click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Yeshiva

A yeshiva is a Jewish educational institution that focuses on the study of traditional religious texts the Talmud and the Torah, Halacha. The studying is done through daily shiurim as well as in study pairs called chavrutas. Chavrusa-style learning is one of the unique features of the yeshiva. In the United States and Israel, the different levels of yeshiva education have different names. In the United States, elementary-school students are enrolled in a yeshiva, post-bar mitzvah-age students learn in a metivta, undergraduate-level students learn in a beit midrash or yeshiva gedola. In Israel, elementary-school students are enrolled in a Talmud Torah or cheder, post-bar mitzvah-age students learn in a yeshiva ketana, high-school-age students learn in a yeshiva gedola. A kollel is a yeshiva for married men, it is common for a kollel to pay a token stipend to its students. Students of Lithuanian and Hasidic yeshiva gedolas learn in yeshiva until they get married. Yeshivas were attended by males only.

Today, a few Modern Orthodox yeshivas are open to females. Although there are separate schools for Orthodox women and girls, these do not follow the same structure or curriculum as the traditional yeshiva for boys and men. Alternate spellings and names include yeshivah (; the word yeshiva is applied to the activity of learning in class, hence to a learning "session."The transference in meaning of the term from the learning session to the institution itself appears to have occurred by the time of the great Talmudic Academies in Babylonia and Pumbedita, which were known as shte ha-yeshivot. See Jewish education #The yeshiva The Mishnah tractate Megillah mentions the law that a town can only be called a "city" if it supports ten men to make up the required quorum for communal prayers; every beth din was attended by a number of pupils up to three times the size of the court. These might be indications of the historicity of the classical yeshiva; as indicated by the Talmud, adults took off two months a year and Adar, the months preceding the pilgrimage festivals of Sukkot and Pesach, called Yarḥei Kalla to study.

The rest of the year, they worked. The Geonic period takes its name from Gaon, the title bestowed on the heads of the three yeshivas in existence from the third to the thirteenth century; the Geonim acted as the principals of their individual yeshivot, as spiritual leaders and high judges for the wider communities tied to them. The yeshiva conducted all official business in the name of its Gaon, all correspondence to or from the yeshiva was addressed directly to the Gaon. Throughout the Geonic Period there were three yeshivot; these were named for the cities in which they were located: Jerusalem and Pumbedita. Each Jewish community would associate itself with one of the three yeshivot. There was however, no requirement for this, each community could choose to associate with any of the yeshivot; the yeshiva served as the highest educational institution for the Rabbis of this period. In addition to this, the yeshiva wielded immense power as the principal body for interpreting Jewish law. In this regard, the community saw the Gaon of a yeshiva as the highest judge on all matters of Jewish law.

Each yeshiva ruled differently on matters of law. The yeshiva served as an administrative authority, in conjunction with local communities, by appointing members to serve as the head of local congregations; those appointed as the head of a congregation would serve as a go-between for the local congregation and the larger yeshiva it was attached to. These local leaders would submit questions to the yeshiva to obtain final rulings on issues of dogma, ritual, or law; each congregation was expected to follow only one yeshiva to prevent conflict with different rulings issued by different yeshivot. The yeshivot were financially supported through a number of means. There were fixed. Private gifts and donations from individuals were common during holidays, could consist of money or goods; the yeshiva of Jerusalem was forced into exile in Cairo in 1127, dispersed entirely. The yeshivot of Sura and Pumbedita were dispersed following the Mongol invasions of the 13th century. After the scattering of the yeshiva, education in Jewish religious studies became the responsibility of individual synagogues.

No organization came to replace the three great yeshivot of Jerusalem and Pumbedita. After the Geonic Period Jews went on to establishing more Yeshiva academies in Europe and in Northern Africa. One of these include the Kairuan yeshiva in Spain (Hebrew: ישיבת

Mark Wexler

Mark Simon Wexler is an American documentary filmmaker and photojournalist. His father, Haskell Wexler, was a filmmaker who won two Oscars, his mother, Marian Witt-Wexler, was a painter. Wexler’s half-brother Jeff Wexler is an Oscar-nominated sound mixer. Actress Daryl Hannah and film director Tanya Wexler are cousins via his uncle Jerrold Wexler, a Chicago Real Estate Developer. Wexler grew up in Hollywood, California, he majored in cultural anthropology in college. People Magazine named him one of America's 100 Most Eligible Bachelors; the Washington Post dubbed him "our latter-day Phineas Fogg" following publication of his Los Angeles Times article "True Confessions of a Mileage Maniac" about his 30 day global circumnavigation financed with Frequent Flier miles. The accompanying self portraits were published in The Smithsonian Space Magazine. Wexler was interviewed live on The Today Show regarding his expertise on the topic of life extension, he had a tumultuous relationship with his famous, famously opinionated father Haskell Wexler.

