click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

1198

Year 1198 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar. Emperor Tsuchimikado succeeds Emperor Go-Toba, on the throne of Japan. March – Philip of Swabia is elected King of Germany by his supporters. July – Otto of Brunswick is crowned King of Germany by the House of Welf. Frederick II, infant son of German King Henry VI, is crowned King of Sicily. John of England captures a party of eighteen French knights & many men-at-arms, in the ongoing conflict against France. King Richard I of England introduces a new Great Seal, in an attempt to keep the war against France funded; the government proclaims that charters struck with the old seal are no longer valid, must be renewed with a fresh payment. The office of Lord Warden of the Stannaries is introduced, to tax the produce of tin mines in Cornwall and Devon. January 8 – Pope Innocent III succeeds Pope Celestine III, to become the 176th pope, he lays an interdict on Laon, in an attempt to stamp out independent beliefs there. This will be followed by interdicts against France in 1199, Normandy in 1203.

August 24 – King Alexander II of Scotland date unknown Ertugrul, Turkish leader, father of Osman I Ferdinand III of Castile Stefan Vladislav, King of Serbia Sybilla of Lusignan, queen consort of Armenia, married to Leo II of Armenia January 8 – Pope Celestine III March 11 – Marie of France, Countess of Champagne, daughter of Louis VII of France April 16 – Duke Frederick I of Austria July 24 – Berthold of Hanover, Bishop of Livonia September 1 – Dulce, Queen of Portugal, married to King Sancho I of Portugal November 27 – Constance, Queen of Sicily, married to Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor December 10 – Averroes, Arab philosopher and physician date unknown Ruaidri Ua Conchobair, last High King of Ireland Alix of France, Countess Regent of Blois, daughter of Louis VII of France William III of Sicily William of Newburgh, English historian

Manuel Camacho SolĂ­s

Víctor Manuel Camacho Solís was a Mexican politician who served in the cabinets of presidents Miguel de la Madrid and Carlos Salinas. Born in Mexico City to Manuel Camacho López and Luz Solís, he belonged to the Frente Amplio Progresista. At first he was affiliated with the PRI with the Party of the Democratic Center and with the Party of the Democratic Revolution. Camacho Solís joined the Institutional Revolutionary Party in 1965, in 1988 he became that party's general secretary. Camacho met Carlos Salinas at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, where they became close friends. Camacho followed Salinas's trajectory in the Planning Ministry under the administration of Miguel de la Madrid. In 1985 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies, in 1986 he was appointed to the cabinet as Minister of Urban Development; when Salinas took over the presidency in 1988, Camacho was appointed Head of Government of the Federal District, an important political post with jurisdiction over the nation's capital.

In 1997, the post became elective. He was a contender within the PRI to be the presidential candidate, but Salinas chose Colosio instead. Salinas told Camacho that he would be appointed the Head of Government of the Federal District, a powerful post, but Camacho sought to be Minister of the Interior. Before he accepted the appointment, he made demands: complete control of the district attorney's office and the police, the right to participate in political reforms, complete authority over the city, which Salinas acceded to. According to political scientist Jorge G. Castañeda, "Salinas... did not realiz the danger of being left without an effective minister of the interior and with an overqualified mayor in charge of the country's main city." On November 13, 1993, Camacho was designated Secretary of Foreign Affairs. Due to the Zapatista uprising, Luis Donaldo Colosio's assassination in March 1994, Camacho's failed attempt to clinch the party's presidential nomination, Camacho broke with the PRI.

The complicated relationship between Camacho, Salinas and Ernesto Zedillo was the source of many rumors surrounding Colosio's assassination. Salinas appointed Camacho as the negotiator for the government in peace talks with the Zapatistas, he resigned as Chiapas Peace Commissioner on 16 June 1994 claiming that the PRI presidential candidate, sabotaged his efforts. During Zedillo's presidency, Camacho stayed away from politics until 1999 when he announced his candidacy for the presidency for the Party of the Democratic Center, a party that he had co-founded with Marcelo Ebrard. In 2003 he became a federal deputy in the Chamber of Deputies representing the Party of the Democratic Revolution, he was selected to serve as a plurinominal deputy through an indirect election. In 2012 he was elected to the Senate. In 2004 he joined Andrés Manuel López Obrador's political campaign, he wrote a column in the Mexico City daily El Universal. He died in Mexico City on 5 June 2015 after a long battle with brain cancer

