Yevgeny Ivanovich Zamyatin, sometimes anglicized as Eugene Zamyatin, was a Russian author of science fiction and political satire. He is most famous for a story set in a dystopian future police state. Despite having been a prominent Old Bolshevik, Zamyatin was disturbed by the policies pursued by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union following the October Revolution. In 1921, We became the first work banned by the Soviet censorship board. Zamyatin arranged for We to be smuggled to the West for publication; the subsequent outrage this sparked within the Party and the Union of Soviet Writers led directly to Zamyatin's successful request for exile from his homeland. Due to his use of literature to criticize Soviet society, Zamyatin has been referred to as one of the first Soviet dissidents. Zamyatin was born in Tambov Governorate, 300 km south of Moscow, his father was a Russian Orthodox priest and schoolmaster, his mother a musician. In a 1922 essay, Zamyatin recalled, "You will see a lonely child, without companions of his own age, on his stomach, over a book, or under the piano, on which his mother is playing Chopin."He may have had synesthesia since he gave letters and sounds qualities.
For instance, he saw the letter Л as having pale and light blue qualities. He studied naval engineering in Saint Petersburg from 1902 until 1908, during which time he joined the Bolsheviks, he was sent into internal exile in Siberia. However, he escaped and returned to Saint Petersburg where he lived illegally before moving to the Grand Duchy of Finland in 1906 to finish his studies. After returning to Russia, he began to write fiction as a hobby, he was arrested and exiled a second time in 1911, but amnestied in 1913. His Uyezdnoye in 1913, which satirized life in a small Russian town, brought him a degree of fame; the next year he was tried for maligning the Imperial Russian Military in his story Na Kulichkakh. He continued to contribute articles to various Marxist newspapers. After graduating as an engineer for the Imperial Russian Navy, Zamyatin worked professionally at home and abroad. In 1916 he was sent to the United Kingdom to supervise the construction of icebreakers at the shipyards in Walker and Wallsend while living in Newcastle upon Tyne.
Zamyatin recalled, "In England, I built ships, looked at ruined castles, listened to the thud of bombs dropped by German zeppelins, wrote The Islanders. I regret that I did not see the February Revolution, know only the October Revolution; this is the same as never having been in love and waking up one morning married for ten years or so.."Zamyatin's The Islanders, satirizing English life, the themed A Fisher of Men, were both published after his return to Russia in late 1917. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 he edited several journals, lectured on writing, edited Russian translations of works by Jack London, O. Henry, H. G. Wells, others. Zamyatin supported the October Revolution, but opposed the increasing use of censorship which followed, his works became satirical and critical toward the CPSU. Although he supported them before they came to power he came to disagree more and more with their policies those regarding censorship of the arts. In his 1921 essay "I Am Afraid," Zamyatin wrote: "True literature can exist only when it is created, not by diligent and reliable officials, but by madmen, heretics, dreamers and skeptics."
This attitude made his position difficult as the 1920s wore on. In 1923, Zamyatin arranged for the manuscript of his novel We to be smuggled to E. P. Dutton and Company in New York City. After being translated into English by Gregory Zilboorg, the novel was published in 1924. In 1927, Zamyatin went much further, he smuggled the original Russian text to Marc Lvovich Slonim editor of a Russian émigré journal and publishing house based in Prague. To the fury of the State, copies of the Slonim edition began being smuggled back to the USSR and secretly passed from hand to hand. Zamyatin's dealing with Western publishers triggered a mass offensive by the Soviet State against him; as a result, he was blacklisted from publishing anything in his homeland. We has been discussed as a political satire aimed at the police state of the Soviet Union. There are many other dimensions, however, it may variously be examined as a polemic against the optimistic scientific socialism of H. G. Wells, whose works Zamyatin had published, with the heroic verses of the Proletarian Poets, as an example of Expressionist theory, as an illustration of the archetype theories of Carl Jung as applied to literature.
