Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio based in Hollywood, a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, the sole member of the "Big Five" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood. In 1916, film producer Adolph Zukor put 22 actors and actresses under contract and honored each with a star on the logo. In 2014, Paramount Pictures became the first major Hollywood studio to distribute all of its films in digital form only; the company's headquarters and studios are located at 5555 Melrose Avenue, California, United States. Paramount Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world after the French studios Gaumont Film Company and Pathé, followed by the Nordisk Film company, Universal Studios, it is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles.
Paramount Pictures dates its existence from the 1912 founding date of the Famous Players Film Company. Hungarian-born founder Adolph Zukor, an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time. By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, Zukor was on his way to success, its first film was Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth. That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky, opened his Lasky Feature Play Company with money borrowed from his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldfish known as Samuel Goldwyn; the Lasky company hired as their first employee a stage director with no film experience, Cecil B. DeMille, who would find a suitable site in Hollywood, near Los Angeles, for his first feature film, The Squaw Man. Starting in 1914, both Lasky and Famous Players released their films through a start-up company, Paramount Pictures Corporation, organized early that year by a Utah theatre owner, W. W. Hodkinson, who had bought and merged several smaller firms.
Hodkinson and actor, producer Hobart Bosworth had started production of a series of Jack London movies. Paramount was the first successful nationwide distributor. Famous Players and Lasky were owned while Paramount was a corporation. In 1916, Zukor maneuvered a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky Company, Paramount. Zukor and Lasky bought Hodkinson out of Paramount, merged the three companies into one; the new company Lasky and Zukor founded, Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, grew with Lasky and his partners Goldwyn and DeMille running the production side, Hiram Abrams in charge of distribution, Zukor making great plans. With only the exhibitor-owned First National as a rival, Famous Players-Lasky and its "Paramount Pictures" soon dominated the business; because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Wallace Reid. With so many important players, Paramount was able to introduce "block booking", which meant that an exhibitor who wanted a particular star's films had to buy a year's worth of other Paramount productions.
It was this system that gave Paramount a leading position in the 1920s and 1930s, but which led the government to pursue it on antitrust grounds for more than twenty years. The driving force behind Paramount's rise was Zukor. Through the teens and twenties, he built the Publix Theatres Corporation, a chain of nearly 2,000 screens, ran two production studios, became an early investor in radio, taking a 50% interest in the new Columbia Broadcasting System in 1928. In 1926, Zukor hired independent producer B. P. Schulberg, an unerring eye for new talent, to run the new West Coast operations, they purchased the Robert Brunton Studios, a 26-acre facility at 5451 Marathon Street for US$1 million. In 1927, Famous Players-Lasky took the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation. Three years because of the importance of the Publix Theatres, it became Paramount Publix Corporation. In 1928, Paramount began releasing Inkwell Imps, animated cartoons produced by Max and Dave Fleischer's Fleischer Studios in New York City.
The Fleischers, veterans in the animation industry, were among the few animation producers capable of challenging the prominence of Walt Disney. The Paramount newsreel series Paramount News ran from 1927 to 1957. Paramount was one of the first Hollywood studios to release what were known at that time as "talkies", in 1929, released their first musical, Innocents of Paris. Richard A. Whiting and Leo Robin composed the score for the film. By acquiring the successful Balaban & Katz chain in 1926, Zukor gained the services of Barney Balaban, his brother A. J. Balaban, their partner Sam Katz (who would run the Paramount-Publix theatre chain in New York City from the thirty-five-stor
Santo Domingo Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the capital and largest city in the Dominican Republic and the largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean by population. In 2010, its population was counted as 965,040, rising to 2,908,607 when its surrounding metropolitan area was included; the city is coterminous with the boundaries of the Distrito Nacional, itself bordered on three sides by Santo Domingo Province. Founded by Bartholomew Columbus in 1496, on the east bank of the Ozama River and moved by Nicolás de Ovando in 1502 to the west bank of the river, the city is the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas, was the first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World. Santo Domingo is the site of the first university, castle and fortress in the New World; the city's Colonial Zone was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Santo Domingo was called Ciudad Trujillo, from 1936 to 1961, after the Dominican Republic's dictator, Rafael Trujillo, named the capital after himself.
