1883 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1883.
- January 13 – World première of Henrik Ibsen's play An Enemy of the People (En folkefiende; 1882) at the Christiania Theatre.
- February – Carlo Collodi's children's story The Adventures of Pinocchio is first published complete in book form as Le avventure di Pinocchio in Italy.
- May 23 – Robert Louis Stevenson's children's pirate adventure novel Treasure Island is first published in book form, by Cassell in London.
- June – First performance by Footlights, the Cambridge University dramatic club.
- June 4 – At Junimea in Iași, Mihai Eminescu reads his nationalist poem Doina, to an enthusiastic crowd. It is sometimes described as his last work before the mental breakdown of later that year. Eminescu's host Ion Creangă recalled that it was composed on the spot, but some researchers date it back to 1870.
- June 30–October 20 – Robert Louis Stevenson's novel The Black Arrow: A Tale of Tunstall Forest is serialized in the British magazine Young Folks as by "Captain George North". Stevenson completes writing it at the end of the summer in France.
- July – First issue of Fiamuri Arbërit, an Albanian literary and political magazine published out of Cosenza. Managed by Girolamo de Rada, it promotes Ottomanism against Philhellenism.
- August 29 – Dunfermline Carnegie Library, the first Carnegie library, is opened in Andrew Carnegie's hometown, Dunfermline, Scotland.
- December 27–28 – The Modern Language Association of America holds its first meeting.
- Mark Twain's memoirs Life on the Mississippi, published simultaneously in Boston (Massachusetts) and London, is the first substantial book submitted to a publisher as a typewritten manuscript.
- Kisari Mohan Ganguli begins publication of the first English-language translation of the Mahabharata.
- The Deutsches Theater company is formed in Berlin.
- Mary Elizabeth Braddon – Phantom Fortune
- Rhoda Broughton – Belinda
- Hugh Conway – Called Back
- Wilkie Collins – Heart and Science
- Anne Elliot – Dr. Edith Romney
- Ludwig Ganghofer – The Hunter of Fall
- Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam – Contes cruels
- John Hay – The Bread-Winners (anonymous serialization in The Century Magazine)
- Alexander Kielland – Poison (Gift)
- Jonas Lie – Familien paa Gilje (The Gilje family)
- John Macnie (as Ismar Thiusen) – The Diothas; or, A Far Look Ahead
- Mary E. Mann – The Parish of Hilby
- Guy de Maupassant – Une Vie
- George A. Moore – A Modern Lover
- Friedrich Nietzsche – Thus Spoke Zarathustra (Also sprach Zarathustra, publication begins)
- Sir Thomas Wemyss Reid – Gladys Fane
- Charlotte Riddell – A Struggle for Fame
- Annie S. Swan – Aldersyde
- Giovanni Verga – Novelle rusticane (Rustic short stories, about Sicily)
- Jules Verne – Kéraban the Inflexible (Kéraban-le-têtu)
Children and young people
- Carlo Collodi – The Adventures of Pinocchio (Le avventure di Pinocchio)
- George MacDonald – The Princess and Curdie
- Howard Pyle – The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood
- Robert Louis Stevenson – Treasure Island (book publication)
- Frances Hodgson Burnett and William Gillette – Esmeralda
- François Coppée – Severo Torelli
- Imre Madách – The Tragedy of Man (Az ember tragédiája, first performed)
- Edward Rose – Vice Versa
- George Robert Sims – In the Ranks
- August Strindberg – Lycko-Pers resa (Lucky Peter's Travels or Lucky Pehr)
- Oscar Wilde – Vera; or, The Nihilists (first performed)
- William Young – The Rajah; or Wyncot's Ward
- Mathilde Blind – George Eliot
- Hall Caine – Cobwebs of Criticism
- Thomas Hill Green (died 1882) – Prolegomena to Ethics
- Agnes Catherine Maitland (as A. C. M., Examiner...) – The Rudiments of Cookery: a Manual for Use in Schools and Homes
- William Robinson – The English Flower Garden
- J. R. Seeley – The Expansion of England
- Alfred Percy Sinnett – Esoteric Buddhism
- John Addington Symonds – A Problem in Greek Ethics: an inquiry into the phenomenon of sexual inversion, addressed especially to medical psychologists and jurists
- Mark Twain – Life on the Mississippi
- January 1 – Alberto Gerchunoff, Argentine writer (died 1949)
- January 6 – Kahlil Gibran, Lebanese-born poet and novelist writing in Arabic and English (died 1931)
- January 10 – Aleksei Tolstoy, Russian writer (died 1945)
- January 20 – Forrest Wilson, American journalist and author (died 1942)
- February 15 – Sax Rohmer (Arthur Henry Ward), English novelist (died 1959)
- February 20 – Naoya Shiga, Japanese novelist (died 1971)
- March 9 – Umberto Saba, Italian poet and novelist (died 1957)
- March 17 – Urmuz, Romanian short prose writer (died 1923)
- April 30 – Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (died 1923)
- June 3 – Franz Kafka, Czech novelist writing in German (died 1924)
- June 4 – Joseph Jefferson Farjeon, English crime writer (died 1955)
- December 13 – Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian (died 1950)
- December 23 – Yoshishige Abe, Japanese philosopher and politician (died 1966)
- December 30 – Marie Gevers, Belgian novelist writing in French (died 1975)
- January 21 – Anna Eliza Bray, English novelist and travel writer (born 1790)
- March 14 – Karl Marx, German philosopher (born 1818)
- April 24 – Jules Sandeau, French novelist (born 1811)
- May 15 – Mary Elizabeth Mohl ("Clarkey"), English-born literary salonnière (born 1793)
- May 23 – Cyprian Norwid, Polish poet, dramatist and artist (born 1821)
- June 20 – Gustave Aimard, French novelist (born 1818)
- July 16 – Edward Backhouse Eastwick, Anglo-Indian orientalist and translator (born 1814)
- August 31 – Levin Schücking, German novelist (born 1814)
- September 2 – Léon Halévy, French historian and dramatist (born 1802)
- September 3 – Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist (born 1818)
- September 25 – George Ayliffe Poole, English writer and cleric (born 1809)
- November 26 – Sojourner Truth, African-American abolitionist, women's rights activist, and author (born 1797)
- December 13 – Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (born 1812)
- Hanssen, Jens-Morten (2001-08-10). "Facts about An Enemy of the People". Ibsen.net. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- Irimia, Dumitru (1984). "1883 — anul Eminescu". Anuar de Lingvistică și Istorie Literară. XXIX: 1.
- Gorovei, Arthur (1930). Alte vremuri. Amintiri literare. Fălticeni: J. Bendit. pp. 62–63.
- Ornea, Z. (2000). "Un doctrinar legionar de azi". România Literară (in Romanian) (37).
- Clayer, Nathalie (2007). Aux origines du nationalisme albanais. La naissance d'une nation majoritairement musulmane en Europe. Paris: Karthala. pp. 293–294. ISBN 978-2-84586-816-8.
- Rehr, Darryl. "The First Typewriter". Archived from the original on 2009-02-01. Retrieved 2013-11-03.