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York University

York University is a public research university in Toronto, Canada. It is Canada's third-largest university, it has 55,700 students, 7,000 faculty and staff, over 315,000 alumni worldwide, it has eleven faculties, including the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, Faculty of Science, Lassonde School of Engineering, Schulich School of Business, Osgoode Hall Law School, Glendon College, Faculty of Education, Faculty of Health, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Graduate Studies, the School of the Arts, Media and Design, 28 research centres. York University was established in 1959 as a non-denominational institution by the York University Act, which received Royal Assent in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario on 26 March of that year, its first class was held in September 1960 in Falconer Hall on the University of Toronto campus with a total of 76 students. In the fall of 1961, York moved to its first campus, Glendon College, began to emphasize liberal arts and part-time adult education.

In 1965, the university opened a second campus, the Keele Campus, in North York, within the neighbourhood community of York University Heights. Several of York's programs have gained notable recognition both nationally and internationally. York houses Canada's oldest film school, ranked one of the best in Canada, with an acceptance rate comparable to that of USC School of Cinematic Arts and Tisch School of the Arts. York's Osgoode Hall Law School was ranked fourth best in Canada, behind U of T, McGill, UBC. In The Economist's 2011 full-time MBA rankings, York's Schulich School of Business ranked ninth in the world, first in Canada, in CNN Expansion's ranking of MBA programs, Schulich ranked 18th in the world, placing first in Canada. York's School of Kinesiology and Health Science ranked 4th in Canada and 24th best in the world in 2018. Over the last twenty years, York has become a centre for labour strife with several faculty and other strikes occurring, including the longest university strike in Canadian history in 2018.

York University was established in 1959 as a non-denominational institution by the York University Act, which received Royal Assent in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario on 26 March of that year. Its first class was held in September 1960 in Falconer Hall on the University of Toronto campus with a total of 76 students; the policy of university education initiated in the 1960s responded to population pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society. The governance was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906, which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate, responsible for academic policy, a board of governors exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters; the president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the two bodies and to perform institutional leadership. In the fall of 1961, York moved to its first campus, Glendon College, began to emphasize liberal arts and part-time adult education.

York became independent in 1965, after an initial period of affiliation with the University of Toronto, under the York University Act, 1965. Its main campus on the northern outskirts of Toronto opened in 1965. Murray Ross, who continues to be honoured today at the University in several ways – including the Murray G. Ross Award – was still vice-president of U of T when he was approached to become York University's new president. At the time, York University was envisaged as a feeder campus to U of T, until Ross's powerful vision led it to become a separate institution. In 1965, the university opened a second campus, the Keele Campus, in North York, in the Jane and Finch community; the Glendon campus became a bilingual liberal arts college led by Escott Reid, who envisaged it as a national institution to educate Canada's future leaders, a vision shared by Prime Minister Lester Pearson, who formally opened Glendon College in 1966. The first Canadian undergraduate program in dance opened at York University in 1970.

In 1972, Canada Post featured the nascent institution on 8¢ stamps, entitled York University Campus, North York, Ont. The first Canadian PhD. program in Women's Studies opened with five candidates in January 1992. Its bilingual mandate and focus on the liberal arts continue to shape Glendon's special status within York University; the new Keele Campus was regarded as somewhat isolated, in a industrialized part of the city. Petrol storage facilities are still across the street; some of the early architecture was unpopular with many, not only for the brutalist designs, but the vast expanses between buildings, not viewed as suitable for the climate. In the last two decades, the campus has been intensified with new buildings, including a dedicated student centre and new fine arts, computer science and business administration buildings, a small shopping mall, a hockey arena; the Aviva Centre tennis stadium, built in 2004, is a perennial host of the Canada Masters tennis tournament. As Toronto has spread further out, York has found itself in a central location within the built-up Greater Toronto Area, in particular, near the Jane and Finch neighbourhood.

Its master plan envisages a denser on-campus environment commensurate with that location. Students occupied the university's administration offices in March 1997, protesting escalating tuition hikes. In June 2014, the university announced that a new campus would be constructed in Ontario; the campus will be built near Highway 407, between Kennedy Road and Warden Avenue in partnership with

Carter-Campbell of Possil

Carter-Campbell of Possil is a branch of Clan Campbell, a Scottish clan. They are part of Clan Campbell, regarded as one of the largest Scottish clans; the branch of the Campbell clan was centred in Lawers. Some of the clan, which originated with the original Campbells, had links to the lands of Argyll; the family originates from two notable Scottish families. The Campbells of Possil were part of Clan Campbell, located in Argyll; the Carter-Campbell name was first used following marriage. Since the marriage there have been a number of notable Carter-Campbell descendants, including Duncan Carter-Campbell of Possil OBE and George Carter-Campbell. Many of the Carter-Campbells in recent history have held high ranking positions within the British military; the Campbells of Possil's first origin in Scotland is in the area of Argyll, archaically Argyle, a region of western Scotland. The family is an extended branch of the Campbells of Kinloch and the Campbells of Murthlie; these both have origins from the Campbells of Lawers.

