Music is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. General definitions of music include common elements such as pitch, rhythm and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture. Different styles or types of music may de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping; the word derives from Greek μουσική. See glossary of musical terminology. In its most general form, the activities describing music as an art form or cultural activity include the creation of works of music, the criticism of music, the study of the history of music, the aesthetic examination of music. Ancient Greek and Indian philosophers defined music as tones ordered horizontally as melodies and vertically as harmonies. Common sayings such as "the harmony of the spheres" and "it is music to my ears" point to the notion that music is ordered and pleasant to listen to. However, 20th-century composer John Cage thought that any sound can be music, for example, "There is no noise, only sound."The creation, performance and the definition of music vary according to culture and social context.
Indeed, throughout history, some new forms or styles of music have been criticized as "not being music", including Beethoven's Grosse Fuge string quartet in 1825, early jazz in the beginning of the 1900s and hardcore punk in the 1980s. There are many types of music, including popular music, traditional music, art music, music written for religious ceremonies and work songs such as chanteys. Music ranges from organized compositions–such as Classical music symphonies from the 1700s and 1800s, through to spontaneously played improvisational music such as jazz, avant-garde styles of chance-based contemporary music from the 20th and 21st centuries. Music can be divided into genres and genres can be further divided into subgenres, although the dividing lines and relationships between music genres are subtle, sometimes open to personal interpretation, controversial. For example, it can be hard to draw the line between heavy metal. Within the arts, music may be classified as a fine art or as an auditory art.
Music may be played or sung and heard live at a rock concert or orchestra performance, heard live as part of a dramatic work, or it may be recorded and listened to on a radio, MP3 player, CD player, smartphone or as film score or TV show. In many cultures, music is an important part of people's way of life, as it plays a key role in religious rituals, rite of passage ceremonies, social activities and cultural activities ranging from amateur karaoke singing to playing in an amateur funk band or singing in a community choir. People may make music as a hobby, like a teen playing cello in a youth orchestra, or work as a professional musician or singer; the music industry includes the individuals who create new songs and musical pieces, individuals who perform music, individuals who record music, individuals who organize concert tours, individuals who sell recordings, sheet music, scores to customers. The word derives from Greek μουσική. In Greek mythology, the nine Muses were the goddesses who inspired literature and the arts and who were the source of the knowledge embodied in the poetry, song-lyrics, myths in the Greek culture.
According to the Online Etymological Dictionary, the term "music" is derived from "mid-13c. Musike, from Old French musique and directly from Latin musica "the art of music," including poetry." This is derived from the "... Greek mousike " of the Muses," from fem. of mousikos "pertaining to the Muses," from Mousa "Muse". Modern spelling from 1630s. In classical Greece, any art in which the Muses presided, but music and lyric poetry." Music is composed and performed for many purposes, ranging from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, or as an entertainment product for the marketplace. When music was only available through sheet music scores, such as during the Classical and Romantic eras, music lovers would buy the sheet music of their favourite pieces and songs so that they could perform them at home on the piano. With the advent of sound recording, records of popular songs, rather than sheet music became the dominant way that music lovers would enjoy their favourite songs. With the advent of home tape recorders in the 1980s and digital music in the 1990s, music lovers could make tapes or playlists of their favourite songs and take them with them on a portable cassette player or MP3 player.
