Saint Senara is a legendary Cornish saint with links to the village of Zennor on the north coast of Cornwall, UK. The Church of Saint Senara, Zennor is dedicated to her. According to scholar Nicholas Orme, a Saint Sinar of Zennor was first recorded in 1170 as a male saint, but from 1235 onwards as a female one. Orme states that unless she can be identified with Azenor, the mother of Saint Budoc in Breton legends, nothing else is recorded about her, he points out the similarity to Saint Senan, commemorated at nearby Sennen. Senara was reputedly a Breton princess of Brest named Asenora, a woman described as having a "rather dubious reputation" before her conversion, she was married to a Breton king who wrongly accused her of adultery and threw her into the sea in a barrel while pregnant. She was visited by an angel, whilst floating in the sea off the westernmost end of Cornwall, gave birth to a son in the waves, who became Saint Budoc or an Irish bishop, she was washed up on the Cornish coast, some believe she founded Zennor and gave her name to the eponymous village, before continuing to Ireland.
Due to the striking similarity, the legend's origins lie in Greek mythology and the story of Danaë, cast to sea with her son Perseus in a wooden box. Senara was venerated by local fishermen and is said to represent the dual nature of Christ. Medieval folk regarded her as a symbol of lust and a warning against the sins of the flesh due to her story of purported adultery and subsequent conversion, she gives her name to St Senara's Church in Zennor and it contains the Mermaid Chair, an ancient chair with carvings of fish on the seat and a pew end with a depiction of the mermaid admiring herself in a mirror, believed to be at least 600 years old. A statue of St Senara lies in an enclosed garden next to the church. Senara is the subject of a book and linked to the Mermaid of Zennor by Sue Monk Kidd, The Mermaid Chair, adapted into a movie in 2006
The B3306 known as the West Cornwall Coast Road, is a major road of southwestern Cornwall. It connects St Ives in the east to St Just in the west, joins the A30 road to the northeast of Sennen in the southwest of the Penwith peninsula; this thirteen-mile road is voted one of the greatest driving roads in the United Kingdom for its scenery, with most of the road having views both across the Bristol Channel to the north, the Cornish Moorland to the south. It hugs the coastline for a great proportion of its length; the road begins in the town of St Ives, adjacent to St Ives Library, on the junction with the A3074 road at 50°12′41″N 5°28′51″W. In St Ives it is known as "Gabriel Street" and "The Stennack" and "Higher Stennack"; the road ends at the junction with the A30 road at 50°5′15″N 5°40′13″W, outside St Just. Notable settlements it passes through include Zennor, Treen, Morvah, Pendeen, Carnyorth, Kenidjack, St Just and Kelynack; the bridge near St Just, dated to the early 19th century, became a Grade II listed building on 21 September 1973.
A number of notable early Bronze Age or Neolithic sites lie alongside or off this road, including Zennor Quoit, Sperris Quoit, Chûn Quoit and Lanyon Quoit. The road is tight and twisting, challenging to drivers. In early 2009, after heavy rain and flooding near Zennor, the road was closed at Chykembro Culvert because of flood damage to its foundations. Video on a motorbike along the B3306 Greatestdrivingroads.com
A round barrow is a type of tumulus and is one of the most common types of archaeological monuments. Although concentrated in Europe, they are found in many parts of the world because of their simple construction and universal purpose. At its simplest, a round barrow is a hemispherical mound of earth and/or stone raised over a burial placed in the middle. Beyond this there are numerous variations which may employ surrounding ditches, stone kerbs or flat berms between ditch and mound. Construction methods range from a single creation process of heaped material to a complex depositional sequence involving alternating layers of stone and turf with timbers or wattle used to help hold the structure together; the center may be placed cist or in a cut grave. Both intact inhumations and cremations placed in vessels can be found. Many round barrows attract surrounding satellite burials or ones inserted into the mound itself. In some cases these occur hundreds or thousands of years after the original barrow was built and were placed by different cultures.
