Álvaro de Mendaña y Neira was a Spanish navigator. Born in Congosto, in El Bierzo Region, he was the nephew of viceroy of Peru, he is best known for the two voyages of discovery he led into the Pacific in 1567 and 1595 in search of Terra Australis. Historian Brett Hilder has written of “ardent spirits in Peru, inspiring three Spanish voyages to the south west Pacific in the forty years from 1565 to 1605.” One of these ardent spirits was Spanish soldier Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa who arrived in Peru in 1557. Sarmiento de Gamboa developed an interest in Inca stories of gold and riches being collected from lands further to the west. Sarmiento's proposal for an expedition to find land in the Pacific was put to Governor Lope García de Castro, finding favour as it matched common Spanish belief in the existence of a great South Land. Historian Miriam Estensen argues that Governor Castro agreed as a way of maintaining peace and order. “Restless and disruptive” elements in the Spanish Americas were encouraged to join such journeys of exploration to remove them from colonial society.
The lure of possible wealth made these expeditions attractive to such men drawn from the poorest levels of society. However, Sarmiento de Gamboa was bitterly disappointed not to be made Captain-General of the expedition. Instead, command was given to the Governor Castro's nephew, the younger and inexperienced Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira. Sarmiento was to be “Cosmographer”. In Sarmiento's written account, he was Captain of the flagship and at least on the same level as chief pilot and navigator Hernando Gallego. While Sarmiento's interest was the riches to be gained, Mendaña's priority was conversion of "the heathen" to Christianity. Deep divisions had been created within the Spanish command before the expedition departed; the two ships, the 200-ton Los Reyes and the 140-ton Todos Santos sailed from Callao, in Peru on 20 November 1567, with about 150 sailors, soldiers and slaves on board. After sighting a small island in mid January, a significant body of land was sighted on February 7, 1568, it was Santa Isabel Island.
The expedition had discovered the Solomon Islands. The Spanish came into contact with Solomon Islanders and at first the relationship was cordial. However, the Spanish expedition's need for fresh food and water led to tension and conflict, the Solomon Islanders’ subsistence economy being unable to provide continuous supplies to the Spanish; the real prizes were pigs needed by the Spanish, while vital to the local people's economy. The cultural gulf was wide; the islanders were offended. After building a small brigantine, the surrounding islands of Malaita, Guadalcanal and Choiseul Island were explored. However, the attempts to barter for food led to the same cycle of friendly welcome, misunderstandings, sullen retreats, occasional reconciliations and violent retaliation. At a council meeting of captains, pilots and sailors on August 7, 1568, the decision was made to return to Peru. Mendaña had wanted to sail further south, while Sarmiento de Gamboa and several soldiers unsuccessfully urged the establishment of a colony.
The two ships sailed north east, passing the Marshall islands and Wake island, before reaching the Mexican coast in late January 1569. It was a difficult voyage, with numerous deaths from scurvy; the main result of the expedition was the discovery of the Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. The navigators gained valuable sailing experience for Spain in crossing the vast South Pacific from Peru; these discoveries led to successive expeditions in search for Terra Australis, both by Mendaña himself and by Pedro Fernandes de Queirós. However, the Great South Land had not yet been discovered by Europeans; the islands found, by now popularly called the Solomon Islands, had not revealed more than a few indications of gold. There were no spices and the people had not been converted to Christianity. A much larger and costlier expedition had been planned by the early 1590s, after Mendaña had spent years courting favour in Madrid and Lima. Four ships and 378 men and children were to establish a colony in the Solomon Islands.
