click links in text for more info


The term "Yankee" and its contracted form "Yank" have several interrelated meanings, all referring to people from the United States. Outside the United States, "Yank" is used informally to refer to any American, including Southerners. Within the Southern United States, "Yankee" is a derisive term which refers to all Northerners, or to those from the region of New England. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it is "a nickname for a native or inhabitant of New England, or, more of the northern States generally". Elsewhere in the United States, it refers to people from the Northeastern states, but those with New England cultural ties, such as descendants of colonial New England settlers, wherever they live, its sense is sometimes more cultural than geographical, emphasizing the Calvinist Puritan Christian beliefs and traditions of the Congregationalists who brought their culture when they settled outside New England. The speech dialect of Eastern New England English is called "Yankee" or "Yankee dialect".

Outside the U. S. the informal "Yank" refers to Americans in general. It is popular among Britons and Australians and sometimes carries pejorative overtones. British General James Wolfe made the earliest recorded use of the word "Yankee" in 1758 when he referred to the New England soldiers under his command. "I can afford you two companies of Yankees, the more because they are better for ranging and scouting than either work or vigilance". British use of the word was derogatory, as in a cartoon of 1775 ridiculing Yankee soldiers. New Englanders themselves employed the word in a neutral sense; the meaning of Yankee has varied over time. In the 18th century, it referred to residents of New England descended from the original English settlers of the region. Mark Twain used the word in this sense the following century in his novel A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, published in 1889; as early as the 1770s, British people applied the term to any person from the United States. In the 19th century, Americans in the southern United States employed the word in reference to Americans from the northern United States, though not to recent immigrants from Europe.

Thus, a visitor to Richmond, Virginia commented in 1818, "The enterprising people are strangers. Many etymologies have been suggested for the word Yankee, but modern linguists reject theories which suggest that it originated in any Indian languages; this includes a theory purported by a British officer in 1789, who said that it was derived from the Cherokee word eankke —despite the fact that no such word existed in the Cherokee language. Another theory surmised that the word was borrowed from the Wyandot pronunciation of the French l'anglais, meaning "the Englishman" or "the English language", sounded as Y'an-gee. American musicologist Oscar Sonneck debunked a romanticized false etymology in his 1909 work Report on "The Star-Spangled Banner", "Hail Columbia", "America", "Yankee Doodle", he cited a popular theory which claimed that the word came from a tribe who called themselves Yankoos, said to mean "invincible". The story claimed that New Englanders had defeated this tribe after a bloody battle, the remaining Yankoo Indians transferred their name to the victors—who were "agreeable to the Indian custom".

Sonneck notes that multiple American writers since 1775 had repeated this story as if it were fact, despite what he perceived to be holes in it. It had never been the tradition of any Indian tribe to transfer their name to other peoples, according to Sonneck, nor had any settlers adopted an Indian name to describe themselves. Sonneck concludes by pointing out. Most linguists look to Dutch language sources, noting the extensive interaction between the Dutch colonists in New Netherland and the English colonists in New England; the exact application, however, is uncertain. Michael Quinion and Patrick Hanks argue that the term comes from the Dutch name Janke, a diminutive form of Jan which would be Anglicized as "Yankee" due to the Dutch pronunciation of J as the English Y. Quinion and Hanks posit that it was "used as a nickname for a Dutch-speaking American in colonial times" and could have grown to include non-Dutch colonists, as well. Alternatively, the Dutch given names Jan and Kees have long been common, the two are sometimes combined into a single name.

Its Anglicized spelling Yankee could, in this way, have been used to mock Dutch colonists. The chosen name Jan Kees may have been inspired by a dialectal rendition of Jan Kaas, the generic nickname that Southern Dutch used for Dutch people living in the North; the Online Etymology Dictionary gives its origin as around 1683, when English colonists used it insultingly in reference to Dutch colonists. Linguist Jan de Vries notes that there was mention of a pirate named Dutch Yanky in the 17th century; the Life and Adventures of Sir Launcelot Greaves contains the passage, "Haul forward thy chair again, take thy berth, procee

Hüseyin Kala

Hüseyin Kala is a Turkish professional footballer who plays as a winger for BB Bodrumspor. Kala began his career with local club Antakyaspor in 2001, he spent four years with the youth teams before signing his first professional contract on 1 September 2005, making 23 appearances in his only season with the senior team. Another local club, transferred him at the end of the season, he made three appearances before his contract was terminated on 29 December 2006. Etimesgut Şekerspor signed Kala on a free transfer on 29 January 2007, he spent three and a half years with the club. The club terminated his contract on 28 May 2010. Kasımpaşa signed him on a free transfer three months later. Kala started his career with the club in the reserves, he made his Süper Lig debut on 27 September 2010. Kala signed for Adana Demirspor. Hüseyin Kala at Hüseyin Kala at Soccerway

Mike Stratton

David Michael Stratton is an American former football player, a linebacker in the American Football League and National Football League for 12 seasons. He played professionally for San Diego Chargers. Drafted out of the University of Tennessee in the 13th round of the 1962 AFL Draft, Stratton was selected as an AFL All-Star six straight seasons from 1963 through 1968. Lou Saban used him at linebacker, where with Harry Jacobs and John Tracey he filled out the AFL's best linebacking crew, playing together for 62 consecutive games from 1963 through 1967, a pro football record, they helped the formidable front four hold opposing teams without a 100-yard rusher for seventeen consecutive games in 1964 and 1965, a pro-football record 17 consecutive games without allowing a rushing touchdown, achieved American Football League championships in both those years. In the 1964 AFL championship game against the San Diego Chargers, he made the memorable "hit heard'round the world"; the Chargers led 7–0 and were marching toward another score when Stratton tackled the Chargers' Keith Lincoln, putting him out of the game.