Their links to the area of Argyll brought the original Campbells into problems in western Scotland, when Clan Campbell and Clan MacDougall had ongoing conflicts. Their conflicts resulted in the Battle of Red Ford; the battle took place in 1294, which resulted in the death of Sir Colin Campbell, said to be one of the first recognised Campbells in the Argyll region of Scotland. John MacDougall of Argyll is said to have led Clan MacDougall during the battle; the battle resulted in various Clan Campbell branches having ongoing feuds with Clan MacDougall. Both Clan Campbell and Clan MacDougall had influences in the region of Argyll, which meant there were ongoing feuds between the Scottish clans; the clan is directly descended from Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy, a Scottish nobleman born in the 15th century. Towards the end of the Middle Ages, a number of Campbells reached positions of power within Scotland, while under the reign of King James II; this continued into the reigns of King James III and James IV of Scotland, where many Campbells became Earls of Argyll.

The Carter family descended from Thomas Carter, an Irish MP and are known as a political family. He was elected as an MP to the Irish House of Commons and became Second Sergeant at Arms being returned first for Fethard and for Portarlington, his son called Thomas Carter, was born in 1690. He was the first occupier of Castlemartin which he acquired in 1729, was made Master of the Rolls in Ireland in 1731. Thomas Carter was succeeded at Castlemartin by his second son Henry Boyle Carter, named after his father's friend and political ally, Speaker Boyle. In 1750 Henry married Susanna Shaen, widow of James Wynne, daughter of Sir Arthur Shaen, 2nd baronet, his Catholic wife Susanna Magan, by whom Henry had three sons and one daughter. Sir Colin Campbell of Glenorchy was the second Earl of Argyll in 1457, after succeeding his grandfather, Duncan Campbell. After serving as Earl of Argyll, he became Lord Lorne in 1470, he became an earl after supporting King James II, against the Black Douglases. Colin Campbell was the first Campbell earl in a list of Campbell Earls, who remained as Earls of Argyll until 1641.

During the 17th century there were a number of Large Scottish Battles, which took place between 1644 and 1651. The Campbell of Possil's first major involvement was at the Battle of Inverlochy in 1645. During this period, Clan Campbell and Clan Lamont fought in various battles across Scotland. Following the battle, Clan Lamont used the opportunity to destroy much of the Clan Campbell's territory in the area; this resulted in a backlash from Clan Campbell, the Scottish clan took both Castle Toward and Castle Ascog from Clan Lamont as a result. Clan Chief James Lamont surrendered, Clan Campbell burned both castles to the ground; this period of conflict became known as the Dunoon Massacre. Between 1647 and 1698, the Clan Campbell and Clan MacLean fought numerous battles around the area of Argyll, where many of the Campbell of Possil ancestors were located. In 1647, members of Clan Campbell were defeated at Duart Castle, during a battle by Royalist troops of Clan MacLean. In 1678, Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll, son of the Marquess of Argyll invaded the Isle of Mull and took land from Clan MacLean.

Years after the invasion of the Isle of Mull, members of the Campbell of Possil family invaded Duart Castle in 1691 along with Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll. The Castle was surrendered by 4th Baronet; the Castle was subsequently demolished, by Clan Campbell and included as part of the Torosay Castle estate. It remained as a ruin. In the early 19th century, commissioned David Bryce to build Torosay Castle for the Campbell of Possil family; the two land owning families were the Campbells of Possil. The Carters of Castle Martin had origins in the region of County Kildare and this is where most of their land was located; the Campbells of Possil owned large areas of land throughout Lanarkshire. The marriage took place between Colonel Thomas Tupper Carter and Emily Georgina Campbell of Possil IV, granddaughter of Colonel Alexander Campbell of Possil. Once married, their matrimonial home was the Fascadale estate, Argyllshire. Emily Georgina Campbell of Possil IV wished to retain her surname when the marriage took place, which resulted in the formation of the Carter-Campbell name.

