Zari is an thread traditionally made of fine gold or silver used in traditional Indian, Pakistani garments as brocade in saris etc. This thread is woven into fabrics of silk to make intricate patterns and elaborate designs of embroidery called zardozi. Zari was popularised during the Moghul era, the port of Surat was linked to the Meccan pilgrimage route which served as a major factor for re-introducing this ancient craft in India. During the Vedic ages, the gold embroidery was associated with the grandeur and regal attire of gods and literary figures. Today in most fabrics, zari is not made of real gold and silver, but has cotton or polyester yarn at its core, wrapped by golden/ silver metallic yarn. Zari is the main decorative material in most silk ghararas, it is used in other garments made of silk, like lehengas, cholis and dhotis. Persian is. Zari is a brocade of tinsel thread meant for weaving and embroidery, it is manufactured by winding or wrapping a flattened metallic strip made from pure gold, silver or slitted metallised polyester film, on a core yarn of pure silk, cotton, polyester, P.
P. mono/multi filament, etc. Nowadays, it can broadly be divided into three types. Real zari, imitation zari, metallic zari. Real Zari is made from fine silver or gold thread is drawn from silver or gold alloys, flattened by passing it under through equal pressure rotating rollers; the flattened silver threads are wound on the base yarn, made of silk. These spools with silk and silver threads are further flattened for electroplating; the threads are plated with gold by the process of electroplating. The lustre of the gilded threads is further increased by passing them through a brightener; these threads are wound on a reel. In ancient times, when precious metals were cheaply and available, only real zari threads were produced. Due to industrial revolution and invention of electroplating process, imitation techniques came into existence to cut the cost of precious metals; as copper is the most malleable and ductile metal after gold and silver, silver electroplated copper wire replaced pure silver.
Various modern colours and chemicals are used to create/impart a golden hue instead of pure gold. The precious metals and copper too became dearer due to huge demand in various modern industries. Thus, a cheap and durable alternative was invented with non-tarnishing properties. Metallic zari came into vogue replacing traditional metals like silver & copper; this non-genuine modern zari is more durable than earlier editions. It has the sought after properties of resistance to tarnishing and knotting. Imitation zari is made, it undergoes a similar process, except in this case, they are electroplated with silver and wound around the base yarn, reeled. This type of zari is less expensive than pure zari, as silver electroplated copper is more economical. Metallic zari is a modernized version of zari and it replaces traditional metals like gold and copper, it is resistant and light in weight. It maintains its lustre for a considerable period of time. Zari is used in various forms such as Zardozi, Kataoki Bel, Tilla or Marori Work, Gota Work, Kinari Work Surat in the state of Gujarat on the west coast of India is the world's largest producer of all types of zari namely threads, laces, borders, fringes, cordonettes, etc.
The art of zari making has been inherited from father to son for many centuries. It is recognised as one of the ancient handicrafts by the government of India. Women from different communities & artisans produce zari and made-ups for weaving, crocheting, etc. Additionally, there are 100,000 child laborers producing Zari in India, sometimes under conditions of debt bondage or otherwise unpaid work. Banaras brocades, by Vijay Krishna, All India Handicrafts Board. Ed. Ajit Mookerjee. Crafts Museum, 1966
Jerry Lind in Duluth, Minnesota is known as Baron von Lind. He is the son of Baron Johann von Lind. After he left the United States military in 1989, Lind assumed his ancestral name of "von Lind". von Lind began his artistic career as a young apprentice in a publishing firm doing graphic art. In years, he would work in the fields of art direction, magazine art illustration, portrait painter, pinup artist for calendars and classical painting. Von Lind worked at Paramount Studios where he painted such stars as Yul Brynner, Sophia Loren, Peter O'Toole and Clint Eastwood to name a few. In 1982, he was approached by the White House to do a painting of President Ronald Reagan; the painting now hangs in the Reagan Museum in California. Museums that display his works include the Proctor Historical Society, the 15th Air Force Museum in Riverside, California, his painting titled'Mission 207' was dedicated on May 14, 2004 at March Air Force Base. and is now permanently displayed as part of the museum's history honoring the men and aircraft of the World War II era.
Jerry's In August 2002, 11 official postage stamps were issued by the Republic of Benin in West Africa with von Lind's art. Von Lind's brother was killed on a mission over Germany in 1945 while serving in Italy with the 15th Air Force. Jerry passed away in 2017 https://m.legacy.com/obituaries/tcpalm/obituary.aspx?n=&pid=186999664&referrer=0&preview=True
United Nations Security Council resolution 875, adopted unanimously on 16 October 1993, after recalling resolutions 841, 861, 862, 867 and 873, the Council, aware of the continued failure of parties in Haiti implement the Governors Island Agreement, widened international sanctions and imposed a naval blockade against the country. The sanctions were a further measure aimed at removing the military junta in Haiti and restoring democracy. Acting under Chapter VII and Chapter VIII of the United Nations Charter, the Council called upon Member States to halt inward maritime shipping as necessary in order to inspect and verify their cargoes and destinations, as well as implement restrictions on petroleum and liquefied natural gas in accordance with previous resolutions; the resolution concluded by stating that further measures would be taken if necessary to ensure compliance. History of Haiti List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 801 to 900 Works related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 875 at Wikisource Text of the Resolution at undocs.org
Cemented carbide is a hard material used extensively as cutting tool material, as well as other industrial applications. It consists of fine particles of carbide cemented into a composite by a binder metal. Cemented carbides use tungsten carbide, titanium carbide, or tantalum carbide as the aggregate. Mentions of "carbide" or "tungsten carbide" in industrial contexts refer to these cemented composites. Most of the time, carbide cutters will leave a better surface finish on the part, allow faster machining than high-speed steel or other tool steels. Carbide tools can withstand higher temperatures at the cutter-workpiece interface than standard high-speed steel tools. Carbide is superior for the cutting of tough materials such as carbon steel or stainless steel, as well as in situations where other cutting tools would wear away faster, such as high-quantity production runs. Cemented carbides are metal matrix composites where carbide particles act as the aggregate and a metallic binder serves as the matrix.