Some music lovers create mix tapes of their favorite songs, which serve as a "self-portrait, a gesture of friendship, prescription for an ideal party... an environment consisting of what is most ardently loved."Amateur musicians can compose or perf
Buddy Clark was an American popular singer of the 1930s and 1940s. In the late 1940s, after his return from service in World War II, his career blossomed and he became one of the nation's top crooners, he died in a plane crash in 1949. Clark was born to Jewish parents in Massachusetts, he made his Big Band singing debut in 1932 as a tenor, with Gus Arnheim's orchestra, but was not successful. Singing baritone, he gained wider notice in 1934, with Benny Goodman on the Let's Dance radio program. In 1936 he began performing on the show Your Hit Parade, remained until 1938. In the mid-1930s he signed with Vocalion Records, having a top-20 hit with "Spring Is Here", he continued recording, appearing in movies, dubbing other actors' voices until he entered the military, but did not have another hit until the late 1940s. In 1946 he signed with Columbia Records and scored his biggest hit with the song "Linda" recorded in November of that year, but hitting its peak in the following spring. "Linda" was written for the six-year-old daughter of a show business lawyer named Lee Eastman, whose client, songwriter Jack Lawrence, wrote the song at Lee’s request.
Upon reaching adulthood, Linda became famous as a photographer, a musician, a prominent spokeswoman for animal rights.1947 saw hits for Clark with such titles as "How Are Things in Glocca Morra?", which made the Top Ten, "Peg O' My Heart", "An Apple Blossom Wedding", "I'll Dance at Your Wedding". The following year he had another major hit with "Love Somebody" and nine more chart hits, extended his success into 1949 with a number of hits, both solo and duetting with Day and Dinah Shore. A month after his death, his recording of "A Dreamer's Holiday" hit the charts. On Saturday, October 1, 1949, hours after the 37-year-old had completed a Club Fifteen broadcast on CBS Radio with The Andrews Sisters—subbing for ailing host Dick Haymes—Clark joined five friends in renting a small plane to attend a University of Michigan vs. Stanford University college football game in Stanford, California. On the way back to Los Angeles after the game, the plane ran out of fuel, lost altitude, crashed on Beverly Boulevard in West Los Angeles.
Clark didn't survive the crash. Clark's last radio broadcast found him in high spirits, clowning with Maxene, LaVerne, Patty Andrews, he joined them for a comical rendition of "Baby Face," during which Buddy amused the CBS studio audience, as well as the famous swing trio of sisters, with his spot-on Al Jolson impression. He is buried at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, near his widow and daughter. Clark had been married to Louise Hitz, stepdaughter of famed hotelier Ralph Hitz in 1935, they had two children together before divorcing in 1941. Jerry Vale's first album, was a tribute to Clark. For his contributions to the music industry, he has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on 6800 Hollywood Boulevard. "An Apple Blossom Wedding" "Baby, It's Cold Outside" "Ballerina" "Confess" "Don't You Love Me Anymore" "A Dreamer's Holiday" "Girl Of My Dreams" "How Are Things in Glocca Morra?" "I'll Dance at Your Wedding" "I'll Get By" "I Love You So Much It Hurts" "It's a Big, Wonderful World" "Linda" "Love Somebody" "Matinee" "May I Have the Next Romance?"
"My Darling, My Darling" "Now Is the Hour" "Peg O' My Heart" "Powder Your Face with Sunshine" "Rosalie" "The Rhythm of the Rhumba" "Serenade" "She Shall Have Music" "South America, Take It Away!" "Spring Is Here" "Take My Heart" "These Foolish Things" "These Things Money Can't Buy" "The One I Love" "The Treasure of Sierra Madre" "Until Today" "Where the Apple Blossoms Fall" "You Are Never Away" "You're Breaking My Heart" Bloom, Ken. American song; the Complete Musical Theater Companion. 1877–1995’’, Vol. 2, 2nd edition, Schirmer Books, 1996. Clarke, Donald; the Penguin Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Viking, 1989. Cuscuna, Michael; the Blue Note Label. A Discography, Greenwood Press, 2001. Larkin, Colin; the Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Third edition, Macmillan, 1998. Buddy Clark biography on Yahoo! Site Buddy Clark biography by Frank Dee Buddy Clark biography on the Interlude Era site Buddy Clark at Find a Grave Buddy Clark on IMDb
Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby was an American singer and actor. The first multimedia star, Crosby was a leader in record sales, radio ratings, motion picture grosses from 1931 to 1954, his early career coincided with recording innovations that allowed him to develop an intimate singing style that influenced many male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, Dick Haymes, Dean Martin. Yank magazine said that he was "the person who had done the most for the morale of overseas servicemen" during World War II. In 1948, American polls declared him the "most admired man alive", ahead of Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII. In 1948, Music Digest estimated that his recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music. Crosby won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Father Chuck O'Malley in the 1944 motion picture Going My Way and was nominated for his reprise of the role in The Bells of St. Mary's opposite Ingrid Bergman the next year, becoming the first of six actors to be nominated twice for playing the same character.
