Yes Minister

Yes Minister is a political satire British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn. Split over three seven-episode series, it was first transmitted on BBC2 from 1980 to 1984. A sequel, Prime Minister, lasted 16 episodes and ran from 1986 to 1988. All but one of the episodes lasted half an hour, all ended with a variation of the title of the series spoken as the answer to a question posed by Minister Jim Hacker. Several episodes were adapted for BBC Radio. Set principally in the private office of a British Cabinet minister in the fictional Department of Administrative Affairs in Whitehall, Yes Minister follows the ministerial career of Jim Hacker, played by Paul Eddington, his various struggles to formulate and enact policy or effect departmental changes are opposed by the British Civil Service, in particular his Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, played by Sir Nigel Hawthorne. His Principal Private Secretary Bernard Woolley, played by Derek Fowlds, is caught between the two; the sequel, Prime Minister, continued with the same cast and followed Jim Hacker after his unexpected elevation to Number 10 upon the resignation of the previous Prime Minister.

The series in 2004 was voted sixth in the Britain's Best Sitcom poll. It was the favourite television programme of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Margaret Thatcher; the series opens in the wake of a general election in which the incumbent government has been defeated by the opposition party, to which Jim Hacker MP belongs. His party affiliation is never stated, his party emblem is neither Conservative nor Labour; the Prime Minister offers Hacker the position of Minister of Administrative Affairs, which he accepts. Hacker goes to his department and meets his Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, his Principal Private Secretary, Bernard Woolley. While Appleby is outwardly deferential towards the new minister, he is prepared to defend the status quo at all costs. Woolley is sympathetic towards Hacker but as Appleby reminds him, Woolley's civil service superiors, including Appleby, will have much to say about the course of his future career, while ministers do not stay long in one department and have no say in civil service staffing recommendations.

Many of the episodes revolve around proposals backed by Hacker but frustrated by Appleby, who uses a range of clever stratagems to defeat ministerial proposals while seeming to support them. Other episodes revolve around proposals promoted by Appleby but rejected by Hacker, which Appleby attempts by all means necessary to persuade Hacker to accept, they do join forces in order to achieve a common goal, such as preventing the closure of their department or dealing with a diplomatic incident. As the series revolves around the inner workings of central government, most of the scenes take place in private locations, such as offices and exclusive members' clubs. Lynn said that "there was not a single scene set in the House of Commons because government does not take place in the House of Commons; some politics and much theatre takes place there. Government happens in private; as in all public performances, the real work is done behind closed doors. The public and the House are shown what the government wishes them to see."

However, the episode "The Compassionate Society" does feature an audio recording of Yesterday in Parliament in which Hacker speaks in the House of Commons, other episodes include scenes in the Foreign Secretary's House of Commons office and a Committee room. At the time of the making of the series, television cameras were not allowed in the House of Commons and had only been introduced into the House of Lords, so it was not unusual to a British audience to have no scenes from there; the Right Honourable Jim Hacker MP elevated to the House of Lords as Lord Hacker of Islington, was the editor of a newspaper called Reform before going into politics. He spent a good deal of time in Parliament on the Opposition benches before his party won a general election. In Yes Minister, he is the Minister for Administrative Affairs and a cabinet minister, in Yes, Prime Minister he becomes the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Hacker received his degree from the London School of Economics, for which he is derided by the Oxford-educated Sir Humphrey.

His early character is that of a gung-ho, but naïve, bringing sweeping changes to his department. Before long, Hacker begins to notice that Civil Service tactics are preventing his planned changes being put into practice; as he learns, he becomes more cynical, using some of the Civil Service ruses himself. While Sir Humphrey held all the aces, Hacker now and again plays a trump card of his own. Throughout Yes Minister, Hacker, at his worst, is portrayed as a publicity-seeking bungler, incapable of making a firm decision, he is prone to embarrassing blunders, is a frequent target of criticism from the press and stern lectures from the Chief Whip. However, he is shown to be politically savvy, he becomes more aware of Sir Humphrey's real agenda. In Yes, Prime Minister, Hacker becomes more statesmanlike, he dreams up his "Grand Design" and hones his diplomatic skills. Nearly all of these efforts land him in trouble. In a Radio Times in

Chrysoritis rileyi

Chrysoritis rileyi, the Riley's opal, is a species of butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. It is endemic to South Africa, where it is known only from hill slopes and river flats at the east end of the Brandvlei Dam in the Western Cape; the wingspan is 30 -- 35 mm for 32 -- 38 mm for females. Adults are on wing from September with peaks from October to November and in March; the larvae feed on Zygophyllum species. They are attended to by Crematogaster peringueyi ants. Gimenez Dixon, M. 1996. Poecilmitis rileyi. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 31 July 2007

George Ruddick

George Ruddick was a Welsh rugby union, professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1890s, 1900s and 1910s. He played club level rugby union for Brecon RFC, representative level rugby league for Great Britain and Lancashire, at club level for Broughton Rangers, as a forward, during the era of contested scrums. George Ruddick's birth was registered in Brecon, he first came to note as a rugby player when he represented local rugby union club Brecon RFC. In an appraisal by former British Isles rugby union captain, Arthur Harding, Ruddick is described as a'particularly good dribbler … a good tackler' and'…keen as a terrier.' Ruddick was wounded and badly injured a foot in World War I which meant he was unable to play again, his death aged 67 was registered in Manchester, England. George Ruddick won caps for Wales while at Broughton Rangers 1908…1910 3-caps, won caps for Great Britain while at Broughton Rangers in 1908 against New Zealand, on the 1910 Great Britain Lions tour of Australia and New Zealand against Australia and Australasia.

George Ruddick played in Broughton Rangers' victory in the Championship during the 1901–02 season. George Ruddick played as a forward, i.e. number 11, in Broughton Rangers' 25-0 victory over Salford in the 1902 Challenge Cup Final during the 1901–02 season at Athletic Grounds and the 4-0 victory over Wigan in the 1911 Challenge Cup Final during the 1910–11 season at The Willows, Salford, in front of a crowd of 15,006. George Ruddick played as a forward, i.e. number 8 or 10, in Broughton Rangers' 15-6 victory over Warrington in the 1906 Lancashire County Cup Final during the 1906–07 season at Central Park, Wigan on Saturday 1 December 1906.! Great Britain Statistics at