Emergency Unemployment Compensation Extension Act

The Emergency Unemployment Compensation Extension Act is a bill that would extend the length of unemployment benefits to cover another three months, until March 31, 2013. The three-month extension would cost $6.4 billion. The Emergency Unemployment Compensation Extension Act was introduced in the United States Senate during the 113th United States Congress. In response to the Great Recession in the United States, the federal government began extending the length of unemployment benefits; the federal government has been providing additional weeks of unemployment benefits for people since 2008. The most recent extension was provided by the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, which extended unemployment benefits until the end of 2013; the United States Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the average duration of unemployment in weeks was 37.2 weeks in November 2013. The median duration was 17.0 weeks. 22.6% of people who were unemployed found a new job in less than 5 weeks, while 37.3% had been unemployed for 27 weeks or more.

This summary is based on the summary provided by the Congressional Research Service, a public domain source. The Emergency Unemployment Compensation Extension Act would amend the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 to extend emergency unemployment compensation payments for eligible individuals to weeks of employment ending on or before April 1, 2014; the bill would amend the Assistance for Unemployed Workers and Struggling Families Act to extend until March 31, 2014, requirements that federal payments to states cover 100% of EUC. The bill would amend the Unemployment Compensation Extension Act of 2008 to exempt weeks of unemployment between enactment of this Act and September 30, 2014, from the prohibition in the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 against federal matching payments to a state for the first week in an individual's eligibility period for which extended compensation or sharable regular compensation is paid if the state law provides for payment of regular compensation to an individual for his or her first week of otherwise compensable unemployment.

The bill would amend the FSEUCA of 1970 to postpone from December 31, 2013, to March 31, 2014, termination of the period during which a state may determine its "on" and "off" indicators according to specified temporary substitutions in its formula. The bill would amend the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 to appropriate funds out of the employment security administration account through the first quarter of FY2015 to assist states in providing reemployment and eligibility assessment activities; the bill would amend the Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act to extend through March 31, 2014, the temporary increase in extended unemployment benefits. The bill would make a change in application of a certain requirement to a state that has: entered a federal-state EUC agreement, under which the federal government would reimburse the state's unemployment compensation agency making EUC payments to individuals who have exhausted all rights to regular unemployment compensation under state or federal law and meet specified other criteria.

The bill would declare that the nonreduction rule shall not apply to a state which has enacted a law before December 1, 2013, upon taking effect, would violate the nonreduction rule. It would allow such a state, however, to enter into a subsequent federal-state EUC agreement on or after enactment of this Act if, taking into account this inapplicability of the nonreduction rule, it would otherwise meet the requirements for an EUC agreement; this summary is based on the summary provided by the Congressional Budget Office, a public domain source. S. 1845 would extend the Emergency Unemployment Compensation program for three months—through March 31, 2014. The EUC program allows qualified states to provide up to 47 additional weeks of federally funded unemployment compensation to people who have exhausted their regular unemployment benefits; the total expected increase in the deficit would be $6,414,000,000 over 2014-2023. The Emergency Unemployment Compensation Extension Act was introduced in the United States Senate on December 17, 2013 by Sen. Jack Reed.

The bill began receiving floor consideration on January 6, 2014. One objection many Republicans had to the bill was that it did not include any spending cuts to offset the $6.4 billion cost of the bill. The liberal public policy think tank. According to the Center for American Progress, extending the emergency unemployment benefits would accomplish two things. First, it would prevent 3.1 million Americans from losing their benefits. Second, it would create 310,000 jobs in the next year; this information is based on a report on Jobs and Unemployment from fellow liberal think tank the Economic Policy Institute. Conservative policy advocacy organization Heritage Action opposed the bill and challenged some of the arguments made b

Octagon (String Trio of New York album)

Octagon is an album by American jazz group the String Trio of New York recorded in 1992 for the Italian Black Saint label. The Allmusic review awarded the album 4½ stars. "The Pursuit of Happiness" - 7:05 "One for Robin" - 5:28 "Strings and Things" - 7:19 "Circular Views" - 7:42 "Upside the Downside" - 13:09 "Forever February" - 7:11 "Billie: The Queen of Holiday" - 13:06 "A Short History of the Balkans" - 8:12Recorded at Barigozzi Studio in Milano, Italy on November 5 & 6, 1992 Regina Carter - violin James Emery - guitar John Lindberg - bass

