A chancellor is a leader of a college or university either the executive or ceremonial head of the university or of a university campus within a university system. In most Commonwealth and former Commonwealth nations, the chancellor is a ceremonial non-resident head of the university. In such institutions, the chief executive of a university is the vice-chancellor, who may carry an additional title, such as "president & vice-chancellor"; the chancellor may serve as chairman of the governing body. In many countries, the administrative and educational head of the university is known as the president, principal or rector. In the United States, the head of a university is most a university president. In U. S. university systems that have more than one affiliated university or campus, the executive head of a specific campus may have the title of chancellor and report to the overall system's president, or vice versa. In both Australia and New Zealand, a chancellor is the chairman of a university's governing body.
The chancellor is assisted by a deputy chancellor. The chancellor and deputy chancellor are drawn from the senior ranks of business or the judiciary; some universities have a visitor, senior to the chancellor. University disputes can be appealed from the governing board to the visitor, but nowadays, such appeals are prohibited by legislation, the position has only ceremonial functions; the vice-chancellor serves as the chief executive of the university. Macquarie University in Sydney is a noteworthy anomaly as it once had the unique position of Emeritus Deputy Chancellor, a post created for John Lincoln upon his retirement from his long-held post of deputy chancellor in 2000; the position was not an honorary title, as it retained for Lincoln a place in the University Council until his death in 2011. Canadian universities and British universities in Scotland have a titular chancellor similar to those in England and Wales, with day-to-day operations handled by a principal. In Scotland, for example, the chancellor of the University of Edinburgh is Anne, Princess Royal, whilst the current chancellor of the University of Aberdeen is Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay.
In Canada, the vice-chancellor carries the joint title of "president and vice-chancellor" or "rector and vice-chancellor." Scottish principals carry the title of "principal and vice-chancellor." In Scotland, the title and post of rector is reserved to the third ranked official of university governance. The position exists in common throughout the five ancient universities of Scotland with rectorships in existence at the universities of St Andrews, Aberdeen and Dundee, considered to have ancient status as a result of its early connections to the University of St Andrews; the position of Lord Rector was given legal standing by virtue of the Universities Act 1889. Rectors appoint a rector's assessor a deputy or stand-in, who may carry out their functions when they are absent from the university; the Rector chairs meetings of the university court, the governing body of the university, is elected by the matriculated student body at regular intervals. An exception exists at Edinburgh, where the Rector is elected by staff.
In Finland, if the university has a chancellor, he is the leading official in the university. The duties of the chancellor are to promote sciences and to look after the best interests of the university; as the rector of the university remains the de facto administrative leader and chief executive official, the role of the chancellor is more of a social and historical nature. However some administrative duties still belong to the chancellor's jurisdiction despite their arguably ceremonial nature. Examples of these include the appointment of new docents; the chancellor of University of Helsinki has the notable right to be present and to speak in the plenary meetings of the Council of State when matters regarding the university are discussed. Despite his role as the chancellor of only one university, he is regarded as the political representative of Finland's entire university institution when he exercises his rights in the Council of State. In the history of Finland the office of the chancellor dates all the way back to the Swedish Empire, the Russian Empire.
The chancellor's duty was to function as the official representative of the monarch in the autonomous university. The number of chancellors in Finnish universities has declined over the years, in vast majority of Finnish universities the highest official is the rector; the remaining universities with chancellors are University of Åbo Akademi University. In France, chancellor is one of the titles of the rector, a senior civil servant of the Ministry of Education serving as manager of a regional educational district. In his capacity as chancellor, the rector awards academic degrees to the university's gradua
University of Maine at Presque Isle
The University of Maine at Presque Isle is part of the University of Maine System. Located in Presque Isle, UMPI offers studies in career and professional fields, teacher education and human services and sciences, the natural environment; the University offers associate degrees, articulated transfer arrangements, non-degree certificates, continuing education for practicing professionals, an online learning project which allows participants to take an online UMPI course for free as long as they are not seeking college credit. Its campus radio station is WUPI and its student newspaper is the University Times, it was founded in 1903 as Aroostook State Normal School, offering a two-year teacher preparation program. It has undergone four name changes since then. In 1952, it was renamed The Aroostook State Teachers College. UMPI offers 22 Baccalaureate Degrees from Accounting and Social Work to Art and Environmental Studies, 7 Associate Degrees, 35 Minor Programs and 5 Certificate Programs. In addition, the university offers a Geographic Information Systems certificate program, a Mental Health Rehabilitation Technician/Community Certification, a 1-year Teacher Certification Program.
