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Tynemouth (UK Parliament constituency)

Tynemouth is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Alan Campbell, a member of the Labour Party. 1918–1950: The County Borough of Tynemouth. 1950–1983: The County Borough of Tynemouth, the Urban District of Whitley Bay. 1983–1997: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Cullercoats, North Shields, Riverside, St Mary's, Seatonville and Whitley Bay. 1997–2010: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Cullercoats, North Shields, St Mary's, Seatonville and Whitley Bay. 2010–present: The Borough of North Tyneside wards of Chirton, Cullercoats, Monkseaton North, Monkseaton South, Preston, St Mary's, Tynemouth and Whitley Bay. The seat covers Tynemouth, North Shields, Whitley Bay, Cullercoats and since 2010 Shiremoor and Backworth; the constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Political historyThe seat has shown the highest level of support for the Conservative Party in the Tyne and Wear area, with the Conservatives holding the seat for 47 years from 1950-1997.

However, since the 1997 general election, it has been represented by Alan Campbell of the Labour Party Prominent frontbenchersThe present member, Alan Campbell reached the level of government below a Minister of State in 2008, as a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Office. A coastal seat on the northern bank of the River Tyne. North Shields and the communities along the Tyne itself tend to be more industrial and working-class, once dominated by coal mining and shipbuilding; the coastal towns to the north, such as Whitley Bay, tend to be more middle-class dormitory towns for Newcastle commuters. This has tended to be one of the more Conservative-leaning seats in the North East of England, where the party has traditionally struggled against the Labour Party; as a middle-class area, it returned Conservative MPs from 1950-1997. It has been represented by Labour since 1997, though the Conservatives remain strong at a local level. Similar to Sefton Central on Merseyside, despite being a traditionally strong Conservative area in a Labour-dominated county, the area has swung to Labour during the twenty-first century, has been won by semi-marginal to safe margins by Labour candidates at every general election since 1997, with significant swings to Labour seen in both 2015 and 2017.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 close to the national average of 3.8%, at 3.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, lower than the regional average by 0.5%. Constituency created For the 2010 election, this was the primary target seat for the Conservatives in North East England following impressive local council victories since 2006 and the recent marginality of Alan Campbell's 2005 re-election. However, they failed to take any of its surrounding seats, which remained Labour. Michael McIntyre was councillor for the Whitley Bay Ward at the time of polling; the Conservatives could only diminish Alan Campbell's majority. In the Mayoral election held on the same day, Mayor Linda Arkley narrowly lost re-election. Labour MP Alan Campbell was returned in 2001 with smaller majority on the back of Tony Blair's second landslide. In 1997 Labour won their largest Tynemouth majority ever; the Conservatives chose Gateshead Councillor Martin Callanan as their candidate to replace the retiring Neville Trotter.

He would latterly become a North East MEP. In 1992 Neville Trotter narrowly won his final term. Many council seats were unexpectedly won on the back of John Major's victory such as Whitley Bay and Monkseaton. 1983: Neville Trotter's biggest majority on the back of Mrs. Thatcher's landslide. 1979: Patrick'Paddy' Cosgrove's first of four attempts to win the seat. Cosgrove was the Labour councillor for Whitley Bay Ward. February 1974: Neville Trotter, a Newcastle City Councillor and Chartered Accountant, becomes MP. 1970: Jeremy Beecham would become leader of Newcastle City Council and a Peer. 1966: Gordon Adam would latterly become a North East MEP and make a failed bid to become Elected Mayor of North Tyneside in 2001. 1918: Dixon Scott was the founder of Newcastle's'News Cinema', the modern'Tyneside Cinema'. List of Parliamentary constituencies in Tyne and Wear Notes References

Cryptorchidism

Cryptorchidism is the absence of one or both testes from the scrotum. The word is from the Greek κρυπτός, meaning hidden, ὄρχις, meaning testicle, it is the most common birth defect of the male genital tract. About 3% of full-term and 30% of premature infant boys are born with at least one undescended testis. However, about 80% of cryptorchid testes descend by the first year of life, making the true incidence of cryptorchidism around 1% overall. Cryptorchidism may develop after infancy, sometimes as late as young adulthood, but, exceptional. Cryptorchidism is distinct from the condition of having only one testicle. Though the condition may occur on one or both sides, it more affects the right testis. A testis absent from the normal scrotal position may be: Anywhere along the "path of descent" from high in the posterior abdomen, just below the kidney, to the inguinal ring In the inguinal canal Ectopic, having "wandered" from the path of descent outside the inguinal canal and sometimes under the skin of the thigh, the perineum, the opposite scrotum, or the femoral canal Undeveloped or abnormal Missing.