Again, the leaders of this voyage had “widely divergent personalities.” Mendaña was again in command, accompanied by his wife Doña Isabel Barreto, her three brothers and a sister. Chief pilot was to be a young Portuguese navigator in Pedro Fernandes de Queirós. An argumentative old soldier, Pedro Merino Manrique was chosen as camp master. Manrique caused disputes before the fleet had departed; the four ships, San Gerónimo, the Santa Ysabel, the smaller frigate Santa Catalina and the galiot San Felipe left Callao on 9 April 1595. Spirits were high in fifteen marriages being celebrated. Mendaña had Queirós prepare charts for his Captains that only showed the Solomon Islands. On 21 July 1595 the ships reached the Marquesas Islands. Although the Spaniards admired their “graceful shape” and “almost white” complexion, the relationship with the natives deteriorated; when the expedition left two weeks Queirós estimated 200 Marquesans had been killed. Despite Mendaña's con
Francesco Bidognetti is a powerful Italian Camorrista. He is the chief lieutenant of Francesco Schiavone, boss of the Casalesi clan from Casal di Principe in the province of Caserta, head of the Bidognetti clan, one of the five clans which make up the Casalesi, he is known as "'Cicciott"e Mezzanotte'". The Bidognetti and Tavoletta clans are strong in the northern towns of Caserta province, they operate several illegal dumps between Caserta. Tonnes of dangerous waste from northern and central Italy are planted in the dumps, as well as toxic wastes from factories and cemeteries; as such, Bidognetti is considered by Italian law enforcement to be the boss of the waste disposal arm of the clan. Bidognetti's lover, Angela Barra ruled the territory of Teverola and was the main conduit of all the political and economic alliances of the Casalesi Clan. In 1990, Bidognetti ordered the death of a medical doctor, Gennaro Falco, for having not taken proper care of his wife by failing to diagnose her with cancer in time.
His nephew Gaetano Cerci is believed to be the key link between the clan and Licio Gelli, head of the defunct P2 masonic lodge. Many tapped telephone conversations by the Roman police proved that Cerci stayed several times at Gelli's house in Villa Wanda, near Arezzo. In 1993, Villa Wanda was searched, on orders of the Naples public prosecutor, but police failed to find the computer discs that they were looking for. Anna Carrino, Bidognetti's wife was arrested in November 2007 and charged with passing messages from her imprisoned husband to his subordinates on the outside, she subsequently became a pentito and began giving away information that resulted in a number of major raids aimed at suspected members of the Camorra. She provided information that led to the arrest of 52 Casalesi clan members on April 2008. Among those arrested was Bidognetti's son, Raffaele. Anna was moved to in a top-security jail after the Casalesi put a million-pound contract on her; the two scion of Francesco Bidognetti and Raffaele, hit by an order of the harsh 416-bis prion regime.
In October 2003, Bidognetti and his son Aniello were indicted for the murder of doctor Gennaro Falco in the town of Parete. Two weeks Casalesi clan members Sebastiano Caterino and Umberto De Falco were murdered. In June 2008, Schiavone and 14 other Casalesi bosses were sentenced to life imprisonment in the Spartacus maxi-trial. Michele Zagaria and Antonio Iovine, two other Casalesi bosses, got the same sentence and were arrested on 7 December 2011 and 17 November 2010 respectively; the 10-year legal trial, named as such in recognition of the need to fight a revolution in the Casalesi's territory, charged 36 members of the clan with a string of murders and other crimes. All were found guilty and 16 sentenced to life imprisonment. More than 500 witnesses testified in the trial which saw the heaviest penalties for organised crime with a total of 700 years of imprisonment. Over the course of the initial trial and the appeal, five people involved in the case were murdered, including an interpreter.
A judge and two journalists were threatened with death. In March 2008, through his lawyers in the courtroom, Francesco Bidognetti accused the prosecutor of the Dda, Antonio Cantone of being unduly influenced by the pentiti and the anti-Mafia journalists, Rosaria Capacchione, of the newspaper "Il Mattino ", Roberto Saviano, author of the best-selling book Gommora, which deals with the criminal activities of the Casalesi clan, his lawyer further demanded the transfer of the trials of Bidognetti and fellow fugitive Casalesi boss, Antonio Iovine to Rome for "legitimate suspiscions". On May 2, 2008, Bidognetti's uncle, Umberto was murdered at Castel Volturno, due to his son Domenico's collaboration with the police, he had refused police protection after his son's repentance. In the following month, a group of hitmen disguised as police officers wounded Anna Carrino, the niece of Anna Carrino, in Villaricca, she was shot in the stomach. Carrino's testimony led to the arrest of several of his henchmen.