The Bills shut out San Diego for the rest of the game, won, 20–7. Stratton was selected to the All-Time All-AFL second team. List of American Football League players

Self Portrait (Loma Prieta album)

Self Portrait is the fifth studio album by the American hardcore punk band Loma Prieta. The Jack Shirley-produced album was released on CD, cassette and digital platforms by Deathwish Inc. on October 2, 2015, followed by a vinyl release on November 13 by Deathwish. In a press release, Self Portrait was described as featuring "unorthodox melodies amid a tangle of pensive, despondent vocals" inspired by the California hardcore bands Funeral Diner and Mohinder, among others. Loma Prieta promoted Self Portrait with a 7" single of the opening track "Love" backed with the exclusive B-side "Trilogy 0" released on July 24, 2015, by Deathwish; the band released a music video for "Love" on September 2015, directed by Kyle Camarillo. Writing for Vice magazine's music blog Noisey, John Hill said the video represented the song's build up and that "the visual starts with the band in a black and white space devoid of anything but the band playing; as the song progresses, the vision of what they're doing intensifies and distorts itself to the point where you can't understand what's going on.

It's here where the song and its strength hits its total power and sonically." Loma Prieta helped promote Self Portrait with an online stream of the song "Never Remember". Self Portrait on Bandcamp

Josh Bullocks

Josh Bullocks is an American football safety. He was drafted by the New Orleans Saints in the second round of the 2005 NFL Draft, he is the identical twin of fellow NFL safety Daniel Bullocks. He played college football at Nebraska. Bullocks has been a member of the Chicago Bears and Oakland Raiders. In January 2015, he joined the Omaha Beef of Champions Indoor Football as an assistant coach. Bullocks attended Hixson High School in Chattanooga, along with his brother Daniel from 1997-2001. Josh and Daniel were both multi-sport standouts participating in track and field, as well as excelling in football. Josh played running back throughout his high school career; the Bullocks brothers led the Hixson Wildcats to four consecutive TSSAA football playoff appearances. Josh and Daniel were recruited by several NCAA Division I schools including the University of Tennessee before deciding to attend the University of Nebraska–Lincoln, they graduated in 2001. Bullocks played college football at Nebraska, he had 49 tackles in 2003, when he was a finalist to win the Jim Thorpe Award.

Bullocks played four seasons with the team. During that time, he appeared in 62 games and recorded 256 tackles, one sack, six interceptions and 24 pass deflections. An unrestricted free agent in the 2009 offseason, Bullocks signed a one-year contract with the Chicago Bears that included $525,000 in guaranteed money; the move put Bullocks in the same division as his twin brother, who played for the Detroit Lions before being released in the 2010 offseason. The Raiders signed Bullocks on August 15, 2011 after Hiram Eugene suffered a serious hip injury in the pre-season opener, he was waived on August 30. Josh Bullocks is the identical twin brother of Daniel Bullocks a safety at the University of Nebraska, drafted 40th overall when the Detroit Lions selected him in the 2006 NFL Draft; the two are cousins of U. S. Olympic gold medalist Evelyn Ashford. Beginning in 2007, Bullocks and his brother have awarded a $5,000 scholarship to a Hixson High senior athlete. In order to be eligible the student must attend Hixson, be a senior, be an athlete, write an essay.

Nebraska Cornhuskers profile

Japanese submarine I-73

The Japanese submarine I-73 was a Kaidai type cruiser submarine of the KD6A sub-class built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during the 1930s. One month after participating in the IJN's attack on Pearl Harbor, she was sunk by United States Navy submarine USS Gudgeon; the submarines of the KD6A sub-class were versions of the preceding KD5 sub-class with greater surface speed and diving depth. They displaced 1,814 tonnes surfaced and 2,479 tonnes submerged; the submarines were 104.7 meters long, had a beam of 8.2 meters and a draft of 4.57 meters. The boats had a diving depth of 75 m For surface running, the boats were powered by two 4,500-brake-horsepower diesel engines, each driving one propeller shaft; when submerged each propeller was driven by a 900-horsepower electric motor. They could reach 23 knots on 8 knots underwater. On the surface, the KD6As had a range of 14,000 nautical miles at 10 knots; the boats were armed with four in the bow and two in the stern. They carried a total of 14 torpedoes.

They were armed with one 100 mm deck gun for combat on the surface and an 13.2 mm anti-aircraft machinegun. I-73 participated in the attack on Pearl Harbor as part of the 3rd Submarine Squadron in the 6th Fleet of the IJN, it was one of the vessels created as part of Japan's 1st Naval Armaments Supplement Programme in 1931. On 27 January 1942, I-73 became the first warship to be sunk by a United States Navy submarine. Gudgeon claimed that the torpedoes only damaged I-73. Bagnasco, Erminio. Submarines of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-962-6. Blair, Clay, Jr.. Silent Victory. New York: Bantam. Carpenter, Dorr B. & Polmar, Norman. Submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy 1904–1945. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-396-6. Chesneau, Roger, ed.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. Hackett, Bob. "IJN Submarine I-73: Tabular Record of Movement". Retrieved 15 August 2015. Rohwer, Jürgen.

Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2