GMA Network is a major national commercial broadcast television and radio network in the Philippines. GMA Network is the flagship property of publicly traded GMA Network Inc, its first broadcast on television was on October 29, 1961, GMA Network is signified to as the "Kapuso Network" in reference to the outline of the company’s logo. It has been called the “Christian Network” which refers to the apparent programming during the tenure of the new management, which took over in 1974, it is headquartered in the GMA Network Center in Quezon City and its transmitter, Tower of Power is located at Tandang Sora Avenue, Barangay Culiat in Quezon City. The original meaning of the GMA acronym was Greater Manila Area, referring to the initial coverage area of the station; as the network expanded it changed into Global Media Arts. GMA's flagship television station is DZBB-TV which carries VHF Channel 7 and UHF Channel 27; the network has 48 relay stations nationwide. Its programming is available outside the Philippines through GMA Pinoy TV, GMA Life TV and GMA News TV International.
The origin of GMA Network can be traced back to Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc. through DZBB, which started airing its radio broadcast on March 1, 1950, launched as a local radio station in Manila on June 14, 1950 and owned by Robert La Rue “Uncle Bob” Stewart, an American war correspondent. Venturing into television in the 1960s, Stewart started its television station, upon the establishment of RBS TV Channel 7 on October 29, 1961, becoming the Philippines' fourth terrestrial television station. RBS's programming is composed of foreign programs from the United States and it produced local programs to cater to Filipino audiences, it produced shows like Uncle Bob’s Lucky Seven Club, a child-oriented show aired every Saturdays. And in 1963, RBS launched its first provincial television station in Cebu, DYSS Channel 7. In the same year, from Loreto F. de Hemedes Inc, the firm was formally renamed to Republic Broadcasting System, Inc.. On September 21, 1972 President Ferdinand Marcos declared martial law by the virtue of Proclamation 1081.
Marcos, ruling by decree, curtailed other civil liberties. Military personnel occupied GMA Network compound and placed it under military control to prevent alleged communist propaganda. Media outlets including RBS, critical to the Marcos administration were ordered to be closed, but in late-December 1972, RBS gave the green light by the government to return on the air this time by its blocktime agreement with the National Media Production Center, however with limited three-month permits. But due to limited licenses, difficulty in financial obligations, disallowing foreign citizens and entities from owning and operating media companies in the Philippines and the American Broadcasting Company, who owned a quarter of the company, was forced to cede majority control to a triumvirate composed of Gilberto Duavit Sr. a Malacañang official. His wife Loring was the president; the relaunched GMA, aside from sporting a light blue square logo with the network name in white had a circle 7 logo in use, in its final years the blue circle 7 logo used was similar to those used by the ABC in some United States cities.
After that, Rod Reyes, the then-general manager of RBS recruited old-timers from ABS-CBN, including from the news department and entertainment programs. Through the acquisition, the station was able to broadcast in color with a PhP8 million credit line thru buying telecine machines and acquired foreign programs. Ratings were up from #5 to #3 that time; when Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. a senator who opposed the Marcos administration, was assassinated on August 21, 1983, it was only a small item on television news. The iron grip that the Marcos administration had on television began to slip, as GMA broadcast the funeral, the only local station to do so. In 1984, Imee Marcos, daughter of Ferdinand Marcos, attempted to take over GMA. However, the takeover was prevented by GMA executives. Stewart left the Philippines for good. GMA was instrumental during the years preceding the People Power Revolution; the network was the first to air a television interview with Corazon Aquino via Viewpoint in 1984, when she announced that she would run for the presidency if she receives one million signatures.
