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1856 Republican National Convention

The 1856 Republican National Convention was a presidential nominating convention that met from June 17 to June 19 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was the first national convention in the history of the Republican Party, was held to nominate the party's candidates for president and vice president in the 1856 election; the convention selected former Senator John C. Frémont of California for president and former Senator William L. Dayton of New Jersey for vice president; the convention appointed the members of the newly-established Republican National Committee. The Republican Party had been organized by opponents of the expansion of slavery in the territories following the passage of the 1854 Kansas–Nebraska Act. With William Seward, Salmon P. Chase, Charles Sumner all taking their names out of consideration, Frémont entered the Republican convention as the front-runner for the presidential nomination. Frémont had been nominated by the North American Party, which consisted of anti-slavery members of the American Party who were unwilling to support the American Party candidate, Millard Fillmore.

Though Associate Justice John McLean of Ohio had the backing of some delegates, Frémont clinched the presidential nomination on the first formal ballot of the Republican convention. Dayton was nominated on the first formal vice presidential ballot, defeating former Congressman Abraham Lincoln of Illinois and several other candidates; the Republican ticket carried several Northern states in the general election, but the Democratic ticket of James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge won the 1856 election. On June 19, 1855, a small gathering of like-minded individuals met in Washington, D. C. where they passed a resolution noting the recent abrogation of "all compromises, real or imaginary" by the opening of Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to the possible institution of slavery. These proclaimed themselves the "Republican Association of Washington, District of Columbia" and passed a simple four plank platform including the demand that "There should be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except for the punishment of crime, in any of the Territories of the United States."

A number of state organizations were soon established along similar lines and the Republican Party was born. On January 17, 1856, representatives of Republican Party organizations in Ohio, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin — all Northern states in which slavery was prohibited — issued a joint call for an "informal Convention" to be held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on February 22, 1856, in order to perfect the national organization and to call a formal, properly delegated national convention to nominate candidates for President and Vice-President of the United States for the forthcoming November 1856 election; the gathering elected a governing National Executive Committee and passed various resolutions calling for the repeal of laws enabling slaveholding in free territories and "resistance by Constitutional means of Slavery in any Territory," defense of anti-slavery individuals in Kansas who were coming under physical attack, a call to "resist and overthrow the present National Administration" of Franklin Pierce, "as it is identified with the progress of the Slave power to national supremacy."The 22-member Republican National Committee, which included one representative from each state attending the Pittsburgh Convention, met in plenary session on March 27, 1856, at the Willard Hotel in Washington, DC, issued a call for a formal presidential nominating convention.

This was slated to begin on June 1856, in Philadelphia. Each state organization was to be allocated six at-large delegates, plus three delegates for each congressional district; the candidates to be nominated by the new Republican party were first nominated by the anti-slavery rump of the American Party. Others from the North who were opposed to slavery formed their own party after the nomination of former President Millard Fillmore in Philadelphia; this party called for its national convention to be held in New York, New York, just before the Republican National Convention. Party leaders hoped to nominate a joint ticket with the Republicans to defeat Buchanan; the national convention was held on June 12 to 1856 in New York. As John C. Frémont was the favorite to attain the Republican nomination there was a considerable desire for the North American party to nominate him, but it was feared that in doing so they may injure his chances to become the Republican nominee; the delegates voted on a nominee for president without a result.

Nathaniel P. Banks was nominated for president on the 10th ballot over John C. Frémont and John McLean, with the understanding that he would withdraw from the race and endorse John C. Frémont once he had won the Republican nomination; the delegates, preparing to return home, unanimously nominated Frémont on the 11th ballot shortly after his nomination by the Republican Party in Philadelphia. The chairman of the convention, William F. Johnston, had been nominated to run for vice-president, but withdrew when the North Americans and the Republicans failed to find an acceptable accommodation between him and the Republican nominee, William Dayton; the first Republican National Convention was held in the Musical Fund Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on June 17 to 19, 1856. The convention approved an anti-slavery platform that called for congressional sovereignty in the territories, an end to polygamy in Mormon settlements, federal assistance for a transcontinental railroad. John C. Frémont, John McLean, William Seward, Salmon Chase, Charles Sumner all were considered by those at the convention, but the latter three requested that their names be withdrawn.

McLean's name was withdrawn by his manager Rufus Spalding, but t

Mata Hari (pinball)

Mata Hari is a pinball machine created by Bally Manufacturing in 1977 and released in 1978. The theme of the game is based on Mata Hari, it was produced using solid-state electronics but 170 electro-mechanical versions were released. It was the last model manufactured by Bally in two such versions. 20 sample games were produced with a plastic playfield, instead of the traditional wooden playfield. The design noticeably consists of dark and gold color artwork and a prominent image of a dagger running up the middle. A dagger is depicted on the backglass in the hand of Mata Hari. One version is blank and one shows an inscription with the motto of the Nazi German SS "Meine Ehre heißt Treue". Mata Hari died during World War. Contrary to a popular belief, the version with inscription is not more rare than the one without. There were about equal numbers of both versions of backglasses made; the game has chimes. The table features two flippers, four pop bumpers, two slingshots, two four-bank drop targets and one kick-out hole.