In 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. He is one of 33 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the categories of motion pictures and audio recording, he was known for his collaborations with longtime friend Bob Hope, starring in the Road to... films from 1940 to 1962. Crosby influenced the development of the postwar recording industry. After seeing a demonstration of a German broadcast quality reel-to-reel tape recorder brought to America by John T. Mullin, he invested $50,000 in a California electronics company called Ampex to build copies, he convinced ABC to allow him to tape his shows. He became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. Through the medium of recording, he constructed his radio programs with the same directorial tools and craftsmanship used in motion picture production, a practice that became an industry standard. In addition to his work with early audio tape recording, he helped to finance the development of videotape, bought television stations, bred racehorses, co-owned the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team.
Crosby was born on May 3, 1903 in Tacoma, Washington, in a house his father built at 1112 North J Street. In 1906, his family moved to Spokane and in 1913, his father built a house at 508 E. Sharp Avenue; the house sits on the campus of Gonzaga University. It functions today as a museum housing over 200 artifacts from his life and career, including his Oscar, he was the fourth of seven children: brothers Laurence Earl, Everett Nathaniel, Edward John, George Robert. His parents were Harry Lowe Crosby, a bookkeeper, Catherine Helen "Kate", his mother was a second generation Irish-American. His father was of English descent. Through another line on his father's side, Crosby is descended from Mayflower passenger William Brewster. On November 8, 1937, after Lux Radio Theatre's adaptation of She Loves Me Not, Joan Blondell asked Crosby how he got his nickname: Crosby: "Well, I'll tell you, back in the knee-britches day, when I was a wee little tyke, a mere broth of a lad, as we say in Spokane, I used to totter around the streets, with a gun on each hip, my favorite after school pastime was a game known as "Cops and Robbers", I didn't care which side I was on, when a cop or robber came into view, I would haul out my trusty six-shooters, made of wood, loudly exclaim bing! bing!, as my luckless victim fell clutching his side, I would shout bing! bing!, I would let him have it again, as his friends came to his rescue, shooting as they came, I would shout bing! bing! bing! bing! bing! bing! bing! bing!"Blondell: "I'm surprised they didn't call you "Killer" Crosby!
Now tell me another story, Grandpa! Crosby: "No, so help me, it's the truth, ask Mister De Mille."De Mille: "I'll vouch for it, Bing."That story was pure whimsy for dramatic effect and the truth is that a neighbor - Valentine Hobart - named him "Bingo from Bingville" after a comic feature in the local paper called "The Bingville Bugle" which the young Harry liked. In time, Bingo got shortened to Bing. In 1917, Crosby took a summer job as property boy at Spokane's "Auditorium," where he witnessed some of the finest acts of the day, including Al Jolson, who held him spellbound with ad libbing and parodies of Hawaiian songs, he described Jolson's delivery as "electric."Crosby graduated from Gonzaga High School in 1920 and enrolled at Gonzaga University. He did not earn a degree; as a freshman, he played on the university's baseball team. The university granted him an honorary doctorate in 1937. Today, Gonzaga University houses a large collection of photographs and other material related to Crosby.
