Against the Light
Against the Light is the ninth studio album by Singaporean singer Stefanie Sun, released on 22 March 2007 by Capitol Music Taiwan. The album earned an IFPI Hong Kong Top Sales Music Award for Top 10 Best Selling Mandarin Albums of the Year in 2007. "In the Beginning" "逆光" "夢游" "咕嘰咕嘰" "我懷念的" "安寧" "飄著" "愛情的花樣" "漩渦" "需要你" "關於" "Afterward"
Stefanie is the seventh studio album by Singaporean singer Stefanie Sun, released on 29 October 2004 by Warner Music Taiwan. The song, "I Miss Him Too", is the Taiwan's promotional song of 2004 Japanese live-action film, Socrates in Love; the album earned a IFPI Hong Kong Top Sales Music Award for Top 10 Best Selling Mandarin Albums of the Year in 2004. The album earned two Golden Melody Award nominations for Best Mandarin Album and Best Mandarin Female Singer in 2005, she won Best Mandarin Female Singer. "奔" "我的愛" "祝你開心" "我也很想他" "聽見" "慢慢來" "同類" "種" "反過來走走" "Stefanie" "Let's Vino" "未知的精彩"
To Be Continued... (Stefanie Sun album)
To Be Continued... is the sixth studio album by Singaporean singer Stefanie Sun, released on 10 January 2003 by Warner Music Taiwan. The album earned an IFPI Hong Kong Top Sales Music Award for Top 10 Best Selling Mandarin Albums of the Year in 2003. "神奇" "我不難過" "永遠" "未完成" "接下來" "學會" "年輕無極限" "了解" "休止符" "沒有人的方向" "My Story, Your Song" feat. Mai Kuraki
Stefanie Sun is a Singaporean singer-songwriter. In 2000, she released her debut album, Yan Zi, which won her a Golden Melody Award for Best New Artist. In 2004, she released her eighth studio album, which won her another Golden Melody Award for Best Mandarin Female Singer. Having sold more than 30 million records, she achieved popularity in mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Malaysia. Sun was born in Singapore on July 23, 1978, she attended Nanyang Primary School, St. Margaret's Secondary School, Raffles Girls' School, Saint Andrew's Junior College, Nanyang Technological University, where she obtained a bachelor's degree of Marketing in 2000. During the college, she wrote her first song titled "Someone", which appeared on her 2002 album, Start, she attended LWS School of Music, her vocal talent was discovered by her music teacher Lee Wei Song, who introduced Sun to Samuel Chou, the chairman of Warner Music Taiwan at the time. In May 2011, Sun married Nadim van der Ros, Dutch and founder of Be An Idea, a part of the Good Bean Consultancy.
They had secretly registered their marriage in March 2011. In October 2012, Sun gave birth to her first child, a boy, followed by a daughter in July 2018. Yan Zi My Desired Happiness Kite Start Leave To Be Continued... Stefanie A Perfect Day Against the Light It's Time Kepler No. 13 – A Dancing Van Gogh Rainbow Bot The Moment My Story, Your Song 2000 Live Concert Start World Tour Stefanie Sun on Facebook Stefanie Sun on IMDb Stefanie Sun on Instagram Stefanie Sun on Sina Weibo
Singaporeans or Singapore people, are citizens of the city-state of Singapore – a multi-racial, multi-cultural and multi-lingual country with Singaporeans of Chinese and Indian descent making up the vast majority of the population. Singaporeans may refer to people with Singaporean ancestry. In 1819, the port of Singapore was established by Sir Stamford Raffles, who opened the port to free trade and free immigration on the south coast of the island. Many immigrants from the region settled in Singapore. By 1827, the population of the island was composed of people from various ethnic groups. According to the 2006 AsiaBarometer survey, a majority of Singaporeans identify themselves as "Singaporean", while a small percentage prefer to identify with their ancestry or ethnic group; as of 2017, the population of Singaporeans stands at 3,439,200 and the population of overseas Singaporeans stands at 214,700. The earliest records of settlement on the island dates back to the 2nd century, where the island was identified as a trading port, part of a chain of similar trading centres that linked Southeast Asia with India and the Mediterranean.