In February 1986, the network was the first to report that Fidel Ramos and Juan Ponce Enrile broke away from the Marcos administration. When democracy in the Philippines was restored in the People Power Revolution in 1986, television stations began to air, some with their original owners; the political instability of the country added to the station's burden, when soldiers stormed into the studios for two days in a part of coup attempt to topple president, Corazon Aquino. In 1987, it became the first VHF television network in the country to provide a new dimension to viewers by broadcasting the network's programs in full stereo, it opened its high-end live studio
Rhodora X is a 2014 Philippine television drama psychological thriller series broadcast by GMA Network. Directed by Albert Langitan, it stars Jennylyn Mercado in the title role, it premiered on January 27, 2014 on the network's Telebabad line up and worldwide on GMA Pinoy TV on January 28, 2014. The series concluded on May 30, 2014 with a total of 88 episodes, it was replaced by Ang Dalawang Mrs. Real in its timeslot. Main castJennylyn Mercado as Rhodora Ferrer-Vasquez / Baby / Roxanne / Rowena Mark Herras as Joaquin Vasquez Yasmien Kurdi as Angela Ferrer-Aquino Mark Anthony Fernandez as Nico LedesmaSupporting castErvic Vijandre as Ferdinand "Ferds" Salazar Boots Anson-Roa as Amparo "Panchang"/"Ima" Sales Glydel Mercado as Lourdes Sales-Ferrer Gardo Versoza as Derick Ferrer Frank Magalona as Santiago "Santi" Vasquez Vaness del Moral as Pia Sales-Alcantara Ken Chan as Ryan Ledesma Ashley Cabrera as Jenna Vasquez / Princess Ferrer Aquino Irma Adlawan as Vivian Bautista Lollie Mara as Carmencita "Cita" Vasquez Martin del Rosario as Martin AquinoGuest castAr Angel Aviles as young Rhodora Therese Malvar as young Roxanne Krista Miller as Tricia According to AGB Nielsen Philippines' Mega Manila household television ratings, the pilot episode of Rhodora X earned a 15.8% rating.
While the final episode scored an 18.9% rating. Rhodora X on IMDb
Chinese Filipinos are Filipinos of Chinese descent born and raised in the Philippines. Chinese Filipinos are one of the largest overseas Chinese communities in Southeast Asia. There are 1.35 million Filipinos with pure Chinese ancestry, or around 1.8% of the population. In addition, Sangleys—Filipinos with at least some Chinese ancestry—comprise a substantial proportion of the Philippine population, although the actual figures are not known. Chinese Filpinos are well represented in all levels of Filipino society. Many Chinese Filipinos play an important role in the Philippine business sector; the term "Chinese Filipino" may not be hyphenated. The website of the organization Kaisa para sa Kaunlaran omits the hyphen, adding that Chinese Filipino is the noun where "Chinese" is an adjective to the noun "Filipino." The Chicago Manual of Style and the APA, among others recommend dropping the hyphen. When used as an adjective, "Chinese Filipino" may remain unchanged. There are various universally accepted terms used in the Philippines to refer to Chinese Filipinos: Chinese —often refers to all Chinese people in the Philippines regardless of nationality or place of birth.
Chinese Filipino, Filipino Chinese, or Philippine Chinese —refers to Chinese people with Philippine nationality, to Chinese peoples with Chinese nationality but were born in the Philippines. This includes Filipino Chinese who live and/or are born in the UK and are referred to us "britsinoy". Lan-nang, Lán-lâng, Bân-lâm: Hokkienese —a Hokkien term referring to Chinese Filipinos whose ancestry is from Fujian province. Keńg-tang-lâng: Cantonese —a Hokkien term referring to Chinese Filipinos whose ancestry is from Guangdong province. Chinese mestizo -- indigenous Filipino ancestry. A common phenomenon in the Philippines. Mainland Chinese, Mainlander —refers to Chinese people with Chinese nationality and were born in China. Taiwanese -- were born in Taiwan. Tornatras or Torna atras—refers to people who are of varying mixtures of Chinese and indigenous Filipino during the Spanish Colonial Period. Other terms being used with reference to China include: 華人 – Hoâ-jîn or Huárén—a generic term for referring to Chinese people, without implication as to nationality 華僑 – Hoâ-kiâo or Huáqiáo—Overseas Chinese China-born Chinese who have emigrated elsewhere 華裔 – Hoâ-è or Huáyì—People of Chinese ancestry who were born in, residents of and citizens of another countryDuring the Spanish Colonial Period, the term Sangley was used to refer to people of unmixed Chinese ancestry while the term Mestizo de Sangley was used to classify persons of mixed Chinese and indigenous Filipino ancestry.
