The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Maine's 1st congressional district
Maine's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U. S. state of Maine. The geographically smaller of the two congressional districts in the state, the district covers the southern coastal area of the state; the district consists of all of Cumberland, Lincoln and York counties and most of Kennebec County. Located within the district are the cities of Portland, Augusta and Saco; the district is represented by Democrat Chellie Pingree. Maine was a part of the state of Massachusetts. Massachusetts was allocated 20 districts after the 1810 U. S. Census; when Maine became a state in 1820, seven of those districts were credited to it. Since all but the 1st and 2nd Congressional Districts have become obsolete. Maine's 1st Congressional District consists of: Cumberland County The following towns in Kennebec County: Augusta Chelsea China Farmingdale Hallowell Manchester Pittston Readfield Vassalboro Waterville Windsor Winslow Winthrop Knox County Lincoln County Sagadahoc County York County The 2018 election is the first to use ranked-choice voting as opposed to plurality voting since the district's creation.
However, since the leading candidate had a majority of first-choice votes, no distribution of preferences was conducted. Maine's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present U. S. House of Representatives
Casco Bay is an inlet of the Gulf of Maine on the southern coast of Maine, New England, United States. Its easternmost approach is Cape Small and its westernmost approach is Two Lights in Cape Elizabeth; the city of Portland sits along its southern edge and the Port of Portland lies within. There are two theories on the origin of the name "Casco Bay". Aucocisco is the Abenaki name for the bay, which means'place of herons'; the Portuguese explorer Estêvão Gomes, mapped the Maine coast in 1525 and named the bay "Bahía de Cascos". The first settlement in Casco Bay was that of Capt. Christopher Levett, an English explorer, who built a house on House Island in 1623–24; the settlement failed. The first permanent settlement of the bay was named Casco; the United States Coastal Pilot lists 136 islands, leading to the bay's islands being called the Calendar Islands based on the popular myth there are 365 of them. Robert M. York, the former Maine state historian said there are "little more than two hundred islands".
At the time of European contact in the sixteenth century, people speaking an Eastern dialect of the Wabanaki language inhabited present-day Casco Bay. A number of Treaties were negotiated and signed between the British colonies and members of the Wabanaki Confederacy in Casco Bay, including the Treaty of Casco, the Treaty of Casco, Treaty of Casco Bay; the latter Treaty was the result of a Conference between the British and the Abenaki in August, 1727, at which the parties agreed to uphold the terms of the 1725 Treaty of Peace and Friendship which ended Dummer's War, to cooperate with each other in keeping the peace. Chief Loron Sagouarram, who had signed the Treaty of 1725, addressed the gathering in 1727, providing his understanding of the Treaty relationship. Casco Bay is home to abandoned military fortifications dating from the War of 1812 through World War II. See Forts of Casco Bay below. Since Casco Bay was the nearest American anchorage to the Atlantic Lend-Lease convoy routes to Britain prior to US entry into World War II, Admiral King ordered a large pool of destroyers to be stationed there for convoy escort duty in August 1941.
The State Historic Site of Eagle Island was the summer home of Arctic explorer Robert Peary. Walter Cronkite stated. In 2008, up-and-coming composers Peter J. McLaughlin and Akiva G. Zamcheck wrote a piece in four movements paying homage to the wreck of the Don in Casco Bay in 1941; the piece received critical acclaim from fellow Maine composers. The "Don" was lost 29 June 1941 near Ragged Island. Portland has a substantial fleet of deep-sea fishing vessels which offload their catch at the Portland Fish Exchange. Numerous towns and islands serve as ports for lobster boats. Recreational fishing boats can be chartered. Marinas include Chebeague Island Boat Yard on Great Chebeague Island. During the 1980s and 1990s, Bath Iron Works operated a dry dock in Portland Harbor to repair US Navy vessels, but that operation was discontinued. Predominant fish in the bay include mackerel, striped bass, bluefish. Shellfish include lobsters, mussels and snails. Harbor seals congregate on certain exposed ledges, whales on occasion swim into the bay, in a few instances into Portland Harbor.
