The Yellow Balloon (film)
The Yellow Balloon is a 1953 British noir, thriller, drama film starring Andrew Ray, William Sylvester, Kathleen Ryan, Kenneth More, Hy Hazell. In London's East End, 12-year-old Frankie Palmer loses the sixpence his father has given him to buy a large yellow balloon from a street seller that the boy has set his heart on, he sees that a friend of his, young Ronnie Williams has bought one and Frankie snatches it off him and runs off with it, with Ronnie in hot pursuit. Ronnie chases Frankie into a large, bombed-out house and they are running about in the ruins when Ronnie slips and falls thirty feet to his death. Frankie realises that there is nothing he can do. Hiding in the shadows and seeing it all, Len Turner, a criminal on the run and using the ruins as a hideout from the police, convinces Frankie that the police will arrest the boy and charge him with the murder of his friend for pushing him to his death and that they must both make their getaway. Although Frankie and Len agree it was an accident, Len is adamant that the police will not see it that way and Frankie goes off with him.
Len blackmails Frankie into stealing money from his parents to help fund Len's escape and uses the boy as a decoy in a pub robbery that goes horribly wrong when Len murders the pub owner. Realising that Frankie is the only witness to his crime, Len knows; this develops into a terrifying hide-and-seek chase through a bomb-damaged and highly-perilous London Underground station, with Len hot on the heels of Frankie, trying to escape with his life. The Yellow Balloon was one of the first films to be passed with the new Adults Only "X" certificate by the British Board of Film Censors, which barred anyone under the age of 16 years from being allowed into a cinema to see the film; this was because the censor felt that the chase through the London Underground station in the last reel would be frightening for young children and Andrew Ray, 13-years-old when the film was shot in 1952 and 14-years-old when it was released in May, 1953, was disappointed that he wasn't allowed to go into a cinema to see his own film because he was under the age of 16.
However, after complaints from cinema exhibitors that the "X" certificate wasn't necessary for the film and it was losing them the family audience they had relied on up until that time, the BBFC relented and in October, 1953, they re-classified the film with an "A" certificate. Andrew Ray as Frankie Palmer Kathleen Ryan as Emily Palmer Kenneth More as Ted Palmer Bernard Lee as PC Chapman Stephen Fenemore as Ron Williams William Sylvester as Len Marjorie Rhodes as Jessie Stokes Peter Jones as Sid Eliot Makeham as Pawnbroker Sid James as Barrow Boy Veronica Hurst as Sunday School Teacher Sandra Dorne as Iris Campbell Singer as Potter Laurie Main as Bibulous Customer Hy Hazell as Mary In The New York Times, critic Bosley Crowther wrote: "it is a leisurely sort of chiller that trades intriguingly upon a youngster's far-fetched fears... The moral is, of course, but they don't. So the British will be able to go right on making these variably fascinating films for years"; the Yellow Balloon on IMDb
Marianne Stone was an English character actress. She appeared in many films from the early 1940s to the late 1980s, she played working class parts such as barmaids and landladies, is best known for her contribution to the Carry On films, of which she appeared in nine, took part in an episode of the Carry On Laughing television series. She had supporting roles with comedian Norman Wisdom, she appeared in Brighton Rock, Seven Days to Noon, The 39 Steps, Ladies Who Do, Oh! What a Lovely War and the first two "Quatermass" films, her most serious and arguably most dramatic role was as Lena Van Broecken in three episodes of the BBC's Secret Army between 1977 and 1978. Stone, whose nickname was "Mugsie", was credited in her early films under the name "Mary Stone", has been credited as "Marion Stone", she was married for fifty years, from 1947 to 1997, to actor-turned-theatre-critic and film historian Peter Noble, with whom she had two children, one of whom is DJ Kara Noble. She appeared in 201 films before the offers dried up in the 1980s and she retired.
