1906 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1906 throughout the world. World Series: Chicago White Sox over Chicago Cubs Inter-league playoff: Chicago declined challenge by New York Giants. May 8 – Philadelphia Athletics manager Connie Mack needed a substitute outfielder in the sixth inning of a game against the Boston Pilgrims and called on pitcher Chief Bender to fill in. Bender hit two home runs, both inside the park. July 4 – Mordecai Brown of the Chicago Cubs defeats Lefty Leifield of the Pittsburgh Pirates 1-0, in the first game of a doubleheader, in which both pitchers throw a 1-hitter. Leifield collects the Pirates only hit off Brown and loses his own bid for a no-hitter by giving up a single in the 9th inning that ends up scoring the only run of the game. July 20 – Mal Eason tosses a no hitter for the Brooklyn Superbas, as they defeat the St. Louis Cardinals, 2-0. August 1 – Brooklyn Superbas pitcher Harry McIntire would not allow a hit to the Pittsburgh Pirates through 10 innings, only to allow a single with two outs in the 11th inning.
McIntire would allow three more hits before the Pirates outlasted 1-0, in 13 innings. August 3 – At Sportsman's Park, Long Tom Hughes of the Washington Senators and Fred Glade of the St. Louis Browns entered the 10th inning with a scoreless tie, until Hughes decided the game with a solo home run to a 1–0 victory, becoming the first pitcher in major league history to pitch a shutout and hit a home run which accounted for the only run in the game. September 1 – The Philadelphia A's Jack Coombs and the Boston Pilgrims' Joe Harris each pitch all 24 innings of the A's 4–1 victory over the Pilgrims at Boston's Huntingdon Avenue Grounds. Coombs and Harris still hold the American League record; the major league record is held by the Brooklyn Dodgers' Leon Cadore and Boston Braves' Joe Oeschger, who battled to a 26-inning, 1–1 deadlock on May 1, 1920. October 14 – In the greatest upset in World Series history, the Chicago White Sox defeated the Chicago Cubs, 8–3, in Game 6, winning the World Championship, four games to two, despite hitting only.198 and committing 15 errors in the series.
January 3 – Gus Suhr January 4 – Blondy Ryan January 9 – Harry Else January 19 – Rip Radcliff January 21 – Glenn Chapman January 24 – Stu Clarke January 26 – Charlie Gelbert January 28 – Lyn Lary February 7 – Art Jones February 8 – Bruce Caldwell February 13 – Harry Kelley February 15 – Bob Cremins February 18 – Charles Zomphier February 26 – Joe Graves February 27 – Leroy Herrmann February 28 – Al Baker February 28 – Pete Daglia March 2 – Woody English March 2 – Mike Powers March 9 – Hughie Wise March 10 – Art Herring March 11 – Bill Lawrence March 12 – Rusty Saunders March 12 – Bud Tinning March 13 – Ike Powers March 16 – Lloyd Waner March 17 – Hy Vandenberg March 21 – Shanty Hogan March 22 – Marv Owen March 22 – Moose Solters March 22 – Overton Tremper March 24 – Pat Veltman March 27 – Fred Tauby April 2 – Bob Way April 6 – Benny Frey April 10 – Howdy Groskloss April 13 – Roxie Lawson April 16 – Tommy Sewell April 17 – Eddie Delker April 23 – Ray Starr April 24 – Red Worthington May 7 – Syd Cohen May 10 – Gene Connell May 12 – Charlie Butler May 17 – Al Eckert May 21 – Hank Johnson May 23 – Pat Creeden May 23 – Willis Hudlin May 25 – Martín Dihigo May 30 – Hugh Willingham May 30 – Norman Yokely June 4 – Doc Marshall June 15 – Monte Weaver June 19 – Buck Stanton June 21 – Randy Moore June 21 – Art Smith June 21 – Russ Van Atta June 23 – Ray Foley June 25 – Joe Kuhel June 27 – Dick Terwilliger July 7 – Dick Bass July 7 – Satchel Paige July 9 – Johnny Vergez July 10 – Ad Liska July 10 – Hal McKain July 19 – Jackie Hayes July 28 – Ray Dobens July 30 – Johnnie Tyler August 1 – Frank Bushey August 2 – Bill Posedel August 6 – Ed Crowley August 6 – Chad Kimsey August 8 – Tot Pressnell August 13 – Cliff Garrison August 13 – Carlos Moore August 13 – Art Shires August 13 – Kemp Wicker August 15 – Red Peery August 17 – Hub Walker August 19 – Tex Carleton August 20 – Lee Riley August 26 – Elmer Klumpp August 29 – Jonah Goldman August 29 – Alex Hooks August 30 – Bob Friedrichs September 4 – Jim Mooney September 8 – Frank Stewart September 13 – Thornton Lee September 13 – Jim Levey September 15 – Charlie Biggs September 15 – Tip Tobin September 19 – Cap Clark September 27 – John Smith September 28 – Dick Barrett September 30 – Frank Lamanske October 5 – Si Johnson October 11 – Tom Carey October 12 – Joe Cronin October 15 – Sammy Byrd October 17 – Paul Derringer October 18 – Wally Millies October 24 – Pete McClanahan October 28 – Ed Clough October 30 – Roy Joiner November 1 – Pete Rambo November 1 – Heinie Schuble November 2 – Tim McKeithan November 7 – Alan Strange November 9 – Fred Brickell November 11 – George Detore November 12 – Red Evans November 15 – Gene Rye November 16 – Ab Wright November 17 – Rollie Stiles November 20 – Joe Ogrodowski November 23 – Biggs Wehde December 2 – Johnny Welch December 5 – Lin Storti December 7 – Tony Piet December 10 – Bots Nekola December 15 – Tom Kane December 15 – Bucky Williams December 18 – Dick Coffman December 19 – Tom Sullivan December 28 – Tommy Bridges December 30 – Ray Prim January 26 – Fred Underwood, 37, pitcher for the 1894 Brooklyn Grooms.
February 18 – Charlie Ingraham, 45, catcher for the 1883 Baltimore Orioles. February 27 – John Peltz, 44, outfielder who played with the Hoosiers, Gladiators and Maunees between the 1884 and 1890 seasons. March 25 – Joe Cassidy, 23, shortstop for the Senators since 1904 who led AL with 19 triples as a rookie, led league in assists in 1905. March 27 – Toad Ramsey, 41, pitcher for Louisville who topped 35 wins in both 1886 and 1887, with strikeout totals of 499 and 355. June 14 – Mike Sullivan, 39, pitcher wh
1920 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1920 throughout the world. World Series: Cleveland Indians over Brooklyn Robins MLB Most Valuable Player Award None A loose confederation of teams were gathered in the East to compete with the West, however East teams did not organize a formal league as the West did. Won-loss records were sporadically reported due to lack of interest by the press in New York. Bacharach claimed the pennant. January 3 – The New York Yankees purchase outfielder Babe Ruth from the Boston Red Sox for $100,000. February 13 – A meeting in Kansas City results in the birth of the Negro National League. Rube Foster spearheads the formation of the league, which will consist of eight franchises: Chicago American Giants, Chicago Giants, Cuban Stars, Dayton Marcos, Detroit Stars, Indianapolis ABCs, Kansas City Monarchs and St. Louis Giants. April 14 – Stan Coveleski and the Cleveland Indians hold the St. Louis Browns to five hits in a 5–0 victory at Dunn Field; the Chicago White Sox defeat the Detroit Tigers 3–2 and the Philadelphia Athletics defeat the New York Yankees 3–1 as the road teams win two of the three contests in the season openers in the American League.