Their attempts at reconciliation were documented in Tell Them Who You Are, shortlisted for an Oscar in 2005. In 1996, Wexler released Me & My Matchmaker, an intimate portrait of a feisty and meddling Jewish matchmaker in Chicago who made it her personal mission to get the filmmaker married; the film won the Audience Award for Best Documentary at the Slamdance Film Festival. Film critic Roger Ebert wrote that it was "amazing and touching." Timeout London said it was "... funny and faintly disturbing."Wexler’s 2001 film, Air Force One, aired as a prime time PBS - National Geographic special. As the first filmmaker granted unprecedented behind-the-scenes access, Wexler told the story of the “Flying White House” both in terms of its unique technological and historical significance; the film included original interviews with President Jimmy Carter, President George H. W. Bush, President Bill Clinton, President George W. Bush; the 2005 Oscar shortlisted film Tell Them Who You Are was an exploration of Wexler's fraught relationship with his father, legendary filmmaker and two-time Oscar-winning cinematographer Haskell Wexler.

It won a place on Roger Ebert's Top 10 Documentaries of the year, The Associated Press' Top Ten films of the year, as well as praise from The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, others. Judd Apatow spoke about the film on NPR's Morning Edition, recounting his reaction to a scene where, after viewing the film, Haskell tells Mark he's "a hell of a filmmaker". Apatow said "I sat in bed, my wife is sleeping, I'm just bawling like a little girl. You can tell this man has been waiting his entire life to hear his dad say that sincerely." The Los Angeles Times declared that the film "...is meta-layered cinema" which "...fits squarely into the new genre of nonfiction film that should be called the Me Documentary, the personal film, indelibly shaped by the presence of the filmmaker."Wexler’s 2010 film, How to Live Forever, followed the filmmaker’s quest for eternal youth. In interviews with a wide variety of subjects, including fitness legend Jack LaLanne, author Ray Bradbury, futurist Aubrey de Gray and inventor Ray Kurzweil, the film invited viewers to consider ways to live a long life, but one, meaningful.

The New York Times wrote that it was “Engaging… remarkably spry and lighthearted.” The film was selected by AARP The Magazine as a Movie For Grownups, noting that "For boomers How to Live Forever is the perfect film at the perfect moment." As a photojournalist, Wexler has covered assignments in over ninety countries. His work has appeared in publications such as Time, National Geographic, The Los Angeles Times and The New York Times, he is the recipient of three World Press Awards for Outstanding Photojournalism, one in the Science category and two in the Sports category. Wexler has been a contributor to eight volumes in the Day in the Life book series, his photographs are featured in the books The Power to Heal, Passage to Vietnam and 24 Hours in Cyberspace. His own book, was published by Random House. Wexler has exhibited his work in galleries around the world, including the International Center of Photography in New York. Mark Wexler on IMDb

Doug Spearman

Doug Spearman is an American actor. His career highlights include work on such television shows as Noah's Arc, Star Trek Voyager, The Drew Carey Show, The Hughleys, Gideon's Crossing, MAD TV, Girlfriends and Profiler. Spearman grew up in Hyattsville and attended Indiana University, he has starred in such productions as the American premiere of the AIDS drama The Ice Pick, The Men's Room, The Bullpen Boys, A Few Good Men, the world premiere of South Coast Repertory's production of The Hollow Lands. Doug co-starred in the motion picture Cradle 2 the Grave with Jet Li and DMX and Any Day Now with Alan Cumming and Frances Fisher. On television Doug starred as Professor Chance Counter in the groundbreaking series Noah's Arc on LOGO and the feature film continuing the TV show's story, Noah's Arc: Jumping the Broom. Doug worked as a writer/producer/director and creative director at ABC, CBS, NBC, UPN, Soapnet, BET, Logo TV, E! Entertainment Television creating more than 2,000 television promos and multi-platform ad campaigns and marketing strategies in his career.

In 2006, Spearman created a television and film development and production company called The Ogden Group Entertainment. That year he produced and directed his first documentary, "Aretha", on the life of the Queen of Soul, Aretha Franklin, which aired in January 2007. In 2009 the Directors Guild of America commissioned Doug to write a film entitled Pirates 3.0. The film was produced by Randal Kleiser and directed by Jeremy Kagan and shot on the Warner Brothers lot, he directed the feature films Hot Guys with Guns and From Zero to I Love You. Spearman has been honored with many awards, including a Leadership Award from the Human Rights Campaign, presented before the United States Senate. S. W. for outstanding achievement in fostering racial, ethnic and gender unity within the LGBT community. Doug Spearman on IMDb

