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The épée is the largest and heaviest of the three weapons used in the sport of fencing. The modern épée derives from the 19th-century Épée de Combat, a weapon which itself derives from the French small sword; as a thrusting weapon, the épée is similar to a foil but has a stiffer blade, triangular in cross-section with a V-shaped groove called a fuller. It has a larger bell guard and weighs more; the technique is somewhat different, as there are no rules regarding right of way. In addition, the entire body is a valid target area. While modern sport fencing has three weapons—foil, épée, sabre, each a separate event—épée is the only one in which the entire body is the valid target area. Épée is the heaviest of the three modern fencing weapons. As with all fencing disciplines, fencing matches with the épée require a large amount of concentration and speed. Since the entire body is a target, a successful épée fencer must be able to anticipate their opponent's moves and strike their opponent at the correct time.

In most higher-level competitions, a grounded metal piste is used to prevent floor hits from registering as touches. Unlike sabre and foil, in épée there are no right-of-way rules regarding attacks, other than the aforementioned rule regarding touches with only the point of the weapon. Touches are awarded on the basis of which fencer makes a touch first, according to the electronic scoring machines. Double-touches are allowed in épée, although the touches must occur within 40 milliseconds of each other. There is a special aspect to the épée; this special aspect known to the majority of the épée community is the counterattack. Some specifications include the time thrust; these actions are a counterattack on the opposition, respectively. Said in plain words, it is a tactic employed in response to an attack. With the absence of right-of-way, following an attack and landing it can be a efficient way to score a touch, thus the counterattack's ubiquity. A modern épée for use by adult fencers has a blade.

The total weight of the weapon ready for use is less than 770 g, with most competition weapons being much lighter, weighing 300 to 450 g. Épées for use by children under 13 are lighter, making it easier for them to use. The blade of an épée is triangular in section, whereas that of a foil is rectangular, neither blade has a cutting edge. Wires may run down a groove in épée blades fitted for electric scoring, with a depressible button capping the point. In competitive fencing, the width of any of the three sides of an épée's blade is limited to 24 mm; the guard has numerous forms, but all are boiled down to a spherical shield, the section of which fits in a 10–13.5 cm cylinder. This is called a bell guard; as the hand is a valid target in competitive fencing, the guard is much larger and more protective than that of a foil, having a depth of 3–5.5 cm and a diameter of up to 13.5 cm. As with foils, the grip of an épée can be exchanged for another. Grip options include either the French grip and the pistol grip.

In competitions, a valid touch is scored if a fencer's weapon touches the opponent with enough force to depress the tip. The tip is wired to a connector in the guard to an electronic scoring device or "box"; the guard and handle of the épée are all grounded to the scoring box to prevent hits to the weapon from registering as touches. In the groove formed by the V-shaped blade, there are two thin wires leading from the far end of the blade to a connector in the guard; these wires are held in place with a strong glue. The amount of glue is kept to a minimum as in the unlikely case that a fencer manages a touch in that glue, the touch would be registered on the electrical equipment, as the glue is not conductive. In the event of tip to tip hits, a point should not be awarded. A "body cord" with a three-pronged plug at each end is placed underneath the fencer's clothing and attached to the connector in the guard to a wire leading to the scoring box; the scoring box signals with a tone each time the tip is depressed.

The tip of an electric épée, or the button, comprises several parts: the mushroom-shaped, movable pointe d'arrêt at the end. The tips are held in place by two small grub screws, which thread into the sides of the tip through elongated openings on either side of the barrel; the screws hold the tip within the barrel but are allowed to travel in the openings. While this is the most common system, screwless variations do exist; the return spring must allow the tip to support a force of 750 gf without registering a touch. An épée tip must allow a shim of 1.5 mm to be inserted between the pointe d'arrêt and the barrel, when a 0.5 mm shim is inserted and the tip depressed, it should not register a touch. The contact spring is threaded out of the tip to adjust for this distance; these specifications are tested at the start of each bout during competitions. During competitions, fencers are required to have a minimum of two weapons and two body wires in case of failure or breakage. Bouts with the different fencing weapons have a different tempo.


Diurnal enuresis

Diurnal enuresis is daytime wetting. Nocturnal enuresis is nighttime wetting. Enuresis is defined as the involuntary voiding of urine beyond the age of anticipated control. Both of these conditions can occur at the same time, Many children with nighttime wetting will not have wetting during the day. Children with daytime wetting may have frequent urination, have urgent urination or dribble after urinating; the DSM-V classifies enuresis as an elimination disorder and as such it may be defined as the involuntary or voluntary elimination of urine into inappropriate places. A patient must be of at least a developmental level equivalent to the chronological age of a 5 year old in order to be diagnosed with enuresis; the patient must either experience a frequency of inappropriate voiding at least twice a week for a period of at least 3 consecutive months OR experience clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational or other important areas of functioning, in order to be diagnosed with enuresis.

