Yorba Linda, California

Yorba Linda is a suburban city in northeastern Orange County, California 37 miles southeast of Downtown Los Angeles. The suburb's most famous resident was Richard Nixon, his birthplace is a National Historic Landmark, at his presidential library and museum located there. Yorba Linda is part of the Los Angeles metropolitan area according to the US Census; as of the 2010 census, its population was 64,234. The area is the home of the Tongva, Luiseño, Juaneño tribal nations, who were there "as early as 4,000 years ago." The Tongva defined their world as Tovaangar, a nation which "extended from Palos Verdes to San Bernardino, from Saddleback Mountain to the San Fernando Valley" and included the entire territory of present-day Yorba Linda. Spanish colonization between 1769 and 1840 brought "disease, invasive species, livestock" into the area, which "upended the ecological balance of the region and forced the Tongva to resettle around three missions." In 1810, the Spanish crown granted Jose Antonio Yorba 63,414 acres of land, which "spread across much of modern-day Orange County."

In 1834, following Mexico's independence from Spain, Jose Antonio Yorba's most successful son, Bernardo Yorba, was granted the 13,328-acre Rancho Cañón de Santa Ana by Mexican governor José Figueroa. Most of this original land was retained after the Mexican–American War in 1848 by descendants of the Yorba family. A portion of the city's land is still owned and developed by descendants of Samuel Kraemer, who acquired it through his marriage to Angelina Yorba, the great-granddaughter of Bernardo Yorba; the site of the Bernardo Yorba Hacienda, referred to as the Don Bernardo Yorba Ranch House Site, is listed as a California Historical Landmark. Near that same site sits the second oldest private cemetery in the county, the historic Yorba Cemetery; the land was given to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles by Bernardo Yorba in 1858 since Orange County was not established out of Los Angeles County as a separate county until 1889. The cemetery was subsequently vandalized. A section of the land was sold in 1907 by the Yorba family to Fullerton businessman Jacob Stern, who used the land for barley fields and sheep grazing.

Stern subsequently sold the tract to the Janss Investment Company, which first called the area Yorba Linda, proceeded to subdivide the land and sell it for agriculture and manufacturing. In 1910, the agricultural aspect of that endeavor materialized, the first of many lemon and orange groves were planted: at the time, the population was still less than 50. A year The Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Company began serving Yorba Linda, the first school was constructed. In 1912, several things happened in Yorba Linda: it received its first post office; the area that would become downtown was connected to Los Angeles by the Pacific Electric Railway in 1912 for citrus transport. In 1913, Richard Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, the chamber of commerce was set up, a library opened as part of the school, avocado trees were first planted. A year a separate district was established for the library system. In 1915, the Susanna Bixby Bryant Ranch house was constructed, it is a museum, open to the public. In 1917, the first street was paved, Yorba Linda Boulevard.

The Yorba Linda Star began publication also. It has since become an online section of the OC Register. A printed version of the Star is available at various city buildings free of charge and is delivered to every household in Yorba Linda each Thursday. Past articles are on microfilm at the Yorba Linda Public Library; the population exceeded 300 for the first time prior to 1920. In 1929, the citrus association's packing house burned down, it reopened the next year. During this period, the eastern two-thirds of Yorba Linda remained part of cattle and agricultural ranches controlled by pioneer families such as the Yorba, de los Reyes, Travis, Dominguez and Bryant ranches. From 1943 to 1958, "approximately seventy thousand braceros were transported to Orange County," used by employers to service citrus crops. Braceros lived in temporary housing projects referred to as "camps," which were policed by local deputies throughout the county; the townspeople of Yorba Linda "refused to allow the housing of braceros in their city, forcing the nearby town of Placentia to board them within the segregated Mexican colonic."

The small town had grown by the 1960s, with more than 1,000 residents by the 1960 Census. Three annexation attempts were made by adjoining cities: Brea in 1958 and Anaheim and Placentia in 1963; these experiences culminated in incorporation, which occurred in 1967. The new city implemented a municipal general plan in 1972. By the 1980 Census, the population was nearing 30,000. Within ten years it exceeded 50,000. In 1990, the Birthplace of Richard Nixon opened as museum, it would become a federal presidential library. In 1994, the community center opened. With over 20,000 housing units in the city as of 2016, many residents now oppose further urban development and have organized to reduce traffic congestion; the Yorba Linda Preservation Foundation seeks to protect historical buildings in the city. In 2005, CNN ranked Yorba Linda 21st among the best places in the U. S. to live. In 2012, Yorba Linda was ranked 42nd on Money magazine's list of America's best small cities

Nancy Davenport

Nancy Davenport is a Canadian photographer. Her photography and digital work have been exhibited at venues including the Liverpool Biennial, the Istanbul Biennial, the 25th Bienal de São Paulo, DHC/Art Fondation pour l’art Contemporain in Montreal and the First Triennial of Photography & Video at the International Center of Photography, NY, her work has appeared in October, Art in America, ARTnews, Flash Art. She is represented by Nicole Klagsbrun Gallery, she is Assistant Professor of Fine Arts in the University of Pennsylvania School of Design, she has served as the Henry Wolf Chair at Cooper Union New York and has taught in the Master of Fine Arts programs at Bard, New York, the School of Visual Arts, New York, Yale University. She lives in New York City. 2009 Rome Prize 2011 Militarhistorisches Museum der Bundeswehr, Germany 2010 Instituto Svizzero Roma 2009 Art Gallery of Windsor, Canada. 2003 International Center of Photography, New York, NY.