Numerous subtypes include bowl barrow, saucer barrow and disc barrow. Denmark has many tumuli, including round barrows; the round barrows here, were built over a broad span of time and culture, from the Neolithic Stone Age to the Viking Age and show a large variation of construction design, while sharing a common exterior look. Tumulis were protected by law in 1937. In Britain round barrows date to the Early Bronze Age although Neolithic examples are known. Round barrows were sometimes used by Roman and Saxon societies. Examples include Round Loaf. Where several contemporary round barrows are grouped together, the area is referred to as a barrow cemetery. Beacon Hill, near Cleethorpes Bully Hill, near Tealby Bully Hills, Gräberfeld near Tathwell Burgh on Bain, Barrows near Burgh on Bain Burwell Wood, Barrows near Muckton Buslingthorpe, near Buslingthorpe Butterbumps, Gräberfeld near Willoughby Cleatham Barrow, near Manton Donnington-on-Bain, near Donington on Bain Folk Moot & Butt Mound, near Silk Willoughby Fordington Barrows, near Ulceby Grim's Mound, near Burgh on Bain Hagworthingham, near Hagworthingham Hatcliffe Barrow, near Hatcliffe Howe Hill, near Ulceby King's Hill, Barrow/Mound near Bardney Ludford Barrow, near Ludford Mill Hill, near Claxby Revesby Barrows, near Revesby Ring Holt, near Dalby Kurgan Stupa Tumulus Round barrow and barrow cemetery search results from The Megalithic Portal.
Chart of Neolithic, Bronze Age and Celtic structures from Pretanic World
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom provide emergency care to people with acute illness or injury and are predominantly provided free at the point of use by the four National Health Services of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Emergency care including ambulance and emergency department treatment is free to everyone, regardless of immigration or visitor status; the NHS commissions most emergency medical services through the 14 NHS organisations with ambulance responsibility across the UK. As with other emergency services, the public access emergency medical services through one of the valid emergency telephone numbers. In addition to ambulance services provided by NHS organisations, there are some private and volunteer emergency medical services arrangements in place in the UK, the use of private or volunteer ambulances at public events or large private sites, as part of community provision of services such as community first responders. Air ambulance services in the UK are not part of the NHS and are funded through charitable donations.
Paramedics are seconded from a local NHS ambulance service, with the exception of Great North Air Ambulance Service who employ their own paramedics. Doctors are provided by their home hospital and spend no more than 40% of their time with an air ambulance service. Public ambulance services across the UK are required by law to respond to four types of requests for care, which are: Emergency calls Doctor's urgent admission requests High dependency and urgent inter-hospital transfers Major incidentsAmbulance trusts and services may undertake non-urgent patient transport services on a commercial arrangement with their local hospital trusts or health boards, or in some cases on directly funded government contracts, although these contracts are fulfilled by private and voluntary providers; the National Health Service Act 1946 gave county and borough councils a statutory responsibility to provide an emergency ambulance service, although they could contract a voluntary ambulance service to provide this, with many contracting the British Red Cross, St John Ambulance or another local provider.
The last St John Division, to be so contracted is reputed to have been at Whittlesey in Cambridgeshire, where the two-bay ambulance garage can still be seen at the branch headquarters. The Regional Ambulance Officers’ Committee reported in 1979 that “There was considerable local variation in the quality of the service provided in relation to vehicles and equipment. Most Services were administered by Local Authorities through their Medical Officer of Health and his Ambulance Officer, a few were under the aegis of the Fire Service, whilst others relied upon agency methods for the provision of part or all of their services.” The 142 existing ambulance services were transferred by the National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973 from local authority to central government control in 1974, consolidated into 53 services under regional or area health authorities. This led to the formation of predominantly county based ambulance services, which merged up and changed responsibilities until 2006, when there were 31 NHS ambulance trusts in England.
The June 2005 report "Taking healthcare to the Patient", authored by Peter Bradley, Chief Executive of the London Ambulance Service, for the Department of Health led to the merging of the 31 trusts into 13 organisations in England, plus one organisation each in Wales and Northern Ireland. Following further changes as part of the NHS foundation trust pathway, this has further reduced to 10 ambulance service trusts in England, plus the Isle of Wight which has its own provision. Following the passage of the Health and Social Care Act 2012, commissioning of the ambulance services in each area passed from central government control into the hands of regional clinical commissioning groups; the commissioners in each region are responsible for contracting with a suitable organisation to provide ambulance services within their geographical territory. The primary provider for each area is held by a public NHS body, of which there are 11 in England, 1 each in the other three countries. In England there are now ten NHS ambulance trusts, as well as an ambulance service on the Isle of Wight, run directly by Isle of Wight NHS Trust, with boundaries following those of the former regional government offices.
The ten trusts are: East Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust London Ambulance Service NHS Trust North East Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust South Central Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust South East Coast Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust South Western Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust West Midlands Ambulance Service University NHS Foundation Trust Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS TrustThe English ambulance trusts are represented by the Association of Ambulance Chief Executives, with the Scottish and Northern Irish providers all associate members. On the 14 November 2018 West Midlands Ambulance Service became the UK's first university-ambulance trust; the service was operated before reorganisation in 1974 by the St Andrews’ Ambulance Association under contract to the Secretary of State for Scotland. The Scottish Ambulance Service is a Special Health Board that provides ambulance services throughout whole of Scotland, on behalf of the Health and Social Care Directorates of the Scottish Government.