Following his assassination, the city resumed its original designation. Santo Domingo is the cultural, political and industrial center of the Dominican Republic, with the country's most important industries being located within the city. Santo Domingo serves as the chief seaport of the country; the city's harbor at the mouth of the Ozama River accommodates the largest vessels, the port handles both heavy passenger and freight traffic. Temperatures are high year round, with cooler breezes in the winter time. Prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492, the native Taíno people populated the island which they called Quisqueya and Ayiti, which Columbus named Hispaniola, including the territory of today's Republic of Haiti. At the time, the island's territory consisted of five chiefdoms: Marién, Maguá, Maguana and Higüey; these were ruled by caciques Guacanagarix, Caonabo, Bohechío, Cayacoa. Dating from 1493, when the Spanish settled on the island, from 5 August 1498, Santo Domingo became the oldest European city in the Americas.
Bartholomew Columbus founded the settlement and named it La Nueva Isabela, after an earlier settlement in the north named after the Queen of Spain Isabella I. In 1495 it was renamed "Santo Domingo", in honor of Saint Dominic. Santo Domingo came to be known as the "Gateway to the Caribbean" and the chief town in Hispaniola from on. Expeditions which led to Ponce de León's colonization of Puerto Rico, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar's colonization of Cuba, Hernando Cortes' conquest of Mexico, Vasco Núñez de Balboa's sighting of the Pacific Ocean were all launched from Santo Domingo. In June 1502, Santo Domingo was destroyed by a major hurricane, the new Governor Nicolás de Ovando had it rebuilt on a different site on the other side of the Ozama River; the original layout of the city and a large portion of its defensive wall can still be appreciated today throughout the Colonial Zone, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Diego Colon arrived in 1509, assuming the powers of admiral. In 1512, Ferdinand established a Real Audiencia with Juan Ortiz de Matienzo, Marcelo de Villalobos, Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon appointed as judges of appeal.
In 1514, Pedro Ibanez de Ibarra arrived with the Laws of Burgos. Rodrigo de Alburquerque was named repartidor de indios and soon named visitadores to enforce the laws. In 1586, Francis Drake of England held it for ransom. Drake's invasion signaled the decline of Spanish dominion over Hispaniola, accentuated in the early 17th century by policies that resulted in the depopulation of most of the island outside of the capital. An expedition sent by Oliver Cromwell in 1655 attacked the city of Santo Domingo, but the expedition failed with the loss of 3,000 men; the English troops took the less guarded colony of Jamaica, instead. In 1697, the Treaty of Ryswick included the acknowledgement by Spain of France's dominion over the Western third of the island, now Haiti. From 1795 to 1822 the city changed hands several times along with the colony it headed; the city was ceded to France in 1795 after years of struggles, it was captured by Haitian rebels in 1801, recovered by France in 1802, was once again reclaimed by Spain in 1809.
In 1821 Santo Domingo became the capital of an independent nation after the Criollo bourgeois within the country, led by José Núñez de Cáceres, overthrew the Spanish crown. The nation was unified with Haiti just two months later; the city and the colony lost much of their Spanish-born peninsular population as a result of these events which caused a great deal of instability and unrest. On 27 February 1844 Santo Domingo was again the capital of a free nation, when it gained its independence from Haiti, led by Dominican nationalist Juan Pablo Duarte; the city was a prize fought over by various political factions over the succeeding decades of instability. In addition, the country had to fight multiple battles with Haiti. In 1861 Spain returned to the country, having struck a bargain with Dominican dictator Pedro Santana whereby the latter was granted several honorific titles and privileges, in exchange for annexing the young nation back to Spanish rule; the Dominican Restoration War began in 1863 however, in 1865 the country was free again after Spain withdrew.