About two-thirds of cases without other abnormalities are unilateral. In 90% of cases, an undescended testis can be felt in the inguinal canal. In a small minority of cases, missing testes may be found in the abdomen or appear to be nonexistent. Undescended testes are associated with reduced fertility, increased risk of testicular germ-cell tumors, psychological problems when the boy is grown. Undescended testes are more susceptible to testicular torsion and inguinal hernias. Without intervention, an undescended testicle will descend during the first year of life, but to reduce these risks, undescended testes can be brought into the scrotum in infancy by a surgical procedure called an orchiopexy. Although cryptorchidism nearly always refers to congenital absence or maldescent, a testis observed in the scrotum in early infancy can "reascend" into the inguinal canal. A testis which can move or be moved between the scrotum and canal is referred to as retractile. Cryptorchidism, testicular cancer, poor semen quality make up the syndrome known as testicular dysgenesis syndrome.

Many men who were born with undescended testes have reduced fertility after orchiopexy in infancy. The reduction with unilateral cryptorchidism is subtle, with a reported infertility rate of about 10%, compared with about 6% reported by the same study for the general population of adult men; the fertility reduction after orchiopexy for bilateral cryptorchidism is more marked, about 38%, or six times that of the general population. The basis for the universal recommendation for early surgery is research showing degeneration of spermatogenic tissue and reduced spermatogonia counts after the second year of life in undescended testes; the degree to which this is prevented or improved by early orchiopexy is still uncertain. One of the strongest arguments for early orchiopexy is reducing the risk of testicular cancer. About one in 500 men born with one or both testes undescended develops testicular cancer a four- to 40-fold increased risk; the peak incidence occurs in the fourth decades of life. The risk is higher for intra-abdominal testes and somewhat lower for inguinal testes, but the descended testis of a man whose other testis was undescended has about a 20% higher cancer risk than those of other men.

The most common type of testicular cancer occurring in undescended testes is seminoma. It is treatable if caught early, so urologists recommend that boys who had orchiopexy as infants be taught testicular self-examination, to recognize testicular masses and seek early medical care for them. Cancer developing in an intra-abdominal testis would be unlikely to be recognized before considerable growth and spread, one of the advantages of orchiopexy is that a mass developing in a scrotal testis is far easier to recognize than an intra-abdominal mass. Orchidopexy was thought to result in easier detection of testicular cancer, but did not lower the risk of developing cancer. However, recent data have shown a paradigm shift; the New England Journal of Medicine published in 2007 that orchidopexy performed before puberty resulted in a reduced risk of testicular cancer than if done after puberty. The risk of malignancy in the undescended testis is four to 10 times higher than that in the general population, is about one in 80 with a unilateral undescended testis and one in 40 to one in 50 for bilateral undescended testes.

The peak age for this tumor is 15–45 years old. The most common tumor developing in an undescended testis is a seminoma. A small body of research on the psychology of cryptorchidism attempts to determine whether this condition can cause lasting psychological problems, it consists of small studies. This research has serious methodological problems. Existing research indicates that boys with undescended testicles do not tend to be gender-disordered, effeminate, or prehomosexual. A disturbed self-image forms only when the family dynamics are destructive to developing male self esteem; such pathogenic attitudes were found in parents who focused on the boy’s genital defect as a sign of his presumed effeminacy. However, when the cryp

Bishop Westcott Boys' School

Bishop Westcott Boys' School is one of the oldest schools in the eastern region of India. The school is located on the banks of the Subarnarekha River in Namkum block, 12 km from Ranchi, the capital of Jharkhand. Richard Ian Thornton is the present principal of the institution, it was founded in 1927 by Rt. Rev. Foss Westcott; the school building served as a makeshift hospital during World War II. This school is one of the best schools in Jharkhand; this school is affiliated to ICSE board of curriculum. The students are a mix of boarders and day scholars. Students from Nepal and other south Asian countries add to the cultural diversity; the senior students are delegated responsibility by the school authority through their elevation as members of the Prefectorial Board, led by the school captain. The vice-captains on either wings assist the captain in daily discharge of his responsibilities. Participation in sporting events is encouraged through dedicated hours for the boarding students; the school has facilities for soccer, basketball, lawn tennis, table tennis,and snooker, horse riding.

The school is famous for having the best athlete in the list of icse school. The students have membership in one of four competing houses — Allenby, Wellington, Nelson The school has three canteens: The Bake Ville, The Witches Brew and The Retreat; the girls' counterpart of the boys' school is Bishop Westcott Girls' School. The Bishop Westcott Boys' School was founded by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Foss Westcott, Bishop of Chotanagpur in 1927; the school is run by a managing committee, the Chotanagpur Diocese Society, formed by the governing body, which comprises educators and citizens. The school has 1800 students; the school is affiliated to the Council for Indian School Certificate Examination, New Delhi for class 10 and class 12. Plus two section is a co-educational; the uniform is Air Force grey trousers, sky blue shirt, navy blue and gold necktie, ash grey socks and black leather closed shoes. During the winter months, navy blue cardigan and navy blue blazer with a yellow lining are necessary; the school is in Namkum, 9 km east of Ranchi, on the banks of the Subarnarekha River, near the Namkum Railway station.