Seagulls and varying species of ducks are the most common birds. Casco Bay contains bay mud bottoms and banks in some locations, providing important substrates for biota; the major islands in the bay are served by the Casco Bay Lines ferry service at the Maine State Pier in Portland. Peaks Island is served by a car ferry and, during the summer, sees 16 ferries a day; the other islands see no car transport. Great and Little Diamond islands and Long Island are served by the Diamond Pass run, popular with tourists in the summer months. Other services offered by Casco Bay Lines include a daily mailboat run, a cruise to Bailey Island, a sunset run. Other services such as water taxis are popular alternatives to the ferry, but are limited to six passengers per boat. From south to north: Cape Elizabeth South Portland Portland Falmouth Cumberland Yarmouth Freeport Brunswick Harpswell West Bath Phippsburg Major islands Minor islands Casco Bay is home to 7 lighthouses: Cape Elizabeth Lights Portland Head Light Ram Island Ledge Light Spring Point Ledge Light Portland Breakwater Light Halfway Rock Light Pocahontas Light, the smallest lighthouse registered with the United States Coast Guard, it stands only 6 feet tall Forts in Casco Bay: The newspaper for Portland, the largest city in Casco Bay, is the Portland Press Herald
Kittery is a town in York County, United States. Home to the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard on Seavey's Island, Kittery includes Badger's Island, the seaside district of Kittery Point, part of the Isles of Shoals; the town is a tourist destination known for its many outlet stores. Kittery is Maine metropolitan statistical area; the town's population was 9,490 at the 2010 census. Kittery may be the namesake of William Billings' 1783 anthem "Kittery", printed in the Shenandoah Harmony and Missouri Harmony shape note tunebooks, but because the song was published after the incorporation of the town, this is debated. English settlement around the natural harbor of the Piscataqua River estuary began about 1623. By 1632 it was protected by Fort Mary on today's New Hampshire side of the river. Kittery was incorporated in 1647, staking a claim as the "oldest incorporated town in Maine." It was named after the birthplace of a founder, Alexander Shapleigh, from his manor of Kittery Court at Kingswear in Devon, England.
Shapleigh arrived in 1635 aboard the ship Benediction, which he co-owned with another prominent settler, Captain Francis Champernowne, a cousin of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, lord proprietor of Maine. Together with the Pepperrell family, they established fisheries offshore at the Isles of Shoals, where fish were caught and exported back to Europe. Other pioneers were hunters and workers of the region's abundant timber; the settlement at the mouth of the Piscataqua River was protected by Fort McClary. Thomas Spencer, immigrant from Gloucestershire, England, is a notable settler of Kittery with his wife Patience Chadbourne, their story is included in "The Maine Spencers: a history and genealogy, with mention of many associated families." Kittery extended from the Atlantic Ocean inland up the Salmon Falls River, including the present-day towns of Eliot, South Berwick and North Berwick. Located opposite Portsmouth, New Hampshire, the town developed into a center for trade and shipbuilding. After the death of Gorges, Maine in 1652 became part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Francis Small was a pioneer resident of Kittery, operated a trading post near the confluence of the Ossipee River and Saco River. Here major Indian trails converged—the Sokokis Trail, the Ossipee Trail, the Pequawket Trail -- a location conducive towards lucrative fur trade with Indians, but with risks of living isolated in the wilderness. Small became the largest property owner in the history of Maine, became known as "the great landowner". In 1663, John Josselyn would write: "Towns there are, are not many in this province. Kittery, situated not far from Passacataway, is the most populous." In 1705, during Queen Anne's War tribes of the Wabanaki Confederacy raided the town killing six citizens and taking five prisoners. During the Revolution, the first vessels of the U. S. Navy were constructed on Badger's Island, including the 1777 USS Ranger commanded by John Paul Jones; the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, the nation's first federal navy yard, was established in 1800 on Fernald's Island. It connects to the mainland by two bridges.
