William Felton Bill Russell is an American retired professional basketball player. Russell played center for the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association from 1956 to 1969, a five-time NBA Most Valuable Player and a twelve-time All-Star, he was the centerpiece of the Celtics dynasty, winning eleven NBA championships during his thirteen-year career. Along with Henri Richard of the National Hockey Leagues Montreal Canadiens, before his professional career, Russell led the University of San Francisco to two consecutive NCAA championships. He won a medal at the 1956 Summer Olympics as captain of the U. S. national basketball team. Russell is widely considered one of the best players in NBA history and he was listed as between 6 ft 9 in and 6 ft 10 in, and his shot-blocking and man-to-man defense were major reasons for the Celtics success. He inspired his teammates to elevate their own defensive play, Russell was equally notable for his rebounding abilities. He led the NBA in rebounds four times, had a dozen consecutive seasons of 1,000 or more rebounds and he is one of just two NBA players to have grabbed more than 50 rebounds in a game.
Though never the point of the Celtics offense, Russell scored 14,522 career points. Playing in the wake of pioneers like Earl Lloyd, Chuck Cooper and he served a three-season stint as player-coach for the Celtics, becoming the first African American NBA coach. For his accomplishments in the Civil Rights Movement on and off the court, Russell is one of only seven players in history to win an NCAA Championship, an NBA Championship, and an Olympic gold medal. He was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, in 2007 he was enshrined in the FIBA Hall of Fame. In Russells honor the NBA renamed the NBA Finals Most Valuable Player trophy in 2009, Bill Russell was born to Charles Russell and Katie Russell in West Monroe, Louisiana. Like almost all towns and cities of that time, West Monroe was a highly segregated place. Once, Russells father was refused service at a gas station until the staff had taken care of all the white customers. When his father attempted to leave and find a different station, at another time, Russells mother was walking outside in a fancy dress when a policeman accosted her.
He told her to go home and remove the dress, which he described as white womans clothing, while there the family fell into poverty, and Russell spent his childhood living in a series of public housing projects. Charles Russell is described as a stern, hard man who was initially a janitor in a paper factory, being closer to his mother Katie than to his father, Russell received a major emotional blow when she suddenly died when he was 12. His father gave up his job and became a steel worker to be closer to his semi-orphaned children
Robert Joseph Bob Cousy is an American retired professional basketball player and member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Cousy played point guard with the Boston Celtics from 1950 to 1963, Cousy was initially drafted as the third overall pick in the first round of the 1950 NBA draft by the Tri-Cities Blackhawks, but after he refused to report, he was picked up by Boston. He was named to 12 All-NBA First and Second Teams, known as Cooz, he was regularly introduced at Boston Garden as Mr. Basketball. After his playing career, he coached the Royals for several years, Cousy became a broadcaster for Celtics games. Upon his election to the Hall of Fame in 1971 the Celtics retired his #14 jersey and he was the first president of National Basketball Players Association. Cousy was the son of poor French immigrants living in New York City. He grew up in the Yorkville neighborhood of Manhattans East Side and his father Joseph was a cab driver, who earned extra income by moonlighting. The elder Cousy had served in the German Army during World War I, shortly after the war, his first wife died of pneumonia, leaving behind a young daughter.
He married Julie Corlet, a secretary and French teacher from Dijon, at the time of the 1930 census, the family was renting an apartment in Astoria, for $50 per month. The younger Cousy spoke French for the first 5 years of his life and he spent his early days playing stickball in a multicultural environment, regularly playing with African Americans and other ethnic minority children. These experiences ingrained him with a strong anti-racist sentiment, an attitude he prominently promoted during his professional career, when he was 12, his family moved to a rented house in St. Albans, Queens. That summer, the elder Cousy put a $500 down payment for a $4,500 house four blocks away and he rented out the bottom two floors of the three-story building to tenants to help make his mortgage payments on time. Cousy took up basketball at the age of 13, as a student at St. Pascals elementary school, the following year, he entered Andrew Jackson High School in St Albans. His basketball success was not immediate, and in fact he was cut from the team in his first year.