The boys' school and the girls' school were on a single campus but were separated after an Army hospital was built in between. It consisted of a C shaped "Main Building". In recent past, a New Hostel Building was constructed. Same capacity for Study and Dining Hall. There is an auditorium with modern facility for students' cultural activity. Auditorium capacity is 1000+; the Campus has lot to offer. It now consists of an office building, a building that has the Library and the Laboratory, a juniors hostel, sick room, servants' quarter, staffs' residence, principal's bungalow and playgrounds. A swimming pool is being constructed close to the horse riding facilities where the junior classes used to be; the school has founded the "EWA": Ex-Westcottian Association. It is for the combined alumni of the boys school,Bishop Westcott Girls' School Namkum, Bishop Westcott Girls' School Doranda, Bishop's School Bahubazar and Bishop School Soiko, Khunti. Dr Satish Midha is its founder president and Sandeep Anand is its founder honorary secretary.

The president for 2012-14 is Sandeep Anand. The Patrons of Alumni are the principals of Boys and the Namkum Girls School, R. I. Thornton and N Jacobs respectively. In December EWA organize Grand Alumni Meet at School Campus at Ranchi; the first Alumni Meet outside Ranchi was held on 28 December 2012 in Calcutta and again on 4 January 2014, to start its Calcutta chapter, hosted by Surajit Samanta at his Calcutta penthouse on Lansdowne Road. The principal of the Boys' School was chief guest. EWA organized its first New Delhi Alumni Meet on 8 February 2014 at ITBP officers mess. Manoj Singh, PN Prasad, Anish Singh, Swati Thareja, Rounaq Kumar and anand Kumar were instrumental in organising it. More than 100 ex-westcottians attended. After successful chapters of Calcutta and Delhi EWA is all set to organize an alumni meet for the Western Region in Mumbai, Pune etc. Ex-Westcottians Alumni Association, official website

Toto Looks For a House

Toto Looks For a House is a 1949 Italian comedy film directed by Mario Monicelli and Steno. The film is stylistically related to Italian neorealism, it was a commercial success. In an afterwar Italy the problem for every citizen is to find a comfortable place to live. Beniamino Lomacchio is one of the many people without a home and, together with his family, he's been living in a school, he cannot live there much longer, because school re-opens in September. Beniamino does not know what to do. One day, Beniamino finds a place to move into: a cemetery caretaker's house. Not all the family is convinced, they stay there for a short while. After leaving the house, Beniamino finds another job at the studio of an artist, but here the family Lomacchio will not agree with Beniamino. They find a large apartment, but they've been cheated. After staying in the Colosseum, Beniamino is in a car accident. He's found a home: a psychiatric hospital. Totò as Beniamino Lomacchio Alda Mangini as Amalia, la moglie de Lomacchio Lia Molfesi as Aida, la figlia Mario Gattari as Figlio Aroldo Tieri as Checchino, il fidanzato Folco Lulli as Turco Enzo Biliotti as Il sindaco Mario Castellani as Truffatore Pietro De Vico as Cinese Flavio Forin as Vedovo Giacomo Furia as Pasquale Saluto Marisa Merlini as Patronessa Luigi Pavese as Capo ufficio Cesare Polacco as Vice custode Alfredo Ragusa as Bidello Bondanella, Peter.

A History of Italian Cinema. Bloomsbury Publishing, 2009. Totò Looks for a House on IMDb

Menlyn Park

Menlyn Park Shopping Centre is a shopping mall in Menlyn, South Africa, owned by development company Pareto. Menlyn Park is designed around three spaces – the Food Court, the keyhole malls and focal points, a large internal garden square surrounded by restaurants. Menlyn Park has a total lettable floor space of 177,000m², over 500 stores, 16 parking entrances, 12 parking exits and 8,250 parking bays, it is situated at the corner of Lois Avenue and Atterbury Road close to the N1 Johannesburg - Polokwane Highway. Menlyn Park Shopping Centre named after the suburb in which it is located, was built in 1979, it was expanded in 1988 by Bild Architects. Menlyn Park used to be the property of Old Mutual Properties from London, but is owned by Pareto Limited, a shopping centre investment firm wholly owned by the Public Investment Corporation. Since its inception, Menlyn Park has undergone a number of renovations. In 1998, an American design firm, Development Design Group, designed Menlyn's unique appearance.

Menlyn Park had over 300 stores and 37 restaurants as well as a rooftop Drive In Theatre and a Nu Metro cineplex. In 2000, the mall underwent another expansion, increasing the floor space to 118,253m² and the store number to 300. November 2016 saw the completion of another major expansion, which increased the floor area to 177,000m² with 500 shops in total; the R2,5-billion, two-year phased refurbishment has converted the site to become the regional shopping centre in Tshwane. BILD Architects and Terra Ether Architects designed the new structure while Concor Construction executed the works; the new building attained a 4-star Green Star Retail Design rating by the Green Building Council of South Africa for the efforts to develop the first building phase of the redevelopment along environmentally friendly design and construction principles