The Yalta Conference known as the Crimea Conference and code-named the Argonaut Conference, held February 4–11, 1945, was the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union to discuss the postwar reorganization of Germany and Europe. The three states were represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Premier Joseph Stalin, respectively; the conference was held near Yalta in Crimea, Soviet Union, within the Livadia and Vorontsov Palaces. The aim of the conference was to shape a post-war peace that represented not just a collective security order but a plan to give self-determination to the liberated peoples of post-Nazi Europe; the meeting was intended to discuss the re-establishment of the nations of war-torn Europe. However, within a few short years, with the Cold War dividing the continent, Yalta became a subject of intense controversy. Yalta was the second of three major wartime conferences among the Big Three.
It was preceded by the Tehran Conference in November 1943, was followed by the Potsdam Conference in July 1945. It was preceded by a conference in Moscow in October 1944, not attended by President Roosevelt, in which Churchill and Stalin had spoken of European Western and Soviet spheres of influence. By the time of the Yalta Conference, the armed forces of the Western Allies had liberated all of France and Belgium and were fighting on the Western border of Germany. In the east, Soviet forces were 65 km from Berlin, having pushed back the Germans from Poland and Bulgaria. There was no longer a question of German defeat; the issue was the new shape of postwar Europe. French leader General Charles de Gaulle was not invited to either the Potsdam conference. De Gaulle attributed his exclusion from Yalta to the longstanding personal antagonism towards him by Roosevelt, although the Soviet Union had objected to his inclusion as a full participant, but the absence of French representation at Yalta meant that extending an invitation for De Gaulle to attend the Potsdam Conference would have been problematic.
He would have felt honor-bound to insist that all issues agreed at Yalta in his absence would have had to be re-opened. The initiative for calling a second'Big Three' conference had come from Roosevelt hoping to meet before the US Presidential elections in November 1944, but subsequently pressing for a meeting early in 1945 at a neutral location in the Mediterranean, Cyprus or Athens being suggested. Stalin, rejected these options, he proposed instead that they meet instead in the Crimea. Stalin's fear of flying was a contributing factor in this decision. Stalin formally deferred to Roosevelt as the'host' for the conference; each of the three leaders liberated Europe. Roosevelt wanted Soviet support in the U. S. Pacific War against Japan for the planned invasion of Japan, as well as Soviet participation in the United Nations. Stalin's position at the conference was one. According to U. S. delegation member and future Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, "it was not a question of what we would let the Russians do, but what we could get the Russians to do."Poland was the first item on the Soviet agenda.
Stalin stated that "For the Soviet government, the question of Poland was one of honor" and security because Poland had served as a historical corridor for forces attempting to invade Russia. In addition, Stalin stated regarding history that "because the Russians had sinned against Poland", "the Soviet government was trying to atone for those sins." Stalin concluded that "Poland must be strong" and that "the Soviet Union is interested in the creation of a mighty and independent Poland." Accordingly, Stalin stipulated that Polish government-in-exile demands were not negotiable: the Soviet Union would keep the territory of eastern Poland they had annexed in 1939, Poland was to be compensated for that by extending its western borders at the expense of Germany. Contrasting with his prior statement, Stalin promised free elections in Poland despite the Soviet sponsored provisional government installed by him in Polish territories occupied by the Red Army. Roosevelt wanted the USSR to enter the Pacific War against Japan with the Allies, which he hoped would end the war sooner and reduce American casualties.