In 1923, Crosby was invited to join a new band composed of high school students a few years younger than himself. Al Rinker, Miles Rinker, James Heaton, Claire Pritchard and Robert Pritchard, along with drummer Crosby, formed the Musicaladers, who performed at dances both for high school students and club-goers; the group disbanded after two years. Crosby and Al Rinker obtained work at the Clemmer Theatre in Spokane. Crosby was a member of a vocal trio called'The Three Harmo
Dorothy Collins was a Canadian/American singer and recording artist. Collins was born in Windsor, Ontario and adopted her stage name in her mid-teens; as a youngster, she sang on radio stations in Detroit. In 1940, at age 14, she and her family were introduced to bandleader/composer Raymond Scott in Chicago. Shortly thereafter, she became Scott's protégée. In early 1942, at age 15, she became a featured vocalist with Scott's orchestra, performing on radio and on tour. Scott groomed her for stardom, which included coaching her vocals and mentoring her performance skills. In the late 1940s, she contributed vocals to the revived Raymond Scott Quintette, a sextet that released records on the bandleader's own Master label and served as house band on the radio program Herb Shriner Time. In 1949, after Scott was hired to conduct the orchestra on the popular CBS Radio program, Lucky Strike's Your Hit Parade, Collins was trained by Scott to lead his sextet on tour in his absence. In 1950, Your Hit Parade moved with Scott retained as conductor.
Shortly thereafter, at Scott's urging, Collins was hired. She shot to nationwide fame as one of the show's featured vocalists, singing—and acting in costume—in sketches dramatizing popular songs of the day. After her absence from Your Hit Parade during the 1957–58 season, Collins returned for the series' final season on CBS Television ending in April 1959. Collins appeared as spokeswoman/vocalist in Lucky Strike cigarette commercials during the program and on their other sponsored series via transcription disc, earning the title, "The Sweetheart of Lucky Strike." She made television history as the first performer to appear on videotape. The recording format was first introduced in a Collins musical segment on the October 23, 1956 episode of NBC's The Jonathan Winters Show, her additional TV credits include The Steve Allen Show, The Bell Telephone Hour, The Hollywood Palace. From 1961 to 1963 she was co-host and stunt participant on CBS-TV's Candid Camera with Durwood Kirby and series creator Allen Funt.
In 1961 she guest-hosted a short-lived Carol Burnett and Richard Hayes CBS Radio Network show. In 1955, her single "My Boy - Flat Top," reached #16 on the Billboard charts. A follow-up single, "Baciare Baciare," peaked at #43. In 1956, her single "Seven Days" peaked at #17, she recorded other singles and albums with little chart success. In 1958, for the Coral Records label she released Picnic: Dorothy Collins Sings Steve Allen, an album of compositions by the musician/TV host/comedian. Collins sang a collection of educational tunes on an album entitled Experiment Songs, one of six LPs in a set called Ballads for the Age of Science and produced by Hy Zaret and Lou Singer around 1960. In 1979, she performed in concert at Michael's Pub in New York. In the summer of 1957 she played Dorothy Gale in The Municipal Opera Association of St. Louis production of The Wizard of Oz, alongside Margaret Hamilton reprising her movie role of the Wicked Witch of the West. Collins played the title role in the Saint Paul Civic Opera Association's presentation of The Unsinkable Molly Brown.
In 1971, Collins made her Broadway debut in Stephen Sondheim's Follies, portraying Sally Durant Plummer, a one-time Ziegfeld-style showgirl trapped in a disappointing marriage. Critic Martin Gottfried wrote of her performance: "Dorothy Collins,'Hit Parade' jokes notwithstanding, has a voice of impressive versatility and range." Her performance earned a Tony Award nomination as Best Actress in a Musical, but lost to co-star, fellow Canadian-born actress Alexis Smith. When the production opened in Los Angeles in 1972, Collins reprised the role of Sally. At the Melody Top summer stock theatre in Milwaukee, Wisconsin she starred in Good News, she reprised her role in Follies. In 1980 she appeared as Dolly in Hello Dolly at An Evening Dinner Theatre, New York. Collins was married to Raymond Scott from 1952 until their divorce in 1965, they had two daughters and Elizabeth. She married actor Ron Holgate in December 1966, with whom she had Melissa, they separated in 1977, divorced in 1980. She died in July 1994 from heart disease at her home in Watervliet, New York.