Due to the remote nature of many areas of Scotland compared to the other Home Nations, the Scottish Ambulance Service has Britain's only publi
South Western Ambulance Service
The South Western Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust is the organisation responsible for providing ambulance services for the National Health Service across South West England. On March 1, 2011 SWASFT was the first ambulance service in the country to become a Foundation Trust; the Trust acquired neighbouring Great Western Ambulance Service on 1 February 2013. SWASFT serves a population of more than 5.47 million, its area is estimated to receive an influx of over 17.5 million visitors each year. The operational area is predominantly rural but has large urban centres including Bristol, Exeter, Bath, Gloucester and Poole; the headquarters for the service is in Exeter and the service has 96 ambulance stations and 6 air bases. The Chief Executive is Ken Wenman, appointed on 1 July 2006 on creation of the trust, having served as the Chief Executive of the former Dorset Ambulance Service NHS Trust; the Trust’s core operations include: Emergency ambulance 999 services Urgent Care Services – GP out-of-hours medical care NHS 111 call-handling and triage services Tiverton Urgent Care Centre.
It is one of ten Ambulance Trusts providing England with emergency medical services and employs more than 4,500 clinical and operational staff. In addition there are around 3,200 volunteers including community first responders, BASICS doctors, fire co-responders and patient transport drivers; the Trust is one of the largest in England. It covers 827 miles of coastline. In 2015/16 one in eight 999 calls to South Western Ambulance Service were treated over the telephone. "Hear and treat", where the patient receives clinical advice over the telephone, accounted for 12.7% of calls. For 36.4% of incidents the patients experienced "see and treat", when the patient receives treatment or advice at the scene of the incident. In a further 7.7% of incidents, the patient was taken to a non-emergency hospital department such as a community hospital or minor injuries unit. The remaining incidents resulted in a patient being taken to a hospital emergency department, thus the majority of incidents resulted in a patient not being conveyed.
SWASFT is the best performing ambulance service in the country for non-conveyance rates. In addition 62% of patients taken to hospital are admitted – this is again the highest performance for an ambulance trust in the country; this means that when SWASFT takes a patient to an emergency department they are to be admitted, not treated and discharged, therefore confirming, the right place for them to receive the care they need. There are 96 ambulance stations, six air ambulance bases, three clinical control rooms, two Hazardous Area Response Team bases and one boat across the South Western Ambulance Service operational area. In 2016 the Care Quality Commission told the South Western Ambulance Service to make significant improvements in the NHS 111 service; the inspection of the trust in 2016 identified several areas. In 2018 the trust said it would need an extra £12 million a year to meet the new ambulance performance standards; the number of compliments received by the Trust in 2014/15 increased by 41% to 2,055 while complaints rose by 20% to 1,268.
The Trust is split into three divisions: West Division: covering Devon and Cornwall, including its Headquarters at Exeter East Division: covering Somerset and Dorset North Division: consisting of the footprint of the former Great Western Ambulance Service as well as the Burnham-on-sea and Shepton Mallet stationsThe Trust has 96 ambulance stations among the counties that it serves: Cornwall Devon Dorset Somerset Avon Wiltshire Gloucestershire 306 - 999 Emergency Ambulances 57 Patient Transport Ambulances 234 Rapid Response Vehicles 7 Rapid Response Motorcycles 5 Bicycles 2 Hazardous Area Response Teams 1 Boat – ALN 043'Star of Life’ Wave Saver 1000 Class Ambulance Boat SWASFT provides the non-emergency 111 helpline and triage service for Dorset. In May 2014 the Trust won a contract to run a doctor-led minor injuries unit at Tiverton and District Hospital, open seven days a week. Patients do not need an appointment to visit the centre, which provides treatment for minor injuries and ailments including: Cuts and wounds.
Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
The Cornwall Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty covers 958 square kilometres in Cornwall, England, UK. It comprises 12 separate areas, designated under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 for special landscape protection. Of the areas, eleven cover stretches of coastline; the areas are together treated as a single Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Section 85 of the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000 places a duty on all relevant authorities when discharging any function affecting land within an AONB to have regard to the purpose of conserving and enhancing natural beauty. Section 89 places a statutory duty on Local Planning Authorities with an AONB within their administrative area to produce a 5-year management plan; the areas were designated in 1959, except for the Camel estuary, added in 1981. The list of designated areas is: Hartland Pentire Point to Widemouth Camel Estuary Trevose Head to Stepper Point St Agnes Godrevy to Portreath West Penwith South Coast - Western South Coast - Central South Coast - Eastern Rame Head Bodmin MoorThere are separate AONBs covering the Isles of Scilly and the Tamar Valley.
