"Yuppie" is a term coined in the early 1980s for a young professional person working in a city. The first printed appearance of the word was in a May 1980 Chicago magazine article by Dan Rottenberg. Rottenberg reported in 2015 that he didn't invent the term, he had heard other people using it, at the time he understood it as a rather neutral demographic term. Nonetheless, his article did note the issues of socioeconomic displacement which might occur as a result of the rise of this inner-city population cohort. Joseph Epstein was credited for coining the term in 1982; the term gained currency in the United States in 1983 when syndicated newspaper columnist Bob Greene published a story about a business networking group founded in 1982 by the former radical leader Jerry Rubin of the Youth International Party. The headline of Greene's story was "From Yippie to Yuppie'". East Bay Express humorist Alice Kahn claimed to have coined the word in a 1983 column; this claim is disputed. The proliferation of the word was affected by the publication of The Yuppie Handbook in January 1983, followed by Senator Gary Hart's 1984 candidacy as a "yuppie candidate" for President of the United States.

The term was used to describe a political demographic group of liberal but fiscally conservative voters favoring his candidacy. Newsweek magazine declared 1984 "The Year of the Yuppie", characterizing the salary range and politics of "yuppies" as "demographically hazy"; the alternative acronym yumpie, for young upwardly mobile professional, was current in the 1980s but failed to catch on. In a 1985 issue of The Wall Street Journal, Theressa Kersten at SRI International described a "yuppie backlash" by people who fit the demographic profile yet express resentment of the label: "You're talking about a class of people who put off having families so they can make payments on the SAABs... To be a Yuppie is to be a loathsome undesirable creature". Leo Shapiro, a market researcher in Chicago, responded, "Stereotyping always winds up being derogatory, it doesn't matter whether you are trying to advertise to farmers, Hispanics or Yuppies, no one likes to be neatly lumped into some group."The word lost most of its political connotations and after the 1987 stock market crash, gained the negative socio-economic connotations that it sports today.

On April 8, 1991, Time magazine proclaimed the death of the "yuppie" in a mock obituary. The term has experienced a resurgence in usage during the 2010s. In October 2000, David Brooks remarked in a Weekly Standard article that Benjamin Franklin – due to his extreme wealth and adventurous social life – is "Our Founding Yuppie". A recent article in Details proclaimed "The Return of the Yuppie", stating that "the yuppie of 1986 and the yuppie of 2006 are so similar as to be indistinguishable" and that "the yup" is "a shape-shifter... he finds ways to reenter the American psyche." In 2010, right-wing political commentator Victor Davis Hanson wrote in National Review critically of "yuppies".. "Yuppie" was in common use in Britain from the early 1980s onward and by 1987 had spawned subsidiary terms used in newspapers such as "yuppiedom", "yuppification", "yuppify" and "yuppie-bashing". A September 2010 article in The Standard described the items on a typical Hong Kong resident's "yuppie wish list" based on a survey of 28- to 35-year-olds.

About 58% wanted to own their own home, 40% wanted to professionally invest, 28% wanted to become a boss. A September 2010 article in The New York Times defined as a hallmark of Russian "yuppie life" adoption of yoga and other elements of Indian culture such as their clothes and furniture. Bourgeoisie DINK Gentrification Hipster Opportunities Baby boomers Lowy, Richard. "Yuppie Racism: Race Relations in the 1980s". Journal of Black Studies. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications. 21: 445–464. Doi:10.1177/002193479102100405. ISSN 0021-9347; the dictionary definition of yuppie at Wiktionary

Moderates (Italy)

