Year 1154 was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. Normans conduct a series of raids in North Africa, including the Nile Delta. April 23 – Nur ad-Din Zangi gains control of Damascus, uniting Syria under one ruler.: Nur ad-Din Zangi establishes the al-Nuri Hospital in Damascus. February 26 – Roger II of Sicily dies at Palermo, he is succeeded by William I of Sicily. October 25 – Stephen, King of England dies at Dover, is succeeded by Henry Plantagenet, the son of his cousin Matilda. December 14 – Pope Adrian IV succeeds Pope Anastasius IV, as the 169th pope. Born Nicholas Breakspear, he is the only English pope in history. December 19 – King Henry II of England, aged 21, is crowned along with his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine; the Château de Chinon is built by Count of Blois. The Almohad army conquers the last independent Muslim stronghold in Spain, after six years of siege. Birmingham and the Birmingham Bull Ring are founded. Bosnia becomes an autonomous duchy. Belgrade is rebuilt by Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos.

Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is first marked on the world map by Muhammad al-Idrisi. January 15 – Muhammad al-Idrisi completes his atlas of the world, the Tabula Rogeriana, which will remain one of the most accurate maps until the Age of Discovery. April – Gökböri, Muslim emir and general November 2 – Constance, Queen of Sicily, empress of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor November 11 – King Sancho I of Portugal Benoît de Sainte-Maure, French poet and troubadour Minamoto no Yoshinaka, Japanese shōgun Sune Sik Sverkersson, prince of Sweden Vsevolod the Big Nest, Grand Prince of Vladimir Robert II, Count of Dreux February 2 – Viacheslav I of Kiev, Prince of Smolensk February 20 – Saint Wulfric of Haselbury February 26 – King Roger II of Sicily June 8 – Saint William of York October 25 – Stephen, King of England November 13 – Iziaslav II of Kiev, Prince of Vladimir and Volyn, November 18 – Adelaide of Maurienne, queen of Louis VI of France December 3 – Pope Anastasius IV

Amir Darvish

Amir Darvish is an American actor, best known for his portrayal of rock icon Freddie Mercury in the Off Broadway play Mercury: The Afterlife and Times of a Rock God. In 2003, after two successful runs of the play, the show's producers mounted the play again in New York City, with Darvish in the role of Mercury and play author Charles Messina directing. BackStage said of Darvish's performance: "Amir Darvish brings an Shakespearean theatricality, sardonic humor, passionate intensity to his interpretation." "Darvish...keeps you riveted throughout." "Darvish sustains the illusion right till the end in bravura fashion."The show moved to the Triad Theater in January, 2004. Darvish has appeared on several television shows, including: Spin City, NYPD Blue, Law & Order, most TV You Control: Bar Karma. In 2008, Darvish appeared as Hossain in the video game Grand Theft Auto IV. In 2010, Darvish won the New York Innovative Theatre Award for Outstanding Actor in a Featured Role for his performance in the play Psych.

Darvish is of Persian descent. The American Astronaut Open Cam The Pink Panther Confessions The Atlas Mountains October Haze Trooper Month to Month Official site Amir Darvish on Internet Movie Database


Allan Hope, better known as Mutabaruka, is a Jamaican Rastafari dub poet, actor and talk-show host, who developed two of Jamaica's most popular radio programs, The Cutting Edge and Steppin' Razor. His name comes from the Rwandan language and translates as "one, always victorious", his themes include politics, Black liberation, social oppression, poverty, racism and religion. Mutabaruka was born and raised in Rae Town, Kingston in a household with his father and two sisters; when he was eight years old his father died. Mutabaruka attended the Kingston Technical High School, where he trained in electronics for four years, going on to work for the Jamaican Telephone Company until quitting in 1971. Mutabaruka was drawn into the black awareness movement of early'70s. In school he read many "progressive books", including Eldridge Cleaver's Soul on Ice and others that were illegal in Jamaica, such as The Autobiography of Malcolm X. Raised as a Roman Catholic he began examining and immersing himself in the Rastafari movement.

