1914 in New Zealand

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1914 in New Zealand

See also:

The following lists events that happened during 1914 in New Zealand.

New Zealand showed no hesitation in emulating Britain's declaration of war on Germany and entering World War I. New Zealand troops became the first to occupy German territory when they took over Samoa in November.


Regal and viceregal[edit]


The 18th New Zealand Parliament concludes, and the Reform Party is returned for its second term of office following the 1914 general election on 10 December.

Parliamentary opposition[edit]

Main centre leaders[edit]


  • 17 January: Joseph Hammond[3] is the first person to fly over Auckland city. He flies a Blériot monoplane (named Brittania) which has been donated to the New Zealand Government by the Imperial Air Fleet Committee, from Potter's Park (near One Tree Hill).[4][5]
  • 20 February: James William Humphrys Scotland[6] makes the first substantial cross-country flight in New Zealand. He flies from Invercargill to Gore, a distance of 61 kilometres (38 mi), in 40 minutes in a Caudron biplane.[5] He continues on to Dunedin, Timaru and Christchurch where he arrives on 6 March.[7]
  • 18 April: Auckland Exhibition closes,[8]
  • 4 August: New Zealand declares war on Germany.[9]
  • 29 August: 1374 New Zealand troops land in Samoa and are offered no resistance by German colonial forces. This is the second German territory (after Togoland) to be captured by the Allies.[10]
  • 25 September: The first attempt by the New Zealand Expeditionary Force to depart New Zealand for Europe is aborted due to concerns about the presence of German raiders.[11]
  • 16 October: The main body of the NZEF, some 8000 troops, finally departs New Zealand for Australia where they will join with the First AIF.[11][12]
  • 1 November: The 38 ships carrying the NZEF (10 ships) and the AIF (28 ships) leave Perth, Western Australia. Although expecting to sail to England they will receive orders to land in Egypt while crossing the Indian Ocean.[12]
  • Early December: The NZEF and AIF land in Egypt.[12][13]
  • 10 December: General Election.

Arts and literature[edit]

See 1914 in art, 1914 in literature, Category:1914 books


See: 1914 in music


  • Hinemoa, the first feature film made in New Zealand, premieres at the Lyric Theatre, Auckland.



  • The 27th National Chess Championship was held in Auckland, and was won by W.E. Mason of Wellington, his 5th title.[14]


  • The eighth New Zealand Open championship was won by Ted Douglas (his second consecutive victory).[15]
  • The 22nd National Amateur Championships were held in Auckland [16]
    • Men: Arthur Duncan (Wellington) - 8th title
    • Women: Mrs G. Williams - 2nd title

Horse racing[edit]

Harness racing[edit]

Lawn bowls[edit]

The national outdoor lawn bowls championships are held in Dunedin.[19]

  • Men's singles champion – J.S. Kilgour (Carlton Bowling Club)
  • Men's pair champions – J. Johnson, E. Harraway (skip) (Dunedin Bowling Club)
  • Men's fours champions – W. Grenfell, A.E. Erksine, W.J. Thompson, J. Porteous (skip) (Wellington Bowling Club)

Rugby league[edit]

Rugby union[edit]

  • Taranaki defend the Ranfurly Shield against Wanganui (17–3), Manawatu (11–3), Horowhenua (14–3), Wairarapa (22–3), Canterbury (6–5) and Southland (6–0) before losing to Wellington (6–12)


Provincial league champions:[20]

  • Auckland: Auckland Thistle
  • Canterbury: Sydenham
  • Hawke's Bay: Waipukurau
  • Otago: Northern
  • Southland: Rangers
  • Wanganui: Eastbrooke
  • Wellington: Wellington Corinthians









  • 10 January – Samuel Hodgkinson, politician (born 1817)
  • 2 February – Alfred Burton, photographer (born c.1834)
  • 8 February – Irving Sayles, vaudeville entertainer (born 1872)
  • 25 February – John Scott, medical academic, artist (born 1851)
  • 28 February – Ann Boyce, herbalist (born 1827)
  • 2 March – Mohi Tūrei, Ngāti Porou leader, Anglican minister, carver, haka composer (born c.1830)
  • 18 March – Edwin Blake, politician (born 1830)
  • 20 March – Henry Goulstone, banker, magistrate (born 1836)
  • 10 June – Carbine, Thoroughbred racehorse (foaled 1885)


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Statistics New Zealand: New Zealand Official Yearbook, 1990. ISSN 0078-0170 page 52
  2. ^ "Elections NZ - Leaders of the Opposition". Retrieved 6 April 2008. 
  3. ^ Joseph Hammond was the first New Zealander to gain a pilot's licence in England.
  4. ^ Auckland Airport Archived 31 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ a b Rendel, David (1975) Civil Aviation in New Zealand: An Illustrated History. Wellington. A.H. & A.W.Reed. ISBN 0-589-00905-2
  6. ^ J. W. H. Scotland was the second New Zealander to gain a pilot's licence in England.
  7. ^ Te Ara: Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966 - Biography of James William Humphrys Scotland
  8. ^ "OUTPOST: Welcome to Auckland". Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  9. ^ New Zealand History online: Origins of the war - First World War overview
  10. ^ New Zealand History Online: New Zealand goes to war: First World War overview
  11. ^ a b New Zealand History online: Film - troops departing New Zealand, 1914 and 1915
  12. ^ a b c The Anzac Story: Chapter 1 - To Egypt
  13. ^ Te Ara: Encyclopedia of New Zealand 1966 - The New Zealand Expeditionary Force
  14. ^ List of New Zealand Chess Champions Archived 14 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ "PGA European - Holden New Zealand Open". The Sports Network. 2005. Retrieved 25 March 2009. 
  16. ^ edited by A. H. McLintock (1966). "Men's Golf - National Champions". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 13 February 2009. 
  17. ^ List of NZ Trotting cup winners
  18. ^ Auckland Trotting cup at hrnz.co.nz Archived 17 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ McLintock, A.H., ed. (1966). "Bowls, men's outdoor—tournament winners". An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 6 June 2018. 
  20. ^ "New Zealand: List of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 1999. 

External links[edit]

Media related to 1914 in New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons