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Dridhaprahara is the earliest attested ruler of the Seuna dynasty that ruled the western Deccan region in present-day India. According to Jain tradition, Dridhaprahara was a son of king Vajrakumara of Dvaraka; when his mother was pregnant with him, a great fire destroyed the city. Jain saint Jainaprabhasuri saved his mother, he was born sometime after the destruction of Dvaraka. According to the 13th century Yadava court scholar Hemadri's Vrata-khanda, Dridhaprahara was the second son of a universal king named Subahu, his ancestors were lords of Mathura, ruled Dvaraka. When Subahu divided his kingdom among his sons, Dridhaprahara received "the southern land" as his fiefdom. No historical evidence connects Dridhaprahara or his dynasty to Dvaraka: after rising to prominence, the dynasty started claiming descent from the legendary hero Yadu, whose descendants are associated with Dvaraka; the dynasty's claim of connection with that city may be a result of their claim of descent from Yadu rather than their actual geographic origin.

Epigraphic evidence suggests that the dynasty emerged from a Kannada-speaking background. The name "Dridhaprahara" may be a Sanskritized form of the Kannada name "Dhāḍiyappā", borne by two of Dridhaprahara's successors; the Nasikkya-pura-kalpa section of Jinaprabha-suri's Vividha-tirtha-kalpa provides following account of Dridhaprahara's rise to power: Once, cattle thieves raided his town, stole the people's cows. Dridhaprahara single-handedly retrieved the cows; the local Brahmins and other citizens honoured him with the title Talarapaya. The same text mentions. Historian A. S. Altekar theorizes that Dridhaprahara was a warrior living around 860, when Pratihara-Rashtrakuta wars would have brought instability to the Khandesh region, he protected the region against enemy raids, because of which people started paying him taxes, his family rose to prominence. Dridhaprahara is the earliest attested ruler of his dynasty, finds a mention in the Vasai and Asvi inscriptions, he is said to have established the city of Chandradityapura.

His son and successor was Seunachandra, a Rashtrakuta feudatory, after whom the dynasty came to be known as Seuṇa-vaṃśa


Ostryopsis is a small genus of deciduous shrubs belonging to the birch family Betulaceae. The species have no common English name, though hazel-hornbeam has been suggested, reflecting their similarities to the related hazels and hop-hornbeams; the genus is native to China. They are shrubs reaching 3 -- 5 m tall, with double-toothed hazel-like leaves 2 -- 7 cm long; the flowers are produced with separate male and female catkins. The fruit form in clusters 3–5 cm long with 6-10 seeds; the local people in Northeast China has found hazelnuts of Ostryopsis davidiana and Corylus mandshurica are more delicious than that of common hazels and Asian hazels, the cuisine "stir-fried huozhenzi" are popular. However, their hazelnuts are far more expensive than Asian hazelnuts. SpeciesOstryopsis davidiana Decne. - widespread from Sichuan to Liaoning Ostryopsis intermedia B. Tian & J. Q. Liu - Yunnan Ostryopsis nobilis Balf.f. & W. W. Sm. - Sichuan, Yunnan

Tommy Walker (footballer, born 1923)

Thomas Jackson Walker was an English centre-half who played as an outside-right. He spent the first twelve years of his career playing for Newcastle United before moving to Oldham Athletic and Chesterfield. Despite his success at club level he was not selected to play for the English national team, he was overshadowed by the big reputations of teammates such as Jackie Milburn, George Robledo and Bobby Mitchell. Before Walker became a footballer he was a champion professional sprinter, he was recruited by his local club Newcastle United from Netherton Juniors in 1941, at a time when competitive football had been suspended due to World War II. However the club played in the wartime leagues and Walker was able to make 29 appearances, he appeared as a guest player for West Ham United in World War II. He made his Football League debut on 11 October 1946 against Coventry City. During his first season he made a total of 9 appearances; the following season he played only 8 matches, scoring 3 goals, as Newcastle won promotion into the First Division.