The facility rebuilt the USS Constitution, built the Civil War USS Kearsarge. Seavey's Island became site of the now defunct Portsmouth Naval Prison. Kittery has some fine early architecture, including the Sir William Pepperrell House, built in 1733, the Lady Pepperrell House, built in 1760; the John Bray House, built in 1662, is believed to be the oldest surviving house in Maine. Located at the John Paul Jones State Historic Site on U. S. 1 is the Maine Sailors' and Soldiers' Memorial by Bashka Paeff. Further northeast up the road, the town has developed factory outlet shopping popular with tourists. Kittery Point is home to Seapoint Beach and Fort Foster Park a harbor defense. In 1905, The Treaty of Portsmouth formally ending the Russo-Japanese war, was signed at the shipyard. In 1996, the movie Thinner, based on the 1984 Stephen King novel, was filmed in Kittery; the Saturday morning cartoon DinoSquad is based in Kittery/Kittery Point. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 75.30 square miles, of which, 17.78 square miles of it is land and 57.52 square miles is water.
Situated beside the Gulf of Maine and Atlantic Ocean, Kittery is drained by Spruce Creek, Chauncey Creek and the Piscataqua River. The town is crossed by Interstate 95, U. S. Route 1, Maine State Route 101, Maine State Route 103, Maine State Route 236. See Kittery and Kittery Point, Maine for village demographics As of the census of 2010, there were 9,490 people, 4,302 households, 2,488 families residing in the town; the population density was 533.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 4,942 housing units at an average density of 278.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.1% White, 0.01% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population. There were 4,302 households of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 42.2% were non-families.
32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.77. The m
Kennebunkport is a town in York County, United States. The population was 3,474 people at the 2010 census, it is part of the Portland–South Portland–Biddeford metropolitan statistical area. The town center, the area in and around Dock Square, is located along the Kennebunk River 1 mile from the mouth of the river on the Atlantic Ocean. A shipbuilding and fishing village, for well over a century the town has been a popular summer colony and seaside tourist destination; the Dock Square area has a district of souvenir shops, art galleries, seafood restaurants, bed and breakfasts. Cape Porpoise, while retaining its identity as a fishing harbor, has a small village area with several restaurants, a church, grocery store, coffee shop, small library, art gallery. Kennebunkport has a reputation as a summer haven for the upper class and is one of the wealthiest communities in the state of Maine. Kennebunkport and neighboring towns Kennebunk and Arundel comprise school district RSU 21. Kennebunkport was first incorporated in 1663 as Cape Porpus, subject to the government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Due to Indian depredations, the town was depopulated by 1689, not resettled by Europeans again until the early 18th century. The town was renamed Arundel, the town center located inland at Burbank Hill. In 1821 the town was renamed again, this time to Kennebunkport in reflection to its economy becoming one of shipbuilding and trade along the Kennebunk River. By the 1870s the town had developed as a popular summer destination, with both hotels and homes constructed along its coastline. Cape Arundel, Cape Porpoise, Beachwood were some of the early summer colonies. Since 1939, Kennebunkport has been home to the Seashore Trolley Museum; the Great Fires of 1947, which devastated much of York County, affected Kennebunkport and the area near Goose Rocks Beach. Much of the housing near Goose Rocks Beach was destroyed by the fire, but the area has since recovered and been rebuilt. Like much of the northeast coast, the geography of the southern Maine coast was directed by the retreat of the Laurentide ice cap about 23,000 years ago.
The coast is framed by bedrock, left during the formation of the Appalachian mountains, the irregular shape of the coast is attributed to differential erosion of the underlying rock layer. The coast along Kennebunkport differs from the Maine coast north and east of Portland due to differences in the composition of this rock layer. Beyond Portland, the layer is metamorphic rock, but here the coast is a mixture of igneous rock, embayments of more eroded sedimentary and metamorphic rock; these embayments result in the sandy beaches that can be found in southern Maine, but are uncommon north of Portland. The geology here differs from that of the outer lands, which were formed as terminal and recessional moraines, do not contain much in the way of a bedrock skeleton. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.35 square miles, of which, 20.52 square miles of it is land and 28.83 square miles is water. The town has several distinct areas, each developed during a phase of the town's history.
