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Zedekiah called Mattanyahu or Mattaniah, was the twentieth and last king of Judah before the destruction of the kingdom by Babylon. Zedekiah had been installed as king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon, after a siege of Jerusalem in 597 BC, to succeed his nephew, overthrown as king after a reign of only three months and ten days. William F. Albright dates the start of Zedekiah's reign to 598 BC, while E. R. Thiele gives the start in 597 BC. On that reckoning, Zedekiah was born in c. 617 618 BC, being twenty-one on becoming king. Zedekiah's reign ended with the siege and fall of Jerusalem to Nebuchadnezzar II, dated to 587 or 586 BC; the prophet Jeremiah was his counselor, yet he did not heed the prophet and his epitaph is "he did evil in the sight of the Lord". When Babylon rose against Assyria it caused upheavals. Egypt, concerned about the new threat, moved northward to support Assyria, it set on the march in 608. King Josiah attempted to block the Egyptian forces, fell mortally wounded in battle at Megiddo.

Josiah's younger son Jehoahaz was chosen to succeed his father to the throne. Three months the Egyptian pharaoh Necho, returning from the north, deposed Jehoahaz in favor of his older brother, Jehoiakim. Jehoahaz was taken back to Egypt as a captive. After the Egyptians were defeated by the Babylonians at the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II besieged Jerusalem. Jehoiakim changed allegiances to avoid the destruction of Jerusalem, he paid tribute from the treasury, some temple artifacts, some of the royal family and nobility as hostages. The subsequent failure of the Babylonian invasion into Egypt undermined Babylonian control of the area, after three years, Jehoiakim switched allegiance back to the Egyptians and ceased paying the tribute to Babylon. In 599 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II again laid siege to Jerusalem. In 598 BC, Jehoiakim was succeeded by his son Jeconiah. Jerusalem fell within three months. Jeconiah was deposed by Nebuchadnezzar, who installed Jeconiah's uncle, in his place.

According to the Hebrew Bible, Zedekiah was made king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar II in 597 BC at the age of twenty-one. This is in agreement with a Babylonian chronicle, which states, "The seventh year: In the month Kislev the king of Akkad mustered his army and marched to Hattu, he encamped against the city of Judah and on the second day of the month Adar he captured the city seized king. A king of his own choice he appointed in the city taking the vast tribute he brought it into Babylon."The kingdom was at that time tributary to Nebuchadnezzar II. Despite the strong remonstrances of Jeremiah, Baruch ben Neriah and his other family and advisors, as well as the example of Jehoiakim, he revolted against Babylon, entered into an alliance with Pharaoh Hophra of Egypt. Nebuchadnezzar responded by invading Judah. Nebuchadnezzar began a siege of Jerusalem in December 589 BC. During this siege, which lasted about thirty months, "every worst woe befell the city, which drank the cup of God's fury to the dregs".

At the end of Zedekiah's eleven-year reign, Nebuchadnezzar succeeded in capturing Jerusalem. Zedekiah and his followers attempted to escape, making their way out of the city, but were captured on the plains of Jericho, were taken to Riblah. There, after seeing his sons put to death, his own eyes were put out, being loaded with chains, he was carried captive to Babylon, where he remained a prisoner until he died. After the fall of Jerusalem, Nebuzaradan was sent to destroy it; the city was razed to the ground. Solomon's Temple was destroyed. Only a small number of vinedressers and husbandmen were permitted to remain in the land. Gedaliah, with a Chaldean guard stationed at Mizpah, was made governor to rule over the remnant of Judah, the Yehud Province. On hearing this news, all the Jews that were in Moab, Edom, in other countries returned to Judah. However, before long Gedaliah was assassinated, the population, left in the land and those that had returned fled to Egypt for safety In Egypt, they settled in Migdol, Tahpanhes and Pathros..