UMPI offers three online degree programs in English and psychology. UMPI's OpenU program allows learners of all ages to take specific online and on-site course for free if they are not enrolled in a degree program. Caroline D. Gentile – Associate Professor Emeritus of Physical Education. Mabel Desmond – Class of 1964, served four terms in the Maine House of Representatives, from 1994 to 2002 James "Chico" Hernandez – Class of 1979, USA National Champion, FIAS World Cup Vice-Champion in Sombo wrestling, featured on a box of Wheaties John Lisnik – Class of 1972, served in the Maine House of Representatives. John Tuttle – served in the Maine House of Representatives; the Northern Maine Museum of Science began in the early 1970s on the UMPI campus. The 40-mile long solar system model is one of the largest in the world. Folsom Hall encompasses the Sun of this model and it ends with Pluto, just outside Houlton, Maine. UMPI's wind turbine began generating clean energy in late spring 2009 after the university reached an agreement with general contractor Lumus Construction Inc. on a $2 million project to install a 600-kilowatt wind turbine on the campus.
This agreement established UMPI as the first university in the state and one of only a handful in New England to install a midsize wind turbine, according to officials. The wind turbine produces about 1 million kilowatt-hours of electricity per year and saves the institution more than $100,000 annually in electricity charges and saves an estimated 572 tons of carbon dioxide from being released into the atmosphere each year. In January 2015, officials from the Foundation of the University of Maine at Presque Isle announced their completion of efforts to divest from all fossil fuels on campus; this effort began in fall 2013 and ended in November 2014. UMPI installed a 999 voltage solar panel array on the roof of its major classroom buildings Folsom and Pullen Halls as well as a biomass boiler and heat pump technology inside those buildings. UMPI has 12 varsity sport programs and is a member of NCAA Division III and in the fall of 2018 will join the North Atlantic Conference; the university competed in the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics and in the United States Collegiate Athletic Association as part of the Sunrise Athletic Conference Men's and women's sports include: Cross-Country Running, Soccer and Nordic Skiing.
Male only sports include: Baseball. Women only sports: Softball and Volleyball. In addition, the University hosts a variety of intramural sports and one club sport, ice hockey; the University Ice Hockey Club Team was the first team to play in the Alfond Arena against the University of Maine Black Bears losing 4–3 on February 4, 1977. The 1979 Wrestling team won the Northern New England Wrestling Championship, the 1978 Women's Field Hockey team won the Maine State Championships; the school's sports teams are called the Owls and team colors are gold. UMPI is the location of chapters of Kappa Delta Phi National Fraternity, Kappa Delta Phi National Sorority, Phi Eta Sigma National Academic Fraternity. University of Maine at Presque Isle official website University of Maine at Presque Isle official athletics website
Cobb Divinity School
Cobb Divinity School, founded in 1840, was a Free Will Baptist graduate school affiliated with several Free Baptist institutions throughout its history. Cobb was part of Bates College in Lewiston, United States from 1870 until 1908 when it merged with the college's Religion Department; the school created one of the first models for a Bible school in the United States. The school had a close relationship with the University of Chicago with many Baptist theology students and faculty going back and forth between the schools; the divinity school was founded by the Freewill Baptists in Parsonsfield, Maine in 1840 as a library department and graduate bible school of the Parsonsfield Seminary with Moses Smart serving as the first leader of the school. From 1842 to 1844, the divinity school was located in Massachusetts. In 1844, the divinity school moved again to Whitestown, New York and became part of the Whitestown Seminary where it was known as the Free Baptist Biblical School. From 1854 to 1870, the divinity school was located in New Hampton, New Hampshire and affiliated with the New Hampton Institute.