She was survived by her three daughters. Her first husband, Raymond Scott, died just five months earlier. Remembering Dorothy Collins, official website maintained by her daughters Tribute to Dorothy Collins, unofficial website maintained by two of her loyal fans Dorothy Collins on IMDb Dorothy Collins at the Internet Broadway Database Bell Telephone Hour: Designs in Music on YouTube, spotlighting Dorothy Collins and Raymond Scott, December 8, 1961 Dorothy Collins bio at Gala Records Dorothy Collins performs on YouTube "Suddenly There's a Valley" on Your Hit Parade, Dorothy Collins in a commercial for Lucky Strike cigarettes from Your Hit Parade, 1950s Ballads for the Age of Science
New York Daily Mirror
The New York Daily Mirror was an American morning tabloid newspaper first published on June 24, 1924, in New York City by the William Randolph Hearst organization as a contrast to their mainstream broadsheets, the Evening Journal and New York American consolidated into the New York Journal American. It was created to compete with the New York Daily News, a sensationalist tabloid and the most circulated newspaper in the United States. Hearst preferred the broadsheet format and sold the Mirror to an associate in 1928, only to buy it back in 1932. Hearst hired away the Daily News's Philip Payne as managing editor of Mirror. Payne's circulation building stunts ranged from reviving the sensational Hall-Mills murder case to sponsoring and being a passenger on the Old Glory transatlantic flying record attempt, in which he was killed. Early on, several bright young writers and photographic journalists joined the Daily Mirror, such as Ring Lardner, Jr. Hy Peskin and the political commentator Drew Pearson.
The poet-songwriter Nick Kenny was the paper's radio editor, Edward Zeltner contributed a column. The gossip columnist Walter Winchell and managing editor Emile Gauvreau were both hired away from the New York Evening Graphic, the city's third sensational tabloid. Winchell was given his own radio show and syndicated, in his prime—the 1940s and early 1950s—in more than 2000 daily papers. During the three tabloids' 1920s circulation war, management of the Mirror estimated that its content was 10% news and 90% entertainment. For example, the Mirror and Graphic both had devoted substantial resources to the exploitation of scandal with repeated stories on such events as the divorce trial of real estate tycoon Edward West "Daddy" Browning who at age 51 had married 16-year-old Frances Belle "Peaches" Heenan, as well as constant coverage of the decade's celebrities like Rudolph Valentino, Babe Ruth and Charles A. Lindbergh. By the 1930s, the Daily Mirror was one of the Hearst Corporation's largest papers in terms of circulation.
However, the paper never became a profitable property as its earnings were destined to support the company's faltering afternoon papers, in its years it declined despite numerous efforts to turn things around. Despite having the second-highest daily circulation of an American newspaper at the time, the Daily Mirror closed on October 16, 1963, after the 114-day 1962–63 New York City newspaper strike; the Daily Mirror name rights were at that point acquired by its rival the Daily News. On January 4, 1971, publisher Robert W. Farrell revived the New York Daily Mirror in name only, as a tabloid, published in Long Island City, Queens. Operating on a shoestring budget, the paper faced obstruction from the Daily News; this new iteration of the Daily Mirror ceased publication on February 28, 1972. "New York Mirror" is posted on the door through which Andrea Sachs leaves after an interview at the end of the 2006 film The Devil Wears Prada. Sportswriter and columnist Max Mercy wrote for the New York Daily Mirror in the 1984 film The Natural.