The Babylonian Chronicles give 2 Adar, 597 BC, as the date that Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem, thus putting an end to the reign of Jehoaichin. Zedekiah's installation as king by Nebuchadnezzar can therefore be dated to the early spring of 597 BC. There has been considerable controversy over the date when Jerusalem was captured the second time and Zedekiah's reign came to an end. There is no dispute about the month: it was the summer month of Tammuz; the problem has been to determine the year. It was noted above that Albright preferred 587 BC and Thiele advocated 586 BC, this division among scholars has persisted until the present time. If Zedekiah's years are by accession counting, whereby the year he came to the throne was considered his "zero" year and his first full year in office, 597/596, was counted as year one, Zedekiah's eleventh year, the year the city fell, would be 587/586. Since Judean regnal years were measured from Tishri in the fall, this would place the end of his reign and the capture of the city in the summer of 586 BC.

Accession counting was the rule for most, but not all, of the kings of Judah, whereas "non-accession" counting was the rule for most, but not all, of the kings of Israel. The

2011 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships

The 2011 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were held in Tokyo, from October 7–16, 2011, at the Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium. Due to uncertainty over the nuclear situation following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, the International Federation of Gymnastics revealed it was considering moving the event, but on May 22 FIG president Bruno Grandi announced that the World Championships would take place in Tokyo as planned. 83 countries participated, which included gymnasts from This event was the first qualifying stage for the 2012 Summer Olympics, which were held in London. The top 24 men's and women's teams from the 2010 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were allowed to send a full team of gymnasts; the top 8 men's and women's teams directly qualified for the team events at the 2012 Olympics. Teams placed 9th to 16th got a second chance to qualify a full team at the Olympic Test Event in January 10–18, 2012, from which four men's and women's teams qualified; the winners of gold and bronze medals in each apparatus qualified for the Olympics, either as individuals or as members of their national team.

Additional individual gymnasts qualified from the Test Event in January. All times are JST. Oldest and youngest competitors 2011 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships – Women's qualification In the qualifying round, five gymnasts performed on each apparatus, the top four scores were counted towards the team's total; the top eight teams qualified to the final. In the final, held on October 11, only three gymnasts performed on each apparatus, all the scores counted; the United States team won the gold medal with solid performances by all gymnasts on all apparatus, while the Russian team made several mistakes and finished a distant second. China narrowly beat Romania to win the bronze medal, followed by Great Britain in fifth place; this was the highest ranking finish Great Britain had had for a team at a World Championship. Oldest and youngest competitors Controversy During the presentation of medals, the National Anthem of the United States was abruptly ended, causing some frustration amongst both the coaches and the gymnasts themselves.

Alicia Sacramone injured her Achilles tendon during the last podium training and had left Japan when the Team Final started. However, US National Team Coordinator Marta Karolyi opted to keep her on the roster instead of naming alternate Anna Li to the team and subsequently competed with only 5 instead of the usual 6 gymnasts; this led to Sacramone receiving her tenth World Championships medal and becoming the US gymnast with the most World Championship medals. As Sacramone was not present during the competition, Li dressed, supported the team on the floor, accepted the team medal for Sacramone. Li passed the medal on to Sacramone and received a copy from USAG; the final was held on October 13. None of the medalists from the previous year were able to compete to defend their title as the gold and bronze medalists—Aliya Mustafina and Rebecca Bross, respectively—were both unable to compete at worlds due to knee injuries, silver medalist Jiang Yuyuan did not qualify high enough over her teammates.

A number of gymnasts ranked high enough to make the all-around final, but did not qualify due to the two-per-country rule. All the gymnasts from the USA that competed in the preliminary round ranked in the top 24; the gymnasts affected were Gabby Douglas, Sabrina Vega, McKayla Maroney of the United States. Affected were Tan Sixin and Jiang Yuyuan of China, Yuko Shintake and Yu Minobe of Japan, Anna Dementyeva of Russia; the last gymnast to qualify was Carlotta Ferlito. Oldest and youngest competitors Phan's bronze medal was the first medal for Vietnam at a World Championships. Maroney's performance secured the third consecutive World gold medal for the USA on women's vault following Kayla Williams in 2009 and teammate Alicia Sacramone in 2010. Chusovitina's silver was her 11th world medal; as her first world championships was in Indianapolis in 1991, she has been competing at an international level since before her fellow vault finalists were born. Oldest and youngest competitors Yamilet Peña attempted a handspring double front vault, which has a 7.1 D Value score, but because she landed on her back, she scored a 0.000.