Stone died on 21 December 2009 at the age of 87. Carry On Nurse as Alice Able Carry On Constable as Miss Horton Carry On Jack as Peg Carry On Screaming! as Mrs Parker Carry On Don't Lose Your Head as Landlady Carry On Doctor as Mother Carry on at Your Convenience as Maud Carry On Matron as Mrs Putzova Carry On Girls as Miss Drew Carry On Dick as Maggie Carry On Behind as Mrs Rowan Carry On Laughing: "The Case of the Screaming Winkles" as Madame Petra In the book English Gothic, Stone is praised for her contribution to the horror film genre. Stone was a good friend of Carry On producer Peter Rogers. In Donnie Darko, Maggie Gyllenhaal dresses in the Halloween party scene as Vivian Darkbloom, the character Stone played in the 1962 version of Lolita. Jonathan Rigby, English Gothic Robert Ross, The Carry On Story Robert Ross, The Carry On Companion Robert Ross, Mr Carry On: The Life and work of Peter Rogers Neil Snelgrove, The Carry On book of Statistics Richard Webber, The A-Z of Everything Carry On Kenneth Williams, The Kenneth Williams Diaries Marianne Stone on IMDb Obituary in The Independent
Joyce Blair was an English actress and dancer. She was the younger sister of Lionel Blair, with whom she performed, she was the mother of actress Deborah Sheridan-Taylor. Blair was born in London, as the daughter of Myer Ogus, a Lithuanian Jewish barber, who changed the family name to Blair. and Debora "Della" Greenbaum. Her family was Jewish, her father changed the family name to Blair in her youth. Blair was educated at Cone's School in London, started her show-business career by singing and tap-dancing in front of captive audiences in London air raid shelters during the Second World War, she and her brother took up showbusiness as professionals to support their mother after their father's death in 1944. She made her first professional stage appearance in the J. M. Barrie play Quality Street at the Embassy Theatre in 1945, aged 13, she appeared in minor roles in the original London productions of South Pacific in 1951 and Guys and Dolls in 1953, appeared in off-Broadway musicals and pantomimes.
She appeared in several films, but became well known for her appearances on television in the 1950s and 1960s, in shows such as Morecambe and Wise Show, The Benny Hill Show, The Adventures of Robin Hood, New Look, The Saint and Z-Cars. In 1963, credited as "Miss X", she recorded "Christine", a tune written by John Barry and Leslie Bricusse, banned by the BBC at the height of the Profumo scandal but reached no.37 on the UK singles chart. In 1978, she returned to the West End stage in Bar Mitzvah Boy and in 1984 she appeared in The Last Days of Pompeii, she appeared in dance routines with her brother Lionel until an estrangement in 1977. They did not reconcile their differences until many years when their mutual friend Sammy Davis, Jr. was dying of cancer. Blair was married three times, she worked in a Santa Monica antiques shop. She was the mother of actress Deborah Sheridan-Taylor, who played Saskia Duncan in EastEnders, of a son, a photographer. Blair died from cancer in Santa Monica, aged 73.
She was survived by her two children. Yield to the Night Jazz Boat Crooks Anonymous The Wild Affair Be My Guest Mister Ten Per Cent The Last Days of Pompeii 1963 – “Christine” / “S-E-X” as Miss X – UK No. 37
Olga Lindo was an English actress. She was the daughter of Frank Lindo, a well-known actor and author, she made her stage debut at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane on 26 December 1913. She joined her father's touring company in a range of roles. For Basil Dean she appeared in R. U. R in 1923, in 1925 she gave what The Times described as a formidable performance as Sadie Thompson in Maugham's Rain at the Garrick Theatre, she toured in South Africa in 1934 in a variety of parts. Her repertoire ranged from the classics to farce, she acted in films. Olga Lindo on IMDb
The Independent is a British online newspaper. Established in 1986 as a politically independent national morning newspaper published in London, it was controlled by Tony O'Reilly's Independent News & Media from 1997 until it was sold to Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev in 2010; the last printed edition of The Independent was published on Saturday 26 March 2016, leaving only its digital editions. Nicknamed the Indy, it began as a broadsheet, but changed to tabloid format in 2003; until September 2011, the paper described itself on the banner at the top of every newspaper as "free from party political bias, free from proprietorial influence". It tends to take a pro-market stance on economic issues; the daily edition was named National Newspaper of the Year at the 2004 British Press Awards. In June 2015, it had an average daily circulation of just below 58,000, 85 per cent down from its 1990 peak, while the Sunday edition had a circulation of just over 97,000. Launched in 1986, the first issue of The Independent was published on 7 October in broadsheet format.