However, police believe that the real target of the attack may have been the woman’s mother, Anna Carrino’s sister. These incidents are believed to be part of the murder strategy of Iovine and Zagaria, in order to dissuade those who wish to collaborate with law enforcement. Bidognetti's son, was arrested on November 21, 2008 and charged with the attempted murder of Anna Carrino's niece. La moglie del boss mette in ginocchio il clan dei Casalesi - Video of Bidognetti's arrest
USC Rip City is a NBL1 North club based in Sunshine Coast, Queensland. The club fields a team in Women's NBL1 North; the club is a division of the University of the Sunshine Coast Basketball Association, one of two major administrative basketball organisations in the region, the other being Sunshine Coast Basketball Association. The Rip play their home games at USC Sports Stadium; the USCBA was established in July 2008, by 2009, the association placed its first junior team into Basketball Queensland's representative competitions—BQJBC and BQ State Championships. In 2014, the association entered both a men's and women's team into the Southern Basketball League under the name of Sunshine Coast Rip. While the Rip women failed to make the playoffs in their first season, the men made it through to the SBL Division 2 grand final, where they defeated the Noosa Cyclones 81–65. In 2015, the women again failed to make the playoffs, while the men were knocked out in the semi-finals. In October 2015, the Sunshine Coast Rip were granted a license to play in the Queensland Basketball League in 2016, with both a men's and women's team entering.
In their first QBL season, both teams failed to make a playoff berth, with the men finishing 11th with a 5–12 record, while the women finished 12th with a 4–13 record. For the 2020 season, the Rip joined the newly-established NBL1 North, which replaced the QBL. Rip City Basketball's official website 2014 SBL Award Winners
Lea Nass-Arden is an Israeli politician who served a member of the Knesset for Likud and as Deputy Minister of Pensioner Affairs. Nass studied for her B. A. M. A. and PhD degrees in biochemistry at Bar-Ilan University, completing her doctorate in 1993. Her research topic was sperm motility. Nass is married to Shlomo Nass, an accountant specializing in liquidations and receiverships, has five children. After the completion of her PhD she was elected to Giv'at Shmuel city council, was responsible for city beautification and the environment from 1993 until 2003. In 1998 and from 2002 until 2003, she served as deputy mayor, she was placed in 36th place on the Likud list for the 2003 elections. At the time, she described herself as "the only religious woman in the Likud"; when Likud won 38 seats, she became a Knesset member and chaired the Science and Technology committee. For the 2006 elections she won 17th place on the party's list, but lost her seat as the party was reduced to 12 seats. In the Likud primaries for the 2009 Knesset elections, held on 8 December 2008, she won tenth spot on the list and was the top female candidate.
She returned to the Knesset as Likud won 27 seats in the election, was appointed Deputy Minister of Pensioner Affairs. Prior to the 2013 elections Nass was placed sixtieth on the joint Likud Yisrael Beiteinu list, she left the Knesset. Lea Nass on the Knesset website
Kingsley Sit Ho-yin was the member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. Sit first attempted in the 1985 Legislative Council election, the first election of the colony's legislature in the New Territories West electoral college consisting of members of the Tuen Mun and Yuen Long District Board but was lost to Tai Chin-wah. In the 1988 Legislative Council election, he gained a seat in the South Kowloon electoral college. In June 1991, Sit put forward a motion to urge the government to resume the carrying out of the death penalty immediately; the death penalty in Hong Kong was mandatory sentence for murder, however no executive had been carried out since 1967. The motion was defeated and Martin Lee's amended motion of abolishing the death penalty was passed; the death penalty was repealed in 1993. Kingsley Sit opposed the decriminalisation of homosexuality. In the council meeting on 10 July 1991, he stated that "decriminalization, of homosexuality is contrary to the moral standards of the traditional Chinese society."Sit was defeated in the elections to the Legislative Council in September 1991 general election, 1991 by-election on December, 1995 and 1996 election within the Selection Committee for the Provisional Legislative Council.
