click links in text for more info


Ziro is the census town in Lower Subansiri district in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. It has been a favourite town for World Heritage Site for a number of years now. In a meeting of Archaeological Survey of India on 12 December 2002 it was shortlisted for inclusion in the Tentative List for further nomination to UNESCO for inscription in the World Heritage Site; the part of the town, the centre of economic activities and where the administrative offices are located is called as Hapoli or locally known by the Apatanis as "Hao-Polyang". Ziro is around 115 km from the state capital Itanagar and takes approx 3 and a half hours via the improved Hoj-Potin road along NH229 and 150 km via the Assam route. Earlier the nearest railway station from Ziro was located at Naharlagun in Arunachal Pradesh near the Arunachal-Assam border, around 100 km from Ziro; the nearest airport to the settlement is Lilabari, in North Lakhimpur district of Assam. 27°33′59″N 93°49′53″E Ziro is the district headquarter of Lower Subansiri district and is one of the oldest towns in Arunachal Pradesh.

It is located at 27.63°N 93.83°E / 27.63. Its cool weather in summer is its major attraction, it is famous for its pine-clad gentle hills around rice field all around. Ziro is home to the Apatani tribe. Culture: Apatanis have few unique special characteristic features which differs from other tribes in Arunachal Pradesh and India. Few of these special characteristic features are: Apatanis are permanently settled in one place whereas other tribes are nomadic in nature move from one place to another in search of fertile lands, they travel vast area of forests and settle temporarily for not more than four to five years in one place. Apatanis cultivate permanent wet land cultivations whereas other tribes practice dry land cultivations by clearing the forests by burning the jungles. Apatanis used to practice facial tattoos before. Ziro is included as in India's Tentative List for UNESCO's World Heritage Site; the climatic condition of the district varies from place to place as well as season to season.

The climate is influenced by the nature of terrain depending upon altitude and location of place. It may broadly be divided into four seasons in a year: The cold weather season is from December to February March to May is the pre-monsoon season of thunderstorms The south–west monsoon from June to about the middle of October The second half of October to November, which constitutes the post-monsoon or the retreating monsoon period and is a period of transitionIn the foothills or low high belt area of the district, the climatic condition is moderate in comparison to high belt areas, where during winter it is cold and chilly, in summer is pleasant. December and January are the coldest month, July and August are warmest months. Annual rainfall in the south is heavier than that in the northern areas of the district. During the monsoon period more than 70 percent of the rain over the southern half occurs while in the northern portions it is about 60 percent. Variability of rain fall for the monsoon and the year, as a whole, are small.

Average annual rainfall of the district headquarters, Ziro recorded as 934.88 cm during 2000. Relative humidity is always high throughout the year except in the winter months being less humid. In the cold season, the sky is obscured on many mornings due to lifted fog which clears with the advance of the day moderately clouded in the period of March to May clouded to overcast in the monsoon season and clear or clouded during the post monsoon season. Winds are light strong katabatic winds down the valleys are experienced as local effect produced by the nature of terrain; as of 2011 India census, Ziro had a population of 12,806. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. In Ziro, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age. Ziro has large number of schools as compared to other towns in Arunachal Pradesh, it may as well be regarded as the schooling centre of Arunachal Pradesh. Apart from the numerous schools, Ziro has one university and one undergraduate arts college namely Indira Gandhi Technological and Medical Sciences University and Saint Claret College respectively.

As of 2001 census, Ziro had an average literacy rate of 66%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy was 72%, female literacy was 60%. The older generation hadn't been exposed to formal education, but with the rapid pace of education of younger generations, the education scenario of Ziro grew tremendously and is poised to grow further. Urban populace of Lower Subansiri district reside in Ziro and as per 2011 census, average urban literacy rate in Lower Subansiri district is 85.52% of which males and females are 89.81% and 81.26% literates respectively. It is worth noting that, as per 2011 census, 84.58% population of Lower Subansiri districts lives in rural areas of villages. Literacy rate in rural areas of Lower Subansiri district is 72.27%. Still the combined literacy rate is 74.35%, second in Arunachal Pradesh, next only to Papumpare District where the capital city of Itanagar is located. New Palin, a town in the Kurung Kumey district Citations

