College Park, Georgia
College Park is a city in Fulton and Clayton Counties, United States, adjacent to the southern boundary of the city of Atlanta. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,942. Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport is located in the city's boundaries, the Georgia International Convention Center and operated by the City of College Park, is within the city limits; the city is home to the fourth largest urban historical district registered with the National Register of Historic Places in the state of Georgia. College Park is located on the border of Fulton and Clayton counties at 33°38′54″N 84°27′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.1 square miles, of which 0.019 square miles, or 0.19%, is water. College Park's City Hall is 8 miles southwest of downtown Atlanta. Interstate 85 passes through the city and merges with Interstate 285, the perimeter highway around Atlanta, for a short distance in the southern part of College Park. I-85 exits 69 through 72 and I-285 exits 60 and 62 are located within the College Park city limits.
The western part of Hartsfield–Jackson Airport, including its domestic terminal, occupies the eastern side of the city. The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority provides heavy rail and bus services in College Park; the College Park Station is the primary station for College Park, located just south of Downtown, is the third busiest station in the MARTA Rail System, with a weekday average of 9,023 entries. It is serviced by both the Gold Line and the Red Line during the day, only the Gold Line after 9:00 PM; the following bus routes serve College Park: Route 82 - Camp Creek / Welcome All Route 84 - East Point/Camp Creek Route 89 - Old National Hwy./Union City Route 172 - Sylvan Road/Virginia Ave. Route 180 - Fairburn / Palmetto Route 181 - Buffington Rd./South Fulton P/R Route 189 - Flat Shoals Road/ Scofield Road Route 195 - Forest Parkway/Roosevelt Highway Route 196 - Church/Upper Riv./Mt. Zion The community that would become College Park was founded as Atlantic City in 1890 as a depot on the Atlanta and West Point Railroad.
The town was renamed Manchester when it was incorporated as a city in 1891. It was renamed again as the city of College Park in 1896; the city's name came from being the home of Georgia Military Academy. The east-west avenues in College Park are named for Ivy League colleges, the north-south streets are named for influential College Park residents; the history of College Park has been linked with what is now known as Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport — airport development having spurred several radical changes to the landscape of the municipality over the course of the 20th century. In 1966, a study funded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development suggested that the introduction and expansion of jet aircraft travel would place the airport and surrounding communities, including College Park, into conflict. In the 1970s and 1980s, large swaths of property in College Park were purchased using information detailed in The Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport Noise Land Reuse Plan, which allowed the airport to apply for federal funding to purchase property deemed to be in so-called "noise land."
The 1985 Chuck Norris film Invasion U. S. A. was notoriously filmed in these abandoned portions of College Park. This site would in 2003, in part be home to the Georgia International Convention Center. In 1978, the College Park Historical Society was founded in order to combat proposed northward expansion of the airport. Between the 1980s and the early 2000s, as part of continued execution of the FAA noise abatement program, the City of Atlanta and the FAA purchased 320 acres of property adjacent to the west side of downtown College Park, resulting in a multitude of properties sitting abandoned for decades; the totality of these abandoned properties purchased between the 1970s and the 2000s have been described as a major player in shaping a negative public image of the city, second only to the perception of crime in the area. Although the Atlanta hip hop music scene in the 1980s and 1990s was credited to artists from nearby suburban Decatur, College Park and the adjacent city of East Point have been associated with artists and record producers from "SWATS", whom have contributed to the evolution of the southern hip hop genre over the course of the 2000s.
While the controversial process of gentrification started in the larger At
Revlon, Inc. is an American multinational cosmetics, skin care and personal care company founded in 1932 and based in New York City. Revlon was founded in the midst of the Great Depression, 1932, by Jewish American brothers Charles Revson and Joseph Revson along with a chemist, Charles Lachman, who contributed the "L" in the Revlon name. Starting with a single product — a new type of nail enamel — the three founders pooled their resources and developed a unique manufacturing process. Using pigments instead of dyes, Revlon developed a variety of new shades of opaque nail enamel. In 1937, Revlon started selling the polishes in department pharmacies. In six years, the company became a multimillion-dollar organization. By 1940, Revlon offered an entire manicure line, added lipstick to the collection. During World War II, Revlon created makeup and related products for the United States Army, honored in 1944 with the Army-Navy "E" Award for Excellence. By the end of the war, Revlon was listed as one of America's top five cosmetic houses.