These symptoms must not be due to any underlying medical condition. As well, these symptoms must not be due to the direct physiological effect of a substance. Common causes include, but not limited to: Incomplete emptying of the bladder Irritable bladder Constipation Stress Urinary tract infection Urgency Anatomic abnormality Poor toileting habits Small bladder capacity Medical conditions like overactive bladder disorder Management approaches include reassuring families that the child is not wetting their pants on purpose and treatment should include positive reinforcement. Non-invasive treatments include keeping a diary to track when the child does not make it to the bathroom on time, ruling out and treating urinary tract infections, ensuring the child is not constipated, timed voiding, correction of constipation, in some cases, computer assisted pelvic floor retraining; the effectiveness of non-surgical and non-pharmaceutical interventions for treating children with daytime urinary incontinence is not clear.

Bladder stretching exercises are no longer recommended. Bladder stretching exercises can be dangerous because the person could develop the long-term habit of tightening the urethral sphincter muscle, which can cause bladder or kidney problems. Urinating on a regular basis is suggested. Daytime wetting is more common in girls. At the age of 7 3% of girls and 2% of boys experience functional daytime wetting at least once a week. Urinary incontinence Toilet training Enuresis

Dave's Old Porn

Dave's Old Porn was a comedy show starring Dave Attell that premiered on Showtime on October 20, 2011. Attell has described the series as "the Mystery Science Theater of porn." Through the show's Twitter account, Attell said Showtime passed on a third season, that he intended to continue the show in a smaller form through the website. Attell and his co-hosts review pornographic films from the genre's golden age of the 1970s and 1980s. Attell is joined by a fellow comedian to make jokes about a variety of porn clips; the pair view clips from movies of one particular porn star. Near the end of the episode, they are joined by the porn star whose movies they've been viewing over the course of the episode. All sexual acts such as fellatio, cunnilingus and ejaculations are censored, with either an image of a VHS cassette, food, a strategically placed image of Attell's face, or the sofa the hosts are using. Official website Dave's Old Porn on IMDb

German submarine U-1101

German submarine U-1101 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. She was ordered on 5 June 1941, was laid down on 18 March 1943 at Nordseewerke, Emden, as yard number 223, she was launched on 13 September 1943 and commissioned under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Rudolf Dübler on 10 November 1945. German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-1101 had a displacement of 769 tonnes when at the 871 tonnes while submerged, she had a total length of 67.10 m, a pressure hull length of 50.50 m, a beam of 6.20 m, a height of 9.60 m, a draught of 4.74 m. The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower for use while surfaced, two SSW GU 343/38-8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower for use while submerged, she had two 1.23 m propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres.

The submarine had a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots. When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles at 4 knots. U-1101 was fitted with five 53.3 cm torpedo tubes, fourteen torpedoes or 26 TMA mines, one 8.8 cm SK C/35 naval gun, one 3.7 cm Flak M42 and two twin 2 cm C/30 anti-aircraft guns. The boat had a complement of between 44 — 52 men. U-1101 was scuttled near Gelting, in Gelting Bay, on 5 May 1945, as part of Operation Regenbogen, her wreck was broken. Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-1101". German U-boats of WWII -

Old Kaunas Ducal Palace

The Old Kaunas Ducal Palace is a building complex in Kaunas Old Town, at the corner of Aleksoto and Muitinės Streets. It is now owned by the Kaunas Academy of Arts institute; the palace, ruined and rebuilt multiple times due to wars, dates back to the 15th century. According to various historical sources, the palace was a Franciscan monastery, a powiat court, a merchants' house and a city firefighters' headquarters. In the 16th century, the palace was used as the residential building of a grand duke. According to L. Potockis, in the 16th century, the palace was used by Lithuanian and Polish heads of state while visiting Kaunas, due to floods at Kaunas Castle. Casimir IV Jagiellon lived in the palace while hiding from the plague with his six children, including Saint Casimir; the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth head of state Sigismund II Augustus lived in the palace multiple times. At the end of the 19th century, Russian province architect S. Gorskis was ordered to convert the building complex into a city hospital.

Starting in 1951, the unique and historical building complex was used as the Kaunas psychiatric hospital with a capacity of 200 patients. The building complex is owned by Kaunas Academy of Arts institute, planning to reconstruct the complex and establish a museum. Kaunas Academy of Arts institute

Old Treaty Elm

The Old Treaty Elm marked the Northern boundary of the Fort Dearborn Reservation, the approximate edge of the Billy Caldwell Reserve, the trail to Lake Geneva. The tree was located in the Sauganash neighborhood of Chicago and stood until 1933; the marker is placed several feet west of the actual location of the trunk of the tree, which stood in the middle of what is now Kilbourn Avenue, just north of Rogers Avenue, the Old Indian Boundary Line. The tree was a point of reference used in the 1836 surveying of the 1600 acre reserve, it divided the reserve into two equal tracts containing 800 acres each. Contrary to folklore, Billy Caldwell did not endorse the Treaty of Chicago under it. Nor did he receive an annuity payment under it prior to moving to Platte County, Missouri in 1835; the treaty and signed in 1833 and enacted in 1835, ceded Indian land on the western shore of Lake Michigan to the US Government in return for land west of the Mississippi River, in what was to become Missouri. Billy Caldwell History, Peter T. Gayford,