The war claimed more than 50,000
Fernando Casado Arambillet, best known as Fernando Rey, was a Spanish film and television actor, who worked in both Europe and the United States. A suave, international actor best known for his roles in the films of surrealist director Luis Buñuel and as a drug lord in The French Connection, he appeared in more than 150 films over half a century; the debonair Rey was described by French Connection producer Philip D'Antoni as "the last of the Continental guys". He achieved his greatest fame after he turned 50: "Perhaps it is a pity that my success came so late in life", he told the Los Angeles Times. "It might have been better to have been successful, like El Cordobés in the bullring. Your life is all before you to enjoy it." Rey was born in A Coruña, the son of Captain Casado Veiga. He studied architecture, but the Spanish Civil War interrupted his university studies which led him to his success. In 1936, Rey began his career in films as an extra, sometimes getting credited, it was that he chose his stage name, Fernando Rey.
He kept his first name, but took his mother's second surname, Rey, a short surname with a clear meaning. In 1944, his first speaking role was the Duke of Alba in José López Rubio's Eugenia de Montijo. Four years he acted the part of Felipe I el Hermoso, King of Spain, in the Spanish cinema blockbuster Locura de amor; this was the start of a prolific career in film, radio and television. Rey was a great dubbing actor in Spanish television, his voice was considered intense and personal, he became the narrator of important Spanish movies including Luis García Berlanga's Bienvenido Mr. Marshall, Ladislao Vajda's Marcelino Pan y Vino, the 1992 re-dubbed version of Orson Welles' Don Quixote. In fact, Rey acted in four different film versions of Don Quixote in different roles, if one counts the Welles version, his brilliant performance in the role of a demotivated and doubtful actor in Juan Antonio Bardem's Cómicos, while showing him for the first time in a successful lead part, paradoxically, as he saw himself as the real incarnation of the role, plunged him in a professional depression, of which he did not emerge until his collaboration with Luis Buñuel several years later.
However, in the short term, Buñuel's disconcerting public remark on Rey's performance in another of Bardem's film, Sonatas, "I love how this actor plays a corpse", could only increase Rey's apprehensions. Rey became Buñuel's preferred actor and closest friend. Rey's first international performance was in The Night Heaven Fell a 1958 French-Italian film directed by Roger Vadim, where he acted alongside Stephen Boyd, Marina Vlady and Brigitte Bardot, he had played in an American TV series, It happens in Spain, the story of the exploits of a private detective, operating out in Spain, who helps distressed American tourists. In 1959, Rey co-starred with Steve Reeves and Christine Kaufmann in the Italian sword and sandal film The Last Days of Pompeii. In 1961 Rey played in a European Western, The Savage Guns, as the popularity of that genre increased during that decade appeared in some other movies, including the political The Price of Power, the bizarre cult classic Compañeros, two sequels of The Magnificent Seven, namely Return of the Seven and Guns of the Magnificent Seven.
It was his work with Orson Welles and Luis Buñuel during the 1960s and 1970s that made Rey internationally prominent. For Welles, Rey performed in Chimes at Midnight and The Immortal Story. Rey played memorably the French villain. Friedkin intended to cast Francisco Rabal as Charnier, but could not remember his name after seeing him in Luis Buñuel's Belle de jour. Rey was hired. Rey's English and French were not perfect, but Friedkin discovered that Rabal spoke neither of them, opted to keep Rey, who reprised the role in the less successful sequel, French Connection II. Along 1970s and 1980s Rey played in many international co-productions, some of his appearances being cameos; these films include Lewis Gilbert's The Adventurers, Mauro Bolognini's Drama of the Rich, Vincente Minnelli's A Matter of Time, Valerio Zurlini's The Desert of the Tartars, Robert Altman's Quintet, J. Lee Thompson's Caboblanco and Frank Perry's Monsignor. One of Rey's greater successes in these years was Elisa, vida mía, a 1977 Spanish drama film written and directed by Carlos Saura.
On his work in Stuart Rosenberg's Voyage of the Damned, Rey once said: "I played president Brú. They paid me a lot of money for less than six hours of shooting, in the Barcelona Stock Exchange building, with James Mason. I got more money than Orson Welles, who played a great role...". In years, Rey preferred to work in Spain, with successes as Francisco Regueiro's Padre Nuestro, José Luis Cuerda's El bosque animado and Jaime de Armiñán's
A quadrant is an instrument, used to measure angles up to 90°. Different versions of this instrument could be used to calculate various readings, such as longitude and time of day, it was proposed by Ptolemy as a better kind of astrolabe. Several different variations of the instrument were produced by medieval Muslim astronomers; the term “quadrant”, meaning one fourth, refers to the fact that early versions of the instrument were derived from astrolabes. The quadrant condensed the workings of the astrolabe into an area one fourth the size of the astrolabe face. One of the earliest accounts of a quadrant comes from Ptolemy's Almagest around AD 150, he described a “plinth” that could measure the altitude of the noon sun by projecting the shadow of a peg on a graduated arc of 90 degrees. This quadrant was unlike versions of the instrument. Ptolemy's version was a derivative of the astrolabe and the purpose of this rudimentary device was to measure the meridian angle of the sun. Islamic astronomers in the Middle Ages improved upon these ideas and constructed quadrants throughout the Middle East, in observatories such as Marageh and Samarkand.
At first these quadrants were very large and stationary, could be rotated to any bearing to give both the altitude and azimuth for any celestial body. As Islamic astronomers made advancements in astronomical theory and observational accuracy they are credited with developing four different types of quadrants during the Middle Ages and beyond; the first of these, the sine quadrant, was invented by Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi in the 9th century at the House of Wisdom in Baghdad. The other types were the horary quadrant and the astrolabe quadrant. During the Middle Ages the knowledge of these instruments spread to Europe. In the 13th century Jewish astronomer Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon was crucial in further developing the quadrant, he was a skilled astronomer and wrote several volumes on the topic, including an influential book detailing how to build and use an improved version of the quadrant. The quadrant that he invented came to be known as new quadrant; this device was revolutionary because it was the first quadrant to be built that did not involve several moving parts and thus could be much smaller and more portable.
Tibbon's Hebrew manuscripts were translated into Latin and improved upon by French scholar Peter Nightingale several years later. Because of the translation, Tibbon, or Prophatius Judaeus as he was known in Latin, became an influential name in astronomy, his new quadrant was based upon the idea that the stereographic projection that defines a planispheric astrolabe can still work if the astrolabe parts are folded into a single quadrant. The result was a device, far cheaper, easier to use and more portable than a standard astrolabe. Tibbon's work influenced Copernicus, Christopher Clavius and Erasmus Reinhold; as the quadrant became smaller and thus more portable, its value for navigation was soon realized. The first documented use of the quadrant to navigate at sea is by Diogo Gomes. Sailors began by measuring the height of Polaris to ascertain their latitude; this application of quadrants is attributed to Arab sailors who traded along the east coast of Africa and travelled out of sight of land.
It soon became more common to take the height of the sun at a given time due to the fact that Polaris disappears south of the equator. In 1618 English Mathematician Edmund Gunter further adapted the quadrant with an invention that came to be known as the Gunter quadrant; this pocket sized quadrant was revolutionary because it was inscribed with projections of the tropics, the equator, the horizon and the ecliptic. With the correct tables one could use the quadrant to find the time, the date, the length of the day or night, the time of sunrise and sunset and the meridian; the Gunter quadrant was useful but it had its drawbacks. There are several types of quadrants: Mural quadrants, used for determining the time by measuring the altitudes of altitudes of astronomical objects. Tycho Brahe created one of the largest mural quadrants. In order to tell time he would place two clocks next to the quadrant so that he could identify the minutes and seconds in relation to the measurements on the side of the instrument.