It was produced by Newspaper Publishing plc and created by Andreas Whittam Smith, Stephen Glover and Matthew Symonds. All three partners were former journalists at The Daily Telegraph who had left the paper towards the end of Lord Hartwell's ownership. Marcus Sieff was the first chairman of Newspaper Publishing, Whittam Smith took control of the paper; the paper was created at a time of a fundamental change in British newspaper publishing. Rupert Murdoch was challenging long-accepted practices of the print unions and defeated them in the Wapping dispute. Production costs could be reduced which, it was said at the time, created openings for more competition; as a result of controversy around Murdoch's move to Wapping, the plant was having to function under siege from sacked print workers picketing outside. The Independent attracted some of the staff from the two Murdoch broadsheets who had chosen not to move to his company's new headquarters. Launched with the advertising slogan "It is. Are you?", challenging both The Guardian for centre-left readers and The Times as the newspaper of record, The Independent reached a circulation of over 400,000 by 1989.
Competing in a moribund market, The Independent sparked a general freshening of newspaper design as well as, within a few years, a price war in the market sector. When The Independent launched The Independent on Sunday in 1990, sales were less than anticipated due to the launch of the Sunday Correspondent four months prior, although this direct rival closed at the end of November 1990; some aspects of production merged with the main paper, although the Sunday paper retained a distinct editorial staff. In the 1990s, The Independent was faced with price cutting by the Murdoch titles, started an advertising campaign accusing The Times and The Daily Telegraph of reflecting the views of their proprietors, Rupert Murdoch and Conrad Black, it featured spoofs of the other papers' mastheads with the words The Rupert Murdoch or The Conrad Black, with The Independent below the main title. Newspaper Publishing had financial problems. A number of other media companies were interested in the paper. Tony O'Reilly's media group and Mirror Group Newspapers had bought a stake of about a third each by mid-1994.
In March 1995, Newspaper Publishing was restructured with a rights issue, splitting the shareholding into O'Reilly's Independent News & Media, MGN, Prisa. In April 1996, there was another refinancing, in March 1998, O'Reilly bought the other shares of the company for £30 million, assumed the company's debt. Brendan Hopkins headed Independent News, Andrew Marr was appointed editor of The Independent, Rosie Boycott became editor of The Independent on Sunday. Marr introduced a dramatic if short-lived redesign which won critical favour but was a commercial failure as a result of a limited promotional budget. Marr admitted his changes had been a mistake in My Trade. Boycott left in April 1998 to join the Daily Express, Marr left in May 1998 becoming the BBC's political editor. Simon Kelner was appointed as the editor. By this time the circulation had fallen below 200,000. Independent News spent to increase circulation, the paper went through several redesigns. While circulation increased, it did not approach the level, achieved in 1989, or restore profitability.
Job cuts and financial controls reduced the quality of the product. Ivan Fallon, on the board since 1995 and a key figure at The Sunday Times, replaced Hopkins as head of Independent News & Media in July 2002. By mid-2004, the newspaper was losing £5 million per year. A gradual improvement meant. In November 2008, following further staff cuts, production was moved to Northcliffe House, in Kensington High Street, the headquarters of Associated Newspapers; the two newspaper groups' editorial and commercial operations remained separate, but they shared services including security, information technology and payroll. On 25 March 2010, Independent News & Media sold the newspaper to Russian oligarch Alexander Lebedev for a nominal £1 fee and £9.25m over the next 10 months, choosing this option over closing The Independent and The Independent on Sunday, which would have cost £28m and £40m due to long-term contracts. In 2009, Lebedev had bought a controlling stake in the London Evening Standard. Two weeks editor Roger Alton resigned.
In July 2011, The Independent's columnist Johann Hari was stripped of the Orwell Prize he had won in 2008 after claims, to which Hari admitted, of plagiarism and inaccuracy. In January 2012, Chris Blackhurst
The Weak and the Wicked
The Weak and the Wicked is a 1954 British drama film directed by J. Lee Thompson based on the book by his wife, Joan Henry, starring Glynis Johns and Diana Dors. Based on a best-selling book and prison experiences of author Joan Henry, director J. Lee Thompson's prison saga explores the life of inmates behind bars where innocence is lost in the world of vice. Despite its pulpy pot-boiler title, the film settles for earnest social drama over melodrama. Frank "women in prison" story that sympathetically tracks several inmates through their imprisonment and subsequent return to society; some are rehabilitated. Female prisoners talk about the events that brought them there and each of their stories is detailed in a series of flashbacks; the film follows the inmates' progress behind bars. The film was successful at the British box office. According to the National Film Finance Corporation, the film made a comfortable profit; the Weak and the Wicked on IMDb The Weak and the Wicked at AllMovie
Cape Fear (1962 film)
Cape Fear is a 1962 American psychological thriller film starring Robert Mitchum, Gregory Peck, Martin Balsam, Polly Bergen. It was adapted by James R. Webb from the 1957 novel The Executioners by John D. MacDonald, it was storyboarded by Alfred Hitchcock, subsequently directed by J. Lee Thompson, released on April 12, 1962; the film concerns an attorney. Cape Fear was remade in 1991 by Martin Scorsese. Peck and Balsam all appeared in the remake. After spending eight years in prison for rape, Max Cady is released, he promptly tracks down Sam Bowden, a lawyer whom he holds responsible for his conviction because Sam interrupted his attack and testified against him. Cady begins to subtly threaten Bowden's family, he kills the Bowden family dog. A friend of Bowden's, police chief Mark Dutton, attempts to intervene on Bowden's behalf, but he cannot prove Cady guilty of any crime. Bowden hires private detective Charlie Sievers. Cady brutally rapes a promiscuous young woman named Diane Taylor when he brings her home, but neither the private eye nor Bowden can persuade her to testify.