The earliest settlers of the island were known as the Orang Lauts, the island was an outpost of the Srivijaya Empire until it was invaded by the Tamil Emperor Rajendra Chola I of the Chola Empire in the 11th century. A small Malay kingdom, known as the Kingdom of Singapura, was founded in 1299 by a fleeing Srivijayan prince, Sang Nila Utama, crowned as the Raja of the new state. After the fall of the kingdom in 1398, the island fell under the suzerainty of various regional empires and Malayan sultanates until its destruction by Portuguese raiders in 1613. Prior to the arrival of Raffles, there were hundreds of indigenous Malays living on the island under the Johor Sultanate. Most of the indigenous Malays came from the Malay Archipelago. There were an estimated 1,000 people living on the island, who were predominantly Orang Laut with small population of 20–30 Malays who were the followers of Temenggong Abdul Rahman, about 20–30 Chinese; the majority of Singaporeans today are descendants of immigrants who settled on the island when Singapore was founded as a British trading port by Raffles in 1819.
At that time, Raffles decided Singapore would be a free port and as news of the free port spread across the archipelago, Javanese, Peranakan Chinese and Hadhrami Arab traders flocked to the island, due to the Dutch trading restrictions. After six months of Singapore's founding as a free port, the population increased to 5,000, by 1825, it had passed the ten thousand mark. In 1957, Singapore attained self-governance and Singaporean citizenship was granted to all residents who were born in Singapore or the Federation of Malaya, British citizens, resident for two years, others, resident for ten years. Today, Singaporean citizenship is granted by descent, or by registration. Although provided for in the Constitution, citizenship by naturalisation is no longer granted; the government instead uses the constitutional provision for citizenship by registration to grant citizenship to resident aliens. Singaporeans of Chinese descent make up 74.1%, Malays make up 13.4%, Indians make up 9.2%, residents of other ethnicity make up 3.3% of the 3,870,739 of the resident population.
To avoid physical racial segregation and formation of ethnic enclaves common in other multi-racial societies, the Singapore government implemented the "Ethnic Integration Policy" in 1989 where each block of units are sold to families from ethnicities comparable to the national average. The country celebrates Racial Harmony Day to commemorate the 1964 race riots in Singapore and to remember the consequences of racial disharmony the country experienced during the 1964 racial riots. Other minority groups in Singapore include, Armenians, Eurasians and Sri Lankans. There are many foreign/expatriate communities in the country including the Australians, Japanese, Koreans and Pakistanis. Singaporean culture is a mix of Asian and European cultures, with influences from the Malay, Indian and Eurasian cultures; this is reflected in the architectural styles of buildings in several distinct ethnic neighbourhoods, such as Little India and Kampong Glam and Singlish, a local creole language which consists of words originating from English, Hokkien, Teochew and Tamil, used by Singaporeans in a less formal setting.
Major festivals including Chinese New Year, Hari Raya Puasa, Vesak Day, Good Friday and New Year's Day which are celebrated by the different major racial and religious groups are designated as public holidays. Singapore is the world's most religiously diverse nation, with Singaporeans following various religious beliefs and practices due to the country's diverse ethnic and cultural mix. Dharmic religions have the highest number of adherents in Singapore, with 33% of the population practising Buddhism and 5.1% of the population practising Hinduism. Many Singaporeans are adherents of Abrahamic religions, with 18.8% of the population identifying as Christian, 14.7% identifying as Muslim. Other prominent faiths practised by Singaporeans include Taoism, Chinese folk religion, other Dharmic religions like Sikhism and Jainism. A small percentage of Singapore's population practices Judaism. 18.3% not identifying with any religion and 0.9% of Singaporeans identify as atheist. Singapore has four official languages, Malay and Tamil.