The machines makes use of an AS2518-18 power supply. The game allows up to four players; the table has a symmetric playfield layout. The machine has a simple straight-forward rule set that offers a challenge to beginners and advanced players. There are three goals to accomplish: knock down the drop targets, complete the A-B combination a certain number of times and land in the kickout hole multiple times; the rules in detail are the following: Making ‘A’ and ‘B’ top rollover lanes or left and right ‘A’ and ‘B’ orbits scores and advances ‘A-B’ lit value, displayed in the centre of the playfield. Landing the ball in the top kickout hole first time scores 3000 points, advances bonus value 3 places, lights 2x bonus multiplier and lights left outlane for 50,000 points. Second time lights right outlane for 3x bonus multiplier. Third time lights 5x bonus multiplier. Knocking down all drop targets scores 50.000 points and lights target special light. A replay is available for making ‘A’ and ‘B’ when lit for special and another +50K for all target down when lit for special.

The maximum is one extra ball per ball in play. Mata Hari at the Internet Pinball Database Instruction cards for Mata Hari

Ricardo Muñoz

Ricardo Muñoz is a former member of the Chicago City Council, having served as alderman for the 22nd ward, which includes Little Village and Archer Heights. Muñoz was appointed to this position by Mayor Richard M. Daley in 1993 and was the longest tenured Latino and fourth longest tenured member of the Chicago City Council. Ricardo Muñoz was born in Mexico, his family settled on the Near West Side of Chicago. The family moved to Little Village where he and his wife Betty own a home. During his teenage years, he was arrested three times and pleaded guilty to two weapons violations and one charge of cocaine possession; each time he was given a year of court supervision. He graduated high school and earned a bachelor's degree in political science at Northern Illinois University. Muñoz intervened to help his daughter, whose test scores weren't high enough, get into a prestigious city high school. Muñoz acknowledged August 13, 2009, that he called Whitney Young High School's principal Joyce Kenner to find a spot for his daughter who could not get in on merit.

Muñoz was arrested and charged with misdemeanor domestic battery on January 2, 2019, stemming from an incident with his wife on New Year's Eve. In an order of protection filed with Cook County Domestic Violence Court, Betty Torres-Munoz alleges an intoxicated Muñoz grabbed and pushed her, causing injury to her head and left arm, that she feared for her well being. Muñoz was first appointed by Mayor Richard M. Daley in 1993, to replace his mentor Jesús "Chuy" García, who joined the Illinois Senate. Muñoz was the youngest member of the City Council when he first joined the body in 1993. "Alderman Ricardo Muñoz is one of the few independents on the City Council who isn't afraid to speak out against the mayor when he sees fit," wrote the Chicago Tribune in endorsing Muñoz for re-election in February 2003. "He has presented a number of innovative ideas... a terrific choice for voters."As of June 9, 2018, Muñoz sat on the following committees: Budget and Government Operations. He is a founding member of the Chicago Progressive Reform Coalition and a member of the Chicago Latino Caucus.

On August 2, 2010, Muñoz took the unusual step of admitting that he was an alcoholic just six months before standing for re-election. Muñoz endorsed Chris Kennedy in the 2018 Democratic gubernatorial primary, he did not run for reelection in the 2019 Chicago aldermanic elections. Official Biography

Jenolan Caves House

The Jenolan Caves House is a large, heritage-listed hotel, built in stages between 1879 and 1926. It is located in the remote Jenolan Caves Karst Conservation Reserve, Blue Mountains National Park, on the western edge of the Blue Mountains UNESCO World Heritage Area, in New South Wales, Australia; the building was designed in the Government Architect's Branch of the New South Wales Public Works Department, under the supervision of Colonel Walter Liberty Vernon. The four-storey complex was designed in the Federation Arts & Crafts style, of which Vernon was an advocate. Parts of the building show the influence of the'Sussex Wealdon' style, in particular the half timbered upper facades of the sections; the building is characterized by gables, tile roof and deep recessed openings with multi-paned windows. The building was constructed to provide accommodation for visitors to Jenolan Caves, one of Australia's most extensive limestone cave systems, open to the public. Although long known to local Aboriginal people, Jenolan Caves was not discovered by European settlers until the early 1800s.