Bowden hires three men to beat up Cady and persuade him to leave town, but the plan backfires when Cady gets the better of all three. Cady's lawyer vows to have Bowden disbarred. Afraid for his wife Peggy and 14-year-old daughter Nancy, Bowden takes them to their houseboat in Cape Fear. In an attempt to trick Cady, Bowden makes it seem as though he has gone to a different location, he expects Cady to follow his wife and daughter, he plans on killing Cady to end the battle. Bowden and local deputy Kersek hide nearby. Eluding Bowden, Cady first attacks Mrs. Bowden on the boat. Meanwhile, Cady swims back to shore to attack Nancy. Bowden realizes what has happened, swims ashore; the two men engage in a final violent fight on the riverbank. Bowden overpowers Cady, but decides not to kill him, preferring to let him spend the rest of his life in jail; the film concludes with the Bowden family sitting together on a boat the next morning. Rod Steiger wanted to play Max Cady, but he backed off when he heard Mitchum was considering the role.
Telly Savalas was screentested for the role, but played private eye Charlie Sievers. Thompson had always envisioned the film in white prior to production; as an Alfred Hitchcock fan, he wanted to have Hitchcockian elements in the film, such as unusual lighting angles, an eerie musical score and subtle hints rather than graphic depictions of the violence Cady has in mind for the family. The outdoor scenes were filmed on location in Georgia; the indoor scenes were done at Universal Studios Soundstage. Mitchum had a real-life aversion to Savannah, where as a teenager, he had been charged with vagrancy and put on a chain gang; this resulted in a number of the outdoor scenes' being shot at Ladd's Marina in Stockton, including the culminating conflict on the houseboat at the end of the movie. This scene where Mitchum attacks Polly Bergen's character on the houseboat was completely improvised. Before the scene was filmed, Thompson told a crew member: "Bring me a dish of eggs!" Mitchum's rubbing the eggs on Bergen's reactions were real.
She suffered back injuries from being knocked around so much. She felt the impact of the "attack" for days. While filming the scene, Mitchum cut open his hand, leading Bergen to recall: "his hand was covered in blood, my back was covered in blood. We just kept caught up in the scene, they came over and physically stopped us."In the source novel The Executioners, by John D. MacDonald, Cady was a soldier court-martialed and convicted on Lieutenant Bowden's testimony for the brutal rape of a 14-year-old girl; the censors stepped in, banned the use of the word "rape", stated that depicting Cady as a soldier reflected adversely on U. S. military personnel. Bernard Herrmann, as in his scores, uses a reduced version of the symphony orchestra. Here, other than a 46-piece string section, he adds eight French horns. No use is made of percussion. In his 2002 book A Heart at Fire's Center: The Life and Music of Bernard Herrmann, Stephen C. Smith writes: "Yet Herrmann was perfect for Cape Fear... Herrmann's score reinforces Cape Fear's savagery.
A synthesis of past devices, its power comes from their imaginative application and another ingenious orchestration... a rehearsal for his similar orchestration on Hitchcock's Torn Curtain in 1966. Like similar "psychological" Herrmann scores, dissonant string combinations suggest the workings of a killer's mind. Hermann's prelude searingly establishes the dramatic conflict: descending and ascending chromatic voices move towards each other from their opposite registers crossing–just as Bodens and Cadey's game of cat-and-mouse will end in deadly confrontation." Although the word "rape" was removed from the script before shooting, the film still enraged the censors, who worried that "there was a continuous threat of sexual assault on a child." To accept the film, British censors required extensive editing a