The alternate history novel Sideslip, by Ted White and Dave van Arnam, depicts an alternate reality where Earth is ruled by extraterrestrials and the New York Daily Mirror continues publication into 1968. In the 1972 film The Godfather, characters Michael Corleone and Kay Adams find out that Vito Corleone has been shot from a copy of the New York Daily Mirror at a newsstand. Arthur Brisbane Jack Lait Tex McCrary Lee Mortimer Sidney Skolsky
Tommy Leonetti was an American pop singer-songwriter and actor of the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. In Australia his most famous song was "My City of Sydney" and was used by the Australian TV channel ATN7 in Sydney for station identification into the 1980s. In America he achieved greater success as a songwriter for movies and Broadway plays. Tommy Leonetti was born Nicola Tomaso Lionetti in Bergen County, New Jersey in 1929, he married the American actress Cindy Robbins on November 27, 1965, in Beverly Hills and was stepfather to her daughter, Kimberly Beck. They lived in Australia, in the 1960s and 1970s before returning to America. Married in 1958 to Patricia Quinn and divorced in 1964. Leonetti acted in minor roles in American TV series: Gomer Pyle, U. S. M. C. I Spy, Hawaii Five-O, The Waltons and The Eddie Capra Mysteries, he had a film role in The Human Duplicators a science fiction alien invasion movie. "Free", Leonetti's 1956 single, has been described as a US one-hit wonder peaking at number 23 on Billboard magazine's pop charts.
He had a minor hit with his version of "I Cried" which reached number 30 in 1954. Your Hit Parade, The Steve Allen Show and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson featured performances by Leonetti, he hit in the US with the only charted version of the spiritual "Kum Ba Yah" in early 1969 which hit No. 54 on the Billboard Hot 100 while topping at No. 4 on the Adult Contemporary chart (Billboard Hot 100 January 1, 1969 and the Adult Contemporary Chart on 12/18/68. Tommy hit the Adult Contemporary charts on 12/16/67 with his Columbia single You Knew About Her All the Time and again on 7/27/68 with All the Brave Young Faces of the Night. On 1/4/64 Tommy's recording of Soul Dance hit the Bubbling Under the Hot 100 at No. 105 where it remained for 5 weeks (all info from Across the Charts 1960s Joel Whitburn, Record Research, Menomonee Falls, WI. While in Australia, Leonetti hosted his own talk-show from 1968 to 1970 for ATN-7, provided the basis for the parody character Norman Gunston, his final US chart record was "When I Needed You Most Of All", which, in 1974, reached Record World #120 in a 6-week chart run.
He had a number 4 hit in Melbourne in 1968 with "Let’s Take a Walk" (In a recent interview his step daughter Kimberly Beck claimed she wrote "Let's Take a Walk" when she was 9 years old and recorded it with her stepfather Tommy at age 11 while residing in Sydney Australia. Kim is now known as actress Kimberly Beck. Leonetti's rendition of "My City of Sydney" (written by Leonetti and Bobby Troup, was used by ATN7 for nightly sign-off can be viewed on Video on YouTube. Sydney punk rockers XL Capris provided their version in 1979, this promo includes blue-tinged portions from Leonetti's TV sign-off. Other versions were performed by yodeller Mary Schneider, 1990s punk rockers Frenzal Rhomb and James Valentine on his radio show in February 2008. "My City of Sydney" was followed by a cartoon of a kangaroo putting its joey to sleep on a bed made from the words "ATN Channel 7," and was in use until the mid-1980s, when it was replaced by animator Debbie Glasser's cartoon about Sydney. According to Garry McDonald, the character of Norman Gunston and his television show were devised as a parody of Leonetti's late-night Sydney TV variety show, "The Tommy Leonetti Show", hosted by Leonetti from 1969 to 1970.