The Cornwall AONB is managed by a Partnership of 21 organisations Cornwall Agri-food Council Cornwall Association of Local Councils Cornwall Council Cornwall Heritage Trust Cornwall Rural Community Charity Cornwall Sustainable Tourism Project Cornwall Wildlife Trust Country Land and Business Association ERCCIS Historic England Farming & Wildlife Advisory Group King Harry Ferry National Farmers Union National Trust Natural England Rural Cornwall & Isles of Scilly Partnership University of Exeter in Cornwall VisitCornwall Volunteer Cornwall Westcountry Rivers TrustThe Partnership meets twice a year to identify the prioritisation of action and the implementation of the Plan. The Partnership has an advisory role, providing advice to Cornwall Council and other organisations on matters such as planning and project development; the Partnership is supported by a team of officers – the Cornwall AONB Unit who exist to administer the Partnership, undertake delivery, access resources, influence and support Partner organisations in the delivery of the Management Plan.
The first Cornwall AONB Management Plan was adopted by the members of the Cornwall AONB Partnership in July 2004. The latest Cornwall AONB Management Plan was adopted by Cornwall Council and the members of the Cornwall AONB Partnership in February 2011
Pierdomenico Baccalario is an Italian author of young adult fiction, best known for his Ulysses Moore series. Pierdomenico Baccalario was born in Acqui Terme, Italy, in 1974, he studied law in university, but he continued to write, a passion that he had had since high school, had some books published. La Strada del Guerriero L'ombra del corvo La Bibbia in 365 racconti La mosca di rame I mastrodonti Pesci Volanti Amaro dolce Amore Il principe della città di sabbia Il popolo di Tarkaan La bambina che leggeva i libri Il Codice dei Re Lo spacciatore di fumetti Maydala Express La vera storia di Capitan Uncino Published by De Agostini. 2002: Verso la nuova frontiera 2002: Al di là degli oceani 2002: Il mistero dell'Everest 2002: Il Signore dell'Orda 2003: La fortezza degli angeli 2004: La regina della tavola rotonda Published by Piemme. English translation published by Scholastic. 2004: The Door to Time 2005: The Long-Lost Map 2005: The House of Mirrors 2006: The Isle of Masks 2006: The Stone Guardians 2007: The First Key 2008: The Hidden City 2009: The Lord of the Ray 2009: The Shadow Labyrinth 2010: The Ice Land 2010: The Ash Garden 2011: The Imaginary Travelers 2013: The Boat of Time Collaboration with Alessandro Gatti.
2005: Pronti... partenza... crash! 2005: Attenti al guru! 2005: Salsicce e misteri 2005: Tutti addosso al drago rosso! 2005: Quando il bomber fa cilecca... 2005: Pecore alla deriva 2006: Faccia di menta 2006: Chi ha paura del Candy Circle? 2006: Paura a Gravenstein Castle 2008: Il tempio degli scorpioni di smeraldo Published by Piemme. English translation published by Random House. 2006: Ring of Fire 2007: Star of Stone 2007: City of Wind 2008: Dragon of Seas (it. La prima sorgente Published by Piemme. 2008: Hotel a cinque spettri 2008: Una famiglia... da brivido 2009: Il fantasma del grattacielo 2009: Anche i fantasmi tremano 2009: Un mostro a sorpresa 2010: Il re del brivido 2010: Terrore in casa Tupper Collaboration with Alessandro Gatti. 2009: Un bicchiere di veleno 2009: Non si uccide un grande mago 2010: Lo strano caso del ritratto fiammingo 2010: Vacanza con delitto 2010: La baronessa nel baule 2011: Il mistero del quaderno cinese 2011: Lo scheletro sotto il tetto Published by De Agostini.
2009: Cyboria. Il risveglio di Galeno 2011: Cyboria. Ultima fermata: Fine del mondo 2013: Cyboria. Il re dei lumi Published by Piemme. 2012: Una valigia di stelle 2012: La bussola dei sogni 2013: La mappa dei passaggi Rewrites of classical novels, published by Edizioni EL. L'isola del tesoro Il richiamo della foresta 2009: Sanctuary Passaggio a Nord-Est, La vita avventurosa di Giacomo Bove Focus, Le più incredibili curiosità sugli animali Focus, Invenzioni e scienziati pazzi Focus, Mostri e creature orripilanti Focus, Tesori perduti Focus, Le più incredibili curiosità della natura selvaggia Focus Junior. Tutti i più incredibili misteri dell'universo Zombie Family Candy Circle pilot episode