Large frame-based instruments used for measuring angular distances between astronomical objects. Geometric quadrant used by navigators. Davis quadrant a compact, framed instrument used by navigators for measuring the altitude of an astronomical object, they can be classified as: Altitude – The plain quadrant with plumb line, used to take the altitude of an object. Gunner's – A type of clinometer used by an artillerist to measure the elevation or depression angle of a gun barrel of a cannon or mortar, both to verify proper firing elevation, to verify the correct alignment of the weapon-mounted fire control devices. Gunter's – A quadrant used for time determination as well as the length of day, when the sun had risen and set, the date, the meridian using scales and curves of the quadrant along with related tables, it was invented by Edmund Gunter in 1623. Gunter's quadrant was simple which allowed for its widespread and long-lasting use in the 17th and 18th centuries. Gunter expanded the basic features of other quadrants to create a convenient and comprehensive instrument.
Its distinguishable feature included projections of the tropics, equator and the horizon. Islamic – King identifi
Albatrosses, of the biological family Diomedeidae, are large seabirds related to the procellariids, storm petrels, diving petrels in the order Procellariiformes. They range in the Southern Ocean and the North Pacific, they are absent from the North Atlantic, although fossil remains show they once occurred there and occasional vagrants are found. Albatrosses are among the largest of flying birds, species of the genus Diomedea have the longest wingspans of any extant birds, reaching up to 3.7 m. The albatrosses are regarded as falling into four genera, but disagreement exists over the number of species. Albatrosses are efficient in the air, using dynamic soaring and slope soaring to cover great distances with little exertion, they feed on squid and krill by either scavenging, surface seizing, or diving. Albatrosses are colonial, nesting for the most part on remote oceanic islands with several species nesting together. Pair bonds between males and females form over several years, with the use of "ritualised dances", last for the life of the pair.
A breeding season can take over a year from laying to fledging, with a single egg laid in each breeding attempt. A Laysan albatross, named Wisdom, on Midway Island is recognised as the oldest wild bird in the world. Of the 22 species of albatrosses recognised by the IUCN, all are listed as at some level of concern. Numbers of albatrosses have declined in the past due to harvesting for feathers, but today, the albatrosses are threatened by introduced species, such as rats and feral cats that attack eggs and nesting adults. Longline fisheries pose the greatest threat, as feeding birds are attracted to the bait, become hooked on the lines, drown. Identified stakeholders such as governments, conservation organisations, people in the fishing industry are all working toward reducing this bycatch; the "albatross" designation comprises between 24 species in four genera. These genera are the great albatrosses, the mollymawks, the North Pacific albatrosses, the sooty albatrosses or sooties; the North Pacific albatrosses are considered to be a sister taxon to the great albatrosses, while the sooty albatrosses are considered closer to the mollymawks.
The taxonomy of the albatross group has been a source of much debate. The Sibley-Ahlquist taxonomy places seabirds, birds of prey, many others in a enlarged order, the Ciconiiformes, whereas the ornithological organisations in North America, South Africa and New Zealand retain the more traditional order Procellariiformes; the albatrosses can be separated from the other Procellariiformes both genetically and through morphological characteristics, their legs, the arrangement of their nasal tubes. Within the family, the assignment of genera has been debated for over 100 years. Placed into a single genus, they were rearranged by Reichenbach into four different genera in 1852 lumped back together and split apart again several times, acquiring 12 different genus names in total by 1965. By 1965, in an attempt to bring some order back to the classification of albatrosses, they were lumped into two genera and Diomedea. Though a case was made for the simplification of the family, the classification was based on the morphological analysis by Elliott Coues in 1866, paid little attention to more recent studies and ignored some of Coues's suggestions.