During the Spanish Colonial Period, the term Indio was used. The Chinese Filipinos has always been one of the largest ethnic groups in the country with Chinese immigrants comprising the largest group of immigrant settlers in the Philippines, they are one of the three major ethnic groupings in the Philippines, namely: Christian Filipinos, Muslim Filipinos and Chinese Filipinos. Today, most Chinese Filipinos are locally born; the rate of intermarriage between Chinese settlers and indigenous Filipinos is among the highest in Southeast Asia, exceeded only by Thailand. However, intermarriages occurred during the Spanish colonial period because Chinese immigrants to the Philippines up to the 19th century were predominantly male, it was only in the 20th century that Chinese children came in comparable numbers. Today, Chinese Filipino male and female populations are equal in numbers; these Chinese mestizos, products of intermarriages during the Spanish colonial period often opted to marry other Chinese or Chinese mestizos.
Chinese mestizos is a term referring to people with one Chinese parent. By this definition, the ethnically Chinese Filipinos comprise 1.8% of the population. This figure however does not include the Chinese mestizos who since Spanish times have formed a part of the middle class in Philippine society nor does it include Chinese immigrants from the People's Republic of China since 1949. Ethnic Chinese sailed around the Philippine Islands from the 9th century onward and interacted with the local Filipinos. Chinese and Filipino interactions commenced as bartering and items; this is evidenced by a collection of Chinese artifacts found throughout Philippine waters, dating back to the 10th century. Chinese in Precolonial/Early Spanish Philippines, c. 1590 via Boxer Codex When the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines, there was a significant population of Chinese migrants due to the relationship between the barangays of the island of Luzon, the Ming dynasty. The first encounter of the Spanish authoritie
San Juan, Metro Manila
San Juan the City of San Juan, or known as San Juan City, is a 1st class urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 122,180 people, it is geographically located at its approximate center and is the country's smallest city in terms of land area. The city is known for the site of the first battle of the Katipunan, the organization which led the 1896 Philippine Revolution against the Spanish Empire. Notable landmarks today such as Pinaglabanan Shrine and heritage homes are located in the city. Other locations include Greenhills Shopping Center and Santolan Town Plaza, making the city a major shopping hub with a range of upscale and bargain retail. "San Juan City" is a contraction of the city's traditional name of "San Juan del Monte". As with numerous other places in the Philippines, the name combines a toponym; the city's official name is "Dakilang Lungsód ng San Juan". During the pre-Hispanic period, the area of what is now San Juan was a part of the Kingdom of Namayan, whose last recorded rulers were King Lacantagean and his consort, Bouan.
After the kingdom and other polities in the islands were absorbed into the Spanish Crown in the late 16th century, the realm of Namayan was christened Santa Ana de Sapa. The present area of San Juan was meanwhile re-classified as a barrio, becoming a small encomienda by 1590. In 1602, the Dominicans built a retreat house in the vicinity for their immediate use, where ageing or convalescing friars stayed; the Order constructed a convent and stone church dedicated to the Holy Cross. To this day, the thrice-rebuilt Santuario del Santo Cristo stands on the same site, adjacent to Aquinas School and Dominican College. In 1783, San Juan was partitioned from Santa Ana but was still a barrio within the Province of Manila; the El Deposito reservoir was known as the site where the onset of the Philippine Revolution through the Battle of San Juan del Monte took place in 1896. The opening salvo against Spain took place in San Juan in 1897 when the Katipunan attacked the alamacén or polvorín of the Spanish East Indies colonial government.
The town was incorporated into the Province of Rizal in 1901 under American military rule. On 7 November 1975, President Ferdinand Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 824 that established the National Capital Region, San Juan was among the towns excised from Rizal Province. Residents ratified the conversion of the municipality into a urbanised city on 17 June 2007, pursuant to Republic Act No. 9388. Congressman Ronaldo B. Zamora worked for its approval. Although not designated as such, San Juan is noted to be the "Town of Philippine Presidents." Four presidents since the Third Republic were official residents of San Juan when they assumed office. They were Diosdado Sr. and Gloria Arroyo. San Juan is the least extensive city in the Philippines with a total area of 595 hectares. San Juan is bounded by Quezon City on the north and east, Mandaluyong on the south, the City of Manila in the west; the territory of San Juan was once much larger than it is now, extending all the way to what is now Caloocan City.
Parts of the present-day Districts 1, 4 and 6 of Quezon City as well as areas of Mandaluyong were within the town's colonial-era borders. This explains why San Juan Reservoir is in nearby Horseshoe Village, a subdivision now part of Quezon City. San Juan is politically subdivided into 21 barangays: Modes of public transportation in San Juan include jeepneys and buses. Jeepney routes ply the Aurora Boulevard; the city is serviced by the Line 2. The only Line 2 station in San Juan is the J. Ruiz station; the C-3 passes through San Juan. Secondary routes include Nicanor Domingo, which heads towards Cubao in Quezon City, Pinaglabanan/Santolan Road, which leads towards Ortigas Avenue and the southern reaches of Quezon City near Camp Crame, the headquarters of the Philippine National Police; the Polytechnic University of the Philippines maintains a campus in San Juan. OB Montessori Center is the main campus in Greenhills; the city has several notable places of worship. Saint John the Baptist Parish, more known as "Pinaglabanan Church", is where the city's patron saint, John the Baptist, is enshrined.
The Santuario del Santo Cristo is the settlement's oldest existing church, while Mary the Queen Parish in West Greenhills serves the local Filipino-Chinese community. From 1925-1971, the Iglesia ni Cristo once headquartered in the town at its former Central Office Complex, now known as the Locale of F. Manalo, it features Art-Deco designed ensembles, crafted by National Artist for Architecture Juan Nakpil. The Chapel is the centerpiece of the Complex, which contains the old Central Office and Pastoral House, the home of the church's first Executive Minister, Ka Felix Manalo, along with other Ministers and Evangelical Workers; when Manalo died in 1963, a mausoleum was constructed on the grounds of the Complex by architect Carlos Santos-Viola. San Juan has a number of Evangelical churches. Through the APOI ( Association of
StarStruck (Philippine TV series)
StarStruck is a Philippine television reality talent competition show broadcast by GMA Network. It has aired over six seasons; the seventh season is slated to air in 2019. Across the Philippines, casting tours are held in different regions, wherein hopeful contestants are screened by preliminary panels to be selected for star quality, acting talent, or humorous potential and human interest; the audition process egins with thousands of auditioners showcasing their talents and interviewed by the panelists. The competition heats-up when the hopefuls are cut down to fourteen and are the contestants for a respective season. During the finals, the finalists were eliminated one by one. After two weeks, one pair will be eliminated; the remaining four advanced to the Final Judgment. In the second season, the "Wildcard Twist" was introduced; the wildcard week occurred. The eliminated finalists were given a chance to come back in the competition; the week ended resulting to CJ Muere replacing Pacia. During the fourth season, the twist was introduced again and benefited Mart Escudero and Rich Asuncion who both secured a spot in the Final Judgment.
Fourth season and fifth season, on the other hand, had six finalist from season 4 and had five finalists from season 5 who advanced in the grand finals or "The Final Judgment". In the sixth season, two new twists were introduced; the first one is the competition between two teams, the StarStruck Dream 14, consisting of accepted contestants and the StarStruck Believe 14, consisting of the rejected ones. The other one was the introduction of "The Door". Upon crossing The Door, the hopefuls would determine whether or not they will still continue on with their StarStruck journey; when a contestant touches a hand-shaped portal, he/she will hear one of three things: "Congratulations" if he/she makes it to the next round. Until good luck!""The Final Judgment" will award the finalists' respective titles. There are a male and a female, at the end of every season; the winners are determined through the average of the text and online votes plus the decision of the three members of the StarStruck Council.