Tracks to TerezĂ­n

Spuren nach Theresienstadt / Tracks to Terezín is a film with Herbert Thomas Mandl, a survivor of the Holocaust. The composer Pavel Haas makes a bow after the performance of his composition “Study For String Orchestra” conducted by Karel Ančerl at Terezín 1944; that photo is a stand by photo shot during the set of the propaganda film “A Documentary About The Jewish Settlement” about Theresienstadt. A member of that orchestra and be seen on that photo is the violin player Herbert Thomas Mandl, he is a real witness of the 20th century. He was born in 1926 at Bratislava, his father Daniel Mandl served for the artillery of the army of the Austrian-Hungarian Army at the Albanian front. At his childhood Mandl is in Ostrava and Brno and he gets education in playing the violin. After the occupation of the Nazis he and the family must go to the ghetto of Prague and will be deported to the concentration camp of Terezín, used by the Nazis for propaganda. There he met the composer Viktor Ullmann, Ullmann is now his conductor.

Mandl is member of different orchestras in Terezín as in the string orchestra of Karel Ančerl and in the missed musical work “Villon” composed and conducted by Viktor Ullmann at Terezín. Deportation to Auschwitz. Death march together with his father to the concentration camp Dachau-Kaufering IV, his father dies in Dachau. Herbert Thomas Mandl survives, he will be not executed at the concentration camp, because a member of the SS refuses to shoot, he sees the liberation of the camp by the US-Army. After the war Mandl works as a professor for violin at the academy in Ostrava. During the Cold War he comes in conflict with the regime. Unbelievable escape as a tourist to the American Embassy in Cairo and imprisoned in Egypt. Flight interrogations there. Mandl comes to Western Germany, people of the secret service believes; the bureaucracy of Western Germany denies to accept him as a political refugee. But the poet Heinrich Böll helps him and Mandl becomes his secretary. Böll helps him to plan the escape of his wife Slavi from Ostrava.

During a visit of Heinrich Böll in Prague Böll smuggles the wife of Mandl in his car through the border. Now both want to start a new life in the United States of America. Slavi Mandl is an excellent piano player. In the United States Slavi Mandl works as a piano player and teacher for music. For Herbert Thomas Mandl it is not so easy to get some work. In Seattle in the state Washington he works in a psychiatry. Both stay now in Meerbusch near Düsseldorf. Slavi Mandl works as a teacher for piano and with the help of Heinrich Böll Mandl becomes a teacher at a school. For the world premiere of the play “The Inquiry” of Peter Weiss about the trial of Auschwitz in Frankfurt. Herbert Thomas Mandl works as a witness on the direction the play; the communistic government of the Czechoslovakia deprives his doctor in philosophy. Mandl died on February 22, 2007. In the film Herbert Thomas Mandl gives answers to the following questions: About the music and the rehearsal of the opera “The Emperor of Atlantis Or The Disobidiene of Death” by Viktor Ullmann, composed 1943 / 1944 at Terezín.

About the end of the rehearsals of “The Emperor of Atlantis Or The Disobidience of Death” and why the emperor in the opera of Ullmann cannot be seen as Hitler. About the world premiere of the melodramatic piece „The Lay of Love and Death of The Cornet Christoph Rilke“ composed by Viktor Ullmann at Terezín. Place and date of the world premiere of “The Lay of Love and Death of The Cornet Christoph Rilke”. Place of the rehearsals of the opera by Ullmann “The Emperor of Atlantis Or The Disobidience of Death”. About the management of the rehearsals of the opera “The Emperor of Atlantis Or The Disobidience of Death” and the leisure time at Terezín; the set of the propaganda film “A Documentary About The Jewish Settlement”. Theresienstadt About Kurt Gerron, the director of the propaganda film and the visit of the Red Cross at Terezín 1944; the meaning of the word „Transport“. The film was produced in 2007 by ARBOS - Company for Theatre in Austria. Interview and director: Herbert Gantschacher. A DVD exists in German Language.

Herbert Thomas Mandl "Remembering Viktor Ullmann" in "Tracks to Viktor Ullmann" edition selene, Vienna 1998 ISBN 3-85266-093-9 Ingo Schultz "Viktor Ullmann" in New Grove, second edition, Oxford University Press ISBN 0-333-60800-3 Jean Jacques Van Vlasselaer "The Ultimate Witness" University for Music & Performing Arts Mozarteum Salzburg 2006 Ingo Schultz "Composed and rehearsed at the Theresienstadt concentration camp:'The Emperor of Atlantis or The Disobidience of Death' by Viktor Ullmann" in "Music Theatre in exile during the Nazi period" Von Bockel edition, Hamburg 2007 ISBN 3-932696-68-9 Ingo Schultz "Viktor Ullmann. Life and Work" Metzler/Bärenreiter edition, Kassel 2008 ISBN 978-3-476-02232-5 Herbert Thomas Mandl talks about the end of the rehearsals of “The Emperor of Atlantis Or The Disobidience of Death” and why the emperor in the opera of Ullmann cannot be seen as Hitler. On YouTube