More recent research by Gary Nunn of the American Museum of Natural History and other researchers around the world studied the mitochondrial DNA of all 14 accepted species, finding four, not two, monophyletic groups within the albatrosses. They proposed the resurrection of two of the old genus names, Phoebastria for the North Pacific albatrosses and Thalassarche for the mollymawks, with the great albatrosses retaining Diomedea and the sooty albatrosses staying in Phoebetria. Both the British Ornithologists' Union and the South African authorities split the albatrosses into four genera as Nunn suggested, the change has been accepted by the majority of researchers. While some agree on the number of genera, fewer agree on the number of species. Up to 80 different taxa have been described by different researchers. Based on the work on albatross genera and Nunn went on in 1998 to propose a revised taxonomy with 24 different species, compared to the 14 accepted; this expanded taxonomy elevated many established subspecies to full species, but was criticised for not using, in every case, peer reviewed information to justify the splits.
Since further studies have in some instances supported or disproved the splits.
Sir Ridley Scott is an English film director and producer. Following his commercial breakthrough with the science fiction horror film Alien, further works include the neo-noir dystopian science fiction film Blade Runner, historical drama Gladiator, science fiction film The Martian. Scott's work has an atmospheric concentrated visual style. Though his films range in setting and period, they showcase memorable imagery of urban environments, whether 2nd century Rome, 12th century Jerusalem, Medieval England, contemporary Mogadishu, the future cityscapes of Blade Runner, or the distant planets in Alien, The Martian and Alien: Covenant. Several of his films are known for their strong female characters. Scott has been nominated for three Academy Awards for Directing. In 1995, both Ridley and his brother Tony received a BAFTA for Outstanding British Contribution To Cinema. In 2003, Scott was knighted for his "services to the British film industry". In a 2004 BBC poll Scott was named the tenth most influential person in British culture.
In 2015 he received an honorary doctorate from the Royal College of Art in London. In 2018 Scott received the BAFTA Fellowship for lifetime achievement. Scott was born in South Shields, County Durham, North East England, to Elizabeth and Colonel Francis Percy Scott. Scott's great uncle Dixon Scott was a pioneer of the cinema chain. One of Dixon's cinemas, Tyneside cinema, is still operating in Newcastle, it is the last remaining open newsreel cinema operating in the United Kingdom. Ridley Scott was born shortly before the Second World War, he was brought up in an army family, his father – an officer in the Royal Engineers – was absent for most of his early life. His elder brother, joined the British Merchant Navy when he was still young, the pair had little contact. During this time the family moved around, living in Cumberland in North West England and Germany, he had a younger brother, who became a film director. After World War II, the Scott family moved back to their native North East settling on Greens Beck Road in Hartburn, County Durham, whose industrial landscape would inspire similar scenes in Blade Runner.
His interest in science fiction began by reading the works of H. G. Wells as a child, he studied at Grangefield Grammar School and West Hartlepool College of Art from 1954 to 1958, obtaining a diploma in design. Scott went on to study at the Royal College of Art in London, contributing to college magazine ARK and helping to establish the college film department. For his final show, he made a black and white short film and Bicycle, starring both his younger brother and his father. In February 1963 Scott was named in title credits as "Designer" for the BBC television programme Tonight, about the severe winter of 1963. After graduation in 1963, he secured a job as a trainee set designer with the BBC, leading to work on the popular television police series Z-Cars and science fiction series Out of the Unknown, he was assigned to design the second Doctor Who serial, The Daleks, which would have entailed realising the serial's eponymous alien creatures. However, shortly before Scott was due to start work, a schedule conflict meant he was replaced by Raymond Cusick.
In 1965, he began directing episodes of television series for the BBC, only one of which, an episode of Adam Adamant Lives!, is available commercially. In 1968, Ridley and Tony Scott founded Ridley Scott Associates, a film and commercial production company. Working alongside Alan Parker, Hugh Hudson and cinematographer Hugh Johnson, Ridley Scott made many commercials at RSA during the 1970s, including a notable 1973 Hovis advertisement, "Bike Round", set in the north of England but filmed in Gold Hill, Dorset. A nostalgia themed television advertisement that captured the public imagination, it was voted the UK's all-time favourite commercial in a 2006 poll. In the 1970s the Chanel No. 5 brand needed revitalisation having run the risk of being labelled as mass market and passé. Directed by Scott in the 1970s and 1980s, Chanel television commercials were inventive mini-films with production values of surreal fantasy and seduction, which "played on the same visual imagery, with the same silhouette of the bottle."Five members of the Scott family are directors, all have worked for RSA.