George Orwell believed that Aldous Huxley's Brave New World must be derived from We. However, in a 1962 letter to Christopher Collins, Huxley says that he wrote Brave New World as a reaction to H. G. Wells' utopias. Kurt Vonnegut said that in writing Player Piano he "cheerfully ripped off the plot of Brave New World, whose plot had been cheerfully ripped off from Yevgeny Zamyatin's We." In 1994, We received a Prometheus Award in the Libertarian Futurist Society's "Hall of Fame" category. In addition to We, Zamyatin wrote a number of short stories, in fairy tale form, that constituted satirical criticism of Communist ideology. In one story, the mayor of a city
The Acme Aircraft Co S-1 Sierra was an experimental aircraft of unusual configuration built in the US in 1948 to investigate the advantages of a pusher propeller configuration. Apart from this engine installation, the aircraft was unusual in having an X-shaped tail incorporating ruddervators on the upper fins; the wing was unswept. During the 1960s, the US aerospace manufacturer Northrop used the aircraft as a technology demonstrator for boundary layer control concepts. Data from General characteristics Crew: 1 Length: 59 ft 1 in Wingspan: 20 ft 2 in Empty weight: 590 lb Powerplant: 1 × Continental C-85 4-cyl. Air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 85 hp Performance Maximum speed: 200 mph Aircraft of comparable role and era Göppingen Gö 9 Aircraft Ab – Ak#Acme Aerofiles Acme Sierra website
David Beckman is a former Canadian Football League head coach. Beckman began coaching as an assistant at Baldwin -- Wallace College. From there he coached at University of Evansville and spent the years of 1973 through 1978 at the University of Iowa; the next six years Beckman spent in the front office of the Cleveland Browns. He moved to the San Diego Chargers in 1985. Beckman was named director of player personnel for the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in April 1990. During that season, Beckman was promoted to interim head coach when Al Bruno was fired with six games remaining. Beckman finished with a 2–4 record, he began the 1991 season as head coach, but was fired on August 30 after going winless in the team's first eight games. He was replaced by John Gregory, fired by the Saskatchewan Roughriders earlier that season. Beckman has two sons and Theodore. Tim Beckman followed in his father's profession and became a head football coach at Toledo and Illinois
Little Valley is a town in Cattaraugus County, New York, United States. The population was 1,740 at the 2010 census; the town is named after its local geographical setting, a relative comparison of two tributaries of the Allegheny River. The town of Little Valley is centrally located in the county, north of the city of Salamanca; the town contains a village named Little Valley, the county seat. The first settlement was made around 1807 but was vacated due to frontier warfare in the War of 1812; the town of Little Valley was formed in 1818 by splitting the town of Perry, which at the time covered the entire western half of the county. The northwest quadrant of the county became Perrysburg, while the southwest quadrant became Little Valley. Little Valley was once an important rail station on the Erie Railroad and notable for its cheese and dairy industry; the location of the railroad resulted in moving the county seat to the village of Little Valley, later connected to Salamanca by a streetcar line.
The towns of Conewango, Mansfield, New Albion, Bucktooth were all formed from Little Valley. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 29.8 square miles, of which 0.008 square miles, or 0.02%, is water. New York State Route 242 and New York State Route 353 are major trunk roads through the town, they converge at Killborn Corners just east of the village of Little Valley. County Routes 96 act as bypasses. County Route 15, which picks up where Route 88 leaves off, continues northeast parallel to Route 242 between Little Valley and Ellicottville. County Routes 5 and 14 start in the northwest corner of the town and head toward New Albion and East Otto, respectively; the Pat McGee Trail, a hiking and snowmobile rail trail that follows the path of the now-removed railroad, runs through the town parallel to Route 353. The Conservation Trail, a subset of the Finger Lakes Trail, passes through the town connecting the state forests therein. Little Valley Creek flows through the town, as does a small tributary named Lees Hollow in the west central part of town.
Whig Street Creek runs northeast-to-southwest across the town. Little Valley is north of south of the town of Mansfield; the town is east of west of the town of Great Valley. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,788 people, 688 households, 462 families residing in the town; the population density was 59.7 people per square mile. There were 845 housing units at an average density of 28.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.92% White, 1.29% Black or African American, 1.23% Native American, 0.06% from other races, 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population. There were 688 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $31,000, the median income for a family was $37,361. Males had a median income of $30,100 versus $21,897 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,191. About 8.8% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. Bucktooth State Forest – A small portion of this state forest crosses the southwestern corner of Little Valley. Elkdale – A hamlet near the south town line on NY Route 353. Elkdale State Forest – A small state forest between Little Valley and Elkdale. Killborn Corners – A small knoll and fork in the road that divides NY 353 and NY 242.