The area was declared a protected reserve for tourist purposes in 1866. A local farmer, Jeremiah Wilson, was appointed'Keeper of the Caves' in 1867. Visitors would write to Wilson advising him of their intention to view the caves. Meeting them at Tarana railway station, he would convey them by horse-drawn vehicle, 54 kilometres, through Oberon, walk them down the last five kilometres into the Jenolan Valley, because the descent was too steep for a vehicle. In an early Jenolan Caves guide book, the difficulties posed by the remote location were summed up as follows: "The want of good roads, the dangers of these perpendicular mountains the great want of an accommodation house, mitigated for years against this district becoming a popular place for tourists, or a holiday resort. At the time, all provisions had to be carried there by the visitors, it was necessary to camp and sleep on the rocks under the Grand Arch." In 1879, Wilson built a small kitchen building. The following years, he was able to erect a single-storey, wooden building, roofed with corrugated iron.

This first ` Caves House' contained a large dining room. The kitchen remained separate, in case of fire - a common risk at the time. In 1886, the fee for an overnight stay was 1 shilling. A horse could be stabled for 6 to 8 shillings per day. Or it could graze in the adjacent paddock for sixpence per day. In 1887, Wilson erected a two-storey wooden building, catering for 30 visitors, characterised by deep verandahs around three sides of both levels; that year, New South Wales Governor Charles Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire, his wife, rode 45 kilometres on the new Six Foot Track from Katoomba, staying two nights in this early Caves House building. During 1888, there were 1,829 visitors. In 1890 Wilson demolished the original small kitchen. In its place, he erected a two-storey wooden building, alongside the original main building, in the same style as the 1887 building, with deep verandahs on both levels. By reflecting the more comfortable accommodation, tariffs had risen to 10 shillings per day for adults and 5 shillings per day for children and servants, with'cave costumes' available for hire.

A new road from Katoomba, via Hartley, offered a more direct route, with travelers alighting at Mount Victoria railway station. The horse-drawn coach cost 30 shillings 40 shillings return. In February 1895 Prince Francis Joseph of Battenberg stayed the night at Jenolan Caves House and inspected the caves; the following month a fire destroyed the 1888 building, as well as the earliest accommodation house, billiard room and two dining rooms. In 1896 Walter Liberty Vernon was engaged to design a new Caves House, adjoining the 1887 building on the footprint of the original building, destroyed in the fire. Joseph Henry Maiden, the Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens and terraced the slopes around Caves House, providing a setting of park-like gardens; the improvements cost the NSW Government A£30,000. The new two-storey building held a dining room for 60 guests, a billiard room, accommodation for 50 and the latest kitchen and bathroom innovations, it was built from the 430 million years old Silurian limestone quarried on site at Jenolan.

This building is now known as the'Vernon Wing'. In 1906, the two-storey, verandah-wrapped, wooden building, which Wilson had built in 1887, was demolished. In its place, in 1907, a second wing was added, perpendicular to the'Vernon Wing'; this new two-storey wing was designed by Vernon, but supervised by his successor, George McRae. It contained sitting dining rooms and 26 guestrooms, it was made of local limestone and roofed with red, French tiles. In 1916, a massive four-storey wing was completed by McRae, from plans designed by Vernon before his death; this wing provided 60 extra guestrooms, dining room and large kitchen. In 1926, the four-storey wing was further extended, adding further guestrooms and, in particular, expanding the dining room; this extension cost was built by W. J. Bailey of Oberon. Newspaper articles from 1917 to 1947 describe the popularity of Jenolan Caves House after The Great War, producing meat and vegetables from its own farms nearby. Australia's youngest recipient of the Victoria Cross medal, Private John Jackson, spent Christmas 1918 there.

In 1919, a deluge completely

Islamic Heritage Park

The Islamic Heritage Park is a famous attraction in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. This park is located at the island of Wan Man; the Islamic Heritage Park was opened on 2 February 2008. Masjid Kristal Al-Masjid al-Nabawi, Saudi Arabia Masjid al-Haram, Saudi Arabia Dome of the Rock, Palestine Qolsharif Mosque, Tatarstan, Russia Masjid Negara, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Masjid Menara Kudus, Indonesia Great Mosque of Xi'an, Xi'an, China Great Mosque of Samarra, Iraq Pattani Mosque, Pattani Province, Thailand Al-Hambra Mosque, Spain Aleppo Citadel, Syria Sultan Mosque, Singapore Badshahi Mosque, Pakistan Silang the great garden of China Kalyan Minaret, Uzbekistan Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Iran Taj Mahal, India List of tourist attractions in Malaysia

2016 Manchester City W.F.C. season

The 2016 season is Manchester City Women's Football Club's 28th season of competitive football and its third season in the FA Women's Super League and at the top level of English women's football, having been promoted from the FA Women's Premier League before the 2014 season. This season will be the first occasion on which City Women contest a European competition, having qualified through their runners-up finish in the 2015 Women's Super League. Campaign continued in the following season As of 17 October 2016Appearances numbers are for appearances in competitive games only including sub appearancesRed card numbers denote: Numbers in parentheses represent red cards overturned for wrongful dismissal. Includes all competitive matches; the list is sorted alphabetically by surname. Correct as of 17 October 2016