His brother Tony was a successful film director. Jake and Jordan both work from Los Angeles. In 1995, Shepperton Studios was purchased by a consortium headed by Ridley and Tony Scott, which extensively renovated the studios while expanding and improving its grounds; the Duellists marked Ridley Scott's first feature film as director. Shot in Europe, it was nominated for the main prize at the Cannes Film Festival, won an award for Best Debut Film; the Duellists had limited commercial impact internationally. Set during the Napoleonic Wars, it follows two French Hussar officers, D'Hubert and Feraud whose quarrel over an minor incident turns into a bitter extended feud spanning fifteen years, interwoven with the larger conflict that provides its backdrop; the film has been acclaimed for providing a authentic portrayal of Napoleonic u
Tchéky Karyo is a Turkish-born French actor and musician, known for playing leading French police investigator Julien Baptiste in the British drama The Missing and its spin-off series Baptiste. Beginning his career as an actor on stage in classical and contemporary works, he began to work as a character actor in films in the 1980s, he has acted in numerous films including Luc Besson. He was named Baruh Djaki Karyo at birth in 1953 in Turkey; when he was young, his family moved to Paris, where he grew up. The spelling of his name, was changed to Tchéky in a form of French transliteration; as a young man, Karyo studied drama at the Cyrano Theatre and became a member of the Daniel Sorano Company, playing many classical roles. Karyo joined the National Theatre of Strasbourg, where he starred in both contemporary and classical plays, he found success in French films beginning in the 1980s, first as a character actor. He appeared in leading roles in several notable films, such as The Bear, in which he played one of the hunters, director Luc Besson's Nikita, in which he played the heroine's spy mentor.
He has participated in many Hollywood movies portraying a French character, in the same fashion as Jean Reno. His movie credits include 1994's Nostradamus in which he plays the famous French prophet, 1995's Bad Boys opposite Will Smith and Martin Lawrence in which he plays a character named Fouchet, a criminal who steals heroin from the Miami-Dade Police Department's headquarters and tries to kill a woman named Julie Mott, played by Téa Leoni, who witnessed a murder, he appeared alongside Jet Li in 2001's Kiss of the Dragon as a corrupt and violent Paris police detective who frames Li's character for murder and gets killed by him in retribution. He has acted in prominent roles in major films set during wartime; such performances include his acting as a vengeful French officer alongside Mel Gibson in The Patriot, set during the American Revolutionary War, his role as Jean de Dunois in The Messenger: The Story of Joan of Arc. In the DVD edition of The Patriot, Karyo overdubbed his own lines on the French-language track.
He appeared in the Martin Sheen film The Way as Captain Henri. In 2014 and 2016 Karyo appeared as Julien Baptiste in the acclaimed BBC One/Starz drama series The Missing, he has received critical praise for his performance. In April 2018, it was confirmed by BBC that Tchéky Karyo would reprise his role as Julien Baptiste in a spin-off series titled Baptiste, to be written by Jack and Harry Williams; the new six-episode series began on 17 February 2019. Karyo is a musician and songwriter. In 2006 he released the album Ce lien qui nous unit, released Credo in 2013 on his 60th birthday, he was nominated for a César Award for Most Promising Actor for his role in La Balance. In 1986, he was awarded the Jean Gabin Prize in recognition of his acting performances. 1992: "Born On The Wrong Side Of Town" Jaye Muller 2005: "L'avenir est à nous" Kool Shen feat Rohff & Dadoo Tchéky Karyo on IMDb Tchéky Karyo at ECI Global Talent Management