Oldest and youngest competitors Oldest and youngest competitors Oldest and youngest competitors On the day before the competition, it was announced that Diana Bulimar had injured her foot, first reserve Lauren Mitchell would be taking her place in the final. Shortly after the women's beam competition, it was announced that Russia had decided to pull Viktoria Komova from the competition to give her teammate, Ksenia Afanasyeva a chance to compete in the final instead. During the warm up Vanessa Ferrari injured herself, so third reserve Diana Chelaru was added to replace her. In the qualifying round, five gymnasts performed on each apparatus, the top four scores were counted towards the team's total; the top eight teams qualified to the final. In the final, held on October 12, only three gymnasts performed on each apparatus, all the scores were counted; the Chinese team won the title for the fifth successive time, benefiting from crucial mistakes by the last two Japanese gymnasts. Japan was still able to win the silver medal, with a margin of only 0.010 point from the United States in bronze medal position.

Oldest and youngest competitors Berbecar landed on his back, therefore scored a 0.000. The all-around final was held on October 14. Three gymnasts had ranked high enough to qualify, but were not allowed to compete due to the two-per-coun

Alex Laing (rugby)

Alexander J. Laing, was a Scottish rugby union footballer of the 1880s, who played in Scotland for Hawick, was selected to play at a representative level for the British Isles on the 1888 British Lions tour to New Zealand and Australia, the first tour by a team representing the British Isles, he immigrated to the US to Buffalo, where he became a successful sheep farmer. Alexander J Laing was born on 25 October 1865 in Hawick, Scotland, to Alexander Laing and Jane Milligan Dinwiddie, he had at least five younger siblings. His father was a partner in a Tweed Merchants, he attended Edinburgh. Alex Laing played for five seasons for Hawick RFC up to 1888, he was captain of the club in the 1887–1888 season and was selected to play for his county side, Roxburgh. In addition he was selected to play for the South of Scotland, he was described as "one of the fastest forwards on the Borders". In their appraisal of him, the Otago Witness said that he was "a good dribbler and a splendid tackler and is a dangerous man near the goal line."

Laing did not score any tries. During the 1888 tour, after the Brisbane match, Laing's Hawick teammate Bob Burnet made his made up to stay in Australia. Alex along with his other Hawick teammate Willie Burnet, returned to face questioning about their amateur status in Glasgow as soon as they returned. Along with the rest of the tour party, they were found not to have contravened the rules and in late November 1888 they returned to Hawick to a hero’s welcome. Laing emigrated in November 1889 to Buffalo, Wyoming where he and Willie Burnet set up a successful sheep farming ranch. In Wyoming he married Flora, herself from Wyoming but whose father was from Canada and whose mother was from North Carolina, they had at least two daughters in Wyoming and Margory. Laing was naturalized as a citizen of USA in November 1898 before the District Court of Sheridan County, Wyoming. By 1920 he had lived uninterruptedly in buffalo for 31 years where he had established himself as a stock grower, specializing in sheep, although in 1920 he did apply to import into the USA a shipment of pure bred cattle from Scotland

Pop Rocks (film)

Pop Rocks is a 2004 American television film starring Gary Cole and Sherilyn Fenn that aired on ABC Family. Bank loan officer Jerry Harden has his life turned upside down when a scruffy-looking guitarist named Izzy shows up at his bank office, it is revealed that Jerry was a member of a hard rock/glam metal band called Rock Toxin, the members are planning a one-time-only reunion. Jerry is reluctant, as he prefers suburbia to the wild rock lifestyle he left behind, but is forced to reconsider when he finds that he doesn't have enough money to send his 17-year-old daughter Olivia to college. Since Jerry has never told his wife Allison about being in the band, he embarks upon living a hectic double life: nerdish pillar of society by day and heavily-made-up rock singer by night. Since the group Rock Toxin wore heavy "Kiss"-like makeup he doesn't think anyone will find out about his alternative persona, but this is when his troubles begin. Jerry fights to keep his past hidden while taking part in the concert which all the town will be attending.