April 19 – Babe Ruth enters Fenway Park as a member of the opposing team for the first time in his career as the Boston Red Sox sweep a doubleheader from Ruth and the New York Yankees. Ruth goes three-for-eight with an RBI. April 25 – High Pockets Kelly drives in three as the New York Giants defeat the Brooklyn Robins 5–2 in the first meeting of the National League's two New York teams. May 1 – The Brooklyn Robins' Leon Cadore and the Boston Braves' Joe Oeschger pitched 26 innings in a 1–1 tie. Morning rain delayed the start of the game until 3:00 p.m. The Dodgers scored a run in the top of a single by Ivy Olson driving in Ernie Krueger; the Braves tied it in the bottom of the sixth with a double by Walt Cruise and a single by Tony Boeckel. The game went into extra innings. No runs were scored for the rest of the game and it was called due to darkness in the 26th inning. May 2 – Opening day for the Negro National League. May 3 – Dutch Leonard and the Detroit Tigers defeat the Cleveland Indians 5–1 for their first win of the season versus thirteen losses.
May 14 – Walter Johnson of the Washington Senators records his 300th win. May 20 – At Griffith Stadium, the Washington Senators and Chicago White Sox go into extra innings tied at three; the ChiSox score two in the fifteenth inning only to be matched by Washington in the bottom of the inning. Chicago puts up eight runs in the sixteenth to win the game by a final score of 13–5 in sixteen innings. Red Faber pitches all sixteen innings for Chicago. June 1 – In a slugfest at Dunn Field, the Detroit Tigers defeat the Cleveland Indians 11–10. Detroit's Ty Cobb goes two-for-five with two RBIs and a run scored. June 24 – Following a 5–3 loss to the Cincinnati Reds, the Philadelphia Phillies fall into last place in the National League. With the Philadelphia A's having been in last place since the 13th, both Philadelphia teams spend the rest of the season in last. June 28 – The Philadelphia Athletics defeat the Washington Senators 6–2 to end an 18-game losing streak. After giving up two runs on two hits and a walk in the first inning, A's starter Slim Harriss cruises the rest of the way for the complete game victory.
July 1 – Six weeks after recording his 300th, Walter Johnson pitches the only no-hitter of his career, as the Washington Senators top the Boston Red Sox, 1–0. July 27 – The Washington Senators defeat the Cleveland Indians 19–6. Indians starter Ray Caldwell lasts just 1.1 innings, is replaced by George Uhle, who gives up four hits and a walk in only a third of an inning of work. Tony Faeth picks up the third out of the second inning to stop the bleeding after the Senators have plated twelve runs. In all, the Senators collect 22 hits as every starter, including pitcher Eric Erickson collects at least one hit. August 13 – The New York Yankees complete a three-game sweep of the Cleveland Indians to move within a half game of first place. August 16 – Cleveland Indians shortstop Ray Chapman is struck in the head by a pitch from the New York Yankees' Carl Mays in a game at the Polo Grounds, he dies twelve hours from a fractured skull, making it the only fatal field accident in Major League Baseball history.
His death leads to the banning of the spitball. September 10 – Hall of Fame Cleveland Indians shortstop Joe Sewell makes his major league debut in a 6–1 loss to the New York Yankees. September 15 – In the second game of a double header with the Boston Braves, Hall of famer Pie Traynor makes his major league debut at shortstop for the Pittsburgh Pirates. September 17 The Detroit Tigers' Bobby Veach and New York Giants' George Burns hit for the cycle, the first time it happened twice on the same day, according to the Elias Sports Bureau. Veach finished 6-for-6, adding two singles, as Burns added a second double to his cycle in New York's 4–3 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates in ten innings. Two separate players would not hit for the cycle on the same day until 2008, when the feat was duplicated by Stephen Drew and Adrián Beltré for the Arizona Diamondbacks and Seattle Mariners, respectively; the Detroit Tigers defeat the Boston Red Sox, 13–12, in 12 innings, despite a major-league record 20 BoSox receiving walks.