Its structure is thus conceptually similar to that of a grinding wheel, except that the abrasive particles are much smaller. The process of combining the carbide particles with the binder is referred to as sintering or hot isostatic pressing. During this process, the binder will be entering the liquid stage and carbide grains remain in the solid stage; as a result of this process, the binder is embedding/cementing the carbide grains and thereby creates the metal matrix composite with its distinct material properties. The ductile metal binder serves to offset the characteristic brittle behavior of the carbide ceramic, thus raising its toughness and durability. By controlling various parameters, including grain size, cobalt content and carbon content, a carbide manufacturer can tailor the carbide's performance to specific applications; the first cemented carbide developed was tungsten carbide which uses tungsten carbide particles held together by a cobalt metal binder. Since other cemented carbides have been developed, such as titanium carbide, better suited for cutting steel, tantalum carbide, tougher than tungsten carbide.
The coefficient of thermal expansion of cemented tungsten carbide is found to vary with the amount of cobalt used as a metal binder. For 5.9% of cobalt a coefficient of 4.4 µm·m−1·K−1 is found, whereas the coefficient is around 5.0 µm·m−1·K−1 for a cobalt content of 13%. Both values are only valid from 20 °C to 60 °C. Carbide is more expensive per unit than other typical tool materials, it is more brittle, making it susceptible to chipping and breaking. To offset these problems, the carbide cutting tip itself is in the form of a small insert for a larger tipped tool whose shank is made of another material carbon tool steel; this gives the benefit of using carbide at the cutting interface without the high cost and brittleness of making the entire tool out of carbide. Most modern face mills use carbide inserts, as well as many lathe endmills. In recent decades, solid-carbide endmills have become more used, wherever the application's characteristics make the pros outweigh the cons. To increase the life of carbide tools, they are sometimes coated.
Five such coatings are TiN, TiC, TiN, TiAlN and AlTiN. Most coatings increase a tool's hardness and/or lubricity. A coating allows the cutting edge of a tool to cleanly pass through the material without having the material gall to it; the coating helps to decrease the temperature associated with the cutting process and increase the life of the tool. The coating is deposited via thermal CVD and, for certain applications, with the mechanical PVD method. However, if the deposition is performed at too high temperature, an eta phase of a Co6W6C tertiary carbide forms at the interface between the carbide and the cobalt phase, which may lead to adhesion failure of the coating. Mining and tunneling cutting tools are most fitted with Cemented Carbide tips, the so-called "button bits". Artificial diamond can replace the cemented carbide buttons only when conditions are ideal, but as rock drilling is a tough job the Cemented Carbide button bits remain the most used type throughout the world. Since the mid-1960s, steel mills around the world have applied cemented carbide to the rolls of their rolling mills for both hot and cold rolling of tubes and flats.
This category contains a countless number of applications, but can be split into three main areas: Engineered components Wear parts Tools and tool blanksSome key areas where cemented carbide components are used: Automotive components Canning tools for deep drawing of two-piece cans Rotary cutters for high-speed cutting of artificial fibres Metal forming tools for wire drawing and stamping applications Rings and bushings for bump and seal applications Woodworking, e.g. for sawing and planing applications Pump pistons for high-performance pumps Nozzles, e.g. high-performance nozzles for oil drilling applications Roof and tail tools and components for high wear resistance Balls for bal
Chesterton railway station was located on the line between Cambridge and Histon. It closed the same year. In 1846, the Eastern Counties Railway obtained authorisation to construct the Wisbech, St Ives and Cambridge Junction Railway; the section from St Ives to Chesterton Junction on the King's Lynn to Cambridge line opened on 17 August 1847. The line was double-track but was singled by 1854 before being redoubled in the 1870s; the ECR opened a "flag station" at Chesterton Junction on 19 January 1850. It remained open until October 1850, it was situated on the north side of Fen Road. A signal box controlling the junction and level crossing over Fen Road stood at the northern end of the bridge until November 1984. A triangle of land between the St Ives branch and the main line was used at least from 1911 by the permanent way department to store materials and comprised a number of sidings. A modern permanent way depot was built on the site after the Second World War which incorporated a long-welded rails plant and a 2 ft gauge system operated by Ruston and Hornsby diesel mechanical locomotives.
By 2005, the depot had been abandoned and the site was overgrown. By 2008, the sidings at Chesterton Junction were in use by Lafarge which operated an aggregates storage facility, a concrete batching and coated roadstone plants. In 2015, planning permission was granted for the redevelopment of part of Chesterton Sidings for the construction of Cambridge North railway station, which opened on the 21 May 2017; the remainder of the 18-hectare site will become part of a mixed-use development with office and retail space, involving the relocation of the existing freight facility
Gilead Township is one of the sixteen townships of Morrow County, United States. The 2010 census found 6,112 people in the township. Located in the central part of the county, it borders the following townships: Washington Township - north Congress Township - northeast Franklin Township - east Harmony Township - southeast Lincoln Township - south Cardington Township - southwest Canaan Township - northwestTwo villages are located in Gilead Township: Edison in the west, Mount Gilead, the county seat of Morrow County in the center. Gilead Township was organized in 1835, it is the only Gilead Township statewide. The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election.
Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website