The school and its library were removed to Lewiston in 1870 and became a graduate school of Bates College. In 1888, it was renamed Cobb Divinity School in honor of Jonathan Leavitt Haskell Cobb, a prominent businessman at the Bates Mill in Lewiston who had donated $25,000 to the Divinity School at Bates. In 1891, President of Bates College Oren B. Cheney amended the school's charter requiring that Bates' president and a majority of the trustees be Free Will Baptists. Following Cheney's retirement, the amendment was revoked in 1907 at the request of his successor, President George C. Chase, the board of trustees. In 1907, the Maine Legislature amended the college's charter removing the requirement for the president and majority of the trustees to be Free Will Baptists, thereby allowing the school to qualify for Carnegie Foundation funding of professor's pensions. Cobb Divinity School was disbanded in 1908, with much of its curricula and faculty and library becoming the Bates College Religion Department.
In 1911, the Northern Free Will Baptist Conference merged with the Northern Baptist Conference, now known as the American Baptist Churches USA. Bates remained nominally affiliated with the Baptist tradition until 1970 when the college catalogue no longer described the school as a "Christian college". Alfred W. Anthony, pastor and author George H. Ball, teacher of President James A. Garfield and First Lady Lucretia Garfield John Jay Butler, Arminian theologian, professor at Cobb and Hillsdale George Colby Chase, second president of Bates College Oren B. Cheney, founder of Bates College Lewis Penick Clinton, African Bassa prince, missionary in Liberia George T. Day, writer at the Morning Star, professor at Bates Ransom Dunn, President of Rio Grande College and Hillsdale College, teacher of President James A. Garfield John Fullonton and Dean at Cobb Divinity School Frank Sandford, founder of "The Kingdom" Smithville Seminary Anthony, Alfred Williams, Bates College and Its Background. Cobb Divinity School records at Edmund S. Muskie Archives & Special Collections Library, Bates College Freewill Baptist records at Edmund S. Muskie Archives & Special Collections Library, Bates College Info about the Divinity School Bates Religion Department Former Cobb Divinity School Building 1870-1894 Former Cobb Divinity School Building 1894-1908
University of Southern Maine
The University of Southern Maine is a multi-campus public comprehensive university and part of the University of Maine System. USM's three primary campuses are located in Portland and Lewiston in the U. S. state of Maine. Many courses and degree programs are offered online, it was founded as two separate state universities, Gorham Normal School and University of Maine at Portland. The two universities were combined in 1970 to help streamline the public university system in Maine and expanded by adding the Lewiston campus in 1988; the Portland Campus is home to the Edmund Muskie School of Public Service, the Bio Sciences Research Institute, the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute and the Osher Map Library, the USM School of Business. The Gorham campus, much more residential, is home to the School of Education and Human Development and the School of Music. USM is among the "Best Northeastern Colleges," according to the Princeton Review's 2007 listings, was included in its 2007 edition of "America's Best Value Colleges."
As of 2012, USM had 7,500 undergraduate students and 2,320 graduate school students, with an average class size of 25 and a student-faculty ratio of 15:1. Controversial decisions by the university administration to cut programs and fire up to 50 faculty led to student-led protests on the campus in 2014. Evolving from Gorham Academy into an institution of higher education, USM originated in 1878 as Gorham Normal School called Gorham State Teachers College and Gorham State College. In 1970 that institution merged with the University of Maine at Portland and became the University of Maine at Portland-Gorham; the name was changed to University of Southern Maine in 1978. The Lewiston-Auburn campus was founded in 1988. At the beginning of 2014, administrators at USM announced that the university had found itself in dire financial straits, would be announcing program closures and faculty layoffs, including long-term just cause faculty and tenured faculty. On March 14, 2014, President Theodora Kalikow and Provost Michael Stevenson announced that four departments would be closed: the Recreation and Leisure Studies Department, the GeoSciences Department, the Arts and Humanities program at Lewiston-Auburn College, the graduate program American and New England Studies.