After the handover of Hong Kong, he was elected to the 800-member Election Committee, responsible for electing the Chief Executive of Hong Kong in 2005 and 2006 through Heung Yee Kuk. The powerful Heung Yee Kuk chairman Lau Wong-fat is the brother of Kingsley Sit's wife
Rob A. Rutenbar is an American academic noted for contributions to software tools that automate analog integrated circuit design, custom hardware platforms for high-performance automatic speech recognition, he is Senior Vice Chancellor for Research at the University of Pittsburgh, where he leads the university's strategic and operational vision for research and innovation. Rutenbar received M. S. and Ph. D. degrees in computer engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, in 1979 and 1984, respectively. He joined the department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University in 1984. At CMU, his research group developed a wide range of novel CAD tools to optimize and perform geometric layout on analog and mixed-signal integrated circuits. In 1998, he cofounded Inc. to commercialize these tools. He served as Neolinear’s Chief Scientist until its acquisition by Cadence Design Systems in 2004. In 2001, he was the founding director of a large, multi-university research center – the Center for Circuit & Systems Solutions -- funded by the US semiconductor industry and US Defense Advanced Projects Research Agency to address challenges arising from the end of Moore’s Law scaling.
He served as Director of C2S2 from 2001 to 2009. While at CMU, his In Silico Vox project developed novel hardware platforms for fast, energy efficient speech recognition. In 2006, he cofounded the Silicon Vox Corporation to commercialize these ideas; the company was renamed Voci Technologies in 2010, it focuses on high-performance solutions for enterprise-scale voice analytics. In 2010, he left CMU to become Head of the Department of Computer Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. At CMU, continuing at Illinois, he led some of the first work to apply data mining and machine learning techniques for electronic design automation. In 2013, he launched a Massive Open Online Course on VLSI CAD, to over 17,000 registered participants. In 2016, this evolved into a set of related CAD MOOCs, which has reached over 50,000 learners worldwide. In 2017, he joined the University of Pittsburgh in the newly established position of Senior Vice Chancellor for Research, he holds faculty appointments in the School of Computing and Information and in the Swanson School of Engineering.
Rutenbar serves on boards for several entrepreneurial and cultural organizations in Pittsburgh, including LifeX, Innovation Works, the Carnegie Science Center. As several massive open online course providers emerged in 2012, Rutenbar led the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to establish a relationship with Coursera. Subsequently, the University become the first land-grant institution to enter a Coursera partnership. Under Rutenbar’s leadership, the Department of Computer Science launched a MOOC-based professional masters of computer science in data science in fall 2016. In 2014, Rutenbar led the launch of a large program of novel, cooperative B. S. degrees at Illinois called “CS+X” that integrate computing and “X” disciplinary topics, ranging from anthropology to astronomy and agriculture. Illinois Computer Science was recognized in 2017 with the Grand Prize for the NCWIT Extension Services Transformation Award for showing “significant positive outcomes in increasing women’s meaningful participation in computing education” during Rutenbar’s tenure.
Rutenbar has co-chaired the National Science Foundation Computer and Information Science and Engineering Advisory Committee’s Data Science Working Group, he served on the National Academies of Sciences Committee on Envisioning the Data Sciences Discipline: The Undergraduate Perspective. Rutenbar is a Fellow of the IEEE and the ACM, he received the 2001 Aristotle Award from the Semiconductor Research Corporation, acknowledging his mentoring and the impact of his students on the US semiconductor industry. He was awarded the Stephen J. Jatras Chair in ECE by Carnegie Mellon University in 2001, he was honored with the University of Michigan Alumni Merit Award in 2002. He was awarded the IEEE CAS Industrial Pioneer Award in 2007, for “pioneering contributions” to tools for custom circuit synthesis, their successful commercialization. In 2008, he was inducted into the College of Engineering's Alumni Hall of Fame at Wayne State University, he was awarded the Abel Bliss Professorship in Engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 2010.
He is a two-time winner of the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design Donald O. Pedersen Best Paper Award, in 2011 and again in 2013, for work on statistical analysis for nanoscale silicon, he has been recognized with the 2017 Phil Kaufman Award for "his pioneering contributions to algorithms and tools for analog and mixed-signal designs" by the Electronic System Design Alliance and the IEEE Council on Electronic Design Automation. Rob A. Rutenbar Biography at the University of Pittsburgh. VLSI CAD Part 1: Logic at Coursera. VLSI CAD Part 2: Layout at Coursera