Little Valley – A village in the northwest corner of the town that serves as the county seat. Little Valley Creek – A stream that flows southward through the town and empties into the Allegheny River in Salamanca. Little Rock City – A location in the southeast part of the town, named after an unusual geological formation, called by various names such as "Salamanca Rock City" or "Rock City State Forest". Known as the Rock City and McCarty Hill State Forests, which includes the rock city as well as several square miles of forest land covering most of the eastern half of the village. Salamanca – A small, unpopulated part of the city of Salamanca juts northward into the southeastern region of the town; the anomalous spur exis
WC and the Maad Circle was a hip hop group from Los Angeles, California that consisted of WC, Big Gee, Coolio and DJ Crazy Toones. MAAD stands for Minority Alliance of Anti-Discrimination. Following the dissolution of Low Profile, the rapper WC formed the group and released the albums, Ain't a Damn Thang Changed in 1991 and Curb Servin' in 1995; the albums spawned some popular singles, notably "Dress Code", "West Up!" and "The One". WC would leave the group and form the gangsta rap supergroup Westside Connection with Ice Cube and Mack 10. WC and Crazy Toones continued working together at Ice Cube's Lench Mob Records. On January 9, 2017, Crazy Toones died at age 45 of a heart attack
Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality is symptoms of a spinal cord injury with no evidence of injury to the spinal column on X-rays or CT scan. Symptoms may include numbness, abnormal reflexes, or loss of bladder or bowel control. Neck or back pain is common. Symptoms may be persistent; some do not develop symptoms until a few days after the injury. Causes may include motor vehicle collisions, sports injuries, non accidental trauma. A number of underlying mechanisms are proposed including spinal cord contusion, injury to the blood supply to the spinal cord, excessive stretching of the cord. Magnetic resonance imaging is recommended to determine. Treatment is based on the MRI findings and whether or not symptoms are persistent. If the MRI is normal and symptoms have resolved no or brief neck bracing may be recommended. Otherwise a rigid cervical collar or surgery to immobilize the neck for three months is recommended. If the MRI is abnormal surgery to hold the neck still may be carried out Typically people should avoid further high risk activities for the next six months.
The use of corticosteroids is not recommended. The condition is rare. Most cases are believed to occur in the elderly. Males are more affected than females. Outcomes are good if the MRI is normal but less so if problems are found; the risk of death is low at about 2%. It was first defined in 1982. SCIWORA may present as incomplete spinal cord injury, it is present in a significant number of children with SCI. Notably, the clinical symptoms can present with a delay of hours to days after the trauma; this phenomenon was seen in children but was reported in adults as well. The duration of symptoms varies widely. A full recovery can be achieved without treatment within minutes to hours and permanent injuries might prevail. Overall, there seems to be a relation between extent of damage to the spinal cord and the clinical prognosis; the prognostic value of intra- and extra-medullary MRI findings is subject of ongoing research in the field of SCIWORA. The application of MRI plays a significant role in the early diagnosis and treatment of SCIWORA in children and adults.
Systematic reviews on SCIWORA described the clinical and radiological patterns and correlations with neurological outcome. Boese and Lechler proposed a MRI-based classification for SCIWORA which correlated with the neurological outcome: The acronym SCIWORA was coined by Pang and Wilderer in 1982 This first description on spinal cord injuries with clinics-radiological mismatch was followed by a large number of case reports and case series. A similar condition was reported in adults, it is most common in children. There seem to be relevant differences between pediatric and adult SCIWORA. In particular, adults present with degenerative changes of the spinal column resulting in predisposing spinal stenosis. SCI in adults could be due to instability of vertebral ligaments or a herniation of a disk or a hematoma around the spinal cord that presses on it—none of which would show up on X-rays. In older people, spondylosis or problems with blood vessels can cause SCIWORA; the most common cause is being hit by a vehicle while on foot.
Before 1982, the phenomenon of clinics-radiological mismatch was known as well. Historical literature regarding spinal cord concussion, spinal cord contusion and hyperextension/hyperflexion injuries to the spine describe similar cases to modern cases of SCIWORA. After the introduction of SCIWORA, the term was expanded to adults presenting with degenerative changes; some authors used the term spinal cord injury without radiographic evidence of trauma to describe these cases. Furthermore, the introduction of computed tomography enabled a more detailed depiction of the spine. Thus, the identification of injuries missed called for a delimitation from the classical SCIWORA and SCIWORET; the term SCIWOCTET was introduced by Martinez-Perez. The use of magnetic resonance imaging allowed for better depiction of the spine and soft tissue abnormalities in particular. Again, a novel acronym was proposed to classify patients without traumatic signs using radiographs, CT and MRI; the term spinal cord injury without neuroimaging abnormality was used.
However, the novel acronyms were not accepted and the more general term SCIWORA is used to describe all variants of clinico-radiological mismatches