A week twelve individual faculty members in various departments were informed that they would be laid off effective May 31. As a result of protests led by USM students, the layoffs were rescinded by Kalikow on April 11; that year, Chancellor Page asked Kalikow for her resignation as USM president.. This process was restarted in October 2014, when Interim President David T. Flanagan and Provost Joseph McDonnell announced that the three programs targeted for elimination in March would indeed be eliminated, two more: French and Applied Medical Sciences. In addition, USM faculty were notified that twenty-five departments would have to shed fifty full-time faculty members, whether through retirement or layoffs. Ag Pressure was inflicted by administration on senior faculty from the targeted departments with the implication being that junior faculty from their departments would be fired if the senior professors didn’t retire. A longstanding opportunity for faculty to go on a three-year phased retirement was eliminated under Flanagan’s administration.
In the end, 36 faculty members retired, but since some of them were not in targeted departments, 25 faculty members were fired. Despite protests from local business leaders claiming the cuts will impair Maine’s economy, administrators forged ahead with their plan. Many faculty, students and community members disputed administration claims about financial insolvency, pointing to an independent analysis of the University of Maine System’s financial state conducted by university finances expert Howard Bunsis. Bunsis writes that USM "is in strong financial condition, with solid reserves, annual operating cash surpluses, a high bond rating." Critics claimed that the layoffs were arbitrary and capricious, an attempt to eliminate outspoken faculty critical of administration policies and actions, in violation of the Faculty Senate governance document and the faculty union’s Collective Bargaining Agreement. All of the faculty layoffs were challenged through grievances filed by the union against the University of Maine System.
The American Association of University Professors wrote to Interim President Flanagan that the organization is launching an investigation into whether the firings constitute an attack on tenure and academic freedom. On May 13, 2015, Committee A on Academic Freedom and Tenure of the AAUP issued its investigative report, they concluded that USM administrators acted in "flagrant violation" of principles of academic freedom and tenure as well as of claims of financial crisis. The Committee found that administrators "acted in brazen disregard of key provisions of the Statement on Government of Colleges and Universities." BA 50-page Appendix refutes USM administration claims of financial difficulty in the University of Maine system. The Appendix concludes that "the system is in strong financial condition, with strong reserves, cash flows, a high bond rating" and "Overall, the University of Maine system is in strong financial condition. Cutting the core mission of the University cannot be supported as a response to unsupported deficit predictions."USM President David Flanagan released a response to the report, available on the same webpage as the report itself and its appendix.
University of New England (United States)
The University of New England is a private, coeducational university based in Biddeford, Maine, USA. There are additional campuses in Portland and Tangier, Morocco; the Biddeford Campus sits on 540 acres, the Portland Campus on 41 acres, the Tangier Campus on 3.7 acres. During the 2016–2017 academic year, 13,743 students were enrolled in UNE's campus-based and online programs. UNE's institutional history dates to 1831, when Westbrook Seminary opened on what is now the UNE Portland Campus; the UNE Biddeford Campus was founded in 1939 when College Séraphique opened as a high school and junior college for boys of Quebecois descent. In 1952, that institution became a four-year liberal arts college named St. Francis College. In 1978, St. Francis College merged with the New England Foundation for Osteopathic Medicine to become the University of New England. In 1996, the University of New England merged with Westbrook College. UNE is the largest private university in the state of Maine and the largest educator of healthcare professionals for Maine.