Expanding its capabilities, the company bought Graef & Schmidt, a cutlery manufacturer seized by the government in 1943 because of German business ties. This acquisition made it possible for Revlon to produce its own manicure and pedicure instruments, instead of buying them from outside supply sources. In November 1955, Revlon went public; the IPO price was $12 per share. In the 1960s, Revson segmented Revlon Inc into different divisions, each focusing on a different market, he borrowed this strategy from General Motors. Each division had its own target customer: Revlon, the largest and most popular-priced brand Princess Marcella Borghese, upscale/international Ultima II, premium Natural Wonder, juniors Moon Drops, dry skin Etherea, hypo-allergenic In 1957, Revlon acquired Knomark, a shoe-polish company, sold its shoe-polish line Esquire Shoe Polish in 1969. Other acquisitions, such as Ty-D-Bol, the maker of toilet cleansers, a 27 percent interest in the Schick electric shaver company were soon discarded.
Evan Picone, a women's sportswear manufacturer which came with a price tag of $12 million in 1962, was sold back to one of the original partners four years for $1 million. However, the 1967 acquisition of U. S. Vitamin and Pharmaceutical Corporation made Revlon a leader in diabetes drugs; the company began to market its products overseas at the end of the 1950s. By 1962, when Revlon debuted in Japan, there were subsidiaries in France, Argentina and Asia. Revlon's entrance into the Japanese market was typical of its international sales strategy. Instead of adapting its ads and using Japanese models, Revlon chose to use its basic U. S. advertising and models. Japanese women loved the American look, the sales for 1962 came to $164 million. In 1968, Revlon introduced Eterna27, the first cosmetic cream with an estrogen precursor called Progenitin, as well as introducing the world's first American fashion designer fragrance, Norman Norell. Revlon launched Braggi and Pub for men, a line of wig maintenance products called Wig Wonder.
In 1970, Revlon acquired the Mitchum line of deodorants. In 1971 Flex shampoo and conditioner was introduced. In 1973, Revlon introduced Charlie. Geared to the under-30 market, Charlie model Shelley Hack in Ralph Lauren clothes, personified the independent woman of the 1970s; this was the first perfume ad to feature a woman wearing pants. Charlie raised Revlon's net sales figures to $506 million for 1973 and $606 million the following year. Shelley Hack appeared on Oprah in 2007 to talk about the power of these Charlie print and commercial ads, their follow-up fragrance, became the number two best seller. In 1973, model Lauren Hutton signed an exclusive modeling contract, agreeing to pose for Revlon's Ultima line for $400,000 for two years, she was featured on the cover of Newsweek for this ground-breaking cosmetics contract. Additionally, famed photographer Richard Avedon was signed on as the exclusive photographer for the brand - another cosmetics industry first. In 1975, Charles Revson died. Michel Bergerac, whom Revson had hired as President of the company, continued to expand the company holdings.
Revlon acquired Coburn Optical Industries, an Oklahoma-based manufacturer of ophthalmic and optical processing equipment and supplies. Barnes-Hind, the largest U. S. marketer of hard contact lens solutions, was bought in 1976 and strengthened Revlon's share of the eye-care market. Revlon purchased Armour Pharmaceutical Company, a division of Armour and Company, from The Greyhound Corporation in 1977. Other acquisitions included the Lewis-Howe Company, makers of Tums antacid in 1978; these health-care operations helped sales figures to pass the $1 billion mark in 1977, bringing total sales to $1.7 billion in 1979. In the mid-1980s, Revlon lost ground to Estée Lauder. Estee Lauder spent millions of dollars on numerous magazine ads featuring Czech supermodel Paulina Porizkova, shot by famed Chicago fashion photographer Victor Skrebneski. Revlon's share dropped from 20 percent to 10 percent of department store cosmetics sales. Sales at the drugstore declined as Revlon lost shares to Noxell's Cover Girl brand.
Revlon compensated with more acquisitions. The 1977 acquisition of Carlos Colomer, a Spanish professional beauty supply distributor, brought Fermodyl and Roux and helped introduce Revlon to the world of ethnic care: Creme of Nature, Lovely Color and Milk and Honey. In 1983 the company attempted an unsuccessful hostile takeover of Gillette. In 1989, Revlon became one of the first companies to replace animal tests with alternative safety testing
It's Goin' Down (Yung Joc song)
"It's Goin' Down" is a song co-written and recorded by American hip hop artist Yung Joc, produced by Nitti. It was released in April 2006 as the first single from his debut album New Joc City; the song is part of the snap genre, popular in hip hop music from the Southern United States. The title is slang for describing a "good time." Directed by Lenny Bass, a music video for "It's Goin' Down" was filmed in early March 2006. It took place at various locations in the Atlanta area, including the corner of Rocky Ford Road and Hosea Williams Drive at the Kirkwood neighborhood and a clothing store in Belvedere Plaza. Yung Joc and other cast members ride in the 1969 Oldsmobile Cutlass. Making cameos in this video included rapper Killer Mike, two members of the R&B group Cherish, producer Nitti. "It's Goin' Down" performed well in the U. S. peaking at number 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 on June 24, 2006. It peaked at number 1 on the Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart for eight weeks beginning on June 3, 2006.