But only the truth can save his family. Gary Cole as Jerry "Dagger" Harden Sherilyn Fenn as Allison Harden David Jensen as Izzy Douglas M. Griffin as Stu Dane Hereford as Ramone Asher Book as Liam Harden Johanna Braddy as Olivia Harden Joe Inscoe as Carl Hunter Shannon Eubanks as Helen Hunter Wilbur Fitzgerald as Donaldson With the death of ABC Family programming executive Linda Mancuso in December 2003, Disney Channel original programming leaders, executive vice president of original programming and production Gary Marsh and original movies vice president Michael Healy took charge over ABC Family's original movies unit in early 2004, they move away from the planned romantic comedies to green light two telefilms, Crimes of Fashion and Head Rush. By May 10, 2004, Head Rush was renamed Pop Rocks! and had signed its two lead actors, Gary Cole and Sherilyn Fenn. Patricia Clifford was signed on as Ron Lagomarsino as director; the movie was filmed in New Orleans. Reviewer Phil Gallo of Variety considered the film to have potential but fell "flat" in being humorless and silly.

Pop Rocks on IMDb

Western Australian Legislative Council

The Western Australian Legislative Council is the upper house of the Parliament of Western Australia, a state of Australia. It is regarded as a house of review for legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, the lower house; the two Houses of Parliament sit in Parliament House in Perth. Effective on 20 May 2005, for the election of members of the Legislative Council, the State was divided into 6 electoral regions by community of interest —3 metropolitan and 3 rural—each electing 6 members to the Legislative Council; the 2005 changes continued to maintain the previous malapportionment in favour of rural regions. The changes took effect for the 2008 state election. Since 2008, the Legislative Council has had 36 members. Since the 2013 state election, the terms of both houses of Parliament have been fixed four-year terms, with elections being held every four years on the second Saturday in March, though the term of the Legislative Council not expiring until May after the election; the term of the current Legislative Council began on 22 May 2017, when members elected at the 2017 state election took their seats.

The Labor Party holds 14 of the 36 seats, the Liberals hold nine seats, while the Nationals and The Greens hold four seats each and One Nation holds three seats. Six members of the Legislative Council are elected from each of the six regions under a proportional and preferential voting system using the single transferable vote method; because of the proportional representation system in place as well as the malapportionment in favour of rural regions, the Legislative Council has traditionally been controlled by a coalition of the Liberal and National parties, minor parties and independents have been more elected. The current composition of the Legislative Council, elected at the 2017 state election, is as follows: 19 votes as a majority are required to pass legislation. Western Australia's first representative parliament was the Legislative Council, first created in 1832 as an appointive body, it consisted only of official members. Three years an attempt was made to expand the Council by including four unofficial members to be nominated by the governor.

However, the public demand for elected rather than nominated members was so great that implementation of the change was delayed until 1838. In 1850, the British Parliament passed an act that permitted the Australian colonies to establish legislative councils that were one-third nominated and two-thirds elected, but only under the condition that the colonies take responsibility for the costs of their own government; because of this provision, Western Australia was slow to adopt the system. In 1867, the governor responded to public demand for representative government by holding unofficial elections and subsequently nominating each elected person to the Council. Three years representative government was adopted and the Legislative Council was changed to consist of 12 elected members and 6 members nominated by the governor. Suffrage was limited to those with a prescribed level of income; when Western Australia gained responsible government in 1890, a bicameral system was adopted and the Legislative Council became a house of review for legislation passed by the popularly elected Legislative Assembly.

This Council consisted of 15 members, all nominated by the governor. However, it was provided that once the population of the colony reached 60,000, the Legislative Council would become elective; the colony was expected to take many years to reach a population of 60,000 but the discovery of the eastern goldfields and the consequent gold rush caused that figure to be reached by 1893. The constitution was amended to make the Legislative Council an elective house of 21 seats, with three members to be elected from each of seven provinces; the first election to the Council was held following the dissolution of parliament in June 1894. This system was retained until 1962 when, over the next two years, the Council was reformed, creating a series of two-member electorates. Members were elected for six years with provision for re-election of one every three years. Universal suffrage was granted in order to bring the Council into line with the Assembly; this arrangement remained until 10 June 1987 when the Burke Labor government, with the conditional support of the National Party, introduced the present system of multi-member electorates and a method of proportional representation which is, however,'weighted' to give extra representation to rural constituents.