The next year, however, he was cut during the tryouts for the school basketball team. That same year, he out of a tree and broke his right hand. The injury forced him to play left-handed until his hand healed, in retrospect, he described this accident as a fortunate event and cited it as a factor in making him more versatile on the court. During a Press League game, the school basketball coach saw him play
Charles Edward Ed Macauley was a professional basketball player in the NBA. His playing nickname was Easy Ed, Macauley spent his prep school days at St. Louis University High School, went on to Saint Louis University, where his team won the NIT championship in 1948. He was named the AP Player of the Year in 1949, Macauley played in the NBA with the St. Louis Bombers, Boston Celtics, and St. Louis Hawks. Macauley was named MVP of the first NBA All-Star Game, and was named to the NBAs All-NBA First Team three consecutive seasons and he was named to the All-NBA second team once, in 1953–54—the same season he led the league in field goal percentage. Macauleys trade to St. Louis brought Bill Russell to the Celtics, in the two years he coached with the Hawks, he led them to a 89-48 record, with a 9-11 playoff record. Macauley scored 11,234 points in ten NBA seasons and was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1960, at age 32, he still holds the record for being the youngest male player to be admitted.
His uniform number 22 was retired by the Boston Celtics and he was awarded a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame. In 1989 Macauley was ordained a deacon of the Catholic Church, with Father Francis Friedl, he coauthored the book Homilies Alive, Creating Homilies That Hit Home. He died on November 8,2011, at his home in St. Louis, Ed Macauley at the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame BasketballReference. com, Ed Macauley BasketballReference. com, Ed Macauley
National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is the major mens professional basketball league in North America, and is widely considered to be the premier mens professional basketball league in the world. It has 30 teams, and is a member of USA Basketball. The NBA is one of the four professional sports leagues in the United States. NBA players are the worlds best paid athletes by average annual salary per player, the league was founded in New York City on June 6,1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3,1949, the leagues several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in New York City. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada. On November 1,1946, in Toronto, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, the first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers.
During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not significantly better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that leagues 1948 title, Following the 1948–49 season, the BAA took in the remainder of the NBL, Anderson, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as arenas and smaller gymnasiums. The process of contraction saw the leagues smaller-city franchises move to larger cities, the Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, and to St. Louis in 1955. The Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957, japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks. He remained the only player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships, to encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, who already featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, and went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, russells rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports. The 1960s were dominated by the Celtics, led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966
Louis Charles Lou Tsioropoulos was a Greek-American professional basketball player who played for the NBAs Boston Celtics for three seasons from 1956–1959. He was born in Lynn, Tsioropoulos played college basketball at the University of Kentucky under legendary coach Adolph Rupp. As a sophomore in 1951, he was a member of Kentuckys NCAA Championship team, Tsioropoulos and Hagan all graduated from Kentucky in 1953, and as a result, became eligible for the NBA draft. All three players were selected by the Boston Celtics, Ramsey in the first round, Hagan in the third, all three returned to Kentucky for one more season, despite graduating. After finishing the season with a perfect 25-0 record and a #1 ranking in the Associated Press. However, then-existing NCAA rules prohibited graduate students from participating in post-season play, the Wildcats declined the bid because their participation would have forced them to play without Tsioropoulos and Hagan, thus jeopardizing their perfect season. Tsioropoulos #16 jersey was retired by his alma mater, and he is in the University of Kentucky Athletics Hall of Fame, Tsioropoulos spent some time in the Air Force before joining the Celtics in 1956.
As Tom Heinsohns backup at small forward, Tsioropoulos played three seasons with the Celtics, winning NBA championships in 1957 and 1959, in 157 NBA games, he averaged 5.8 points per game. His best NBA season was 1957–58, in which he averaged 7.7 points per game and this season was the only one of his three NBA seasons in which he played in the playoffs, he averaged 6.3 points per game. That year, the Bob Pettit-led St. Louis Hawks defeated the Celtics in the NBA Finals, Tsioropoulos was a principal of Jefferson County High School, and lived in Florida. He died in Louisville on August 22,2015 at the age of 84, nba. com historical playerfile Lou Tsioropoulos profile @ celtic-nation. com
Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is an American history museum and hall of fame, located at 1000 Hall of Fame Avenue in Springfield, Massachusetts. It serves as the sports most complete library, in addition to promoting and preserving the history of basketball, dedicated to Canadian physician and inventor of the sport James Naismith, it was opened and inducted its first class in 1959. As of the induction of the Class of 2016 on September 9,2016, the Naismith Hall of Fame was established in 1959 by Lee Williams, a former athletic director at Colby College. In the 1960s, the Basketball Hall of Fame struggled to raise money for the construction of its first facility. The Basketball Hall of Fames Board named four inductees in its first year, in addition to honoring those who contributed to basketball, the Hall of Fame sought to make contributions of its own. In 1979, the Hall of Fame sponsored the Tip-Off Classic and this Tip-Off Classic has been the start to the college basketball season ever since, and although it does not always take place in Springfield, generally it returns every few years.