He suffered a broken arm. The following season he played 22 of Newcastle's 42 matches in the top division and began to show signs of establishing himself in the first team, he managed to gain a regular starting place in the 1949–50 season, playing as part of a forward line that included Ernie Taylor, George Robledo, Jackie Milburn and Bobby Mitchell. He made 40 appearances for the club in both league and cup competition and scored 14 goals in those matches; the following year, Walker played in every match for the club and helped to guide them into fourth place in the First Division table. It was during that season that Waler won his first medal by winning the FA Cup, 2–0 in the final against Blackpool. In the 1951–52 season, the club finished in 8th place, their lowest since promotion, but Walker won a second FA Cup, 1–0 against third-placed Arsenal in the final; however he began to find his chances limited and Stan Seymour sold him to Oldham in February 1954. After signing for a fee of £2500, Walker went on to play 120 times for Oldham Athletic.

When he left the club for £1250, many fans were aggrieved at Ted Goodier's willingness to let him leave. He returned to the club for a second spell, playing 38 games before retiring from football in 1959. Walker moved to Chesterfield in 1957 for £1250. Walker retired in 1958 after a 17-year career, at the age of 35, he decided not to go into football management and instead was in charge of a newsagents located in Middleton. Walker died on 13 June 2005, aged 81, at a nursing home in Manchester following a short illness. Walker married Lily and they had a son Thomas, he had two grandchildren and Andrew. Newcastle United FA Cup winner: 1951, 1952 Spartacus entry FA Cup Finals Newcastle United website Player Profile: Thomas Jackson Walker at


Quinlivan is a surname of Irish origin. Charles Quinlivan, born in Jersey City, New Jersey, starred in Seven Guns to Mesa Nessan Quinlivan, a Provisional IRA volunteer, escaped from British custody in The Maze and Brixton Prisons in 1983 and 1991 the latter while awaiting trial on charges relating to a suspected Provisional IRA plot to murder a former brewery company chairman, Sir Charles Tidbury. Maurice Quinlivan a Sinn Féin Limerick city councillor, brother of Nessan Quinlivan. Hannah Quinlivan, born to an Australian father and Taiwanese-Korean mother, is a actress. Deah Quinlivan, PH. D. Associate Professor of Psychology at Florida Southern College Mr. Quinlivan: Frank McCourt's novel Angela's Ashes Irish surnames are based on the Gaelic language native to Ireland; the original Gaelic form of the name Quinlivan is O Caoindealbhain. Spelling variations of this family name include: Quinlan, O'Quinlan, O'Quinlevan, O'Quinlivan and many more. First found in County Meath, where the family name has held a family seat from ancient times.

In the province Leinster Quinlivan was anglicised as Kindellan and has now been absorbed into the more common forms of Connellan or Conlan. They were of distinguished origin, being of the southern Uí Néill and the senior line of the descendants of Lóegaire mac Néill, King of Tara during the time of Saint Patrick; the sept were to be found in Meath, but their numbers were reduced by the Anglo-Norman invasion, but they remained in that area until the defeat of James II. In that time the form of the name used in Meath was Kindellan, a name, retained in Spain where many members of the sept settled in exile; the branch of the family which settled in northern Tipperary were known as Quinlan in English. In the 1659 census they were noted as being one of the most numerous families in County Tipperary; the name is now confined to Munster Cork and Tipperary. The variant spelling of "Quinlivan" is most associated with County Clare, as evidenced by the 13 births recorded there in the 1890 index. "Quinlin" was given as a principal name of Tipperary in the census of 1659, Quinlan remained as the favored spelling of the name in 1890 with Tipperary and Kerry being centers for the name at that time.

Kindlon is said to be a variant spelling of the name in County Louth Some of the first settlers to America of this family name or some of its variants were: John Quinlan Mary Quinland and her husband settled in Charleston in 1803. Between 1800 and 1840. Other notable people with the surname Quinlivan: Actor Charles Quinlivan, born in Jersey City, New Jersey, starred in Seven Guns to Mesa Quinlivan Coat of Arms The Shield is: "Per pale ermine" or, two lions rampant combatant between a mullet surmounted of a crescent in chief and a dexter hand couped at the wrist and erect in base all gules; the Crest is: A stork azure pierced through the body with an arrow argent. The motto is: "True to the End." The Translation is: Statue which can mean "Role Model/s"

Battle of Tora Bora

The Battle of Tora Bora was a military engagement that took place in the cave complex of Tora Bora, eastern Afghanistan, from December 6–17, 2001, during the opening stages of the United States invasion of Afghanistan. It was launched by the United States and its allies with the objective to capture or kill Osama bin Laden, the founder and leader of the militant organization al-Qaeda. Al-Qaeda and bin Laden were suspected of being responsible for the September 11 attacks three months prior. Tora Bora is located in the White Mountains near the Khyber Pass; the U. S. stated that it was bin Laden's location at the time. In Operation Cyclone during the early 1980s, CIA officers had assisted the mujahideen in extending and shoring up the caves to use for resistance during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan; the U. S. supported their effort. Several years the Taliban formed and took control of most of the country, enforcing fundamentalist rule. Several cave areas were used in much earlier periods, as the difficult terrain formed a natural defensive position and had been used by tribal warriors fighting foreign invaders.

At the end of 2001, al-Qaeda fighters were still holding out in the mountains of the Tora Bora region. Aerial bombardment ensued, including the use of large bombs known as daisy cutters. On December 3, 2001, a group of 20 U. S. CIA National Clandestine Service and 5th Special Forces Group ODA572 team members, code-named Jawbreaker, were inserted by helicopter in Jalalabad, Afghanistan to begin an operation against them. On December 5, 2001, Afghan Northern Alliance fighters wrested control of the low ground below the mountain caves from al-Qaeda fighters; the Jawbreaker team and SF teams equipped with laser designators called in Air Force bombers to take out targets. The al-Qaeda fighters dug in for the battle. A week 70 special forces operators from the Army Delta Force's A Squadron, Air Force STS arrived overland by vehicle to support the bombing campaign with ground forces. Two British SBS Commandos from M Sqn were embedded with A Sqn Delta, one of whom continued to work for JSOC, albeit in a different capacity.

During the hours of darkness, the al-Qaeda fighters would light fires, which would reveal their specific location and aid laser-designated targeting for air-launched weapons. The Northern Alliance fighters continued a steady advance through the difficult terrain, backed by air strikes and U. S. and British Special Forces. Facing defeat, al-Qaeda forces negotiated a truce with a local Afghan militia commander to give them time to surrender their weapons. In retrospect, some critics believe that the truce was a device to allow important al-Qaeda figures, including Osama bin Laden, to escape. On December 12, 2001, the fighting flared again initiated by a rear guard buying time for the main force's escape through the White Mountains into the tribal areas of Pakistan. Tribal forces backed by U. S. special operations troops and air support pressed ahead against fortified al-Qaeda positions in caves and bunkers scattered throughout the mountainous region. Twelve British SBS commandos, one British Royal Signals Specialist from 63 Signals squadron, accompanied the U.

S. special operations forces in attacking the cave complex at Tora Bora. Special Forces Operators of the German KSK took part in the battle as well, they were responsible for protecting the flanks in the mountains and conducted reconnaissance missions. The U. S. focus increased on the Tora Bora. Local tribal militias and organized by Special Forces and CIA SAD paramilitary, numbering over 2,000 strong, continued to mass for an attack as heavy bombing continued of suspected al-Qaeda positions, it was reported that U. S forces found a few minor training camps. Journalist Matthew Forney, covering the battle, described being allowed access to see "rough bunkers" deep in the mountains, which he considered "remarkable."By December 17, 2001, the last cave complex had been taken and their defenders overrun. U. S forces continued searching the area into January, but did not find any signs of bin Laden or the al-Qaeda leadership. Former CIA officer Gary Berntsen led, he said that al-Qaeda detainees had reported that bin Laden escaped into Pakistan via an easterly route to Parachinar.

Berntsen believed that bin Laden could have been captured during the battle if the U. S military had committed more troops early in the battle. CIA intelligence had indicated that bin Laden and the al-Qaeda leadership were trapped in the caves early in the battle, Berntsen had wanted to send less than 1,000 American Army Rangers to eliminate them, which he believed would have ended the War on Terror quickly. However, the request was turned down by the Bush Administration, which had argued that the Pakistanis would capture bin Laden if he attempted to flee into Pakistan. In a 2005 interview, another former CIA agent, Gary Schroen, concurred with Berntsen's opinion. Pentagon documents suggest. In an October 2004 opinion article in The New York Times, General Tommy Franks, the general commander of U. S forces in Afghanistan at the time, wrote, We don't know to this day whether Mr. bin Laden was at Tora Bora in December 2001. Some intelligence sources said. Tora Bora was teeming with Taliban and Qaeda operatives... but Mr. bin Laden was never within our grasp.

Many enemy fighters fled through the rough terrain and into tribal areas of Pakistan t