One Soviet precondition for a declaration of war against Japan was an American official recognition of Mongolian independence from China. The Soviets wanted recognition of Soviet interests in the Manchurian railways and Port Arthur; these conditions were agreed to without Chinese participation. The Soviets wanted cession of Karafuto and the Kuril Islands, taken from Russia by Japan in the Russo-Japanese War, agreed to. In return, Stalin pledged that the Soviet Union w
Vadim Nikolaevich Krasnoselsky is a Transnistrian politician, the 3rd and current President of Transnistria. He served as a member of the Supreme Council of Transnistria from the 7th district, as 6th Speaker of the Supreme Council and the 7th Minister of the Interior. Krasnoselsky was born in the Zabaykalsky District of the Russian SFSR of the Soviet Union. In 1978 his father was transferred to a military base in Bender in the Moldavian SSR. After leaving school in 1987 Krasnoselsky started studying in Odessa, but left during his first year to join a Military Aviation Engineer Higher School in Kharkiv, from which he graduated in 1993, he subsequently joined the Transistrian security forces becoming a high-ranking official in the Ministry of the Interior. Vadim took his degree in law at the Pridnestrovian state university in 2002. In 2007 Krasnoselsky became Minister of the Interior, serving until 2012 when he started working in business, he was elected to the Supreme Council in the 2015 elections, was appointed as the body's Speaker.
Supported by the Sheriff conglomerate, he defeated incumbent President Yevgeny Shevchuk in the 2016 presidential elections, receiving 62% of the vote. He was inaugurated on 27 December at the Nadezhda Aronetskaya State Drama Theatre. On 4 January 2017, he received newly-elected Moldovan President Igor Dodon in Bendery, the second Moldovan leader to visit the PMR in several years. In September 2018, his first major state visit outside of the PMR was to Sukhumi for Abkhazia's Independence Day celebration. In January 2019, he attended the opening of the PMR representative offices in Moscow, replacing the Cooperation Center "Pridnestrovie". On 29 May, he announced the creation of an international lawsuit against Moldova in which the PMR asks for compensation for "the aggression against the people of Transnistria". In August, he attended a ceremony at the base of the Operational Group of Russian Forces with Russian Defence Minister Sergey Shoigu dedicated the 75th anniversary of the Liberation of Moldova in the Jassy–Kishinev Offensive.
In late October, he met with President Dodon at his presidential residence in Holercani ahead of the Bavaria Conference, scheduled for November 4–5. During his presidency, he revived the traditional New Year balls, in which he takes part with his spouse. In September 2017, he ordered the creation of the Tiraspol Suvorov Military School, the youth cadet school of the Armed Forces of Transnistria, he has stated that he pursues a policy of returning to the Transnistrian cities their pre-revolutionary flags and emblems due to him considering Soviet-era symbols to be "irrelevant". He had described the Great October Socialist Revolution as a "catastrophe" and referred to Bolsheviks as "traitors" and "usurpers"; as a counter to Soviet culture, he had proposed raising the status of notable Imperial Russian leaders such as Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov and Prime Minister Pyotr Stolypin. He has stated that he is a constitutional monarchist, going as far as to say the following during a presidential campaign: I am a monarchist by nature.
From my youth I had built monarchical views. I am a supporter of monarchism, limited constitutional monarchism, take the experience of the Russian Empire as a basis. Krasnoselsky has been engaged in changing the tourist image of Transnistria, saying that he believes that Transnistria should not be associated with the "fragment of the USSR", a statement which resulted in a monument to Vladimir Lenin being demolished at the Bendery fortress, his wife, Svetlana Krasnoselskaya, is a philologist, is a Russian language teacher. He has one son and two daughters and Sofia
Domenico Mondo was an Italian painter, active in both a late Baroque and Neoclassical styles. He studied under Francesco Solimena. Mondo became director of the Neapolitan Royal Academy of Fine Arts from 1789–1805, he was the author of an altarpiece at Sant'Aspreno ai Vergini in Naples, frescoes in the Royal Palace of Caserta in 1785, like the Le Armi di Casa Borbone sostenute dalle virtù, in the Throne Room. He painted for the parish churches of Sant'Andrea Apostolo and of the Immaculate Conception of Capodrise. In the palace of Caserta, he painted decorations for the Hall of the Alabardieri, a job for which he was chosen by Luigi Vanvitelli