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1918–19 NHL season

The 1918–19 NHL season was the second season of the National Hockey League. While at first it was uncertain that the NHL would operate, the possibility that National Hockey Association would be resumed, the unfinished business of Eddie Livingstone's Toronto and Ottawa's NHA franchise, led to the NHL owners suspending the NHA again. Livingstone would attempt to overthrow the NHA management, failing that, attempt to operate a rival league; the pre-season was filled with legal actions and public verbal attacks. The NHL operated with three teams, in Montreal and Toronto. However, the season ended early with Toronto suspending operations, leaving Montreal and Ottawa to play off for the championship. Montreal would travel to Seattle for the Stanley Cup final. However, the Cup series would not be completed due to influenza infecting the whole Montreal team and causing the eventual death of Montreal's Joe Hall; the pre-season saw plenty of action off the ice. Toronto NHA owner Eddie Livingstone had found a partner in Percy Quinn, manager of the Toronto Arena Gardens, to take on the NHA/NHL owners.

The two together tried to lease the ice time at the Toronto Arena Gardens, Ottawa Arena and Montreal Jubilee Rink from under the noses of the NHL owners, launched several lawsuits, attempted to launch a competing league and attempted to relaunch the NHA, but were unsuccessful. The NHA, while not operating, met three times; the first action of Livingstone and Quinn was Quinn's attempt to purchase the Quebec Bulldogs, putting down a $600 down payment. At the time, Quinn's purchase was welcomed by the other NHA owners, thinking that they would gain an operating franchise. Quinn's action gave Livingstone three votes at NHA meetings. Livingstone still had the voting shares of the Torontos NHA franchises. On September 27, 1918, in Montreal, the NHA directors met again. Ottawa, Montreal Wanderers and Canadiens voted to again suspend operations of the league; this meant. Percy Quinn's purchase of the Quebec Bulldogs was approved but his franchise could not play; the action of the NHA directors led to Livingstone filing a lawsuit on October 1, 1918, charging that there was a conspiracy among the NHA owners, paid for by the Arena Company to suspend the NHA operations and asking the court to nullify the suspension.

On October 2, Quinn would meet with Ted Dey, owner of the Ottawa Arena and enter into an agreement to lease the Ottawa Arena. Dey did not cash it, he had plans of his own, involving the takeover of the Ottawa Senators, making it look to the Senators' management that they had no arena to play in. Rather than let the team fold, Martin Rosenthal entered into an agreement to sell the Senators to Dey. Since Toronto had won the Cup in 1917–18, a monkey wrench had been thrown into the other owners' scheme to get rid of Livingstone, his team was estimated now to be worth $20,000, Livingstone demanded that. The Arena Company offered $7,000, but Livingstone instead sued the Arena and Charlie Querrie for $20,000. In the days following the filing of the lawsuit against Arena, Hubert Vearncombe, treasurer of the Toronto Arena Company, formed the separate Toronto Arena HC; this separated the hockey club from the Livingstone lawsuits, though the franchise still used Livingstone's players without permission. A new threat to the NHL appeared.

Livingstone, along with Quinn attempted to launch a competing Canadian Hockey Association. Quinn now planned to relocate the Quebec club to Toronto as the "Shamrocks"; when news of the purchase reached Frank Calder president of both the NHA and NHL, he demanded that Quinn declare his intentions to be a member of the NHL or CHA. Calder publicly issued a November 11 deadline for Quinn to declare his intentions. Quinn did not meet it and Calder declared the Quebec franchise suspended for the season. On October 2, Quinn signed a lease agreement with Ted Dey of the Ottawa Arena to hold exclusive rights for pro hockey there. However, Dey double-crossed Quinn, not cashing his deposit cheque, signing a five-year agreement with the NHL for the use of the facility. At the NHL meeting on November 9, 1918, the Toronto and Montreal teams signed an agreement to bind themselves to the NHL for a period of five years; this was at the instigation of the Ottawa club, which would not return to the NHL otherwise, had the pending option with Percy Quinn to operate in the Canadian league.