Eight Tigers walk to set another ML record of 28 walks in an extra-inning game. St. Louis Browns first baseman George Sisler goes four-for-five in the Browns' 17–6 victory over the Philadelphia Athletics to raise his average to.400. Sisler will end the season with a.407 batting average. September 25 After having spent most of the season in the minors, having logged only ten innings pitched all season, Pittsburgh Pirates pitcher Jimmy Zinn pitches all twelve innings in the
Tristram Edgar Speaker, nicknamed "The Grey Eagle", was an American baseball player. Considered one of the best offensive and defensive center fielders in the history of Major League Baseball, he compiled a career batting average of.345. His 792 career doubles represent an MLB career record, his 3,514 hits are fifth in the all-time hits list. Defensively, Speaker holds career records for assists, double plays, unassisted double plays by an outfielder, his fielding glove was known as the place "where triples go to die."After playing in the minor leagues in Texas and Arkansas, Speaker debuted with the Boston Red Sox in 1907. He became the regular center fielder by 1909 and led the Red Sox to World Series championships in 1912 and 1915. In 1915, Speaker's batting average dropped to.322 from.338 the previous season. As player-manager for Cleveland, he led the team to its first World Series title. In ten of his eleven seasons with Cleveland, he finished with a batting average greater than.350. Speaker resigned as Cleveland's manager in 1926 after he and Ty Cobb faced game fixing allegations.
During his managerial stint in Cleveland, Speaker introduced the platoon system in the major leagues. Speaker played with the Washington Senators in 1927 and the Philadelphia Athletics in 1928 became a minor league manager and part owner, he held several roles for the Cleveland Indians. Late in life, Speaker led a short-lived indoor baseball league, ran a wholesale liquor business, worked in sales and chaired Cleveland's boxing commission, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937. He was named 27th in the Sporting News 100 Greatest Baseball Players and was included in the Major League Baseball All-Century Team. Speaker was born on April 4, 1888, in Hubbard, Texas, to Nancy Poer Speaker; as a youth, Speaker broke his arm. In 1905, Speaker played a year of college baseball for Fort Worth Polytechnic Institute. Newspaper reports have held that Speaker suffered a football injury and nearly had his arm amputated around this time, he worked on a ranch before beginning his professional baseball career.
Speaker's abilities drew the interest of Doak Roberts, owner of the Cleburne Railroaders of the Texas League, in 1906. After losing several games as a pitcher, Speaker converted to outfielder to replace a Cleburne player, struck in the head with a pitch, he batted.318 for the Railroaders. Speaker's mother opposed his participation in the major leagues, saying that they reminded her of slavery. Though she relented, for several years Mrs. Speaker questioned why her son had not stayed home and entered the cattle or oil businesses, he performed well for the Texas League's Houston Buffaloes in 1907, but his mother stated that she would never allow him to go to the Boston Americans. Roberts sold the youngster to the Americans for $750 or $800. Speaker played in seven games for the Americans in 1907, with three hits in 19 at bats for a.158 average. In 1908, Boston Americans owner John I. Taylor changed the team's name to the Boston Red Sox after the bright socks in the team's uniform; that year, the club traded Speaker to the Little Rock Travelers of the Southern League in exchange for use of their facilities for spring training.
Speaker batted.350 for the Travelers and his contract was repurchased by the Red Sox. He logged a.224 batting average in 116 at bats. Speaker became the regular starting center fielder for Boston in 1909 and light-hitting Denny Sullivan was sold to the Cleveland Naps. Speaker hit.309 in 143 games. Defensively, Speaker was involved in 12 double plays, leading the league's outfielders, had a.973 fielding percentage, third among outfielders. In 1910 the Red Sox signed left fielder Duffy Lewis. Speaker and Harry Hooper formed Boston's "Million-Dollar Outfield", one of the finest outfield trios in baseball history. Speaker was the star of the Million-Dollar Outfield, he ran fast enough that he could stand close to second base giving the team a fifth infielder, but he still caught the balls hit to center field. In 1910 and 1911, Boston finished fourth in the American League standings. Speaker's best season came in 1912, he led the American League in doubles and home runs. He set career highs with 222 hits, 136 runs, 580 at-bats, 52 stolen bases.