Cameron Hall (arena)

Cameron Hall is a 5,029–seat multi-purpose arena in Lexington, Virginia. It is home to the Virginia Military Institute Keydets basketball team. Although used for basketball, the arena holds VMI's commencement every May, as well as other large-scale events, it was named after VMI Class of 1938 and 1942, respectively. Built in 1981, Cameron Hall was named after brothers Bruce B. Cameron, Jr. and Daniel D. Cameron from Wilmington, North Carolina; the Cameron brothers were both graduates of the school, as Bruce graduated in 1938 and Daniel in 1942. They paid for $2.3 million of the building's $6.8 million cost, with a supplementation from the Virginia General Assembly. The other funds were paid for by the VMI Foundation. For their contributions, the Cameron brothers were given life passes to all Cameron Hall events by VMI Board of Visitors president Vincent J. Thomas; the first game was played on December 1981, between VMI and the Virginia Cavaliers. Virginia won the game 76–49 before 4,460 fans, the fifth-largest crowd in the arena's history.

The venue seats 5,029 spectators for basketball, 4,300 for plays and concerts. It went untouched until 1995, when it received an extensive face lift that included repainted walls and portals, new railings, a new floor color scheme. Locker rooms were renovated, with new carpeting, a lounge. Four years in 1999, a VMI "Wall of Fame" was added to the mezzanine level, which features photographs and trophies as a tribute to former VMI basketball players and members of the VMI Sports Hall of Fame. In 2007, VMI installed a new court donated by a 1970 graduate of the school, it was the first new floor since the 1995 renovation, was appropriately named "Costen Court". Cameron Hall serves as host to the VMI athletic department offices, contains a library, reception area, five racquetball courts open to cadets in the basement level. Electronic side screens were added on the sidelines, as well as a "VMI Keydets" moniker that runs along either baseline under the basket. There are concessions on both ends of the arena.

In July 2013, Cameron Hall was ranked among the top venues in mid-major basketball by MidMajorMadness.com. December 5, 1981 – In the first game in Cameron Hall history, the Virginia Cavaliers defeated VMI 76–49 before a crowd of 4,460 fans. VMI would go on to have a 1–25 season, including a 1–15 mark in Southern Conference play. December 15, 1997 – In one of the few occasions that VMI hosted an ACC school, the #2-ranked North Carolina Tar Heels defeated the Keydets 105–61 in front of 4,950 fans; the Tar Heels would finish # 1 in the AP Poll. December 4, 2001 – Featuring the second contest in Lexington between Virginia and VMI, the Cavaliers defeated the Keydets 89–70. January 19, 2008 – Off to a surprising 10–6, 2–0 start to the season, VMI battled UNC Asheville in front of 4,219 spectators, the third-largest crowd in Cameron Hall history. Despite a late lead, VMI lost 90–87 in overtime. January 17, 2009 – With VMI on a ten-game winning streak and off to their best start in decades at 14–2, their nearby rival Liberty came to Lexington in a anticipated match-up.

The game was the largest crowd in the venue's history, as well as the first and only sellout with 5,029 fans in attendance. Liberty won, however, 91–80, thanks to a 35-point performance from Seth Curry. March 3, 2009 – On a Tuesday night, VMI hosted their first Big South Conference tournament game as the second seed, defeating the Coastal Carolina Chanticleers 96–76 to improve to 23–7 on the year. February 2, 2013 – In the first nationally televised contest at Cameron Hall, the UNC Asheville Bulldogs defeated VMI 90–79; the game was broadcast on ESPNU. March 2, 2013 – VMI defeated the Longwood Lancers on Senior Day, 94–80, to give head coach Duggar Baucom his 117th win, the most all-time by a VMI head coach. November 8–9, 2013 – The Keydets hosted the annual All-Military Classic, an early-season tournament featuring the military academies of The Citadel and Air Force. After defeating The Citadel 82–71 in the first game, they went on to win the tournament with a 71–63 victory over Air Force, it was the school's first regular-season tournament championship since the late 1970s.

