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Zeila known as Zaila or Zeyla, is a port city in the northwestern Awdal region of the Somalia. In the Middle Ages, the Jewish traveller Benjamin of Tudela identified Zeila with the Biblical location of Havilah. Most modern scholars identify it with the site of Avalites mentioned in the 1st-century Greco-Roman travelogue the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea and in Ptolemy, although this is disputed; the town evolved into an early Islamic center with the arrival of Muslims shortly after the hegira. By the 9th century, Zeila was the capital of the early Adal Kingdom and Ifat Sultanate in the 13th century, a capital for its successor state the Adal Sultanate, it would attain its height of prosperity a few centuries in the 16th century; the city subsequently came under British protection in the 18th century. Zeila traditionally belongs to the ancient Somali tribe called Dir who are the original inhabitants and founders of the ancient city. Zeila is situated in the Awdal region in northwest Somalia. Located on the Gulf of Aden coast near the Djibouti border, the town sits on a sandy spit surrounded by the sea.

It is known for its coral reef and offshore islands, which include the Sa'ad ad-Din archipelago named after the Somali Sultan Sa'ad ad-Din II of the Sultanate of Ifat. Landward, the terrain is unbroken desert for some fifty miles. Berbera lies 170 miles southeast of Zeila, while the city of Harar in Ethiopia is 200 miles to the west. During antiquity Zeila was part of the Somali city-states that in engaged in a lucrative trade network connecting Somali merchants with Phoenicia, Ptolemaic Egypt, Parthian Persia, Saba and the Roman Empire. Somali sailors used the ancient Somali maritime vessel known as the beden to transport their cargo. Zeila is an ancient city, has been identified with what was referred to in classical antiquity as the town of Avalites, situated in the erstwhile Barbara geographical region on the northern Somali coast. Along with the neighboring Habash of Al-Habash to the west, the Barbaroi or Berber who inhabited the area are recorded in the 1st century CE Greek document the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea as engaging in extensive commercial exchanges with Egypt and pre-Islamic Arabia.

The travelogue mentions the Barbaroi trading frankincense, among various other commodities, through their port cities such as Avalites. Competent seamen, the Periplus' author indicates that they sailed throughout the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden for trade; the document describes the Barbaroi's system of governance as decentralized, consisting of a collection of autonomous city-states. It suggests that "the Berbers who live in the place are unruly", an apparent reference to their independent streak. Islam was introduced to the area early on from the Arabian Peninsula, shortly after the hegira. Zeila's two-mihrab Masjid al-Qiblatayn dates to the 7th century, is the oldest mosque in the city. In the late 9th century, Al-Yaqubi wrote that Muslims were living along the northern Somali seaboard, he mentioned that the Adal kingdom had its capital in the city, suggesting that the Adal Sultanate with Zeila as its headquarters dates back to at least the 9th or 10th centuries. According to I. M. Lewis, the polity was governed by local dynasties consisting of Somalized Arabs or Arabized Somalis, who ruled over the similarly-established Sultanate of Mogadishu in the Benadir region to the south.

Adal's history from this founding period forth would be characterized by a succession of battles with neighbouring Abyssinia. By the year of, Ibn Said referred to both Berbera. Zeila, as he tells us, was a wealthy city of considerable size and its inhabitants were Muslims. Ibn Said's description gives the impression that Berbera was of much more localized importance serving the immediate Somali, hinterland while Zeila was serving more extensive areas, but there is no doubt that Zeila was predominantly Somali, Al-Dimashqi, another thirteen-century Arab writer, gives the city name its Somali name Awdal, still known among the local Somali. By the fourteen century, the significance of this Somali port for the Ethiopian interior increased so much so that all the Muslim communities established along the trade routes into central and south-eastern Ethiopia were known in Egypt and Syria by the collective term of "the country of Zeila". In the following century, the Moroccan historian and traveller Ibn Battuta describes the city being inhabited by Somalis, followers of the Shafi‘i school, who kept large numbers of camels and goats.

His description thus indicates both the ingenious nature of the city, as indicated by the composition of its population, and, by implication through the presence of the livestock, the existence of the nomads in its vicinity. He describes Zeila as a big metropolis city and many great markets filled with many wealthy merchants. Through extensive trade with Abyssinia and Arabia, Adal attained its height of prosperity during the 14th century, it sold incense, slaves, gold and camels, among many other commodities. Zeila had by started to grow into a huge multicultural metropolis, with Somalis, Afar and Arabs and Persian inhabitants; the city was instrumental in bringing Islam to the Oromo and other Ethiopian ethnic groups. In 1332, the Zeila-based King of Adal was slain in a military campaign aimed at halting the Abyssinian Emperor Amda Seyon's march toward the city; when the last Sultan of Ifat, Sa'ad ad-Din II, was killed by Dawit I of Ethiopia in Zeila in 1410, his children escaped to Yemen, befor