Malay is the ceremonial national language of the country and is the home language to 13% of the population. Although the majority of the populatio
Kite (Stefanie Sun album)
Kite is the third studio album by Singaporean singer Stefanie Sun, released on 9 July 2001 by Warner Music Taiwan. The album earned an IFPI Hong Kong Top Sales Music Award for Top 10 Best Selling Mandarin Albums of the Year in 2001. "綠光" "風箏" "任性" "逃亡" "不是眞的愛我" "眞的" "練習" "愛情字典" "隨堂測驗" "我是我"
Simplified Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language; the government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Hong Kong and the Republic of China. While traditional characters can still be read and understood by many mainland Chinese and the Chinese community in Malaysia and Singapore, these groups retain their use of simplified characters. Overseas Chinese communities tend to use traditional characters. Simplified Chinese characters may be referred to by their official name colloquially; the latter refers to simplifications of character "structure" or "body", character forms that have existed for thousands of years alongside regular, more complicated forms.
On the other hand, the official name refers to the modern systematically simplified character set, which includes not only structural simplification but substantial reduction in the total number of standardized Chinese characters. Simplified character forms were created by reducing the number of strokes and simplifying the forms of a sizable proportion of Chinese characters; some simplifications were based on popular cursive forms embodying graphic or phonetic simplifications of the traditional forms. Some characters were simplified by applying regular rules, for example, by replacing all occurrences of a certain component with a simplified version of the component. Variant characters with the same pronunciation and identical meaning were reduced to a single standardized character the simplest amongst all variants in form. Many characters were left untouched by simplification, are thus identical between the traditional and simplified Chinese orthographies; some simplified characters are dissimilar to and unpredictably different from traditional characters in those where a component is replaced by a simple symbol.
This has led some opponents of simplification to complain that the'overall process' of character simplification is arbitrary. Proponents counter that the system of simplification is internally consistent. Proponents have emphasized a some particular simplified characters as innovative and useful improvements, although many of these have existed for centuries as longstanding and widespread variants. A second round of simplifications was promulgated in 1977, but was retracted in 1986 for a variety of reasons due to the confusion caused and the unpopularity of the second round simplifications. However, the Chinese government never dropped its goal of further simplification in the future. In August 2009, the PRC began collecting public comments for a modified list of simplified characters; the new Table of General Standard Chinese Characters consisting of 8,105 characters was implemented for use by the State Council of the People's Republic of China on June 5, 2013. Although most of the simplified Chinese characters in use today are the result of the works moderated by the government of the People's Republic of China in the 1950s and 60s, character simplification predates the PRC's formation in 1949.
Cursive written text always includes character simplification. Simplified forms used in print are attested as early as the Qin dynasty. One of the earliest proponents of character simplification was Lufei Kui, who proposed in 1909 that simplified characters should be used in education. In the years following the May Fourth Movement in 1919, many anti-imperialist Chinese intellectuals sought ways to modernise China. Traditional culture and values such as Confucianism were challenged. Soon, people in the Movement started to cite the traditional Chinese writing system as an obstacle in modernising China and therefore proposed that a reform be initiated, it was suggested that the Chinese writing system should be either simplified or abolished. Lu Xun, a renowned Chinese author in the 20th century, stated that, "If Chinese characters are not destroyed China will die". Recent commentators have claimed that Chinese characters were blamed for the economic problems in China during that time. In the 1930s and 1940s, discussions on character simplification took place within the Kuomintang government, a large number of Chinese intellectuals and writers maintained that character simplification would help boost literacy in China.
In 1935, 324 simplified characters collected by Qian Xuantong were introduced as the table of first batch of simplified characters, but they were suspended in 1936. The PRC issued its first round of official character simplifications in two documents, the first in 1956 and the second in 1964. Within the PRC, further character simplification became associated with the leftists of the Cultural Revolution, culminating with the second-round simplified characters, which were promulgated in 1977. In part due to the shock and unease felt in the wake of the Cultural Revolution and Mao's death, the second-round of simplifications was poorly received. In 1986 the authorities retracted the second round completely. In the same year, the authorities promulgated a final list of simplifications, identical to the 1964 list except for six changes (including the restoration of three characters, simplified in the First Round: 叠, 覆, 像.