Speaker's stolen base tally was a team record until Tommy Harper stole 54 bases in 1973. He batted his.567 slugging percentage was the highest of his dead-ball days. Speaker set a major league single-season record with three hitting streaks of twenty or more games, he became the first major leaguer to hit 50 doubles and steal 50 bases in the same season. In August, Speaker's mother unsuccessfully attempted to convince him to come home. In Fenway Park's first game, Speaker drove in the winning run in the 11th inning, giving Boston the 7–6 win; the 1912 Red Sox won the AL pennant, finishing 14 games ahead of the Washington Senators and 15 games ahead of the Philadelphia Athletics. In the 1912 World Series, Speaker led the Red Sox to their second World Series title by defeating John McGraw's New York Giants. After the second game was called on account of darkness and ended in a tie, the series went to eight games; the Red Sox won the final game after Fred Snodgrass dropped an easy fly ball and failed to go after a Speaker pop foul.
After the pop foul, Sp
Derrill Burnham "Del" Pratt was a star running back for the University of Alabama before becoming a professional baseball player. Pratt signed with the St. Louis Browns in 1912, he was a star second baseman in the American League for over a decade, but saw some action at first base, third base and the outfield. In his rookie season, Pratt batted.302 for the Browns. In 1916 he led the American League with 103 RBIs. In 1917, the Browns were struggling. Owner Phil Ball accused some of the players of intentionally playing poorly so that they could be traded. Ball said, "Every $1,000 I lose on the Browns this season will cost the ballplayers $100. Salaries will be cut next season." Pratt was offended. He and teammate Doc Lavan sued Ball for slander; the Sporting News went so far as to call Pratt the Browns' Trotsky. The suit was settled in 1918, Pratt was traded to the New York Yankees. After the 1920 season, the Yankees traded Pratt to the Boston Red Sox for Waite Hoyt, but he decided to retire, he was hired as the University of Michigan baseball coach to replace Carl Lundgren and served as an assistant football coach and freshman basketball coach.
He began preparing the 1921 team, but the Red Sox coaxed him out of retirement before the first game of the season. Upon his return to the Sox in 1921, Pratt batted over.300. He ended his career with the Detroit Tigers, his career batting average was.292 over twelve seasons, with an on-base percentage of.345. He had a total of 856 runs scored. Pratt hit better than.300 six times. Pratt died in Texas City, Texas on September 30, 1977 at age 89. List of Major League Baseball career triples leaders List of Major League Baseball career stolen bases leaders List of Major League Baseball annual runs batted in leaders Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or The Baseball Cube http://www.historicbaseball.com/players/p/pratt_del.html
Run batted in
A run batted in, plural runs batted in, is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored. For example, if the batter bats a base hit another player on a higher base can head home to score a run, the batter gets credited with batting in that run. Before the 1920 Major League Baseball season, runs batted in were not an official baseball statistic; the RBI statistic was tabulated—unofficially—from 1907 through 1919 by baseball writer Ernie Lanigan, according to the Society for American Baseball Research. Common nicknames for an RBI include "ribby", "rib", "ribeye"; the plural of RBI is "RBIs", although some commentators use "RBI" as both singular and plural, as it can stand for "runs batted in". The 2018 edition of the Official Baseball Rules of Major League Baseball, Rule 9.04 Runs Batted In, reads A run batted in is a statistic credited to a batter whose action at bat causes one or more runs to score, as set forth in this Rule 9.04.
The official scorer shall credit the batter with a run batted in for every run that scores unaided by an error and as part of a play begun by the batter's safe hit, sacrifice bunt, sacrifice fly, infield out or fielder's choice, unless Rule 9.04 applies. The official scorer shall not credit a run batted in when the batter grounds into a force double play or a reverse-force double play; the official scorer's judgment must determine whether a run batted in shall be credited for a run that scores when a fielder holds the ball or throws to a wrong base. Ordinarily, if the runner keeps going, the official scorer should credit a run batted in; the perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that compose the triple crown. In addition, career RBIs are cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame. However, critics within the field of sabermetrics, argue that RBIs measure the quality of the lineup more than it does the player himself since an RBI can only be credited to a player if one or more batters preceding him in the batting order reached base.