He stopped combing his hair and started growing dreadlocks, changing to an ital diet, stopped wearing shoes as he became a Rastafari. He adopted the name Mutabaruka, a term from the Rwandan language, meaning "one, always victorious". Mutabaruka left Kingston in 1971, relocating to the Potosi Hills, where he lived with his wife and two children in a house that he built himself, he was among the new wave of Jamaican poets. Early work by Mutabaruka was first presented in the magazine Swing from 1971. Introducing Outcry, his first collection released as Mutabaruka, John A. L. Golding Jr. wrote: "In July 1971, Swing Magazine published for the first time a poem by Allan Mutabaruka.... Our readers were ecstatic. Since and in consecutive issues, we have derived much pleasure in further publication of this brother's works.... They tell a story common to most black people born in the ghetto.... And when Muta writes, it's loud and clear", he received attention for "Wailin'" in 1974, a work referencing songs by The Wailers, in 1976 released the collection Sun and Moon.

In 1977 he began performing live, backed by Truth. He had a hit record in Jamaica the following year with "Outcry", backed by Cedric Brooks' the Light of Saba. After being invited to perform at a Jimmy Cliff concert in the early 1980s, guitarist Earl "Chinna" Smith worked on a backing track for "Every Time a Ear Di Sound", beginning a long working relationship with Smith, he became known internationally after his performance at Reggae Sunsplash in 1981, the first of several performances at the festival. His 1983 release Check It was released on Chicago blues label Alligator Records, further increased his popularity, he curated the 1983 compilation album Word Sound'ave Power, released by Heartbeat Records, in 1984 Shanachie Records released his album The Mystery Unfolds. He went on to record collaborations with both Gregory Isaacs and Dennis Brown, on "Hard Road to Travel" and "Great Kings of Africa" respectively, he continued to record and perform, in the mid-1990s began presenting a late night talk show on radio station Irie FM called The Cutting Edge, became one of Jamaica's most sought-after and controversial radio personalities.

He had further hits in the latter half of the 1990s with "Wise Up" and "Psalm 24". In 1990, Mutabaruka's poem “Dis Poem,” from his album The Mystery Unfolds was used as the a cappella introduction of “The Poem,” a song by house-music and dancehall-reggae artist and producer Bobby Konders, which brought his work to a wider audience. “The Poem” was released on Nu Groove records in 1990. Mutabaruka gave a lecture at Stanford University in 2000 on the difference between education and indoctrination, In 2001, he served as narrator for filmmaker Stephanie Black's Life and Debt, a documentary about the impact of global economic policy and the IMF on the economy and people of Jamaica; the title song "Life and Debt" was released on Mutabaruka's 2002 album Life Squared. In 2007 he taught African-American studies at Merritt College in California, he has performed at many establishments in Jamaica and the United States. In 2008, Mutabaruka was featured as part of the Jamaica episode of the television programme Anthony Bourdain: No Reservations.

In February 2010, Mutabaruka was honoured by the National Centre for Youth Development and the Rotaract Club of Mandeville for over 30 years of outstanding work in the field of the arts. On in 2010, he was recognized by Senegal with a hut built in his honour. In September 2010, he recited a tribute poem in honour of Lucky Dube, whose music he said sought to "liberate the oppressed". In August 2011 Mutabaruka spoke at the First Jamaica Poetry Festival in honour of Marcus Garvey and Louise Bennett. On the final day of the Rastafari Studies Conference, professors of the West Indies described Mutabaruka as an icon, his outspoken statements on theology and the oppressive roles played by religious institutions have generated much controversy. Although he is a non-smoker, Mutabaraku has campaigned for the decriminalization of cannabis. In 2016, the government of Jamaica awarded Mutabaruka the Order of Distinction, Commander Class, in recognition of his cultural contributions. Compilations The Ultimate Collection, Greensleeves Live at Reggae Sumfest The Return to the Motherland Outcry Sun and Moon - with Faybiene The Book: First Poems The Next Poems Land of Look Behind - Himself Sankofa - Shango