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Zonguldak is a city and the capital of Zonguldak Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It was established in 1849 as a port town for the nearby coal mines in Ereğli and the coal trade remains its main economic activity. According to the 2009 census, Zonguldak has a population of 108,792; the current mayor is Ömer Selim Alan, representing the AKP. Zonguldak is one of the highest income economies among Turkish cities. There are several different theories concerning the origin of the city's name. One is that it comes from Zone Geul-Dagh, the name given to the area by French and Belgian mining companies to refer to the zone near "Geul-Dagh" or Göldağı, the highest mountain in the vicinity of the Devrek district. Another theory is that the name originates from the Turkish zongalık which means zongura. Another is that the name may derive from the name of the nearby ancient settlement of Sandaraca or Sandarake. According to another theory the name may have come from the compound word Jangal-Dagh, composed of Persian jangal, which the French entrepreneurs called the area due to its uneven and wooded geography, plus Turkish dağ'mountain'.

In a 1920 report, the British Foreign Office spelled Zonguldak Zunguldak. The port city of Zonguldak suffered a heavy bombardment by the Russians during World War I, according to the caption of a Lubok popular print; as of 1920, the port was under the control of the Heraclea Coal Company. The northern part of the bay featured. At that time, they had two cranes. Zonguldak has an oceanic climate bordering a humid subtropical climate. Summers are warm and humid, the average temperature is around 21 °C in July and August. Winters are cool and damp, the average temperature is around 6 °C in January and February. Precipitation is lightest in spring. Snowfall is quite common between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two, it can be heavy once it snows; the water temperature like in the whole Turkish Black Sea coast is always cool and fluctuates between 8° and 20 °C throughout the year. The city is the terminus of a railway line to Irmak, with the terminating station Zonguldak Railway Station built in 1937.

Zonguldak is twinned with: Brindisi, Italy Castrop-Rauxel, Germany Kherson, Ukraine Monfalcone, Italy Zonguldak basin Zonguldak Municipality official website Provincial governor's official website History of Zonguldak History of Mind Zonguldak DocumentaryVideosVideo 1 Zonguldak Akşamları Video 2 Resimlerle Zonguldak

Nishi Tokujir┼Ź

Baron Nishi Tokujirō was a statesman and diplomat in Meiji period Japan. Nishi was from a samurai family of the Satsuma Domain. After the Meiji Restoration, he joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the new Meiji government, was sent as a student to study the Russian language in St Petersburg, Russia in 1870. From 1870-1873, he traveled extensively through Central Asia, visiting Bukhara, Tashkent, Ürümqi and other areas of Xinjiang. After serving as First Secretary at the Japanese legation in Paris, France in 1874, he returned to Japan. In June 1886, he was appointed council-general of the Japanese legation to Russia and Norway and was elevated in rank to danshaku under the kazoku peerage system. In August 1896, he became ambassador to Russia. In March 1897, he was appointed to the Privy Council. From November 6, 1897, to January 12, 1898, Nishi served as Foreign Minister under the 2nd Matsukata administration and again as Foreign Minister from January 12, 1898 to June 30, 1898, under the 3rd Itō administration.

He negotiated the "Third Russo-Japanese Agreement" on April 25, 1898, in which Russia acknowledged Japan's supremacy in Korea in exchange for Japan's acknowledgement of Russia's sphere of interest in Manchuria. In October 1899, he was appointed ambassador to Qing dynasty China, was at the Japanese legation in Beijing during the Boxer Rebellion. In December 1899, he was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, 1st class, he was the father of Takeichi Nishi, an Imperial Japanese Army cavalry officer who won a gold medal in the 1932 Summer Olympics and died in the Battle of Iwo Jima. Beasley, W. G. Japanese Imperialism 1894-1945. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-822168-1 Cortazzi, Hugh. Britain and Japan. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 1-903350-14-X Paine, S. C. M; the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895: Perceptions and Primacy. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-81714-5

Fred W. Glover

Fred W. Glover is known for his contributions to the area of metaheuristics and for launching the computer-based optimization methodology of Tabu search and the associated evolutionary Scatter Search and Path Relinking algorithms. Glover's principal areas of research include the fields of analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning and applied mathematics, his work is international meetings of major societies. He received his Ph. D. in Operations Research from Carnegie Mellon University and was a Post-doctoral Research Fellow with the Miller Research Institute at the University of California, associated with George Dantzig's Center of Operations Research. Fred Glover is Distinguished Professor, Emeritus, at the University of Colorado, associated with the College of Engineering and Applied Science, the Applied Mathematics Department and the Leeds School of Business, he serves as the Chief Technology Officer in charge of algorithm design and strategic planning initiatives for OptTek Systems, Inc. a provider of optimization software to the simulation industry.

