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Évreux

Évreux is a commune in and the capital of the department of Eure, in the French region of Normandy. The city is on the Iton river. In late Antiquity, the town, attested in the fourth century CE, was named Mediolanum Aulercorum, "the central town of the Aulerci", the Gallic tribe inhabiting the area. Mediolanum was a small regional centre of the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis. Julius Caesar wintered eight legions in this area after his third campaigning season in the battle for Gaul: Legiones VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII and XIV; the present-day name of Évreux originates from the Gallic tribe of Eburovices Those who overcome by the yew?, from the Gaulish root eburos. The first known members of the family of the counts of Évreux were descended from an illegitimate son of Richard I, duke of Normandy; the county passed in right of Agnes, William's sister, wife of Simon de Montfort-l'Amaury to the house of the lords of Montfort-l'Amaury. Amaury VI de Montfort-Évreux ceded the title in 1200 to King Philip Augustus, whose successor Philip the Fair presented it in 1307 to his brother Louis d'Évreux, for whose benefit Philip the Long raised the county of Évreux into a peerage of France in 1317.

Philip d'Évreux, son of Louis, became king of Navarre by his marriage to Joan II of Navarre, daughter of Louis the Headstrong, their son Charles the Bad and their grandson Charles the Noble were kings of Navarre. The latter ceded his counties of Évreux and Brie to King Charles VI of France in 1404. In 1427 the county of Évreux was bestowed by King Charles VII on Sir John Stuart of Darnley, the commander of his Scottish bodyguard, who in 1423 had received the seigniory of Aubigny, in February 1427/8 he was granted the right to quarter the royal arms of France for his victories over the English. On Stuart's death before Orléans, during an attack on an English convoy, the county reverted to the crown, it was again temporarily alienated as an appanage for Duke François of Anjou, in 1651 was given to Frédéric Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, in exchange for the Principality of Sedan. The most famous holder of the title is son of Marie Anne Mancini. Évreux was damaged during the Second World War, most of its centre was rebuilt.

The nearby Évreux-Fauville Air Base was used by the United States Air Force until 1967, since by the French Air Force. Évreux Cathedral has been the seat of the bishops of Évreux since its traditional founder, Saint Taurin of Évreux, most working between 375 and 425. The earliest parts of the present building, Gothic, date from the eleventh century; the west façade and its two towers are from the late Renaissance. Of especial note are the Lady chapel and its stained glass, the rose windows in the transepts and the carved wooden screens of the side chapels; the church of the former abbey of St-Taurin is in part Romanesque. It has a choir of the 14th century and other portions of date, contains the thirteenth-century shrine of Saint Taurin; the episcopal palace, a building of the fifteenth century, adjoins the south side of the cathedral. The belfry facing the hôtel de ville dates from the fifteenth century. In the Middle Ages, Évreux was one of the centres of Jewish learning, its scholars are quoted in the medieval notes to the Talmud called the Tosafot.

The following rabbis are known to have lived at Évreux: Samuel ben Shneor, praised by his student Isaac of Corbeil as the "Prince of Évreux", one of the most celebrated tosafists. Its inhabitants are called Ébroïciens. Évreux is situated in the pleasant valley of arms of which traverse the town. It is the seat of a bishop, its cathedral is one of the largest and finest in France; the first cathedral was built in 1076, but destroyed in 1119 when the town was burned at the orders of Henry I of France to put down the Norman insurrection. He rebuilt the cathedral as an act of atonement to the Pope. Between 1194 and 1198, the conflict between Philippe Auguste and Richard the Lion-hearted damaged the new cathedral; the architecture of the present edifice shows this history, with its blend of Romanesque and Gothic styles. As did many towns in the regions of Nord and Normandy, Évreux and its cathedral suffered from Second World War. At Le Vieil-Évreux, the Roman Gisacum, 5.6 kilometres southeast of the town, the remains of a Roman theatre, a palace, baths and an aqueduct have been discovered, as well as various relics, notably the bronze of Jupiter Stator, which are now deposited in the museum of Évreux.

Évreux Cathedral Hôtel de ville Église Saint-Taurin The communauté d'agglomération Évreux Portes de Normandie has 62 communes. Since 2015, Évreux is part of three cantons: The canton of Évreux-1 includes a part of Évreux and the communes of: Arnières-sur-Iton and Saint-Sébastien-de-Morsent.

Townsend Township, Huron County, Ohio

Townsend Township is one of the nineteen townships of Huron County, United States. As of the 2010 census the population of the township was 1,623. Located on the northern edge of the county, it borders the following townships: Berlin Township, Erie County - north Florence Township, Erie County - northeast corner Wakeman Township - east Clarksfield Township - southeast corner Hartland Township - south Bronson Township - southwest corner Norwalk Township - west Milan Township, Erie County - northwest cornerNo municipalities are located in Townsend Township, although the unincorporated community of Collins lies at the center of the township. Townsend Township was named for a large landowner. Statewide, the only other Townsend Township is located in Sandusky County; the township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it.