Piya Rangrezz

Piya Rangrezz is an Indian television series, which premiered on Life OK on 27 April 2015 and ended on 26 May 2016. The series was produced by Sphere Origins and aired on Monday through Friday nights at 9pm IST. Set in Uttar Pradesh, Gaurav S Bajaj and Kirtida Mistry played the lead roles while Afzaal Khan, Neha Bagga and Narayani Shastri played negative roles on the show. Bhanwari Devi runs her own alcohol-based business with an iron hand in Uttar Pradesh; the show focuses on Shamsher Singh as the patriarch of the family. Narayani Shastri as Bhanwari Devi Singh Kirtida Mistry as Shraddha Sher Singh Gaurav S Bajaj as Thakur Sher Singh / Thakur Shamsher Singh Gulki Joshi / Sreejita De as Aaradhya Shamsher Singh Kanwar Dhillon as Arjun Singh Neha Bagga as Munmun Singh Afzaal Khan as Munna Singh Parv Kaila as Veer Singh Shivshakti Sachdev as Chanda Sahel Phull as Virat Rujut Dahiya as Vikas Singh Prabhjeet Kaur as Sunheri Singh Rehan Sayed as Sumer Singh Shalu Shreya as Gajra Naman Shaw as Aditya Pratap Singh Sanjay Batra as Politician Vibha Chibber as Dadi Sakib Hossain as Thakur Veerendra Pratap

List of diplomatic missions of Brunei

This is a list of diplomatic missions of Brunei. The small oil-rich Commonwealth Kingdom of Brunei has a limited number of diplomatic missions being in East Asia; the kingdom's diplomatic missions and general foreign policy are managed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Some of the chanceries are designed possessing the architectural features of a Borneo longhouse, with slanted, tapered eaves over a narrow structure. Egypt Cairo Morocco Rabat Canada Ottawa United States Washington, DC Bahrain Manama Bangladesh Dhaka Cambodia Phnom Penh People's Republic of China Beijing Hong Kong East Timor Dili India New Delhi Indonesia Jakarta Iran Tehran Japan Tokyo Jordan Amman South Korea Seoul Kuwait Kuwait City Laos Vientiane Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Kota Kinabalu Kuching Myanmar Yangon Oman Muscat Pakistan Islamabad Philippines Manila Qatar Doha Republic of China Taipei Saudi Arabia Riyadh Jeddah Singapore Singapore Thailand Bangkok Turkey Ankara United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Vietnam Hanoi Belgium Brussels France Paris Germany Berlin Russia Moscow United Kingdom London Australia Canberra Association of Southeast Asian Nations Jakarta United Nations Geneva New York City Foreign relations of Brunei List of diplomatic missions in Brunei Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Brunei Darussalam

Henry Charles Lennox Anderson

Henry Charles Lennox Anderson was instrumental in the establishment of the Mitchell Library and held the position of Principal Librarian of the New South Wales Free Public Library as it was known, from 1893 - 1906. The Australian Library and Information Association’s H. C. L. Anderson award, named in his memory, is given for outstanding service to the Library profession. Henry Charles Lennox Anderson was born at sea on the Empire on May 10, 1853, his father, Robert Anderson became a police inspector, his mother was Margaret, née Hewson. H. C. L. Anderson attended Sydney Grammar School before attaining a scholarship to attend the University of Sydney. Anderson was appointed New South Wales's first Director of Agriculture in February 1890, a department, established as a branch of the Department of Mines. In 1891, he established the Hawkesbury Agricultural College and the following year, established the Wagga Wagga Experiment Farm. Anderson did not seek a career in libraries, he found himself in the role of Principal Librarian when in 1893 his Agriculture department was closed down and on September 1, 1893 he was appointed Principal Librarian of the Free Public Library at a reduced salary, a position for which it is reported he had'no desire'.

Despite an inauspicious beginning, Anderson became internationally known for developing 101 rules of cataloguing with the use of subject headings. In 1896 he published Guide to the Catalogues of the Reference Library. An active member of the Library Association of Australasia, he trained staff and was first to employ women – due to their willingness to accept lower salaries. Under Anderson’s leadership, the Free Public Library underwent considerable changes with revitalised services and collections developed, he became Registrar of Copyright in 1901, the same year that he introduced the Dewey Decimal Classification system to the Library. Anderson first met David Scott Mitchell in 1895 and played a major role in encouraging the collector to bequeath and finance his collections to the Library. Anderson provided space for Mitchell’s collection of 10,000 volumes by moving out of his house in 1898, it took a public inquiry and five years before planning began for the Mitchell Wing of the Free Public Library.

His time as Principal Librarian was not without controversy being accused of fraud and misappropriation of library materials. A Legislative Assembly Select Committee investigated complaints that he used postal concessions, sold donations, gave preference to some booksellers, included ‘blue’ books in the collections. After five years of investigation, he was exonerated with recommendations made for proper housing of the Mitchell Collection. In 1905 Anderson became director of the State Intelligence Department and in 1907 Government Statistician. In 1908 he returned to the re-established Department of Agriculture – accepting the position because it paid better than the Library. Named in memory of H. C. L. Anderson, the HCL Anderson Award is the highest honour that can be bestowed on an Associate member of the Australian Library and Information Association. "It is awarded in recognition of outstanding service to the library and information profession in Australia, to ALIA, or to the theory of library and information science or to the practice of library and information services."

Richardson, G. D. "The colony's quest for a national library", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 47 Tyrrell, J. R. Old Books, Old Friends, Old Sydney HCL Anderson Award H. C. L. Anderson M. A. Principal Librarian, 1893-1906 photographed by J. Hubert Newman