1893 New Zealand general election

The New Zealand general election of 1893 was held on 28 November and 20 December in the European and Māori electorates to elect 74 MPs to the 12th session of the New Zealand Parliament. The election was won by the Liberal Party, Richard Seddon became Prime Minister. 1893 was the year universal suffrage was granted to women over 21, plural registration was abolished, plural voting for Māori property-owners was abolished, only those whose descent was half Māori were allowed to choose whether to vote in European or Māori electorates. Women's suffrage was the most consequential change; the previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1890 for the 1890 election. The 1891 New Zealand census was the first to automatically trigger an electoral redistribution, undertaken in 1892; the population drift to the North Island resulted in the transfer of one electorate from the south to the north. Only three electorates remained with unaltered boundaries: Thames and Timaru. 14 new electorates were established, of those, eight electorates were established for the first time: Bay of Plenty, Pareora, Riccarton, Waimea-Sounds, Wellington Suburbs.

The remaining six electorates had existed before, they were re-established for the 12th Parliament: Caversham, Lyttelton, Rangitata and Waipa. By far the most notable change for the 1893 election was that the Electoral Act, 1893, extended the franchise to all women aged 21 and over. Women's suffrage was granted after about two decades of campaigning by women such as Kate Sheppard and Mary Ann Müller and organisations such as the New Zealand branch of the Women's Christian Temperance Union led by Anne Ward. Of countries presently independent, New Zealand was the first to give women the vote in modern times. John Hall, a Conservative politician and former premier, received most of the credit for pushing the legislation through Parliament. There were only 10 weeks between the passage of the legislation and the election, the Woman's Christian Temperance Union set about to enrol as many women as possible; the bill had passed under the Liberal government which advocated social and political reform, but only due to a combination of personality issues and political accident.

Seddon opposed it. He found that one more vote was needed. Thomas Kelly, a new Liberal Party councillor had left himself paired in favour of the measure, but Seddon obtained his consent by wire to change his vote. Seddon's manipulation so incensed two opposition councillors, William Reynolds and Edward Stevens that they changed sides and voted for the bill, passed by 20 votes to 18 so giving the vote to women. Both the Liberals and the Conservatives subsequently claimed credit for sponsoring the enfranchisement of women and both sought to acquire women's votes, although the Liberals benefitted more; the 1893 election was held on Tuesday, 28 November in the general electorates, on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates to elect a total of 74 MPs to the 12th Parliament. A total number of 302,997 voters turned out to vote. 65% of all eligible New Zealand women voted in the 1893 election. In 3 seats there was only one candidate. 31 and 39 electorates were in the North Island and South Island plus the 4 Māori electorates.

The following table gives party strengths and vote distribution according to Wilson, who records Maori representatives as Independents prior to the 1905 election. The following is a table of electorate results by electorate. Key Liberal Conservative Liberal–Labour Independent Liberal Independent Table footnotes: McRobie, Alan. Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. Wilson, James Oakley. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984. Wellington: V. R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. Brooking, Tom. Milestones: Turning Points in New Zealand History. Lower Hutt: Mills Publications. ISBN 0-908722-30-3. Roll of Members of the House of Representatives, August 1896

Moore County Courthouse and Jail (Tennessee)

The Moore County Courthouse and Jail is a historic building complex in Lynchburg, Tennessee. It includes both the courthouse for Moore County, Tennessee. Designed in the Italianate architectural style, it is listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the county jail was built on land owned by Colonel John M. Hughes, a veteran of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War of 1861-1865, its construction was completed in 1876, only five years after the establishment of Moore County. The construction team was Stegall. Between 1872 and 1880, the Grand Central Hotel owned by Dr. E Y. Salmon, another Confederate veteran who served as the county clerk/master, was the de facto county courthouse. Other meeting places included a school in Lynchburg. Construction on the county courthouse across the square from the jail began in 1884, it was completed within a year; the builder was S. L. P. Garrett; the jail was designed with a gablet roof, the courthouse was designed in the Italianate architectural style.

They have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since September 26, 1979

Horaiclavus madurensis

Horaiclavus madurensis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Horaiclavidae. It was included within the family Turridae; the length of the shell varies between 30 mm. The shell is shortly fusiform, rather smooth, light buff, with a few red-brown spots below the suture of lower whorls and one faint band on those whorls and 3 on the body whorl, the siphonal canal being tinted with the same colour; the shell contains 9 whorls, of which 2 upper ones form a convexly-whorled nucleus. The subsequent whorls are convex, 4 or 5 post-nuclear ones angular below, lower ones becoming more convex; the sculpture consists of numerous, rather narrow, axial ribs, about 20 stronger and weaker ones on the body whorl, that behind the peristome strong and varix-like. The upper part of the whorls is faintly spirally striated; the aperture is ovate, with an angle scarcely with a sinus. The peristome is thin curved; the columellar margin is tubercled above regularly concave and conspicuously enamelled.