The original town center was at Cape Porpoise, which today has a small village center, is both a summer colony and year-round community, hosts a working fishing harbor. Inland from Cape Porpoise is a mix of forest and agricultural land, punctuated by an historic town center at Burbank Hill. Heading west towards the mouth of the Kennebunk river is Dock Square, the current town center. In the late 19th and early 20th century and Cape Arundel, developed as a summer colony for the wealthy. Traveling from Dock Square along Ocean Avenue is the Cape Arundel Summer Colony Historic District; this district of many well-preserved examples of early 20th-century shingle-style cottages begins at Chick's Creek and ends at Walker's Point. Arundel Biddeford Kennebunk The Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge has a significant portion of lands in Kennebunkport northeast of Cape Porpoise and through Goose Rocks. Within Kennebunkport, much of this protected land is salt-water marsh; this climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold winters.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kennebunkport has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps. Kennebunkport was the summer home of former U. S. President George H. W. Bush, father of former U. S. President George W. Bush. First built by Bush's maternal grandfather George Herbert Walker, it has been a family home since, has been owned by the Bush family since sometime in the early 1980s; the Bushes' ancestry is distinct from the Walker family that settled Maine. Some of this family's Walker relatives are buried in the Kennebunkport area ancient cemeteries. During his presidency, George H. W. Bush invited world leaders, from Margaret Thatcher to Mikhail Gorbachev, to Kennebunkport. In 2007, his son George W. Bush invited Nicolas Sarkozy; the Bush compound is on Walkers Point, called Point Vesuvi
Parsonsfield is a town in York County, United States. The population was 1,898 at the 2010 census. Parsonsfield includes the villages of Kezar Falls and North, East and South Parsonsfield, it is Maine metropolitan statistical area. This was part of a large tract of land sold on November 28, 1668 by Newichewannock Indian Chief Sunday to Francis Small, a trader from Kittery; the price was two large Indian blankets, two gallons of rum, two pounds of gunpowder, four pounds of musket balls and twenty strings of Indian beads. Small sold half his interest to Major Nicholas Shapleigh of what is now Eliot. In 1771, heirs sold the township to Thomas Parsons and 39 associates, upon which it was surveyed into 100-acre lots. Called Parsonstown Plantation, it was first settled in 1772 by 12 families. On August 29, 1785, the town was incorporated as Parsonsfield after Thomas Parsons, one of the largest proprietors; the Blazo-Leavitt House, a fine example of the Federal style, was built in 1812. Parsonsfield Seminary was founded in 1832 and closed in 1949.
The surface of the town is rough and hilly, its soil fertile for farming. Chief crops were hay. Mills were built on the South River; the largest water power source was on the Ossipee River at Kezar Falls, where the village of Kezar Falls straddled the stream into Porter. Parsonsfield had seven gristmills. In 1880, John Devereux and George W. Towle built the Kezar Falls Woolen Mill, a woolen textile factory which became the most important business in Parsonsfield. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.91 square miles, of which, 58.89 square miles of it is land and 1.02 square miles is water. Parsonsfield is drained by the South Ossipee River; the town's highest point is 1,300 feet above sea level. The town is crossed by state routes 25, 160, NH 153, it is bordered by Effingham and Wakefield, New Hampshire to the west and Hiram to the north and Limerick to the east, Newfield to the south. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,898 people, 764 households, 514 families residing in the town.
The population density was 32.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,174 housing units at an average density of 19.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.0% White, 0.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 764 households of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, 32.7% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age in the town was 42.4 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 50.3% male and 49.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,584 people, 634 households, 438 families residing in the town.
