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1912 Summer Olympics

The 1912 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, between 5 May and 22 July 1912. Twenty-eight nations and 2,408 competitors, including 48 women, competed in 102 events in 14 sports. With the exception of tennis and football and shooting, the games were held within a month with an official opening on 6 July, it was the last Olympics to issue solid gold medals and, with Japan's debut, the first time an Asian nation participated. Stockholm was the only bid for the games, was selected in 1909; the games were the first to have art competitions, women's diving, women's swimming, the first to feature both the decathlon and the new pentathlon, both won by Jim Thorpe. Electric timing was introduced in athletics. Figure skating was rejected by the organizers. United States won the most gold medals. Following the 1908 Summer Olympics in London, the authorities in Sweden sought to ensure that the next games would be held there. There were two Swedish members of the International Olympic Committee at the time, Viktor Balck and Clarence von Rosen.

The pair proposed to the Swedish governing bodies of athletics and gymnastics in order to ensure that they backed any potential bid. Support was given by the national associations on 18 April 1909 for a bid to host the Olympics in Stockholm on the basis that suitable financial arrangements could be made. King Gustaf V was petitioned on 6 May 1909 following the publication of preliminary plans for the Stockholm bid that the expected cost of hosting the Games would be 415,000 kronor; the Government supported the bid. On 28 May, at the meeting of the IOC in Berlin, the Swedish representatives declared that they had full financial support for hosting the next Games in Stockholm. A deal was made with the German IOC representative on the basis that Berlin would host the 1916 Summer Olympics. Pierre de Coubertin spoke at the meeting about his concerns that Sweden should ensure that the Games take place, as he did not want a repeat of the problems with Italy hosting the 1908 Games, he expressed a desire that "the Games must be kept more purely athletic.

The Games were duly awarded to Sweden to host in Stockholm as the only nominated host city for the 1912 Summer Olympics. The news that Stockholm was to host the 1912 Olympics was received with enthusiasm by the Swedish public; the organizing committee took de Coubertin's words to heart, aimed to achieve an Olympic Games which removed those elements which detracted from earlier Games. The committee was elected in the autumn of 1909, with Balck voted as the President of the committee, Crown Prince Gustaf Adolf selected as Honorary President; the committee's first meeting took place on 7 October, on 11 October they delegated the arrangements for the individual branches of sports to the relevant governing bodies in Sweden. There were four exceptions to this, with the game shooting, modern pentathlon and mountain ascents retained by the Olympic committee, the horse riding competitions being organized by Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland, the inspector of the Swedish cavalry. Altogether there were 187 members of these committees.

The official invitation to compete in the Games was issued on 18 November 1910 to 27 countries, either directly or through their representative on the IOC. A further 15 countries were to have been invited, but as they had no IOC representatives, the Swedish authorities were unsure how to proceed. Once the organizing committee for the Games received confirmation of the athletic associations in each of the 15 countries, they too were sent invitations; some 61,800 entry forms were printed for the use of the various nations. Free transport was arranged for the invited nations' equipment, a discount of 50 percent was arranged for competitors and delegates on the state run railway. A daily newspaper which only covered the Olympics was arranged to be published during the Games, in both English and Swedish. Further arrangements were made for the general arrival of visitors in order to entertain them whilst they were not at the Games. Twelve sports venues were used in the 1912 Summer Olympics; this marked the first time that more than one venue would be used for the football tournament, the case since.

Stockholm Olympic Stadium served as one of the equestrian venues for the 1956 Summer Olympics. Råsunda Stadium served as the 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup. In the initial bid document it was identified that a new stadium would be needed envisaged as being located in the Östermalm Athletic Grounds. In order to save funds, it was expected that only one of the stadium's stands would be permanent, with the other three made of wood and dismantled following the Games; the cost of that stadium was estimated at 235,000 Kronor. Arrangements were made with the individual national committees to provide the use of Östermalm Athletic Grounds and Traneberg; the cycling road race was held around the third largest lake in Sweden. The water events, including the swimming and the rowing, were held at Djurgårdsbrunnsviken, where a stadium was built. Kaknäs was used as a shooting range, but alterations were needed to accommodate

Thamnocalamus

Thamnocalamus is a genus of clumping bamboo in the grass family. These species are found from the Himalayas as well as Southern Africa. Thamnocalamus is related to Fargesia; the two genera are sometimes regarded as a single genus by some authors. SpeciesThamnocalamus chigar Stapleton - Nepal Thamnocalamus spathiflorus Munro - Tibet, India, Nepal Thamnocalamus tessellatus Soderstr. & R. P. Ellis - Madagascar, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Cape Province Thamnocalamus unispiculatus T. P. Yi & J. Y. Shi - Tibetformerly includedsee Chimonobambusa Drepanostachyum Fargesia Himalayacalamus Neomicrocalamus Pleioblastus Pseudosasa

Amazing (Matt Cardle song)

"Amazing" is a song by British singer-songwriter Matt Cardle, released as the third single from his debut studio album, Letters, on 19 February 2012. The song was co-written by Tom Leonard, Martin Harrington, Ash Howes, Richard Stannard and Cardle himself; the single was backed with an all-new track, "All Is Said", as well as a live version of "Slowly", a studio version of his cover of "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face". Robert Copsey of Digital Spy gave the song a positive review, stating: "Co-written by the man himself and produced by Richard Stannard – Ellie Goulding, Will Young –'Amazing' will do little to deter his detractors who claim he is nothing more than mushy MOR guitar-pop, but it should please his larger-than-you'd-think fanbase. Yes, it's another Keane-esque guitar-strumming number, the lyrics are clichéd – "Look inside this fragile heart of mine" – and he belts out his trademark ad-libs at the end, but – whisper it – sometimes you just can't beat a bit of no-frills pop.".

On 9 June 2016, it was reported that Ed Sheeran and Johnny McDaid, were being sued by "Amazing" songwriters Harrington and Leonard, for $20 million for copyright infringement. The lawsuit says: "Given the striking similarity between the chorus of Amazing and Photograph, defendants knew when writing, recording and distributing Photograph that they were infringing on a pre-existing musical composition." The lawsuit was settled in April 2017, with no admission of guilt and an undisclosed sum. The music video for "Amazing" premiered on 13 January 2012, at a total length of four minutes and six-seconds; the video shows scenes of Cardle performing the song in a dark room, direct to camera. Certain shots are filmed in a laissez-faire style, with the camera and boom operators being seen in shot, it shows scenes of couples in the surrounding studio, either upset or re-uniting. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics