the mountains and return, but without the prisoners. Bulgarian officers do not try to conceal the executions, they boast about them. An estimated 2,000–3,000 Serbian men were executed by the Bulgarians only in Surdulica and its surroundings. At the same time the Bulgarian military authorities killed many civilians in Vranje, Zajecar and other places in that area; the Bulgarian head of the Vranje district described the executed men as "killers and butchers" whose " were so great that at least ten years would be needed to mend their evil". The relatives of those executed in and around Surdulica were harassed and persecuted by Bulgarian authorities following the massacre. An American writer named William A. Drayton visited Macedonia and southern Serbia between December 1918 and January 1919 as part of a Serbian commission investigating Bulgarian war crimes in these regions. Drayton noted in his diary that he interviewed fifteen eyewitnesses who charged that Bulgarian forces deported Serbs to Surdulica and executed a portion of them there in accordance with pre-determined lists of names.

The rest, according to the witnesses were deported to Sofia. Štip massacre