1066 and All That

1066 and All That: A Memorable History of England, comprising all the parts you can remember, including 103 Good Things, 5 Bad Kings and 2 Genuine Dates is a tongue-in-cheek reworking of the history of England. Written by W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman and illustrated by John Reynolds, it first appeared serially in Punch magazine, was published in book form by Methuen & Co. Ltd. in 1930. Raphael Samuel saw 1066 and All That as a product of the post-First World War debunking of British greatness much in the tradition of Eminent Victorians: as he put it, "that much underrated anti-imperialist tract 1066 and All That punctured the more bombastic claims of drum-and-trumpet history". Both the Tory view of a'great man' history, the liberal pieties of Whig history are undermined in the work, in the style of such serious historians as Namier and Herbert Butterfield. With its conflation of history and memory, its deconstruction of "standard" historical narrative lines, the book can be seen as an early post-modernist text.

The book is a parody of the style of history teaching in English schools at the time, in particular of Our Island Story. It purports to contain "all the History you can remember", and, in sixty-two chapters, covers the history of England from Roman times through 1066 "and all that", up to the end of World War I, at which time "America was thus Top Nation, history came to a.". The book is full of examples of mixed-up facts. Although the subtitle states that the book comprises "103 Good Things, 5 Bad Kings and 2 Genuine Dates", the book's preface mentions that four dates were planned, but last-minute research revealed that two of them were not memorable; the two dates that are referenced in the book are 1066, the date of the Battle of Hastings and the Norman conquest of England, 55 BC, the date of the first Roman invasion of Britain under Julius Caesar. However, when the date of the Roman invasion is given, it is followed by the date that Caesar was "compelled to invade Britain again the following year".

Despite the confusion of dates the Roman Conquest is the first of 103 historical events in the book characterised as a Good Thing, "since the Britons were only natives at that time". Chapter II begins "that long succession of Waves of which History is chiefly composed", the first of which, here, is composed of Ostrogoths, mere Goths and Huns. Examples are the "Wave of Saints", who include the Venomous Bead. According to Sellar and Yeatman, in English history kings are either "Good" or "Bad"; the first "Good King" is the confusingly differentiated King Arthur/Alfred. Bad kings include King John, who when he came to the throne showed how much he deserved this epithet when he "lost his temper and flung himself on the floor, foaming at the mouth and biting the rushes"; the death of Henry I from "a surfeit of palfreys" proves to be a paradigmatic case of the deaths of monarchs through a surfeit of over-eating or other causes. Other memorable monarchs include the Split Broody Mary. Memorable events in English history include the Disillusion of the Monasteries.

The book contains five joke "Test Papers" interspersed among the chapters, which contain nonsense instructions including the famous "Do not on any account attempt to write on both sides of the paper at once", "Do not attempt to answer more than one question at a time" and such unanswerable questions as "How far did the Lords Repellent drive Henry III into the arms of Pedro the Cruel?". In 1935, the musical comedy 1066—and all that: A Musical Comedy based on that Memorable History by Sellar and Yeatman was produced; the book and lyrics were by Reginald Arkell. It was revived at the Palace Theatre, London, in 1945; the narrative for the musical is based on the idea of an Everyman character, the Common Man, visiting a waxworks museum. He experiences some of the major characters of British history, starting with the Romans. "What good did history do me?" Moans the Common Man. While his wife and son traipse round the waxworks, he dreams the waxworks come to life and dancing and recalling the events and characters first met in dry-as-dust school lessons that are most to stick, however imperfectly, in an everyman-school-student's mind: Alfred burning the cakes.

From the Roman Conquest to the Modern Era of automobiles. A chorus of Roman soldiers sing about "Going home", being "on the road that leads to Rome. / We've been to Gaul, we've been to Spain / And now we're going home again / Rome, sweet home". A chorus of monks sing about the horrors of meatless Friday meals in the abbey. A Puritan and a Cavalier sing a jaunty, flirting ditty, so on. At the end, the Common Man is run down by a passing taxi, the Finale reprises the "Going home" song with suitably modified lyrics. 1066 and All That inspired Paul Manning


A medic is a person involved in medicine such as a medical doctor, medical student and sometimes a medically-trained individual participating in an emergency such as a paramedic or an emergency medical responder. Among physicians in the UK, the term "medic" indicates someone who has followed a "medical" career path in postgraduate professional training accredited by a College of Physicians, such as cardiology or endocrinology, in contrast to a surgical branch of specialisation accredited by a College of Surgeons. "Medic" titled roles include: Emergency physician, a medical doctor who has specialized postgraduate training in emergency diagnostics and treatment Combat Medical Technician, a soldier with a specialist military trade within the Royal Army Medical Corps of the British Army Combat medic Corpsman, a sailor, trained for providing first aid to members of the US Armed Forces, combat casualty care/trauma care on the battlefield 4N0X1, an Air Force Emergency Medical Technician 68W, the Military Occupational Specialty for the United States Army's health care specialist Advanced life support Basic life support Emergency medical service Friedrich Kasimir Medikus, whose name as a botanist has been abbreviated as either Medik. or Medic.

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Bastian Oczipka

Bastian Oczipka is a German footballer who plays as a left back for Schalke 04 in the Bundesliga. Oczipka began his career 1994 with SV Blau-Weiß Hand. After three years, he joined SSG Bergisch Gladbach in summer 1997, he played two years in the youth teams of SSG Bergisch Gladbach before he was scouted by Bayer Leverkusen in July 1999. In 2008, Leverkusen loaned him to F. C. Hansa Rostock. After two and a half years, he left Rostock to return to Bayer 04 Leverkusen, but the Werksclub loaned him again, this time to FC St. Pauli on 5 January 2010. Although FC St. Pauli showed interest in a continued commitment beyond the loan period, Oczipka returned to Leverkusen in the summer of 2011. However, he came for Bayer in the 2011/12 season only to nine Bundesliga and three Champions League appearances. In the summer break 2012 Oczipka joined the Bundesliga rookie Eintracht Frankfurt with a three-year contract, starting from the 2012–13 Bundesliga season for an undisclosed transfer fee. In his first season for the Hesse team, he played 33 games in which he set up nine assists, qualified with his team for the UEFA Europa League.

In March 2015, Oczipka extended his contract with Eintracht Frankfurt for another three years until June 30, 2018. On May 9, 2015, Oczipka scored his first Bundesliga goal for a 1-0 lead in a 3-1 victory at home against TSG 1899 Hoffenheim. On 15 July 2017, his move to FC Schalke 04 was announced. For the Royal Blues he received a contract until July 30, 2020 and the squad number 24, his debut was on 19 August 2017 in a 2-0 home win against RB Leipzig. Oczipka is a youth international footballer, he is eligible for the Poland national football team through his grandparents, who are from Upper Silesia. As of match played on 4 February 2020. Bastian Oczipka at