The directors of the Arena Company of Montreal, owner of the Montreal and Toronto arenas and decided to shut out the CHA, against the wishes of Quinn ending the attempt to start up the CHA for the 1918–19 season. Despite the suspension, the public threat, Quinn agreed to meet with Calder but reached no agreement. Calder publicly offered an olive branch to Quinn to join the NHL. While this was going on, the NHA's suit to recover $3,500 from the Toronto 228th hockey team's insurer, the Ocean Accident and Guarantee Limited, was heard and dismissed; the NHA had sued the 228th for dropping out of the NHA in 1917. In his judgment, Judge Falconbridge noted that an insurance bond posted by the 228th could never have been enforceable, that they had been ordered overseas under no fault of their own and that there was no clear legal status of the team, having played under the franchise of the non-operating Ontario Hockey Club. A judgment went against Livingstone on November 20, 1918. Livingstone had claimed that Ottawa had interfered in the proper running of the NHA when the NHA had suspended the Toronto club in February 1917.

The judge ruled that the NHA operated within its constitution, as no rules on how to operate less than six teams had been written. In a related development, Livingstone enter

Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor

Matthias of Austria, a member of the House of Habsburg was Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria, king of Hungary and Croatia since 1608 and king of Bohemia since 1611. His personal motto was Concordia lumine maior, he played a significant role in the familial opposition of the Habsburgs against his brother Emperor Rudolf. After gaining power, he showed little political initiative of his own; the course of his politics was determined by Cardinal Klesl until his fall in 1618. As a consequence of his failed religious and administrative policies the Bohemian Revolt, the initial theatre of the Thirty Years War set off during the final year of his reign. Matthias was born in the Austrian capital of Vienna as the fourth son of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain, his brothers were Rudolf, Ernest of Austria, Maximilian and Wenceslaus. He had six sisters. Through the marriage of his sister Anna, he was related to Philip II of Spain and his sister Elisabeth to King Charles IX of France.

Nothing is known about his upbringings. One of his teachers was historian Ogier Ghislain de Busbecq; as upon Maximilian II's death the royal estates and property were transferred to Rudolf, his brothers - including Matthias - received compensations, like cash pensions and appointments of church or state positions. Matthias married Archduchess Anna of Austria, daughter of his uncle Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria, whose successor in Further Austria Matthias became in 1595, their marriage did not produce surviving children. In 1578, Matthias was invited to the Netherlands by the States-General of the rebellious provinces, who offered him the position of Governor-General. Matthias had come into contact with Gautier von der Gracht, the envoy of the Dutch provinces, at the Regensburg Reichstag in 1576. Philippe III de Croÿ, Duke of Aarschot and other representatives of a rather moderate party agreed with Matthias to make him the governor of the Netherlands against the will of his uncle, Philip II of Spain, the hereditary ruler of the provinces and without the knowledge of Emperor Rudolf II.

Matthias accepted the appointment, although the position was not recognized by Philip II. He set down the rules for religious peace within most of the United Provinces, his work is noted in Article 13 of the 1579 Union of Utrecht, which established freedom of religion as a locally determined issue. Matthias continued as titular governor for the rebels until they deposed Philip II and declared full independence in 1581, at which point he returned home to Austria. In 1593 he was appointed governor of Austria by his brother, Emperor Rudolf II, he formed a close association there with the Bishop of Vienna, Melchior Klesl, who became his chief adviser. In 1605 Matthias forced the ailing emperor to allow him to deal with the Hungarian Protestant rebels; the result was the Peace of Vienna of 1606, which guaranteed religious freedom in Hungary and guaranteed the right of Transylvanians to elect their own independent princes in the future. In the same year Matthias was recognized as head of the House of Habsburg and as the future Holy Roman Emperor, as a result of Rudolf's illness.

Allying himself with the estates of Hungary and Moravia, Matthias forced his brother to yield rule of these lands to him in 1608. Matthias's army held Rudolf prisoner in his castle in Prague, until 1611, when Rudolf was forced to cede the crown of Bohemia to his brother, he returned to Austria in 1583. He made several unsuccessful attempts to get elected as bishop. In 1586 negotiations for the succession of the Polish king Stephen Báthory were unsuccessful, he applied for the regency in Tyrol and Further Austria. It was only when his brother Ernest was appointed General Governor in the Netherlands in 1593 that Matthias was able to secure governance over Austria, he was confronted with the vigorous advocacy of their religious rights among the Protestant estates. The problems were exacerbated by the high taxes and the troops raised as a result of the Long Turkish War. In the years 1595 and 1597 the farmers in Lower and Upper Austria revolted in the hope to negotiate with the emperor. Matthias forced the insurgents into submission with mercenary troops.