Following the marriage in 1864, the family of Carter-Campbell

Diana McQueen

Diana Janet McQueen is a Canadian politician, elected in the 2008 provincial election to represent the electoral district of Drayton Valley-Calmar in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta as a member of the Progressive Conservative caucus. She served in several cabinet positions from 2011 to 2015. After Alison Redford won the 2011 Progressive Conservative Leadership Convention, McQueen was sworn in during the final session of the 27th Alberta Legislative Assembly as the Alberta Minister of Environment and Water; the Ministry of Environment and Water was created to consolidate the Ministry of Environment & Water and the Ministry of Sustainable Resource Development announced on May 8, 2012. In December 2013, she became Minister of Energy; when Jim Prentice became premier in September 2014, McQueen was appointed Minister of Municipal Affairs. McQueen was defeated in the 2015 provincial election that defeated Prentice's government. Prior to standing in the provincial election, McQueen was mayor of Drayton Valley from 2001 to 2008.

Diana McQueen


Erixx GmbH is a private railway company operating regional train service in Lower Saxony and Bremen, northern Germany. It is wholly owned by OHE AG. Since 11 December 2011, Erixx operates on behalf of the public transport company of Lower Saxony; the name is derived from Erica, the genus of heath plants, "x", representing the Heidekreuz, the services operated over the Lüneburg Heath. Erixx has operated routes RB37 and RB38 since December 2011 until at least December 2019, which together form the Heidekreuz, they operate on Uelzen -- Langwedel railway. From December 2014 until December 2029 Erixx will operate the RE10, RB32, RB42, RB43 and RB47 services. Regional services RE 10 Harz-Heide-Bahn HannoverHildesheimGoslarBad Harzburg Local services RB 32 Wendlandbahn LüneburgHitzackerDannenberg Ost Local services RB 37 Amerikalinie Bremen - Soltau - Uelzen Local services RB 38 Heidebahn Buchholz - Soltau - Hannover Local services RB 42 Harz-Heide-Bahn BraunschweigWolfenbüttelVienenburg – Bad Harzburg Local services RB 43 Harz-Heide-Bahn Braunschweig – Wolfenbüttel – Vienenburg – Goslar Local services RB 47 Mühlenbahn Braunschweig – GifhornWittingen – Uelzen Erixx operate a fleet of 27 LINT-41 diesel multiple units on RB37 and RB38.

From December 2014 Erixx uses 28 new LINT-54 diesel multiple units on the new routes. Official website

Robert Baston

Robert Baston, was an English Carmelite friar and prior of the abbey of Scarborough. Baston was born, according to Pitts, of an illustrious race, not far from Nottingham, where Bale tells us he was buried, he seems to have acquired a great reputation in his own age for elegant verses. At Oxford, says Pitts, he was not unworthily crowned with laurel as a poet, he is said to have been taken to Scotland by Edward. But Trivet refers to a certain friar as having related the incident, he is certain that he was taken on a similar errand by Edward II, when setting out on the expedition to relieve Stirling, that resulted in the Battle of Bannockburn. Scottish chroniclers gloat over the story of his capture by Robert the Bruce, tell how this king forced his prisoner to sing the defeat of his own countrymen as the price of his freedom. Baston's verses on this occasion are rhymed hexameters, with the rhymes disposed irregularly. One couplet, describing Robert Bruce before the engagement, may serve as an example:— Cernit, discernit acies pro Marte paratas.

Archibald Bower gives the verses in full as "worthy for their goodness to be set on a candlestick. Anthony à Wood tells us that it was owing to this Robert Baston that Edward II gave the Carmelites his mansion of Beaumont for their Oxford schools; as he narrates the story, when defeat was inevitable, assured the king of safety if he would only pray to the Virgin. Tanner quotes from a manuscript register that in 1318 friar Robert Baston, the Carmelite, was admitted to hear confessions in the Diocese of Lincoln. According to Bale and Pitts, Baston was the author of various other poems besides the one just alluded to above, "De Striveliniensi obsidione." His other works consisted of poems on the second Scottish war, on the various states of the world—directed against popes and kings—works against the luxury of priests, a disputation concerning Dives and Lazarus, a book against "artists", poems and rhythms and comedies, a collection of "Orationes Synodales." Several of Baston's poetical works are to be found in the British Museum.

Pitts has committed several egregious mistakes in his account of this writer, making him die in 1310, four years before the battle of Bannockburn, which he celebrates in verse. On the whole, it seems hard to escape from the conclusion that Robert Baston's biographers have made him present in Scotland on two occasions instead of one, have confounded the siege of Stirling under Edward I with the siege of the same castle that, under Edward II, resulted in the battle of Bannockburn. Leland seems to have originated the mistake, the rest have blindly followed him; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Baston, Robert". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. Carlson, David R.. John Gower: Poetry and Propaganda in Fourteenth-Century England. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer. ISBN 9781843843153. Rigg, A. G.. "Antiquaries and Authors: The Supposed Works of Robert Baston, O. Carm". Medieval Scribes and Libraries: Essays Presented to N. R. Ker. London: Scolar Press.

Pp. 317–331. ISBN 0859674509. Culbertson, R.. "Baston's "The Battle of Bannockburn"".