The population density was 26.9 people per square mile. There were 996 housing units at an average density of 16.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.17% White, 0.13% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.06% from other races, 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population. There were 634 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.8% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.89. In the town, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males. The median income for a household in the town was $32,214, the median income for a family was $36,016. Males had a median income of $30,815 versus $20,917 for females; the per capita income for the town was $16,968. About 10.5% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. Note: The following section is copied from the book "History of Parsonsfield, Maine: 1771-1888," published by Brown Thurston & Company, 1888; the town of Parsonsfield is in the extreme northwest corner of Maine. Center Square, on the northern slope of Cedar Mountain, is about 30 miles from the ocean, at Old Orchard and thirty-two from Wells Beach on an air line, 33 miles west-north-west from Portland, its northern boundary is the Great Ossipee River The towns of Porter and Hiram are north of the river. Effingham and Wakefield, NH, are on the western border, Newfield is on the south and Cornish on the east.
The outer lines of the town have been measured several times, giving an area from 62.23 to 64 square miles. The length of the western line is nearly 8.5 miles, the east
Cornish is a town in York County, United States. The population was 1,403 at the 2010 census, it is Maine metropolitan statistical area. Cornish has a number of antique shops near historic Thompson Park. In 1665, a trading post was established by Francis Small in the vicinity of Cornish village, not far from the confluence of the Ossipee River with the Saco River. Here converged three major Abenaki Indian paths—the Sokokis Trail, the Ossipee Trail and the Pequawket Trail, making it a central location for conducting with Native Americans the lucrative fur trade. In 1668, Small purchased from Newichawannock Chief Captain Sunday the Ossipee Tract, encompassing the present-day towns of Cornish, Newfield, Limerick and Shapleigh; the price was two large Indian blankets, two gallons of rum, two pounds of gunpowder, four pounds of musket balls and twenty strings of Indian beads. Small sold a half interest in the tract to Major Nicholas Shapleigh of Eliot. In 1770, heirs discovered the unrecorded deed, hired attorney James Sullivan of Biddeford to pursue their claim.
They won, paid Sullivan for his services with the township he named Limerick. Small's descendants took possession of Newfield and Cornish, the latter first named Francisborough Francistown, after its original proprietor. Settled by Joseph Thompson in 1782, it was incorporated on February 27, 1794 as Cornish by settlers from the county of Cornwall, England; the soil was productive for farming, producing large crops of corn and other types of grain. In 1859, the population was 1,144; the Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad ran up the Saco River valley in the early 1870s, servicing Baldwin Station across the bridge from Cornish. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.38 square miles, of which 22.18 square miles is land and 0.20 square miles is water. Cornish is drained by the Saco River; the town's highest point is 1,320 + feet above sea level. It is York County's highest point; the second highest point in the town and county is Hosac Mountain, 1,320 feet mistaken as the highest point in York County.
The town is crossed by state routes 5, 25 and 160. Cornish borders the towns of Hiram to the north, Baldwin to the northeast, Limington to the east, Limerick to the south, Parsonsfield to the west. A the 2010 census, there were 609 households and 405 families residing in the town; the population density was 63.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 692 housing units at an average density of 31.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.4% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, 0.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population. There were 609 households of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 33.5% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.75. The median age in the town was 44.5 years. 20.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the town was 50.7% male and 49.3% female. At the 2000 census, there were 1,269 people, 521 households and 340 families residing in the town; the population density was 57.4 per square mile. There were 588 housing units at an average density of 26.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.35% White, 0.24% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.08% from other races, 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.55% of the population. There were 521 households of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.00.
24.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males. The median household income was $38,125 and the median family income was $46,477. Males had a median income of $31,853 compared with $25,625 for females; the per capita income for the town was $17,494. About 9.3% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those age 65 or over. Cornish Elementary Cornish Historical Society & Museum Saco River Festival Association Caleb R. Ayer House George F. Clifford House Odd Fellows-Rebekah Hall LeRoy F. Pike Memorial Building Caleb R. Ayer, 19th century state senate president and Secretary of State Christopher Calnan, City of Sanford Firefighter, Selectman David Dunn, 18th governor of Maine Eddie Files, baseball pitcher David Hammons, US congressman Joseph Hammons, US congressman from New Hampshire Steve Letarte, former NASCAR Sprint Cup Series crew chief for Dale Earnhardt Jr. and current commentator for NASCAR on NBC.
Town of C