Three Poplars in Plyushchikha

Three Poplars in Plyushchikha is a 1968 romantic drama feature film directed by Tatyana Lioznova based on the story by Alexander Borschagovsky "Three Poplars in Shabolovka". The film was a box-office success, it was seen by 26 million people in the USSR. From a village to Moscow comes a married woman and mother of two children Nyura to sell home-made ham, and the first person she meets is an intelligent taxi driver Sasha, who must pick her up to her in-law. This random meeting brings the strangers together and forces them to take a fresh look at their lives, but due to external circumstances continuation of this connection does not develop. Tatiana Doronina - Nyura Oleg Yefremov - Sasha, taxi driver Hikmat Latypov - grandfather Sadyk Vyacheslav Shalevich - Grisha, Nyura's husband Valentina Telegina - Fedosiya Ivanovna Nikolay Smirnov - uncle Egor Rumyantsev Alevtina - Nina, Nyura's daughter-in-law Victor Sergachov - Nina's fiancé George Svetlani - shepherd Galya Belykh - Galia, daughter Nyura Sergei Morozov - Sergei, Nyura's Eugene Poplavskaja - girl in a taxi Yakov Lenz - old man in the queue The story by Alexander Borshagovka was called "Three Poplars at Shabolovka", this was what the film was to be called.

However Shabolovka has become associated with television, the motion picture was not about the TV industry. Therefore, director Tatyana Lioznova decided to change the name of the movie and the author gave his consent. Field shooting of "Three Poplars at Plyushcikha" took place in the capital's streets and in the village Smedovo, Moscow Oblast. Scenes in Nina's apartment were filmed not far from Plyushcikha in the apartment which has the address Rostov embankment, №5. At the request of the filmmakers, the tenants of the apartment left for their dacha, leaving it at full disposal of the crew. Rustic interiors were filmed in Mosfilm pavilions and the "road" episodes - in a specially reserved diesel locomotive passenger car; the car in which Sasha drives Nyura is GAZ M21 Volga which belongs to Mosfilm and was used for many of the studio's pictures. It is on display at the Mosfilm museum. Nikolai Rybnikov auditioned for the role of Sasha In 2011 Channel One Russia aired a colorized version of the film.

The song Tenderness composed by Aleksandra Pakhmutova for the film became popular and has been covered by many artists. The film received an award from the International Catholic Organization for Cinema at the Mar del Plata International Film Festival; the actress Tatiana Doronina received an award for Best Actress at the All-Union Film Festival. For her acting in the film Tatiana Doronina was voted as best actress of 1968 by the readers of "Soviet Screen". In the film Gentlemen of Fortune a man nicknamed as Sad Sack says: "We are sitting here like three poplars in Plyushcikha!" – when the three prison escapees are sitting in an empty sports stadium. After this film, the phrase "Like three poplars in Plyushcikha" became a famous quote. Three Poplars in Plyushchikha on IMDb

List of School Rumble character image albums

The following character image albums are from the anime series School Rumble. Each follows the same track layout, has songs sung by the voice actors for the respective character and drama tracks including other characters' voice actors. Seven of the albums are for female characters: the female protagonist Tenma Tsukamoto, the supporting characters Yakumo Tsukamoto, Mikoto Suo, Eri Sawachika, Akira Takano, two minor characters. Karen Ichijou and Sarah Adiemus; the male protagonist of the series, Kenji Harima, is the only male character to have an image album, making a total of eight. School Rumble: Tenma Tsukamoto is the first character image album. School Rumble: Yakumo Tsukamoto is the second character image album. School Rumble: Mikoto Suou is the third character image album. School Rumble: Eri Sawachika is the fourth character image album. There are a Limited Edition and a Regular Edition. School Rumble: Akira Takano is the fifth character image album. School Rumble: Karen Ichijou is the sixth character image album.

♯00: Title Call 毎日がRendez-vous ♯01: 巌流島 ♯02: TRY BGM集 ミニドラマ1~5 BGM集 スキダカラ。 毎日がRendezvous スキダカラ。 スクランブル・ショック!! School Rumble: Sarah Adiemus is the seventh character image album. 00: Title Call Best Friend 01: ヴァンパイア 02: 寡黙な女神 BGM集 ミニドラマ BGM集 Loving you CM 予告 Best Friend Loving you スクランブル・ショック!! School Rumble: Kenji Harima is the eighth character image album. There are a Limited Edition and a Regular Edition. 00: Title Call 銀河沿線 ’05 01: トゥルー・ホリデー 02: 恋は舞い降りた 破天荒ロボ ドジビロンのテーマ ミニドラマ1~5 海の男はよ CM 予告 銀河沿線 ’05 破天荒ロボ ドジビロンのテーマ 海の男はよ スクランブル・ショック!! "School Rumble France - Image Albums". Retrieved 2007-07-19. " on School Rumble: Tenma Tsukamoto". Retrieved 2007-07-19. " on School Rumble: Yakumo Tsukamoto". Retrieved 2007-07-19. " on School Rumble: Mikoto Suou". Retrieved 2007-07-19. " on School Rumble: Eri Sawachika". Retrieved 2007-07-20. " on School Rumble: Akira Takano". Retrieved 2007-07-20. " on School Rumble: Karen Ichijou". Retrieved 2007-07-20.