This implies that better offensive teams—and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base—tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting teams. Totals are current through June 24, 2018. Active players are in bold. Hank Aaron – 2,297 Babe Ruth – 2,214 Cap Anson - 2,075 Alex Rodríguez – 2,055 Barry Bonds – 1,996 Lou Gehrig – 1,993 Albert Pujols – 1,981 Stan Musial – 1,951 Ty Cobb – 1,944 Jimmie Foxx – 1,922 Eddie Murray – 1,917 Willie Mays - 1,903 Hack Wilson – 191 Lou Gehrig – 185 Hank Greenberg – 183 Jimmie Foxx – 175 Lou Gehrig – 173 12 RBIsJim Bottomley Mark Whiten 11 RBIsWilbert Robinson Tony Lazzeri Phil Weintraub 10 RBIsBy 11 MLB players, most Mark Reynolds on July 7, 2018 Fernando Tatís – 8 Ed Cartwright – 7 Alex Rodriguez – 7 David Freese – 21 Scott Spiezio – 19 Sandy Alomar – 19 David Ortiz – 19 List of Major League Baseball runs batted in records
1914 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1914 throughout the world. World Series: Boston Braves over Philadelphia Athletics Chalmers Award Eddie Collins, Philadelphia Athletics, 2B Johnny Evers, Boston Braves, 2B May 31 – Joe Benz pitches a no hitter in a 6-1 Chicago White Sox victory over the Cleveland Naps. June 9 – Honus Wagner of the Pittsburgh Pirates becomes the second member of the 3000 hit club. July 17 – Red Murray of the New York Giants catches game winning catch and is struck by lightning. September 9 – In the second game of a doubleheader, George Davis of the Boston Braves pitches a no-hitter against the Philadelphia Phillies in a 7-0 win. September 19 – Ed Lafitte tosses a no-hitter for the Brooklyn Tip-Tops of the Federal League in a 6-2 win over the Kansas City Packers. September 27 – Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Naps becomes the third member of the 3000 hit club. October 13 – The Boston Braves defeat the Philadelphia Athletics, 3-1, in Game 4 of the World Series to win their first World Championship, four games to none.
This was the first four-game sweep in World Series history. The Cubs had defeated the Tigers four games to none in 1907, but Game 1 had ended in a tie before the Cubs won the next four in a row. November 1 – Philadelphia Athletics owner Connie Mack starts a fire sale, asking waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank and Chief Bender. Coombs goes to the Brooklyn Robins as Plank and Bender escape Mack's maneuvering by jumping to the Federal League. Despite the American League Pennant title, Philadelphia fans did not support the Athletics and the club lost $50,000. January 4 – Herman Franks January 5 – Joe Grace January 5 – Jack Salveson January 13 – Roberto Olivo January 19 – Benny Culp January 19 – Al Piechota January 21 – Blix Donnelly January 23 – Merv Connors January 28 – Alf Anderson January 31 – Mel Mazzera January 31 – Charlie Wiedemeyer February 5 – John Gaddy February 8 – Mel Bosser February 8 – Bert Haas February 9 – Bill Veeck February 17 – Rod Dedeaux February 19 – John Bissant February 19 – Stan Sperry February 21 – Milt Gray February 23 – Lynn Myers February 23 – Mike Tresh March 1 – Harry Caray March 4 – Art Rebel March 7 – Joe Gallagher March 12 – Otto Huber March 14 – Red Marion March 21 – Boyd Perry March 26 – Hal Epps April 1 – George Bradley April 1 – Moe Franklin April 6 – Dee Moore April 8 – Andy Karl April 14 – Earl Bumpus April 17 – Lefty Smoll April 27 – George Archie April 27 – Larry Crawford April 27 – Jug Thesenga April 29 – Marv Breuer May 4 – Harl Maggert May 9 – Culley Rikard May 10 – Russ Bauers May 11 – Al Williams May 14 – Jim Shilling May 14 – Chink Zachary May 15 – Jimmy Wasdell May 20 – Stan Benjamin May 27 – Johnny Welaj June 6 – Eddie Silber June 12 – Pete Naktenis June 14 – George Myatt June 16 – Johnnie Wittig June 22 – Jim Asbell June 22 – Maury Newlin June 24 – Hal Kelleher June 27 – Irv Bartling July 2 – Bob Allen July 3 – Buddy Rosar July 8 – George Fallon July 11 – George Binks July 11 – Joseph Jessup July 12 – Al Glossop July 14 – José Pérez Colmenares July 16 – Don Ross July 17 – Charlie Frye July 18 – Andy Gilbert July 18 – Ben Huffman July 19 – Marius Russo July 23 – Frank Croucher July 26 – Ellis Kinder July 30 – Steve Peek July 31 – Elmer Riddle August 5 – Bob Daughters August 5 – Bob Loane August 6 – Tommy Reis August 22 – Augie Donatelli August 24 – George Turbeville August 26 – Al Cuccinello August 30 – Buddy Hancken September 7 – Hermina Franks September 11 – Clay Smith September 18 – Bill Sodd September 23 – Mack Stewart September 27 – Bill Jackowski September 28 – Dick Midkiff September 29 – Johnny Johnson October 3 – Woody Wheaton October 4 – Bruce Sloan October 6 – George Washburn October 10 – Italo Chelini October 10 – Tommy Fine October 13 – Frankie Hayes October 14 – Harry Brecheen October 28 – Johnny Rigney October 30 – Lefty Wilkie November 2 – Jesse Flores November 2 – Tom McBride November 2 – Johnny Vander Meer November 4 – Sig Gryska November 4 – Les McCrabb November 5 – Mark Mauldin November 10 – Angel Fleitas November 12 – Emerson Dickman November 13 – Jack Hallett November 15 – Mickey Livingston November 15 – Maurice Van Robays November 19 – Eddie Morgan November 21 – Pinky Jorgensen November 21 – George Scharein November 22 – Alex Pitko November 23 – Emmett Ashford November 23 – Mel Preibisch November 25 – Joe DiMaggio November 25 – Gene Handley November 26 – Ed Weiland November 29 – Joe Orengo December 6 – Turkey Tyson December 9 – Hank Camelli December 11 – Bill Nicholson December 12 – Buzzie Bavasi December 14 – Rusty Peters December 17 – Dave Smith January 11 – Walt Goldsby, 52, outfielder who hit.236 for five teams in two different leagues between 1884 and 1888.
January 13 – Aaron Clapp, 57, first baseman for the 1879 Troy Trojans of the National League. January 20 – Pat Lyons, 53, Canadian second baseman who played for the Cleveland Spiders of the National League in 1890. February 1 – Sam Weaver, 58, pitcher who posted a 68-80 record and a 3.21 ERA with five teams in four different leagues from 1875 to 1886. February 9 – Buster Brown, 32, National League pitcher who had a 51-103 record and a 3.21 ERA for the St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies and Boston Doves/Braves. February 9 – Jack Farrell, 56, second baseman for 11 seasons, who played bulk of his career with the Providence Grays. February 21 – Farmer Vaughn, 49, catcher who hit.274 with 21 home runs and 525 RBI in 925 games for five teams from 1886 to 1899. February 23 – Nat Jewett, 69, catcher for the 1872 Brooklyn Eckfords of the National Association. February 28 – Art Sladen, 53, outfielder for the Boston Reds of the Union Association in 1884. March 24 – Jack Brennan, 50, catcher/infielder who played from 1884 to 1890 with four teams in four different leagues.