March 22, 2014 – VMI hosted a second-round game of the CIT Tournament, the first national postseason tournament game held in Cameron Hall. The Keydets beat the IPFW Mastodons 106–95. Propelled by D. J. Covington's 41 points, a tournament record, VMI advanced to the quarterfinals. List of NCAA Division I basketball arenas Cameron Hall - The Home of VMI Basketball

Blackheath Quaker Meeting House

Blackheath Quaker Meeting House is a Grade II listed building in the London Borough of Lewisham. It has been the home of Blackheath Quaker Meeting since 1972, is used by many community groups. Designed by Trevor Dannatt, it is believed to be the only Quaker Meeting House in Britain built in the Brutalist style. In the survey of Quaker meeting houses conducted by the Architectural History Practice for Historic England and Quakers in Britain it was described as a "Brutalist jewel" and "of exceptional aesthetic value". Quakers met at various places in south-east London from the late seventeenth century onwards, including Greenwich and Woolwich; when the existing Meeting at Woolwich outgrew its meeting house in the 1960s, the Meeting moved to Blackheath, where most of its members lived, the meeting house was sold in 1964. The Meeting met in church buildings, latterly that of the Congregational Church in Independents Road, Blackheath. Six Weeks Meeting, the custodian trustee of London's Quaker meeting houses, purchased land in central Blackheath with a view to building a new meeting house, but the project did not proceed.

The Congregationalists leased Quakers a small building plot at the end of Independents Road, next to their church hall. The brief for the new building—"a modern building to fit in with the forward-looking community around it"—was issued in 1967; the meeting house was to contain some facilities intended for joint use with the Congregationalists. Shortly after the meeting house was completed, the Congregational church became redundant when the Congregational and Presbyterian churches merged at the national level to form the United Reformed Church, the church and church hall buildings subsequently passed into other hands; the Congregationalists recommended the appointment of Trevor Dannatt, the architect, responsible for the remodelling of their church in 1957. Ted Happold of Ove Arup was the structural engineer. Dannatt and Happold had worked together on the new assembly hall at Bootham School; the job architect was David Greenwood. Construction took place between September 1971 and September 1972, the first Meeting for Worship in the new building was held in October 1972.

Parts of the building have since been renewed in the original idiom. A major refurbishment in 2013 paid particular attention to improved wheelchair access; the building is on two levels: the main entrance is on Lawn Terrace, which runs parallel to Independents Road and at a higher level, there is a lower entrance from Independents Road. It links to the former church hall. Viewed from the main road, the building forms "an arresting termination to the road "; the main structure enclosing the meeting room on the upper level is in board-marked concrete, square in plan with chamfered corners, supporting a pyramidal roof topped by a square lantern. Its relationship to the adjacent church hall recalls that of a chapter house with a cathedral—an impression reinforced by its octagonal shape, as seen in several English chapter houses; the structure is rotated by about 45 degrees in order to minimise interference with the light to the church hall. At the corners the concrete wall is extended upwards to form "turrets".

The structure has resemblances to Dannatt's Bootham School assembly hall: it rests on five concrete piers, the walls function as beams supporting the floor. The trussed roof structure, with exposed timber compression struts and steel tension members carrying the lantern, is somewhat simpler, having been designed to be within the competence of a carpenter; the external covering is terne-coated stainless steel. Internally, the meeting room is a near-square space 9 m × 9 m, intended to seat up to 100 in the usual chair arrangement. Here the non-structural inner leaf of the wall is in plastered blockwork. Installed on the advice of an acoustics consultant, a blockwork sub-wall prevents the space being square; the ceiling and lantern are lined with Kara Sea redwood, the floor is cork tiles. To the west of the meeting room, a large lobby and essential services are enclosed by a cavity wall in stock brick and have a flat roof; the brick walls are plastered, but the concrete of the main meeting room is visible, other walls are in blockwork or exposed brick.

The route between the main entrance and the meeting room involves a turn of at least 180 degrees. The sense of progress along the route is emphasised by changes in the wall angles and progressively increasing ceiling heights—and, in the original colour scheme, by paint colours that changed from dark grey to white. At the end of the route lies a soaring light-filled space extending more than 7.5 m upwards. The meeting room is lit principally by the lantern, with additional light supplied by skylights in each of the corner turrets. Otherwise the space has only a single window at low level, which "provides the visitor with a view of the street he has just come from – a means of reorientation after the spiral journey". Artificial light comes from four light fittings below the lantern and from fluorescent tubes in the four skylights; the special light fittings were designed by the architect, echo the shape of the room. Seating takes the form of separate wooden chairs, but some wooden benches from earlier meeting houses have been retained.

Surface finishes in the building express the Quaker testimony of simplicity. The architect'