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Yverdon-les-Bains

Yverdon-les-Bains is a municipality in the district of Jura-Nord vaudois of the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. It is the seat of the district; the population of Yverdon-les-Bains, as of December 2018, was 30,157. Yverdon is located in the heart of a natural setting formed by the Jura mountains, the plains of the Orbe, the hills of the Broye and Lake Neuchâtel, it is the second most important town in the Canton of Vaud. It is an important regional centre for commerce and tourism, it was awarded the Wakker Prize in 2009 for the way the city handled and developed the public areas and connected the old city with Lake Neuchâtel. The heights nearby Yverdon seem to have been settled at least since the Neolithic Age about 5000 BCE, as present archeological evidence shows; the town was at that time only a small market place, at the crossroads of terrestrial and fluvial communication ways. People began to settle, at first in temporary huts at the water-front, for fishers and merchants in permanent dwellings.

The Celtic Helvetii are said to have been the first permanent settlers of Eburodunum, from about the 2nd century BCE. About a century the Romans realized the commercial and strategic importance of this place: it controlled major routes such as Geneva-Avenches, connecting the Rhône and Rhine basins, as well as those of Rhone and Danube; the imposing Castrum, or stronghold, called Castrum Ebredunense was the second largest in Switzerland and demonstrated the importance the Romans attached to Yverdon. The port served as naval base for the barges supplying the defensive positions along the Rhine, which marked the North-Eastern border of the Empire, thus the Roman "Vicus" of Eburodunum developed into a prosperous urban centre. The sulphur springs were used for a thermal spa, as attested by excavations, it is possible that the Helvetii appreciated the beneficial effects of these waters. About a century after the first invasions of the Alemanni, when the "Vicus" had been destroyed, the Romans built a large military stronghold.

It was protected by gigantic ramparts and 15 masonry towers. The Barbarians invaded Italy in the 5th century, threatened to assault Rome. In a last desperate effort to save the city, all troops stationed North of the Alps were ordered back to Italy; the garrison and the Roman administration had to abandon the Yverdon camp. The inhabitants of Eburodunum, up to assigned to live beyond the ramparts took possession of the Castrum, using it for their own safety. Like this, Eburodunum-Yverdon survived the hard times, until the 15th century; the Castrum was noted in the Notitia Dignitatum. With the lake receding, the ancient town confined to the Castrum had lost its strategic position: no more direct access to the port, or to the new trade routes alongshore; when Peter II of Savoy extended his rule over the Pays de Vaud, he managed to impose road tolls as well as port and fishing taxes. He founded the new town of Yverdon, defended by a castle. Construction works attracted many settlers; the imposing main walls and their four towers were erected within a few years.

The design of the castle followed the geometric characteristics used for castles set in plains, had been planned by the young mason and architect Jacques de Saint-Georges. Jacques planned Caernarvon Castle and built the castle Saint-Georges d'Espéranches, near Lyon. Yverdon's castle used to be the residence of the castellans of the Savoy dynasty, until 1536, followed by the bailiffs of Bern state. In 1798, the Département du Léman became the castle's owner; the Département had been set up by the short-lived "Helvetian Republic", imposed by Napoleon I. A few years Yverdon acquired the castle, to entrust it to Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi and his institute. After 1838, the castle housed a public school. New classrooms were created on the second floor: dividing walls were erected, additional windows changed the severe look of the castle's façade. After 1950, these classrooms were abandoned; the original medieval structure was restored. The castle is today a multi-purpose cultural centre, housing a regional museum, a theatre, various conference rooms and the oldest public library of French-speaking Switzerland, founded in 1763.

The library is now part of the castle museum, existing since 1830. The Savoy rulers granted bountiful franchise and liberties to the burghers of Yverdon; the township prospered during the two hundred years preceding the Burgundy wars. The Bernese conquest followed. During the nearly three hundred years of Bernese occupation, economic life continued to thrive; the 18th century proved to be one of Yverdon's most favorable periods, marked by cultural and economic highlights. A town of about 2.000 inhabitants, Yverdon radiated as a spa, as a centre of thought, being in close contact with the great minds and movements of the time. Burnand, its architect, erected the town hall between 1768 and 1773, on the site of the former covered market. Inside the building, beautiful furniture and decorations are displayed, faience stoves, panels and paintings; the vaults of the ancient granary are used year-round for art exhibitions. The Geneva architect Billon erected this Protestant church in 1757, on the site of Notre-Dame chapel of the 14th century.

Its spire had been rebuilt in 1608, on the base of the original one, for which huge, sculpted blocks from the ruin

Windsor Junction, Nova Scotia

Windsor Junction is a Canadian suburban community in Nova Scotia's Halifax Regional Municipality. It is located 15.6 km north west of the HRM urban core and 3 km north of the Bedford Basin near the communities of Waverley, Fall River and Lower Sackville. The name of the community was established by the Nova Scotia Railway in 1858 after a railway junction was located between Second and Third Lakes, north of the Bedford Basin; this junction was where the line from Halifax split into lines to Windsor. Another railway line was built from Dartmouth to Windsor Junction in 1896; the NSR and its railway stations were built by Irish and German settlers in the area. With Nova Scotia's entry into Confederation in 1867, ownership of the NSR passed from the provincial government to the federal government, which folded it into the Intercolonial Railway; the line to Windsor was leased in 1871 to the Windsor & Annapolis Railway, which became part of the Dominion Atlantic Railway in 1894. The ICR built the railway line from Windsor Junction to Dartmouth in 1896 and the ICR became part of Canadian Government Railways in 1915, folded into the Canadian National Railways in 1918.

In 1912 the DAR was purchased by Canadian Pacific Railway. Windsor Junction was served by two stations in its history, the first built in 1857, which included a saloon, it was replaced in 1882 by an Intercolonial Railway style station, noted for its station gardens, staffed until 1978 and demolished in 1984. In 1994, CPR sold the DAR and the line from Windsor Junction to Windsor became part of the Windsor and Hantsport Railway. CN's mainline from Halifax-Truro and its branch from Windsor Junction to Dartmouth are still used by 8 to 10 freight trains daily, while the WHR used the line from Windsor Junction to Windsor on a less-frequent schedule, until about 2012 when it closed; the CN mainline at Windsor Junction still carries heavy freight service container trains, while Via Rail's Ocean passenger service passes through the community 6 days per week. First three digits of the postal code - B2T Telephone 902 860, 861 - Aliant.

Jimmy Kelly (footballer, born 1954)

Jimmy Kelly is a Northern Irish former professional footballer who played in the Football League and in the North American Soccer League during the 1970s and early 1980s. After beginning his career in his native Northern Ireland with Glentoran and Cliftonville, he moved to English First Division side Wolverhampton Wanderers in December 1971. Kelly had to wait until 5 February 1974 to make his club debut, in a 0–1 defeat at Sheffield United, was not selected again for two further years, he gained playing time by joining NASL side Portland Timbers in 1975, managed a run of nine of Wolves' final ten fixtures of the 1975–76 season as they unsuccessfully battled relegation. After only a handful of further appearances for Wolves during the following two seasons he signed for nearby Walsall in 1978. In 1981, he returned to North America to again play for the Portland Timbers. Matthews, Tony. Wolverhampton Wanderers: The Complete Record. Derby: Breedon Books. ISBN 978-1-85983-632-3. "Kelly's Eye still on Molineux".

Wolvesheroes.com. 19 May 2010. "Profile: Jimmy Kelly". NASL Jerseys