Stroudsburg High School

Stroudsburg High School is a public high school located in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, in Monroe County, Pennsylvania. In 2013, the school's enrollment was reported as 1,341 pupils in 10th through 12th grades, with 36.36% of pupils eligible for a free or reduced-price lunch due to family poverty. Additionally, 11.8% of pupils received special education services, 1.6% of pupils were identified as being gifted. The school employed 99 teachers. Per the PA Department of Education 6 of the teachers were rated "Non‐Highly Qualified" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. Stroudsburg High School is the only high school in the Stroudsburg Area School District; the school is not a federally designated Title I school. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2010, the school reported an enrollment of 1,615 pupils in grades 10th through 12th, with 324 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch; the school employed 103 teachers, yielding a student teacher ratio or 15:1.

In 2012, the administration reports employing 110 teachers and administrators as well as 35 support staff. According to a report to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 14 teachers had emergency certification and 29 classes were taught by Non‐Highly Qualified Teachers; the school's mascot is the Mountaineer. The school is part of the Stroudsburg Area School District. In 2013, Stroudsburg Area School District's graduation rate was 87%. In 2012, Stroudsburg High School's graduation rate was reported as 88%. In 2011, Stroudsburg High School graduation rate was 88%. In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4 year cohort graduation rate. Stroudsburg High School's rate was 88.11% for 2010. According to traditional graduation rate calculations 2010 - 88% 2009 - 88% 2008 - 88% 2007 - 88% Stroudsburg High School never achieved Adequate Yearly progress from 2003 through 2012 inclusive. In 2012, Stroudsburg High School declined to Corrective Action II 5th Year due to low graduation rate and poor math and reading achievement.

Due to its low academic performance, Stroudsburg High School administration was required by the federal No Child Left Behind law to offer the opportunity to students to transfer to a successful high school in the district. Letters were sent to each student's parents informing them of the school's low outcomes; the school's administration was required to develop a School Improvement Plan and submit it to the Pennsylvania Department of Education for approval. The school was eligible for federal School Improvement Grants funding each year. 2011 - Making Progress: in Corrective Action II status due to lagging student achievement among male students. 2010 - declined to Corrective Action II 4th Year status due to chronic, low student achievement in reading and math. 2009 - declined to Corrective Action II 3rd Year status 2008 - declined to Corrective Action II 2nd Year status 2007 - declined to Corrective Action II 1st Year status 2006 - declined to Corrective Action I status 2005 - declined to School Improvement level II status 2004 - declined to School Improvement level I status 2003 - Warning AYP status due to lagging student achievement in reading and math and a low graduation rate Stroudsburg High School achieved 86.2 out of 100.

Reflects on-grade-level reading and science achievement. In reading/literature - 80% of pupils tested were on grade level. In Algebra 1, only 67.8% showed on grade level Algebra skills. In Biology, just 54% showed on-grade-level science understanding. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2,181 public schools, achieved an academic score of 70 or higher. Pennsylvania 11th grade students no longer take the PSSAs. Instead, beginning in 2012, they take the Keystone Exams at the end of the associated course. Pennsylvania System of School Assessments called PSSAs are No Child Left Behind Act related examinations which were administered from 2003 through 2012, in all Pennsylvania public high schools; the exams were administered in the Spring of each school year. The goal was for 100% of students to be on grade level or better in reading and mathematics, by the Spring of 2014; the tests focused on the state's Academic Standards for reading, writing and science. The Science exam included content in science, technology and the environmental studies.

The mathematics exam included: algebra I, algebra II, geometry and trigonometry. The standards were first published in 1998 and are mandated by the Pennsylvania State Board of Education. In 2013, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania changed its high school assessments to the Keystone Exams in Algebra 1, Reading/literature and Biology1; the exams are given at the end of the course, rather than all in the spring of the student's 11th grade year. 11th Grade Reading2012 - 79% on grade level. State - 67% of 11th graders are on grade level. 2011 - 78%. State - 69.1% 2010 - 74%. In Pennsylvania, 66% of 11th graders are on grade level. 2009 - 67%. State - 65% 2008 - 67%. State - 65% 2007 - 72%. State - 65% 11th Grade Math: 2012 - 66% on grade level. In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level. 2011 - 65%. State - 60.3% 2010 - 58%. State - 59% 2009 - 53%. State - 56% 2008 - 49%. State - 56% 2007 - 48%. State - 53%11th Grade Science: 2012 - 51% on grade level. State - 42% of 11th graders were on grade level.

2011 - 47%. State - 40% 2010 - 42%. State - 39% 2009 - 44%. State - 40% 2008 - 41%. State - 39%During the 2008–2009 school year, the 476 scored examinations a