The American Society of Composers and Publishers lists 49 works credited to "Tommy Leonetti". Music for films included: Squeeze a Flower, Massacre at Central High and She Came to the Valley, he co-wrote and sang "Cross Roads" for Massacre at Central High. TV music included: The ABC Weekend Special episodes 1.2 "The Ransom of Red Chief", 1.9 "Soup and Me", 2.5 "Little Lulu" and 2.6 "Soup for President". Leonetti died in 1979 in Houston, Texas, of cancer, at the age of 50. Gravestone name is "Nicholas Tommy Leonetti". Dream Street Nobody Else But Me Tommy Leonetti Sings the Winners Trombones, Guitars and Me Today Tommy Leonetti on IMDb Tommy Leonetti at Find a Grave
B. A. Rolfe
Benjamin Albert Rolfe was an American musician known as "The Boy Trumpet Wonder" who went on to be a bandleader, recording artist, radio personality, film producer. He was born on October 1879 in Brasher Falls, New York, the son of a music director. At a young age he played the piccolo and cornet in his father's band, touring the U. S. east coast and Europe. After high school, he worked as a musical clown in a traveling circus until joining the Majestic Theater Orchestra in Utica, New York. At the Utica Conservatory of Music he was head of the brass instrument department. Dawn back to show business in the early part of the 20th century, he worked in vaudeville, producing a revue and serving as bandleader. In 1914, Rolfe turned his talents to the fledgling motion picture business, establishing his own production company, Rolfe Photoplays Inc. Although he filmed in California, Rolfe's productions were made in and around Fort Lee, New Jersey, distributed through an agreement with Louis B. Mayer's Metro Pictures Corporation.
Rolfe's company produced more than 50 silent films, several of which were collaborations with director/screenwriter Oscar A. C. Lund, including the 1916 drama Dorian's Divorce starring Lionel Barrymore, his film company's last production was the 15-part mystery serial, The Master Mystery, starring Harry Houdini. Mounting financial difficulties resulted in Rolfe Photoplays Inc. going out of business and before 1920 he was making a living producing and directing films for Metro Pictures and other small independent production companies such as A. H. Fischer, Inc. for which he produced Even as Eve and directed Man and Woman, both released in 1920. Rolfe's last directorial effort was A. H. Fischer's Miss 139, notable in that he managed to get a credible performance from star Diana Allen, the less than talented but dazzlingly beautiful former Ziegfeld Follies girl, she starred in Man and Woman. After leaving the film business, B. A. Rolfe reestablished himself as a performing soloist, music instructor and vaudeville producer.
He worked with Vincent Lopez in 1924 and 1925. Inspired by Paul Whiteman, by 1926 he had assembled his own New York City dance orchestra to perform at a Broadway cabaret called the Palais D'Or. Soon billed as "B. A. Rolfe and his Palais D'Or Orchestra," by 1928 he was performing on radio and recording as "B. A. Rolfe and his Lucky Strike Orchestra" for Edison Records. Rolfe was an exclusive Edison artist from 1926 through October, 1929, when Edison suspended its recording operation. Rolfe made electrical transcriptions in the early 1930s and made two Vitaphone shorts in 1934 and in 1935. In 1935–36, Rolfe was the leader of The Goodrich Silvertown Orchestra, his radio broadcasts ran until the late 1930s during which time he and his orchestra played music with the sponsorship of Believe It or Not! on NBC. Rolfe narrated the shows, providing an on-air description of a Robert Ripley tale of wonder. With the onset of World War II, Rolfe organized an all-female orchestra to perform patriotic songs. At the age of 76, he died of cancer in Massachusetts.
Destiny Cora The Trail of the Shadow Miss Robinson Crusoe The Duchess of Doubt The Girl Without a Soul The Outsider The Voice of Conscience The Winding Trail The Claim Breakers Ahead The Belle of the Season Easy to Make Money Love Without Question an Old Dark House mystery WFMU: Thomas Edison's Attic: B. A. Rolfe and his Palais D'or Orchestra with vocalist J. Donald Parker: "One Summer Night" Your Hit Parade B. A. Rolfe on IMDb Rolfe Photoplays on IMDb