There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website

Old Newton Burial Ground

The Old Newton Burial Ground is a historic cemetery located in Newton, Sussex County, New Jersey. The cemetery was the primary burial ground in the town for a century after its establishment in 1762; as the burial ground would reach capacity, the state legislature incorporated the Newton Cemetery Company which began operating a new cemetery in 1867. After this time, interments would continue at the old burial ground intermittently until 1943; the burial ground contains the graves of members of local families from Newton and the surrounding areas, includes several local and state political figures, prominent citizens, veterans. While nineteenth-century sources attest 5,000 burials within the cemetery, a recent transcription lists only 1,287 individual known graves. Old Newton Burial Ground is not in operation; the 1.66-acre property is owned by the Newton Cemetery Company. It is maintained in cooperation with the Sussex County Historical Society and Sussex County Sheriff's Office; the Old Newton Burial Ground was included as a contributing property within the Newton Town Plot Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992.

The Old Newton Burial Ground was established as a part of Jonathan Hampton's Town Plot which formed the historic core of the Town of Newton including properties around the county's courthouse and town green. The burial ground was expanded twice. In 1820, Daniel Stuart deeded a 0.4-acre parcel along the graveyard's northeast. In 1837, Job and Ann Halstead conveyed a parcel of 0.59 acres to the town's Presbyterian church "for a place of interment of the dead free for all persons desirous of Burying upon the said lot of land". In that year, the entire graveyard was enclosed by a stone wall. 100 feet of this wall was removed in 1966 and replaced with chain-link fence. The cemetery's entrance is through a gate on the Main Street featuring double-leaf cast-iron entry gates; the gates were decorated with "medallions, bearing a bas-relief of Father Time with scythe and hourglass" of which one of the two survive. The burial ground contains the graves of the members of several families who were involved in the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century settlement and growth of Newton and the surrounding areas.

Among them are individuals who were local and state political figures, as well as local business leaders and prominent citizens. The burial ground contains the graves of veterans of the French and Indian War, American Revolution, Barbary War, War of 1812, American Civil War, other conflicts; the number of persons buried in the Old Newton Burial Ground is unknown. Records were not complete; the Sussex Register, a local newspaper, estimated that it was "no less than 5,000" by 1876. According to historian Kevin Wright, "George Watson Roy inventoried the tombstones in the old cemetery, he claimed. Between October 1890 and January 1911, however, he recorded inscriptions from 857 grave markers representing the burials of 933 individuals." The Sussex County Historical Society's transcription of burials lists 1,287 individual known graves. On 24 September 1992, the Old Newton Burial Ground was included on the New Jersey Register of Historic Places as part of the Newton Town Plot Historic District, approved and entered on the National Register of Historic Places on 12 November 1992.

The historic district includes 56 contributing structures and properties over 17.20 acres located on Jonathan Hampton's surveyed town plot. The property is overseen by the Newton Cemetery Company and maintained in cooperation with the Sussex County Historical Society and Sussex County Sheriff's Office—a partnership, organized through the efforts of historian Robert R. Longcore; the burial ground is adjacent to the Negro Burial Ground, a 0.224 acres property bequeathed by Thomas Ryerson. Notable burials amongst those interred at the Old Newton Burial Ground include: Colonel Thomas Anderson, judge, who served in the American Revolution as quartermaster for the Continental Army and as Sussex County Surrogate. Thomas Oakley Anderson, United States naval officer involved in the burning of the USS Philadelphia at Tripoli, Barbary Wars, son of Col. Thomas Anderson. William T. Anderson, New Jersey state senator, 1821; the Rev. Walter Chamberlin, Methodist clergyman, served churches in Pennsylvania, New York and New Jersey, including nearby churches at Stillwater and Stanhope.

The Rev. James Cooke Edwards, Presbyterian minister in New York City, New York, Morristown, New Jersey. Colonel Grant Fitch, publisher of The New Jersey Herald David Ryerson, New Jersey state senator, 1829–31, 1835. Henry Ogden Ryerson, Colonel in the American Civil War, prisoner of war in Richmond and Libby Prison, killed at Battle of Spotsylvania, son of Thomas C. Ryerson. Thomas Coxe Ryerson, New Jersey Supreme Court justice, New Jersey state senator, 1825–26, 1828; the Rev. Dr. Joseph Linn Shafer, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of Newton, 1812–35 and 1838–53; the Rev. Garrett Van Horn, minister at Newton Methodist Church, at Middletown, Orange County, New York. Old Newton Burial Ground at Sussex County Historical Society website Old Newton Burial Ground at findagrave.com