The aperture ends in a wide siphonal canal. The interior of the aperture shows a white layer of enamel near peristome and 3 brown blotches at its margin, corresponding to the external bands; this marine species occurs off Madura Island, Indonesia M. M. Schepman, Full text of "Siboga expeditie" "Horaiclavus madurensis". Retrieved 16 January 2019. Tucker, J. K. 2004 Catalog of recent and fossil turrids. Zootaxa 682:1-1295

North Iowa Conference

The Top of Iowa Conference is a high school athletic conference in north central Iowa. The schools range in size from 1A to 3A. With the addition of Algona Bishop Garrigan, Eagle Grove, North Union the conference has increased to 11 teams. Prior to those three joining, the 8 members of the conference included Belmond-Klemme, Forest City, Garner-Hayfield/Ventura, Lake Mills, Mason City Newman, North Iowa and West Hancock. Beginning in 2015-16, the North Iowa Conference and the Corn Bowl Conference will be combining into on super conference with two divisions; the new Top of Iowa Conference - West will include Eagle Grove, Belmond-Klemme, Garner-Hayfield-Ventura, West Hancock, Forest City, Lake Mills, North Iowa, Algona Bishop Garrigan, North Union. The Top of Iowa Conference - East will include Osage, Mason City Newman, West Fork, North Butler, Central Springs, Northwood-Kensett, Saint Ansgar, Nashua-Plainfield. In 2002, Northwood-Kensett High School left the conference for the Corn Bowl Conference.

Newman Catholic High School of the Iowa Star Conference, replaced them. 9 of the 11 schools are public, with the exception being Mason City Newman and Algona Bishop Garrigan. On Monday, November 26, 2012, the North Iowa Conference superintendents voted 8-0 to have North Union and Bishop Garrigan join the league, moving the number of league members to 10. Eagle Grove was approved. All three schools became NIC members in 2014. Clarion-Goldfield-Dows has been involved in discussions with the NIC but has not acted on pursuing it at this time. Reorganization and whole grade sharing have changed the landscape of the NIC over the years. Belmond and Klemme began whole grade sharing in the early 1990s before reorganizing. West Hancock is made up of the former Kanawha districts. Garner-Hayfield and Ventura began a two-way whole grade sharing agreement in 2012 that includes a shared high school at Garner and a shared middle school at Ventura. Garner-Hayfield and Venture will be consolidating in 2015. Forest City and Woden-Crystal Lake have reorganized in recent years.

One of the new members set to join in 2014, North Union, is made up of the old North Kossuth, Sentral Fenton, Armstrong-Ringsted districts. Official standings North Iowa Conference website

Royal Dutch League for Physical Education

The Royal Dutch League for Physical Education was a Dutch sports association, focused on sporting and recreational walking. It existed from 1908 until 2015. After a merger with the Netherlands Sports-Walking Organisation in 2004 it was renamed the KNBLO Wandelsportorganisatie Nederland. On 1 January 2015 it and the Dutch Sports-Walking League merged to form the Royal Walking League of the Netherlands; the resulting organisation has 100,000 members and is a major sports association within the NOC*NSF. The League was established on 3 April 1908 as the Dutch League for Physical Education by baron Frits van Tuyll van Serooskerken, lieutenant-colonel W. F. K. Bischoff van Heemskerck and the sports pioneer W. J. H. Mulier. van Serooskerken served as the League's chairman from 1910 to 1912. It had about 35,000 members and was a member of the NOC*NSF, first formed as a product of it, it was affiliated to the Stichting Landelijk Wandelplatform-LAW. More than 575 walking clubs were associated with the League.

It organised about 1,000 walking events a year, ranging from small-scale long-distance tours under 100 kilometres to large scale events such as the International Four Days Marches Nijmegen, the Red Cross'Bloesemtocht' and the annual Avondvierdaagse. Its associations and volunteers maintained a growing number of permanent walking routes