He has authored or co-authored more than 450 published articles and eight books in the fields of mathematical optimization, computer science and artificial intelligence. Glover’s principal areas of research including: applications of computers to the fields of optimization, applied artificial intelligence, systems design, multicriteria analysis, decision support, natural resources planning, large scale allocation models, financial analysis and industrial planning. OptTek website Biography of Fred Glover from the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences Fred Glover's home page with vita and publications

List of Jill Stein 2016 presidential campaign endorsements

This is a list of notable individuals and organizations who have voiced their endorsement of the Green Party's presidential nominee Jill Stein for the 2016 presidential election. Jovanka Beckles, member of the Richmond, California City Council and former vice mayor of Richmond Cecil Bothwell, member of the Asheville, North Carolina City Council Cam Gordon, member of the Minneapolis City Council Gayle McLaughlin, member of the Richmond, California City Council and former mayor of Richmond Kshama Sawant, member of the Seattle City Council Jesse Ventura, former Governor of Minnesota Robert Caldwell, former councilman for Choctaw-Apache Community of Ebarb, LA Marsha Coleman-Adebayo, former senior policy analyst for the United States Environmental Protection Agency and racial justice advocate Charlotte Pritt, former member of the West Virginia House of Delegates and West Virginia State Senate and candidate for Governor of West Virginia, 2016 Joe Higgins, Irish politician, former MP, former MEP, member of the Socialist Party George Galloway, former British MP Alessandro Di Battista, Italian politician, member of Five Stars Movement.

Patch Adams and physician Medea Benjamin, co-founder of Code Pink and Global Exchange Dan La Botz, educator, co-founder of Teamsters for a Democratic Union Rosa Clemente, journalist and Green Party Vice Presidential candidate in 2008 Howie Hawkins and former Green Party candidate for Governor of New York Cheri Honkala, co-founder/national coordinator of Poor People's Economic Human Rights Campaign and Green Party Vice Presidential candidate in 2012 Camille Paglia and social critic Coleen Rowley, former FBI agent and whistleblower Harvey Wasserman, senior advisor to Greenpeace USA and the Nuclear Information and Resource Service Cornel West, academic, social activist, member of Democratic Socialists of America, member of the DNC platform committee Kevin Zeese, former executive director of National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws Richard Stallman, software freedom activist, founder of FSF and GNU Project Ray McGovern, former army officer and CIA analyst Bob Fitrakis, Ohio Green Party Co-Chair L. Randall Wray, senior scholar, Levy Economics Institute Dr. Jack Rasmus, Economics Dept, St. Mary's College Ellen Brown and founder of the Public Banking Institute Richard D. Wolff, Marxian economist Jimmy Dore, host of online talk show The Jimmy Dore Show Chris Hedges and former New York Times Middle East bureau chief Marc Lamont Hill, BET News correspondent, CNN political commentator, Distinguished Professor of African American Studies at Morehouse College Mike Malloy, host of the online talk show The Mike Malloy Show Abby Martin, former journalist at RT America and teleSUR English Bhaskar Sunkara, political writer.

A. the Rugged Man Slug Kelly Slater Daniel Bryan Campaign for Peace and Democracy, anti-war political advocacy group International Socialist Organization, a revolutionary socialist organization in the United States Oregon Progressive Party, minor political party in Oregon Solidarity, a revolutionary socialist organization in the United States Socialist Alternative, socialist political party in the United States

Chang Yung-fa

Chang Yung-fa CBE was a Taiwanese businessman. He chaired the Evergreen Group. Chang was born in Su'ao; when he was seven, the family moved to Keelung. After graduating from Taipei Commercial High School at the age of 18, he went to work in the Taipei office of a Japanese shipping line, he continued his education by taking night classes at a vocational school in Taipei. After World War II, he joined the seagoing staff of a local shipping company as third officer, his subsequent career was spent with various local companies and he progressed through the ranks to captain. In 1961, Chang and some friends jointly established a shipping company and, having helped this company to develop, he decided to branch out on his own, establishing Evergreen Marine Corporation on 1 September 1968 with just one secondhand 15,000 ton vessel, Central Trust. Over the next four years, Chang built his fleet up to twelve, running them empty when necessary to convince his customers his services were regular and reliable.