After the uprising had been quelled, Matthias' policies on religion changed. If there had been Protestants at his court, he now went on a strict Counter-Reformation course, his chancellor had been Melchior Khlesl and administrator of Wiener Neustadt, since 1599 and supporter of the Counter-Reformation. The emperor appointed him in 1594/95 and again in 1598/1600 as nominal commander in chief in the Turkish war and as his representative to the Hungarian Reichstag. Matthias was crowned King of Bohemia on May 23, 1611 and was, after Rudolf's death on January 20, 1612, elected Emperor. On December 4, 1611, he married his cousin Archduchess Anna of Austria, yet the union failed to produce children. Matthias fathered an illegitimate son named Matthias of Austria with an unknown mother; the court and administration were moved from Prague to Vienna since 1612. The new emperor was less interested in art than Rudolf II and most court artists soon turned their backs on his court. Matthias maintained however a close relationship with the painter Lucas van Valckenborch.

For the private crown of his brother Rudolf II, he had a sceptre and

Canon TS-E 45mm lens

The Canon TS-E 45 mm f/2.8 is a tilt-shift, normal prime lens that provides the equivalent of the corresponding view camera front movements on Canon EOS camera bodies. Unlike most other EF-mount lenses, it does not provide autofocus; the TS-E 45 mm f/2.8 provides three degrees of freedom, allowing ±8° tilt with respect to the image plane and ±11 mm shift with respect to the center of the image area. Shifting allows adjusting the position of the subject in the image area without moving the camera back. Tilting the lens relies on the Scheimpflug principle to rotate the plane of focus away from parallel to the image plane. Tilting the lens results in a wedge-shaped depth of field that may be a better fit to some scenes than the depth of field between two parallel planes that results without tilt. Unlike most view cameras, the shift mechanism allows shifts along only one axis, the tilt mechanism allows tilts about only one axis; the tilt and shift functions cannot be independently rotated. The lens is supplied with these functions at 90° to each other.

TS-E 17 mm TS-E 24 mm TS-E 50 mm TS-E 90 mm TS-E 135mm Canon Camera Museum

Chester, Orange County, New York

Chester is a town in Orange County, New York, United States. The population was 12,187 at the 2017 census. Chester contains a village called Chester. Chester is the birthplace of Philadelphia-style cream cheese; the town was first settled by Europeans in the 1700s, made up of ethnic English colonists. The economy of the early town was based on dairy products milk; this industry flourished because completion of the Erie Railroad in 1841, which ran through Chester, enabled local farmers to ship their prices to New York City, where demand was high. For instance, local farmer Phil Gregory would ship 240 quarts of milk by train to New York City; the railroad earned $1.20 in freight charges. In 2018, the Town of Chester approved a large residential development, it learned that the development appeared to be targeted toward the Satmar Hasidim community, whose rapid growth in this area had caused tensions. The large families of the Orthodox created strains for the local public school system, there were other tensions between the strict Kiryas Joel and neighboring communities.

Town supervisor Alex Jamieson told a local newspaper that the town would be buying up areas of undeveloped open space, including around the planned development in Chester, in order "to keep the Hasidic out so that they can't control the Town Board." His comments were reported and criticized by The Forward as antisemitic. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 25.2 square miles, of which, 25.2 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. Conjoined NY-17 and US-6 cross the north part of Chester. NY-94 crosses NY-17 south of Chester village; as of the census of 2017, there were 12,140 people, 3,848 households, 3,016 families residing in the town. The population density was 482.2 people per square mile. There were 3,984 housing units at an average density of 158.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 76.7% White, 9.8% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 4.3% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.14% of the population.

There were 3,782 households out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.6% were non-families. 16.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.31. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.0 males. The median income for a household in the town was $69,280, the median income for a family was $75,222. Males had a median income of $53,528 versus $36,673 for females; the per capita income for the town was $25,900. About 2.7% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over.