It is organized into six colleges that combine to offer more than 70 undergraduate, graduate and professional degrees. Known predominantly for its programs in the sciences and health sciences, UNE offers degrees in the marine sciences, data science, environmental science, business, the humanities, many other subjects, its College of Osteopathic Medicine is the only medical school in Maine and its College of Dental Medicine is the only dental college in northern New England. In 1939, a boys-only high school and junior college called the College Séraphique was founded in Biddeford by Father Decary and the Franciscan friar of St. Andre's parish. In 1952, the school changed its name to St. Francis College and began granting bachelor's degrees with state approval in 1953; the high school program was phased out by 1961, the college was first accredited in 1966. The school became co-educational for the first time in 1967, the Franciscans withdrew from the administration of the college in 1974. To survive dropping enrollment, St. Francis College entered into an agreement with the New England Foundation for Osteopathic Medicine to establish the New England College of Osteopathic Medicine on the same campus, in 1978 the two became the "University of New England", although the merger would not be complete until a 1987 vote by the College of Osteopathic Medicine corporation.
In 1996, Westbrook College merged with the University of New England. The merger took place under the terms of the original 1831 Westbrook charter, the combined institutions became Westbrook College before changing the name back to the University of New England; the campus of the former Westbrook College is now known as the UNE Portland Campus. In December 2010, the university received the largest gift in its history—$10 million from the Harold Alfond Foundation to build the Harold Alfond Forum on the Biddeford Campus, to support interprofessional healthcare workforce education; the Alfond Forum, which opened fall 2012, includes a 105,000-square-foot athletics complex featuring an ice hockey rink with 900 seats. This provides the largest gathering space on both the Portland campuses; the complex is located between Sokokis Hall. In March 2014, UNE launched its $60M "Moving Forward Campaign," the largest in UNE history. James D. Herbert, Ph. D. serves as UNE's sixth president. His tenure began on July 1, 2017 following the 11-year tenure of Danielle N. Ripich.
UNE offers three campuses. The university’s two campuses in coastal Maine, USA, house undergraduate and professional programs, while its Tangier Campus provides a semester-abroad opportunity in Morocco; the Biddeford Campus covers 540 acres, with 0.75 miles of ocean frontage where the Saco River flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The 26 buildings on the campus include the Harold Alfond Center for Health Sciences, the Pickus Center for Biomedical Research, the Marine Science Center; the Harold Alfond Center for Health Sciences houses Maine's only medical school: The University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine. UNE's Biddeford Campus is home to the George and Barbara Bush Center, which houses material chronicling the Bush legacy in Maine, including memorabilia on loan from the George H. W. Bush Presidential Library at Texas A & M University; the Center includes a replica of the Oval Office during Bush’s term in the White House and a statue of the former president. Each year, UNE hosts an annual lecture at its Biddeford Campus, attended by the former president and his family.
In September 2017, former U. S. Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell visited UNE's Biddeford Campus to deliver the Bush Lecture; the UNE Biddeford Campus includes the Harold Alfond Forum, which offers 105,000 square-feet of athletic and learning space, including: an NHL-size ice hockey rink with 900 seats, a basketball court with 1,200 seats, classrooms, a fitness center, multi-purpose indoor practice courts that are used for performances and lectures. A $10 million gift from the Harold Alfond Foundation facilitated the building’s construction and the development of associated programming. UNE owns Ram Island, off the coast of the Biddeford Campus, which serves as a field station for student and faculty researchers; the 41 acres Portland Campus is designated a national historic district. It is located in a suburban neighborho
Bangor Theological Seminary
Located in Bangor and Portland, Bangor Theological Seminary was an ecumenical seminary, founded in 1814, in the Congregational tradition of the United Church of Christ. It was the only accredited graduate school of religion in Northern New England The seminary had campuses in Bangor and Portland, Maine, its primary mission was preparation for Christian ministry. Graduate programs have included the Master of Divinity, Master of Arts and Doctor of Ministry degrees; the school was accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, New England Association of Schools and Colleges, Maine Board of Education. Bangor Theological Seminary was an official Open and Affirming seminary; the school closed with its final commencement service on June 22, 2013. Bangor Theological Seminary was of a much more conservative tradition/philosophy than what it evolved into. Led by a group of Congregational ministers and lay leaders who wanted to create a center of theological study in northern New England, the Society for Theological Education met on July 27, 1811, in Portland to establish a school.