In the 17 years that the original Basketball Hall of Fame operated at Springfield College, the popularity of the Basketball Hall of Fame necessitated that a new facility be constructed, and in 1985, an $11 million facility was built beside the scenic Connecticut River in Springfield. As the new hall opened, it recognized women for the first time, with such as Senda Berenson Abbott. In 2002, the Basketball Hall of Fame moved again—albeit merely 100 yards south along Springfields riverfront—into a $47 million facility designed by renowned architects Gwathmey Siegel & Associates, the buildings architecture features a metallic silver, basketball-shaped sphere flanked by two similarly symmetrical rhombuses. The dome is illuminated at night and features 80,000 square foot, including numerous restaurants, the second Basketball Hall of Fame was not torn down but rather converted into an LA Fitness health clubs. The current Basketball Hall of Fame features Center Court, a basketball court on which visitors can play.
Inside the building there are a gallery, many interactive exhibits, several theaters. A large theater for ceremonies seats up to 300, the honorees inducted in 2002 included the Harlem Globetrotters and Magic Johnson, a five-time NBA champion, three-time NBA finals MVP and Olympic gold medalist. As of 2011, the current Basketball Hall of Fame has greatly exceeded attendance expectations, despite the new facilitys success, a logistical problem remains for the Basketball Hall of Fame and the City of Springfield. Urban planners at universities such as UMass Amherst have called for the I-91 to be moved, in 2010, the Urban Land Institute announced a plan to make the walk between Springfields Metro Center and the Hall of Fame easier. Since 2011, the induction process employs a total of seven committees to both screen and elect candidates, since 2011, the Veterans and International Committees vote to directly induct one candidate for each induction class. Contributor Direct Election Committee Note that other committees may choose to elect contributors, for example, the 2014 class included two contributors.
However, each screening committee is limited as to the number of candidates it can put forth to the Honors Committee—10 from the North American Committee, any individual receiving at least 18 affirmative votes from the Honors Committee is approved for induction into the Hall of Fame
Frank Ramsey (basketball)
Frank Vernon Ramsey, Jr. is an American former professional basketball player and coach. A 6-3 guard, he played his entire nine-year NBA career with the Boston Celtics and played a role in the early part of their dynasty. Ramsey was a coach for the Kentucky Colonels of the ABA during the 1970–1971 season. Raised in Madisonville, Ramsey was an athlete at the University of Kentucky. Playing under legendary coach Adolph Rupp, Ramsey, as a sophomore in 1951, Ramsey and Tsioropoulos all graduated from Kentucky in 1953 and, as a result, became eligible for the NBA draft. All three players were selected by the Boston Celtics—Ramsey in the first round, Hagan in the third, all three returned to Kentucky for one more season despite graduating. After finishing the season with a perfect 25-0 record and a #1 ranking in the Associated Press. After playing his rookie season with the Celtics, Ramsey spent one year in the military before rejoining the team, in the eight seasons he played after military service, he was a member of seven championship teams.
He was a contributor of the Celtics dynasty, playing behind the duo of Bob Cousy and Bill Sharman and playing with Bill Russell, Sam Jones. Jones, Tom Heinsohn and John Havlicek, in his 623 NBA games Ramsey scored 8378 points for an average of 13.4 points per game. He was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1981 and his #23 is retired by the Celtics. Ramseys best statistical season was 1957–1958, he averaged 16.5 points and 7.3 rebounds per game. It was his only season in which the Celtics did not win the NBA championship. Ramsey was a coach for one season in the ABA with the Kentucky Colonels. Ramsey was named coach 17 games into an 84-game season and, though he had a 32-35 record, the Colonels lost to the Utah Stars in the 1971 ABA Finals,4 games to 3. Joe Mullaney replaced Ramsey as coach the following season, prior to coaching in the ABA, Ramsey had been Red Auerbachs first choice to replace his mentor as Celtics coach after Auerbach retired at the end of the 1965–66 season.