Within a year, he had expanded to the Middle East. Within three, Chang was dispatching Evergreen ships to the Caribbean. In 1975, Chang realised, he launched his US East Coast service. Fifteen months he added the West coast of the United States to his network. Europe followed in 1979. By 1984, he started his most ambitious service yet- two 80-day round-the-world services, one circling the globe in an easterly direction, the other westward. Departing every 10 days, the 20 G-type container ships he employed had a capacity of 2,728 containers each and could travel at a speed of 20.5 knots. The Evergreen Group has expanded beyond the shipping industry to encompass operations in heavy industrial development, air transport and resorts services; the Evergreen Group, with over 27,000 employees and more than 220 offices worldwide, now comprises about 30 major corporations worldwide, 3 of which are listed on the Taiwan Stock Exchange. During the 2012 Republic of China presidential election, Mr Chang expressed his disapproval of the so-called Taiwan Consensus.

The China Post reported that he said that the ""Taiwan Consensus" smacks of Taiwan independence" which the paper said was "not his cup of tea". In February 2012, it was reported that Chang had pledged "to give away all his wealth" via the Chang Yung-fa Foundation. Chang was married first to Lin Chin-chih, with whom he had four children, his second wife Lee Yu-mei bore him one son. On 20 January 2016, Chang died at the age of 88. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from California State University, 1990. Honorary Doctor of Business Administration from the University of South Carolina, 1995. Honorary Doctor of Shipping & Transportation Management from the National Taiwan Ocean University, 1998. Honorary Doctor of Business Administration from Nottingham Trent University, 1999. Honorary Doctor of Business Administration from the National Chiao Tung University, 2000. Honorary Doctor of Transport and Academician from Russian Academy of Transport, 2007 Honorary Professorship from the University of Houston–Downtown, 2008 Order of Chivalry, which carries the title of "Dato", State of Penang, Malaysia, 2000.

Officer of the Legion of Honor, France, 2002. Recipient of Lifetime Achievement Award, Lloyd's List 2006. Commander of the Order of the British Empire, UK, 2006. Honorary Commander of the Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia Knight of the Grand Cross, Italy, 2007 Commander of the Order of the Crown, Belgium, 2008 Commander in the Order of Orange-Nassau, The Netherlands, 2011 Order of the Rising Sun and Silver Star from the Japanese government, 2012. Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 2014. EVERGREEN GROUP

William Bellenden

William Bellenden was a Scottish classical scholar. James I of England and Ireland. King James is said to have provided Bellenden with the means of living independently at Paris, where he became professor at the university, advocate in the parliament; the first of the works by which he is known was published anonymously in 1608, with the title Ciceronis Princeps, a laborious compilation of all Cicero's remarks on the origin and principles of regal government and systematically arranged. In 1612 there appeared a similar work, devoted to the consideration of consular authority and the Roman senate, Ciceronis Consul, Senatusque Romanus, his third work, De Statu Prisci Orbis, 1615, is a good outline of general history. All three works were combined in a single large volume, entitled De Statu Libri Tres, 1615, first brought into due notice by Dr Samuel Parr, who, in 1787, published an edition with a preface, famous for the elegance of its Latinity, in which he eulogized Burke and Lord North as the "three English luminaries."The greatest of Bellenden's works is the extensive treatise De Tribus Luminibus Romanorum and published posthumously at Paris in 1633.

The book is unfinished, treats only of the first luminary, Cicero. It contains a most elaborate history of Rome and its institutions, drawn from Cicero, thus forms a storehouse of all the historical notices contained in that voluminous author, it is said. One of the few that survived was placed in the university library at Cambridge, drawn upon by Conyers Middleton, the librarian, in his History of the Life of Cicero. Both Joseph Warton and Dr Parr accused Middleton of deliberate plagiarism, the more to have escaped detection owing to the small number of existing copies of Bellenden's work; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Bellenden, William". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3. Cambridge University Press. Andrew Pyle, Dictionary of Seventeenth Century British Philosophers, article pp. 81–2. Chambers, Robert. "Bellenden, William". A Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen. 1. Glasgow: Blackie and Son. Pp. 207–12 – via Wikisource. "Bellenden, William".

Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900