This single and successor "I Know You See It" both earned Platinum RIAA certification on December 14, 2006 for selling one million copies. David Jeffries of allmusic called the song "a simple, familiar-sounding bit of Southern weekend music that withstands numerous replays." Sonia Murray of Yung Joc's hometown Atlanta Journal-Constitution newspaper described the beat as having "sharp, insistent keyboards" and the lyrics as "simple... infectious."Comparing Yung Joc's rapping style to "a senior citizen on the MARTA," Brian Sims of HipHopDX called the song "hypnotic if the flow is not" and "nothing fancy, just bar after monotonous bar." Tom Breihan of Pitchfork was more critical, describing the song as "basically filler itself" due to being "just a clicking drumbeat, a maddeningly repetitive synth line, a swaggery brag-rap."In year-end lists, Rolling Stone ranked "It's Goin' Down" no. 79 in its year-end "100 Best Songs of the Year" list in 2006 for showing "the power of a pure, synthy snap beat and a singsongy rhyme."
The January 2007 issue of Vibe ranked the song 15th in its "60 Songs of'06" list."It's Goin' Down" was a nominee for the Grammy Award for Best Rap Song in 2007, which went to "Money Maker" by Ludacris featuring Pharrell. However, it won the Hip-Hop Track of the Year award at the BET Awards 2006. Five remixes were made for this song: the official remix features Rick Ross, Slim Thug, Jody Breeze. Rapper Lydell Lucky made a remix to the song as well, which features Paul Wall and others; the song can be heard in the 2007 film Norbit in the scene where Rasputia was out looking for Norbit, on a date with Kate. A number of songs have sampled lines from "It's Goin' Down", such as "If Ya Girl Choose" by Gucci Mane and "Get Like Me" by David Banner featuring Chris Brown. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
A mixtape is a compilation of music from multiple sources, recorded onto a medium. With origins in the 1980s, the term describes a homemade compilation of music onto a cassette tape, CD, or digital playlist; the songs are either ordered sequentially or made into a continuous program by beatmatching the songs and creating seamless transitions at their beginnings and endings with fades or abrupt edits. Essayist Geoffrey O'Brien described this definition of the mixtape as "perhaps the most practiced American art form". In hip hop and R&B culture, a mixtape describes a self-produced or independently released album issued free of charge to gain publicity or avoid possible copyright infringement. However, the term has been applied to a number of releases published for profit in the 2010s. Homemade mix tapes became common in the 1980s. Although the compact audio cassette by Philips appeared at the 1963 Berlin Radio Show, the sound quality of cassettes was not good enough to be considered for music recording until further advances in tape formulations, including the advent of chrome and metal tape.
Before the introduction of the audio cassette, the creation of a pop music compilation required specialized or cumbersome equipment, such as a reel-to-reel or 8 track recorder, inaccessible to the casual music fan. As cassette tapes and recorders grew in popularity and portability, these technological hurdles were lowered to the point where the only resources required to create a mix were a handful of cassettes and a cassette recorder connected to a source of pre-recorded music, such as a radio or LP player; the 8-track tape cartridge was more popular for music recording during much of the 1960s, as the cassette was only mono and intended for vocal recordings only, such as in office dictation machines. But improvements in fidelity allowed the cassette to become a major player; the ready availability of the cassette and higher quality home recording decks to serve the casual home user allowed the cassette to become the dominant tape format, to the point that the 8 track tape nearly disappeared shortly after the turn of the 1980s.
The growth of the mixtape was encouraged by improved quality and increased popularity of audio cassette players in car entertainment systems, by the introduction of the Sony Walkman in 1979. A distinction should be drawn between a private mixtape, intended for a specific listener or private social event, a public mixtape, or "party tape" consisting of a recording of a club performance by a DJ and intended to be sold to multiple individuals. In the 1970s, such DJs as Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, Afrika Bambaataa and the Soulsonic Force, Kool Herc and the Herculoids, DJ Hollywood would distribute recordings of their club performances via audio cassette, as well as customized recordings for individual tape purchasers; these recordings tended to be of higher technical ability than home-made mixtapes and incorporated techniques such as beatmatching and scratching. One 12 October 1974 article in Billboard Magazine reported, "Tapes were dubbed by jockeys to serve as standbys for times when they did not have disco turntables to hand.