The Moderates are a regional centrist political party in Italy, active in Piedmont. The party, whose leader is Giacomo Portas, is associated with the centrist party Italia Viva; the party was launched in January 2006 by Portas, a former member of Forza Italia, was joined by four regional councillors: Giuliano Manolino, Giovanni Pizzale, Mauro Laus and Graziella Valloggia. In the 2006 municipal election in Turin the Moderates scored 4.0%, in 2007 they won 3.0% in Cuneo, 7.8% in Grugliasco and 10.0% in Moncalieri, in 2008 5.6% in Ivrea and 5.9% in Orbassano. In the 2008 general election Portas was elected to the Chamber of Deputies as an independent from the list of the Democratic Party in the "Piedmont 1" constituency, marking the party's entry in national politics. In 2009 provincial elections the party won 2.7% in the Province of Turin, 2.1% in Alessandria, 1.7% in Cuneo and 0.8% in Novara, in that year municipal elections it obtained 10.4% in Nichelino and 6.7% in Piossasco. In the 2010 regional election the Moderates won 3.1% of the vote regionally and 4.1% in the Province of Turin, where Michele Dell'Utri was elected regional councillor.

After the election, Giovanni Maria Ferraris was appointed regional minister. In the 2011 Turin municipal election the party garnered a sweeping 9.1% and four councillors, being crucial for the election of Democrat Piero Fassino as mayor. In the 2012 municipal elections the party won 6.5% in Alessandria, 4.6% in Asti, 6.8% in Cuneo, 11.9% in Grugliasco. Lists with a similar name and symbol appeared outside Piedmont, most notably in Piacenza, where "Moderates for Dosi" won 13.4% of the vote. The party contested the 2013 general election as part of the PD-led centre-left coalition Italy. Common Good and Portas was re-elected to the Chamber. In the 2014 regional election the party obtained 2.5 % of two councillors. In 2015 Michelino Davico, a senator from Cuneo elected with Lega Nord, joined the party, thus represented in both houses of the Italian Parliament. In 2016 the party formed a federative pact with Civic Choice and sub-group within the Mixed Group of the Chamber of Deputies with three deputies, but not its leader Portars, who remained in the group of the PD.

In the 2016 local elections the Moderates won 5.9% in Turin, 10.0% in Pinerolo and 4.8% in Nichelino, outside Piedmont, no remarkable results. In the 2017 local elections the party obtained 3.8% in Alessandria, 4.6% in Cuneo, 7.4% in Chivasso. The Moderates contested the 2018 general election as part of the centre-left coalition and Portas was elected in the PD list. In 2019 the Moderates ended their association with the Democratic Party and affiliated to Italia Viva, the new centrist party founded by former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi. Portas left the PD group in the Chamber of Deputies and joined the IV group. Official website

Vincent D'Agosta

Detective Lieutenant Vincent D'Agosta is a fictional character appearing in the novels of Douglas Preston and Lincoln Child. He is a main character in several different storylines. D'Agosta's first appearance is in Relic, as the NYPD detective in charge of investigating the Mbwun museum murders, he and FBI agent Aloysius Pendergast work together to save innocent lives. D'Agosta returns in Reliquary, after which he retires to Canada, using the pseudonym of Campbell Dirk to write police procedurals. D'Agosta comes out of retirement, leaving his cheating wife and college aged son in Canada, in Brimstone and returns to the force, he is now sergeant in a small town outside New York. He works with Laura Hayward, whom he was romantically involved with, again with Agent Pendergast; the two investigate various murders with satanic overtones. In Dance of Death, D'Agosta risks his job to conceal the fugitive Pendergast's whereabouts and helps him defeat his murderous brother, Diogenes; this takes them back to the museum.

He helps break Pendergast out of prison and helps to catch Diogenes in The Book of the Dead. Pendergast comes to believe his deceased wife was murdered via tampering with her rifle, he hires D'Agosta to assist him in the investigation. An assassin trying to kill Pendergast wounds D'Agosta instead. Another effort is made to kill D'Agosta to entrap Pendergast as well; the attempt fails on both counts. This takes place in the novel Fever Dream. In the 1997 film The Relic, Lieutenant D'Agosta is played by Tom Sizemore. Vicent D'Agosta on IMDb[[