April 1 – Rube Waddell, 37, pitcher for the Philadelphia Athletics who led AL in strikeouts
Boston Red Sox
The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League East division; the Red Sox have won nine World Series championships, tied for the third-most of any MLB team, they have played in 13. Their most recent appearance and win was in 2018. In addition, they won the 1904 American League pennant, but were not able to defend their 1903 World Series championship when the New York Giants refused to participate in the 1904 World Series. Founded in 1901 as one of the American League's eight charter franchises, the Red Sox' home ballpark has been Fenway Park since 1912; the "Red Sox" name was chosen by the team owner, John I. Taylor, circa 1908, following the lead of previous teams, known as the "Boston Red Stockings", including the forerunner of the Atlanta Braves. Boston was a dominant team in the new league, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series in 1903 and winning four more championships by 1918.
However, they went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history, dubbed the "Curse of the Bambino" after its alleged inception due to the Red Sox' sale of Babe Ruth to the rival New York Yankees two years after their world championship in 1918, an 86-year wait before the team's sixth World Championship in 2004. The team's history during that period was punctuated with some of the most memorable moments in World Series history, including Enos Slaughter's "mad dash" in 1946, the "Impossible Dream" of 1967, Carlton Fisk's home run in 1975, Bill Buckner's error in 1986. Following their victory in the 2018 World Series, they became the first team to win four World Series trophies in the 21st century, including championships in 2004, 2007, 2013 and 2018. Red Sox history has been marked by the team's intense rivalry with the Yankees, arguably the fiercest and most historic in North American professional sports; the Boston Red Sox are owned by Fenway Sports Group, which owns Liverpool F.
C. of the Premier League in England. The Red Sox are one of the top MLB teams in average road attendance, while the small capacity of Fenway Park prevents them from leading in overall attendance. From May 15, 2003 to April 10, 2013, the Red Sox sold out every home game—a total of 820 games for a major professional sports record. Both Neil Diamond's "Sweet Caroline", The Standells's "Dirty Water" have become anthems for the Red Sox; the name Red Sox, chosen by owner John I. Taylor after the 1907 season, refers to the red hose in the team uniform beginning in 1908. Sox had been adopted for the Chicago White Sox by newspapers needing a headline-friendly form of Stockings, as "Stockings Win!" in large type did not fit in a column. The team name "Red Sox" had been used as early as 1888 by a'colored' team from Norfolk, Virginia; the Spanish language media sometimes refers to the team as Medias Rojas, a translation of "red socks". The official Spanish site uses the variant "Los Red Sox"; the Red Stockings nickname was first used by a baseball team by the Cincinnati Red Stockings, who were members of the pioneering National Association of Base Ball Players.
Managed by Harry Wright, Cincinnati adopted a uniform with white knickers and red stockings and earned the famous nickname, a year or two before hiring the first professional team in 1869. When the club folded after the 1870 season, Wright was hired by Boston businessman Ivers Whitney Adams to organize a new team in Boston, he did, bringing three teammates and the "Red Stockings" nickname along; the Boston Red Stockings won four championships in the five seasons of the new National Association, the first professional league. When a new Cincinnati club was formed as a charter member of the National League in 1876, the "Red Stockings" nickname was reserved for them once again, the Boston team was referred to as the "Red Caps". Other names were sometimes used before Boston adopted the nickname "Braves" in 1912. In 1901, the upstart American League established a competing club in Boston. For seven seasons, the AL team had no official nickname, they were "Boston", "Bostonians" or "the Bostons". Their 1901–1907 jerseys, both home, road, just read "Boston", except for 1902 when they sported large letters "B" and "A" denoting "Boston" and "American."
Newspaper writers of the time used other nicknames for the club, including "Somersets", "Plymouth Rocks", "Beaneaters", the "Collinsites"", "Pilgrims." For years many sources have listed "Pilgrims" as the early Boston AL team's official nickname, but researcher Bill Nowlin has demonstrated that the name was used, if at all, during the team's early years. The origin of the nickname appears to be a poem entitled "The Pilgrims At Home" written by Edwin Fitzwilliam, sung at the 1907 home opener; this nickname was used during that season because the team had a new manager and several rookie players. John I. Taylor had said in December 1907 that the Pilgrims "sounded too much like homeless wanderers." The National League club in Boston, though called the "Red Stockings" anymore, still wore red trim. In 1907, the Nat