However, in the third season, from the two Ultimate Survivors, there was an Ultimate Sole Survivor' title won by Marky Cielo that earned the winner extra prizes. While in fourth season, instead of a final four, the format differentiates by choosing the final six as there was four big winners composed of the "Ultimate Loveteam" title won by Mart Escudero and Kris Bernal, the "Ultimate Hunk" title won by Aljur Abrenica, the "Ultimate Sweetheart" title won by Jewel Mische. In the fifth and sixth seasons, the "Ultimate Male Survivor" and "Ultimate Female Survivor" titles were given once again. Dingdong Dantes Nancy Castiglione Jolina Magdangal Raymond Gutierrez Carla Abellana Dennis Trillo Megan Young Segment hostsMark Herras LJ Reyes Arci Muñoz Paulo Avelino Miguel Tanfelix Kris Bernal Rocco Nacino Joey de Leon Joyce E. Bernal Ida Henares Christopher de Leon Louie Ignacio Lorna Tolentino Douglas Quijano Floy Quintos Lolit Solis Sunshine Dizon Iza Calzado Jennylyn Mercado Regine Velasquez Dingdong Dantes Heart Evangelista StarStruck: Dream.
Believe. Survive was first announced on the GMA Network's variety show SOP, where the hosts invited teenagers from 15-18 years old to audition for the upcoming show. Much of the auditions were held at SM Supermalls throughout the Philippines, it premiered on October 27, 2003. The show held its Final Judgment on February 2004 at the Araneta Coliseum; the first season of StarStruck was directed by Lino Cayetano and hosted by Dingdong Dantes and Nancy Castiglione. The council, which guided the finalists throughout the competition, were composed of Joey De Leon, Ida Henares and Joyce Bernal. In the 1st year of the reality-talent search, Out of thousands who auditioned, only TOP 100 was chosen for the first cut. From TOP 100, it was trimmed down to TOP 60 from TOP 60 to TOP 30, from TOP 30 to the Final 14 finalists; the "Final 14" underwent various workshops and trainings in order to develop their personalities and charisma. But, the twist is that every week, one of the Final 14 may have to say goodbye until only four remain.
Those who were eliminated were dubbed as "StarStruck Avengers". The final four will vie for the "Ultimate Survivors" titles, the "Ultimate Male Survivor" and the "Ultimate Female Survivor", the two runner-up titles; the second season of StarStruck was announced once again on GMA Network's variety program, SOP, where the hosts invited teenagers from 15-18 years old to audition for the next and new upcoming StarStruck Season. Like its first season, much of the auditions were held at the GMA Network's headquarters and at SM Supermalls throughout the Philippines; the pilot episode aired on the Final 14 and more rigid tests. The same rules were applied in selecting the "Ultimate Survivors". Like the first season, StarStruck is shown only weekdays, having Friday would be the performance and elimination Night both happened during the Friday show; the show held its "The Final Judgment" on February 2005 same at the Araneta Coliseum. The season premiere aired the untold secrets of the first season, the "Final 14" the life they had before and after
Babangon Ako't Dudurugin Kita
Babangon Ako't Dudurugin Kita is a 2008 Philippine television drama series broadcast by GMA Network. The series is a remake of the 1989 film with the same title. Directed by Joel Lamangan, it stars Dina Bonnevie, Marvin Agustin, Angelika dela Cruz, Yasmien Kurdi and JC de Vera, it premiered on March 24, 2008 on the network's Telebabad line up and worldwide on March 31, 2008 on GMA Pinoy TV. The series concluded on June 2008 with a total of 70 episodes. Lead castDina Bonnevie as Evita Gomez vda. Perantes Marvin Agustin as Alfred De Leon Angelika dela Cruz as Via Fausto JC de Vera as Derek Perantes / Rod Yasmien Kurdi as Salve Dizon de Leon / Emma PerantesSupporting castTonton Gutierrez as Jango San Juan Paolo Contis as Tyrone San Juan Glydel Mercado as Imelda / Verna Diana Zubiri as Julie Maceda San JuanExtended castTony Mabesa as Governor Fausto LJ Reyes as Joanna Marie'Joey' Salcedo Jay Aquitania as Juno San Juan Patrick Garcia as Lawrence Fajardo Robert Ortega as Fredo Dion Ignacio as Pablo Jenny Miller as Beverly Castro Mart Escudero as Roman Arthur Solinap as Harry Stef Prescott as Courtney Paolo Serrano as Jake SanchezGuest castIan De Leon as Melvin Jennica Garcia as Teen Julie Maceda-San Juan Joseph Bitangcol as Teen Tyrone San Juan Caloy Alde as Ariel Hanni Miller as Agnes Lizzy Pecson as Belen Chariz Solomon as Jadane Paulo Avelino as Brenan Mike Magat as Ruben Andrew Schimmer as Dennis Maybelline dela Cruz as Dolly dela Cruz Juan Rodrigo as Arturo Salcedo Emilio Garcia as Emilio Perantes Roi Vinzon as Roberto According to AGB Nielsen Philippines' Mega Manila household television ratings, the pilot episode of Babangon Ako't Dudurugin Kita earned a 28% rating.