Camp Monroe – a multi-denominational Jewish sleep-away summer camp founded in 1941 near the southern border with the town of Monroe. Chester – a village located on NY-94. East Chester – a hamlet southeast of Chester village. Greycourt – site of former major railroad intersection and depot on the Erie Main Line. Glenmere Lake – a reservoir at the west town line Goose Pond Mountain State Park – a state park southeast of Chester village. Lake Hill Farms– a subdivision of about 175 homes in the southwest corner of the town first developed in 1973. Sugar Loaf – the oldest community in the town, predating Chester town by more than a century; the hamlet is home to the harness-racing horse Hambletonian 10. Surrey Meadows – a late 1960s subdivision north of Chester village; the elementary school is located in this area. Walton Park – a hamlet on the border of the towns of Chester and Monroe. List of towns in New York Town website

2015 Chicago mayoral election

An election took place on February 24, 2015, to elect the mayor of Chicago. The election was non-partisan and no candidate received a majority. A runoff election was held between the top two finishers on April 7, 2015, resulted in the reelection of incumbent mayor Rahm Emanuel; the elections were concurrent with the 2015 Chicago aldermanic elections. Emanuel ran for reelection. In the first round, Emanuel received 46% of the vote and Democratic Cook County Commissioner Jesús "Chuy" García received 34%; because no candidate received a majority, a runoff was held. In the runoff, Emanuel received 56.23 % of the vote. Garcia received3 43.77% of the vote. 2015 was the first time the election advanced to a runoff since mayoral elections became non-partisan in 1999. Rahm Emanuel, incumbent mayor Robert Fioretti, Chicago City Alderman Jesús "Chuy" García, Cook County Commissioner and former state senator William "Dock" Walls, community activist, former aide to Mayor Harold Washington and perennial candidate Willie Wilson, medical supply company executive William H. Calloway Christopher Ware Mary Vann Frederick Collins, Chicago police officer Amara Enyia, urban affairs consultant and community activist William J. Kelly, political activist and Republican candidate for Illinois Comptroller in 2010 and 2014 Gerald Sconyers Robert Shaw, former Chicago City Alderman and former Cook County Commissioner Fenton Patterson, perennial candidate Leslie Hairston, Chicago City Alderman Karen Lewis, president of the Chicago Teachers Union Toni Preckwinkle, president of the Cook County Board of Commissioners Kwame Raoul, state senator Scott Waguespack, Chicago city alderman * Internal poll for the Rahm Emanuel campaign * Internal poll for the Rahm Emanuel campaign United States elections, 2015 Chicago aldermanic elections, 2015 Third mayoral debate between Emanuel and Garcia, March 31, 2015

List of New Zealand organisations with royal patronage

This is a list of New Zealand organisations with designated royal status. Corps of Royal New Zealand Engineers Corps of Royal New Zealand Military Police Royal Aeronautical Society Royal Agricultural Society of New Zealand Royal Akarana Yacht Club Royal Arcadian Yacht Club Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand Royal Auckland Golf Club Royal Australasian College of Physicians Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists Royal Christchurch Musical Society Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia Royal Dunedin Male Choir Royal East Auckland Curry Club Royal Federation of New Zealand Justices' Associations Royal Forest and Bird Protection Society of New Zealand Royal Humane Society of New Zealand Royal New Zealand Aero Club Royal New Zealand Air Force Royal New Zealand Air Force Museum Royal New Zealand Armoured Corps Royal New Zealand Army Dental Corps Royal New Zealand Army Logistic Regiment Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps Royal New Zealand Army Nursing Corps Royal New Zealand Army Ordnance Corps Royal New Zealand Ballet Royal New Zealand Coastguard Federation Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals Royal New Zealand Corps of Transport Royal New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Royal New Zealand Curry Club Royal New Zealand Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Royal New Zealand Fencible Corps Royal New Zealand Foundation of the Blind Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture Royal New Zealand Naval Volunteer Reserve Royal New Zealand Navy Royal New Zealand Pipe Bands' Association Royal New Zealand Plunket Society Royal New Zealand Police College Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association Royal New Zealand Show Royal New Zealand Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron Royal New Zealand Well Digger's Association Royal New Zealand Women's Army Corps Royal Numismatic Society of New Zealand Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand Royal Port Nicholson Yacht Club Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery Royal School of Church Music New Zealand Royal Scottish Country Dance Society New Zealand Branch Royal Society of New Zealand Royal Wanganui Opera House Royal Wellington Golf Club List of Canadian organizations with royal patronage List of UK organisations with royal patronage List of Irish organizations with royal patronage Monarchy in New Zealand