The tapes represent each jockey's concept of programming and sequencing of record sides. The music is heard without interruption. One- to three-hour programs bring anywhere from $30 to $75 per tape reel-to-reel, but on cartridge and cassette." Club proprietors, as well as DJs, would prepare such tapes for sale. Throughout the 1980s, mixtapes were a visible element of youth culture. However, the increased availability of CD burners and MP3 players and the gradual disappearance of cassette players in cars and households have led to a decline in the popularity of the compact audio cassette as a medium for homemade mixes; the high point of traditional mixtape culture was arguably the publication of Nick Hornby's novel High Fidelity in 1995. Since mixtapes have been replaced by mix CDs and shared MP3 playlists, which are more durable, can hold more songs, require minutes to prepare, MP3 players take only seconds compared to CD-Rs. While some mixtape enthusiasts bemoan the obsolescence of the cassette tape, others concede that the greater convenience offered by the mix CD has expanded the possibilities and accessibility of the medium, as indicated by the recent resurgence of mix-swapping clubs that trade mix CDs by regular mail.
Some mix enthusiasts appreciate the potential of the mix CD for extended, continuous mixes and creative album art. MP3 players have further enhanced track accessibility, though ones without a screen defeat that purpose. Today, websites concerned with electronic music provide; these consist of recorded DJ sets of live, beat-matched mixes of songs, which are used by DJs seeking to demonstrate their mixing skills to an online audience. Some radio shows worldwide specialize in mix series, including The Breezeblock on BBC Radio 1, The Solid Steel Show, Eddy Temple-Morris/The Remix on Xfm. Additionally, DJs such as Grandmaster Flash, DJ QBert, DJ Spooky, DJ Z-Trip or DJ Shadow, The Avalanches, Rjd2 have gained fame for creating new songs by combining fragments of existing songs; the resulting remix or mash-up can be seen as an evolution of the mixtape, in that it appropriates existing songs to give them new meanings through their juxtaposition, but does so in a quicker, more integrated style. This practice is derived from the use of s
"So Fly" is the debut single of 112 band member Slim from his debut album Love's Crazy. It produced by Oddz N Endz; the song has reached #49 on the U. S. Billboard Hot 100; the single version is a remix. This is the version used in the music video. Digital download"So Fly" - 3:36 On October 27, 2008, the main official remix was released and features new verses & vocals by Slim and new verses by R&B singer Faith Evans & Atlanta rapper Big Boi; the single/video version that features Shawty Lo is the 2nd main official remix. Another remix called the "East Coast Remix" featuring Jadakiss, Busta Rhymes and Freeway was released in 2008. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Get Like Me (David Banner song)
"Get Like Me" is the second single from David Banner's sixth album, The Greatest Story Ever Told. The song features Chris Brown and samples several lines from "It's Goin' Down" by fellow rapper Yung Joc, while not credited or featured, appears in the song's music video. There was an alternate version of the song featuring Jim Jones, but label troubles prevented his version from being released. Allmusic editor David Jeffries highlighted the song. Robert Christgau highlighted it. Sputink Music's Maximilan Harknes wrote a positive review: "Another song that stands out on the album is the big hit single Get Like Me in all of its spastic, mainstream goodness David Banner’s production gives the “Ballin!“ feel." Andrew Graham called this song banger. The video was directed by Ulysses Terrero. Chris Brown guest-stars in the video. Cameos include Barry Bonds, Gabrielle Union, the Maloof family brothers Gavin and Joe; the music video was released May 2008 on BET's 106 & Park, but was leaked a few days earlier.
Banner is seen at two points in the video wearing a shirt saying "I miss Pimp C", a reference to the deceased southern rapper. He goes on and says in the song, "I got Chad in my heart, DJ Screw in my cup." Chad was Pimp C's first name. Lil Wayne released a freestyle of "Get Like Me", titled "Stuntin" with Canadian rapper Drake, on his mixtape Dedication 3; the official remix features Jim Jones. The song first appeared on the Billboard Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles at number 110 but that version featured Jim Jones after two weeks on the chart, peaking at 93, it fell off so the official single without Jim Jones could chart; this single has proven to be David Banner's second most successful to date, hitting #16 on the Billboard Hot 100, after "Play", which hit #7. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Beep (Bobby Valentino song)
"Beep" is the first official single from Bobby V's third studio album The Rebirth. The single is produced by Mississippi native Leland Clopton AKA Big Fruit. "Beep" contains a sample of the 1985 hit "Moments in Love" by Art of Noise. The up-tempo track details the joys of adventurous sex. In regards to his newest track Bobby notes, The music video debuted via 106 & Park on November 19, 2008 and features cameo appearances from Chingy, DJ Drama, Sean Garrett, Rocko, V. I. C. and Buckeey from Flavor of Love 2 And Marvin Williams From The Atlanta Hawks. The official remix features Ludacris, Lil' Kim and Lil Wayne and was released on January 22, 2009