Babangon Ako't Dudurugin Kita on IMDb
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a vocalist. Singers perform music that can be sung without accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists or accompanied by anything from a single instrument up to a symphony orchestra or big band. Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera, Indian music and religious music styles such as gospel, traditional music styles, world music, blues and popular music styles such as pop, electronic dance music and filmi. Singing arranged or improvised, it may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort or ritual, as part of music education or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication and regular practice.
If practice is done on a regular basis the sounds can become more clear and strong. Professional singers build their careers around one specific musical genre, such as classical or rock, although there are singers with crossover success, they take voice training provided by voice teachers or vocal coaches throughout their careers. In its physical aspect, singing has a well-defined technique that depends on the use of the lungs, which act as an air supply or bellows. Though these four mechanisms function independently, they are coordinated in the establishment of a vocal technique and are made to interact upon one another. During passive breathing, air is inhaled with the diaphragm while exhalation occurs without any effort. Exhalation may be aided by lower pelvis/pelvic muscles. Inhalation is aided by use of external intercostals and sternocleidomastoid muscles; the pitch is altered with the vocal cords. With the lips closed, this is called humming; the sound of each individual's singing voice is unique not only because of the actual shape and size of an individual's vocal cords but due to the size and shape of the rest of that person's body.
Humans have vocal folds which can loosen, tighten, or change their thickness, over which breath can be transferred at varying pressures. The shape of the chest and neck, the position of the tongue, the tightness of otherwise unrelated muscles can be altered. Any one of these actions results in a change in pitch, timbre, or tone of the sound produced. Sound resonates within different parts of the body and an individual's size and bone structure can affect the sound produced by an individual. Singers can learn to project sound in certain ways so that it resonates better within their vocal tract; this is known as vocal resonation. Another major influence on vocal sound and production is the function of the larynx which people can manipulate in different ways to produce different sounds; these different kinds of laryngeal function are described as different kinds of vocal registers. The primary method for singers to accomplish this is through the use of the Singer's Formant, it has been shown that a more powerful voice may be achieved with a fatter and fluid-like vocal fold mucosa.
The more pliable the mucosa, the more efficient the transfer of energy from the airflow to the vocal folds. Vocal registration refers to the system of vocal registers within the voice. A register in the voice is a particular series of tones, produced in the same vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, possessing the same quality. Registers originate in laryngeal function, they occur. Each of these vibratory patterns appears within a particular range of pitches and produces certain characteristic sounds; the occurrence of registers has been attributed to effects of the acoustic interaction between the vocal fold oscillation and the vocal tract. The term "register" can be somewhat confusing; the term register can be used to refer to any of the following: A particular part of the vocal range such as the upper, middle, or lower registers. A resonance area such as chest voice or head voice. A phonatory process A certain vocal timbre or vocal "color" A region of the voice, defined or delimited by vocal breaks.
In linguistics, a register language is a language which combines tone and vowel phonation into a single phonological system. Within speech pathology, the term vocal register has three constituent elements: a certain vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, a certain series of pitches, a certain type of sound. Speech pathologists identify four vocal registers based on the physiology of laryngeal function: the vocal fry register, the modal register, the falsetto register, the whistle register; this view is adopted by many vocal pedagogues. Vocal resonation is the process by which the basic product of phonation is en