Jonathan Fisher, a founding trustee, described the urgency and importance of the school's mission: "I am adverse to an unlearned ministry, but if in this district we wait to be supplied from other institutions, I am persuaded that the ground would be preoccupied by Sectarians, many of whom will not only be unlearned, but unlearned."Granted a charter on February 25, 1814, by the Great and General Court of Massachusetts, the Maine Charity School shared space with Hampden Academy before moving to its Bangor location in 1819. The seminary began to assume its shape under the leadership of the Reverend Enoch Pond. A noted scholar and writer, Pond joined the faculty in 1833, became president in 1856, remained in that capacity until his death in 1882. In 1858, running a $3000 deficit, it considered consolidating with Bowdoin College or Andover Theological Seminary, but was able to recover, it sold its historic campus after moving to the Husson University campus in 2005. At the time of its closing in May 2013, Bangor Theological Seminary had academic programs leading to the Master of Divinity degree, the Master of Arts degree, the Doctor of Ministry degree.
The seminary was ecumenical in nature, with over a dozen religious traditions represented among students and faculty. One of seven United Church of Christ seminaries in the United States, it was the only accredited theological institution in northern New England; the school website states that its "spiritual successor" is the BTS Center, a non-profit "educational venture" offering opportunities for professional development for both clergy and laity, as well as robust non-degree programs exploring issues of contemporary Christianity and spirituality. The seminary's former campus is located just west of central downtown Bangor, occupying the central portion of an irregular city block bounded by Hammond, Cedar and Union Streets; the location was a hayfield donated to the seminary by Bangor resident Isaac Davenport. The oldest building on the campus, Old Commons, dated to 1827-28, was the second building built for the seminary; the new chapel was built in 1858-59, is a fine Italianate building designed by William G. Morse.
Two of its buildings, the Denio House and the Gymnasium, were designed by Wilfred E. Mansur, a prominent Bangor architect, in the 1890s; the campus was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, in recognition of the seminary's historical importance. Since the school's closure, the buildings have been adapted to other uses. Elias Bond, missionary to Hawaii Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Civil War general David H. Cyr, Deputy Chief of Chaplains of the U. S. Air Force Daniel Dole, missionary to Hawaii, founder of Punahou School Samuel C. Fessenden, U. S. Congressman Cyrus Hamlin, founder of Robert College Daniel Collamore Heath, publisher Charles Henry Howard, Civil War general and editor John Davis Paris, missionary to Hawaii Arthur B. Patten and hymn-writer Minot Judson Savage, minister and spiritualist Elkanah Walker and early settler in Oregon David Atwood Wasson and transcendentalist Jehudi Ashmun a founder of Liberia William H. Barbour Pastor of Yale College, 1877–87 Samuel Harris President of Bowdoin College, 1867-7 Burton H. Throckmorton Jr. pastor and professor David Trobisch The BTS Center Bangor Theological Seminary Bangor Theological Seminary catalog History of Bangor Theological Seminary 1816-1916 at the Internet Archive
Beal College is a small private college located in Bangor, Maine, USA. The College specializes in certificate and associate degree programs in healthcare, trades, law enforcement and other high-demand careers. Beal's newest programs include Welding. Founded in 1891, the College was named Bangor Business College but was named after its primary founder, Mary Beal, it was first located in downtown Bangor, before moving to a larger facility in 1972. In 2004 Beal moved to a new campus, located at 99 Farm Road in Bangor. An academic year is divided into 6 equal terms, allowing a student to start and complete school quickly. Beal is accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Colleges; the Medical Assisting program is further accredited by the American Association of Medical Assistants and the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs and graduates can receive official certification status. The Health Information Management program is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education and are eligible for RHIT certification.
The Welding Technology Programs, Welding Test Center is accredited by the American Welding Society which provides the students with the opportunity to obtain several Nationally recognized certifications. Official website