1723 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1723.
- Voltaire contracts smallpox.
- The book collection of Samuel Pepys (died 1703), including his Diary, is transferred to the Pepys Library at his alma mater, Magdalene College, Cambridge, in accordance with his will.
- Penelope Aubin – The Life of Charlotta Du Pont, an English lady; taken from her own memoirs
- Jane Barker – A Patch-Work Screen for the Ladies
- Eliza Haywood – Idalia
- Anton Josef Kirchweger – Aurea Catena Homeri
- Margrethe Lasson – Den beklædte Sandhed (first novel in Danish)
- John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham (died 1721) – The Works of John Sheffield, Earl of Mulgrave, Marquis of Normanby, and Duke of Buckingham
- Susanna Centlivre – The Artifice
- Elijah Fenton – Marianne
- Eliza Haywood – A Wife to be Let
- Ludvig Holberg – Erasmus Montanus
- Charles Johnson – Love in a Forest (adapted from As You Like It)
- Pierre de Marivaux – La Double Inconstance
- Ambrose Philips – Humfrey, Duke of Gloucester: a tragedy
- Richard Steele – The Conscious Lovers
- Sir Richard Blackmore – Alfred: an epick poem
- David Mallet – William and Margaret
- William Meston – Knight of the Kirk
- Ambrose Philips – Ode on the Death of William, Earl of Cowper
- Matthew Prior
- The Turtle and the Sparrow
- Allan Ramsay – The Tea-Table Miscellany, Vol. 1
- Ned Ward – Nuptial Dialogues and Debates, 3rd ed.
- James Anderson – The Constitutions of the Free-Masons
- Henry Baker – An Invocation of Health: a poem
- Offspring Blackall, Bishop of Exeter (posthumously) – Collected Works
- Bernard de Mandeville – A Search into the Nature of Society
- Thomas Dempster (posthumous) – De Etruria regali libri VII (printed in sans-serif)
- Thomas Gordon and John Trenchard – Cato's Letters (essays)
- John Nott – The Cooks and Confectioners Dictionary or, the Accomplish'd Housewives Companion
- January 21 (or June 21) – Baron d'Holbach, German-born French philosopher and encyclopedist (died 1789)
- February 23 – Richard Price, Welsh-born philosopher (died 1791)
- February 24 – John Burgoyne, English soldier and dramatist (died 1792)
- June 5 (bapt.) – Adam Smith, Scottish economist (died 1790)
- June 20 – Adam Ferguson, Scottish philosopher and historian (died 1816)
- July 11 – Jean-François Marmontel, French novelist and dramatist (died 1799)
- September 30 – William Hutton, English local historian and poet (died 1815)
- November 8 – John Byron, English vice-admiral and memoirist (died 1786)
- November 30 – William Livingston, American political writer and politician (died 1790)
- December 26 – Friedrich Melchior, Baron von Grimm, German-born French philosopher and encyclopedist (died 1807)
- February 26 – Thomas d'Urfey, English dramatist (born 1653)
- March 13 – René Auguste Constantin de Renneville, French Protestant poet and historian (born 1650)
- March 15 – Johann Christian Günther, German poet (born 1695)
- May 11 – Jean Galbert de Campistron, French dramatist (born 1656)
- June 8 – Isaac Chayyim Cantarini, Italian poet, physician and preacher (born 1644)
- July 28 – Mariana Alcoforado, Portuguese nun (born 1640)
- August 21 – Dimitrie Cantemir, Romanian author (born 1673)
- September 23 – Jacques Basnage, French Protestant poet, linguist and preacher (born 1653)
- December 1 – Susanna Centlivre (Susanna Carroll), English dramatist (born c. 1667–70)
- December 17 – John Trenchard, English politician and writer (born 1662)
- Glynn, Ian; Glynn, Jenifer (2004). The Life and Death of Smallpox. Cambridge University Press. p. 69. ISBN 9780521845427.
- "History of the Pepys Building". Magdalene College. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "The life of Charlotta Du Pont". National Library of Australia. printed for A. Bettesworth. 1723. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "Adam Smith (1723-1790)". BBC. Retrieved 20 March 2018.