The legislation was made possible because the Australian Democrats in 1986 negotiated an election preference flow to Labor in return for an explicit undertaking on Legislative Council electoral reform, which resulted in the defeat of a number of Liberal councillors who were committed to opposing such reform. Until 2005 the state used a zonally weighted electoral system for both houses of parliament. In effect, this meant; the difference was less marked in the Assembly than in the Legislative Council, whose metropolitan regions are numerically weighted so that up to two rural members are elected by the same number of votes needed to elect a single member from Perth. This style of weighting has not been adopted by any other Australian state. While the Liberal Party and Labor Party were both advantaged and disadvantaged by this system, it benefited the National Party. During the 1990s, Liberal Premier Richard Court considered changing the system along the lines of that in place in South Australia, but backed down in the face of National Party opposition.

Effective on 20 May 2005, for the election of members of the Legislative Council, the State

Edinburg Roadrunners

The Edinburg Roadrunners were a professional baseball team based in Edinburg, Texas, in the United States. The Roadrunners were a member of the United League Baseball, an independent professional league, not affiliated with Major League Baseball or Minor League Baseball, they played in United League Baseball from 2006 to 2010 and the North American League from 2011 to 2012. They played their home games at Edinburg Stadium; the city refused to extend a lease with nowhere to play the team shut down. Named the Edinburg Coyotes, this franchise of United League Baseball replaced the Central Baseball League's Edinburg Roadrunners as the area's professional baseball club; the Coyotes began their existence by winning a historic 17 games without a loss, a minor league record, completing over 5 series before losing to the San Angelo Colts. The Coyotes went on to win the inaugural United League regular season title before losing to the Alexandria Aces in the league championship. After spending its first three seasons as the Coyotes, United League Baseball at a press conference on April 30, 2009 announced the franchise would become the Edinburg Roadrunners, named after the prior popular ball club, including its team logo and mascot.

Seasons as Edinburg Roadrunners shown in red Seasons as Edinburg Coyotes shown in tan 2006 Evan Cherry, OF Robinson Cancel, C Neomar Flores, RHP Eric Montoya, RHP Jose Olmeda, 1B Edwar Ramírez, RHP Larry Martin Jr. LHP Julio Ruiz, RHP2007 Julio Castro, RHP Luis Espinosa, C Eric Gonzalez, 2B Aaron Guerra, RHP Rodney Medina, OF Bric Steed, LHP Nelson Teilon, SS2008 Julio Castro, RHP Jarvis Abram, OF Edwar Ramírez, RHP – New York Yankees, Oakland Athletics Robinson Cancel, C – Milwaukee Brewers, New York Mets, Houston Astros The original Edinburg Roadrunners were a franchise of the now defunct Texas–Louisiana League the Central Baseball League, played from 2001-05. Like the current Roadrunners, the original team was an independent baseball team not affiliated with either Major League Baseball or Minor League Baseball, they played their home games at Edinburg Stadium. Chad Tredaway Vince Moore Steve Maddock 2001 Scott Fowler, RHP Sergio Guerrero, 2B Ryan Harris, RHP Chad Tredaway, Manager 2002 Pedro Cervantes, RP Scott Green, RHP Steve Shirley, 3B Chad Tredaway, Manager 2003 Ryan Harris, RHP2004 Anthony Angel, 2B Pedro Flores, LHP Ryan Harris, RHP Ryan Lehr, IF Eric Montoya, RHP Ryan Webb, OF2005 Matt Spencer, OF Steve Wilkerson, P Randy Williams – LHP with Seattle Mariners, San Diego Padres, Colorado Rockies Connections between the original and current Edinburg Roadrunners include the same name, colors, mascot Rowdy the Roadrunner, manager Vince Moore, CBL/ULB All-Star Eric Gonzalez, Pitcher Pedro Flores, playing at Edinburg Baseball Stadium.

The Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings have been a rival of both teams. Edinburg Roadrunners website Official North American League site Article about name change