" on School Rumble: Sarah Adiemus". Retrieved 2007-07-20. " on School Rumble: Kenji Harima". Retrieved 2007-07-20

Yorick van Wageningen

Yorick van Wageningen is a Dutch actor who has performed in Dutch and American films, including The Chronicles of Riddick and the 2011 remake of The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo. Van Wageningen was born in Baarn. After acting in several Dutch plays and television series, van Wageningen was asked to come to Hollywood to appear in Steven Spielberg's Minority Report. Due to problems with his visa, he was unable to work on that movie, but thereafter acted in a number of American movies, achieving a breakthrough with his role in The Chronicles of Riddick. Back in the Netherlands, he starred in Winter in Wartime, based on a Dutch novel about World War II. In 2011 he appeared in The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo along with Daniel Craig, in the role of Nils Bjurman, the sexually abusive guardian of Lisbeth Salander, he garnered praise in the Dutch press for his portrayal of Ronnie, an Amsterdam gangster who experiences a spiritual resurrection after miraculously surviving an assassination attempt, in the 2013 film De wederopstanding van een klootzak.

In 2017, Van Wageningen was reported to be filming one of his last major roles, a remake of 1973's Papillon, in pre-production for Simon de Waal's The Fear of God, before shifting his attention to "improving the position of creators in the Netherlands". Yorick van Wageningen on IMDb

Villa Lituania

Villa Lituania is a villa in Rome at Via Nomentana 116. Located next to Villa Mirafiori, the former villa of Rosa Vercellana, it housed the Lithuanian embassy from 1933 to 1940. After the occupation of Lithuania, it was transferred to the Soviet Union in August 1940 and today it houses a consular section of the Embassy of Russia. After regaining its independence in 1990, Lithuania demanded to be compensated for the loss in 1940. After prolonged diplomatic negotiations and Lithuania agreed on compensation in February 2013. For Lithuania, it was the last unrecovered diplomatic property of the interwar republic; the villa, built by George Blunt Page, descendant of John Page and director of Banca Commerciale Italiana, his wife Maria Luisa Roca, was known as Villa Maria Luisa or Villa Page and had a 9,000 m2 park. The building and park were designed by his son Marcello Piacentini. Lithuanian ambassador Voldemaras Čarneckis, a close friend of the Page family, arranged a below-market rental of the villa and moved the Lithuanian embassy from its much smaller premises on Via Nicolò Porpora in 1933.

In July 1937, Lithuania purchased the building for 3 million lire. In 1938, the embassy hosted a celebration of the 20th anniversary of Lithuania's independence which attracted 800 guests. After Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union in June 1940, Lithuanian ambassador Stasys Lozoraitis did not recognize the new Soviet regime and continued to represent independent Lithuania, he refused to hand over the villa to Russian diplomats. He protested to the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and attempted to transfer the property to the Lithuanian envoy to the Holy See, Stasys Girdvainis. After two months of diplomatic pressure, Lozoraitis moved out of the villa on August 26. Lithuanians took all movable property, cut electric wires, mowed flowers in the gardens, they left only a flag of Lithuania decorated with black ribbons. In June 1941, after the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Russians became an enemy of Italy and had to abandon the villa leaving it under the protection of the Embassy of Sweden, as a representative of a neutral country.

Seizing the opportunity, a group of Lithuanians returned to the villa and attempted to return it to the Lithuanian embassy. They found the villa in a deplorable state: chancellery was converted into two classrooms, all other rooms had beds and small corners for food preparation, ceiling suffered damage from a burst water pipe; the seizure of the building provoked protests from the Italian and Swedish diplomats, Lithuanians left the villa the next day. The Soviet Union made two installment payments before defaulting on the mortgage; the building was sold to a real estate company. The Italian government purchased the villa and transferred it to the Soviet Union in 1945. In 1959, the Lithuanian Pontifical College established a guest house in Rome and named it Villa Lituania after the former embassy building. After Lithuania regained independence in March 1990, Lithuanian diplomats and top-ranking state officials demanded that Italian authorities return the former legation building to Lithuania, or compensate the loss in cash or real estate.

In 2007, Lithuanian artists Nomeda and Gediminas Urbonas presented an art project dedicated to Villa Lituania at Venice Biennale. After prolonged negotiations and several rejected proposals, Lithuania agreed to accept the fourth floor of Palazzo Blumenstihl in February 2013; the agreement has a renewal option. The premises are valued at 9 million euros; the Lithuanian embassy moved in to the building on March 28, 2019. Art project Villa Lituania at Venice Biennale

6th Illinois Cavalry Regiment

The 6th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry was a cavalry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. The 6th Illinois Cavalry was mustered into service at Camp Butler, Illinois, on November 19, 1861; the regiment was mustered out on November 20, 1865. The regiment suffered 5 officers and 60 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 8 officers and 328 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 401 fatalities. Major Arno Voss – reassigned to 12th Illinois Cavalry February 1, 1862 Colonel Thomas H. Cavanaugh – resigned March 28, 1862. Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson – promoted to brigadier general June 3, 1863. Colonel Matthew H. Starr – died of wounds October 1, 1864. Colonel John Lynch – mustered out with the regiment. List of Illinois Civil War Units Illinois in the American Civil War The Civil War Archive