However, Ramsey decided to back to Madisonville, his father, Frank Sr. wasnt in good health. Auerbach is often credited throughout basketball with creating the sixth man, though Ramsey was one of the Celtics best players, he felt more comfortable coming off the bench and Auerbach wanted him fresh and in the lineup at the end of close games
Clifford Oldham Cliff Hagan is an American former professional basketball player. A 6-4 forward who excelled with the shot, nicknamed Lil Abner. He was a player-coach for the Dallas Chaparrals in the first two-plus years of the American Basketball Associations existence, Hagan played college basketball at the University of Kentucky under legendary coach Adolph Rupp. As a sophomore in 1951 he helped Kentucky win the NCAA Championship with a 68-58 victory over Kansas State, Hagan and Tsioropoulos all graduated from Kentucky in 1953 and, as a result, became eligible for the NBA draft. All three players were selected by the Boston Celtics—Ramsey in the first round, Hagan in the third, all three returned to play at Kentucky despite graduating. After finishing the season with a perfect 25-0 record and a #1 ranking in the Associated Press. Upon graduation from Kentucky, Hagan had scored 1475 points, which ranked him third in history, and grabbed 1035 rebounds. In 1952 and 1954, he was named both All-American and First Team All-Southeastern Conference and his uniform number 6 is retired by the University of Kentucky.
Upon graduation, like Ramsey before him, was drafted by the Celtics, unlike Ramsey, Hagan served in the military for two years after being drafted. In both of his years in the military, stationed at Andrews Air Force Base, after his military service, Hagan and Ed Macauley were traded to the St. Louis Hawks for the draft rights to Bill Russell. In 1958, his season in the NBA, the Hawks, led by Hagan and Bob Pettit, won the NBA championship. Hagan was named to play in five consecutive NBA All-Star Games from 1958 to 1962, in his 10 NBA seasons, Hagan played 745 games and scored 13,447 points for an 18.0 average. In 1967, the Dallas Chaparrals of the newly formed ABA hired Hagan as a player-coach and he scored 40 points in his teams very first game. He played in the very first ABA All-Star Game that season and he retired as a player after playing three games during the 1969–1970 season and remained as Chaparral coach until midway into the season. Hagan played in 94 ABA games and scored 1423 points for a 15.1 average, Hagan was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1978, the first ex-University of Kentucky player to be so honored.
In 1972, Hagan returned to the University of Kentucky as the assistant athletic director. In 1993, the University of Kentucky renamed its baseball field in honor of Hagan and it had previously been known as the Bernie A. Shively Sports Center
African Americans are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black racial groups of Africa. The term may be used to only those individuals who are descended from enslaved Africans. As a compound adjective the term is usually hyphenated as African-American and African Americans constitute the third largest racial and ethnic group in the United States. Most African Americans are of West and Central African descent and are descendants of enslaved peoples within the boundaries of the present United States. On average, African Americans are of 73. 2–80. 9% West African, 18–24% European, according to US Census Bureau data, African immigrants generally do not self-identify as African American. The overwhelming majority of African immigrants identify instead with their own respective ethnicities, immigrants from some Caribbean, Central American and South American nations and their descendants may or may not self-identify with the term. After the founding of the United States, black people continued to be enslaved, believed to be inferior to white people, they were treated as second-class citizens.
The Naturalization Act of 1790 limited U. S. citizenship to whites only, in 2008, Barack Obama became the first African American to be elected President of the United States. The first African slaves arrived via Santo Domingo to the San Miguel de Gualdape colony, the ill-fated colony was almost immediately disrupted by a fight over leadership, during which the slaves revolted and fled the colony to seek refuge among local Native Americans. De Ayllón and many of the colonists died shortly afterwards of an epidemic, the settlers and the slaves who had not escaped returned to Haiti, whence they had come. The first recorded Africans in British North America were 20 and odd negroes who came to Jamestown, as English settlers died from harsh conditions and more Africans were brought to work as laborers. Typically, young men or women would sign a contract of indenture in exchange for transportation to the New World, the landowner received 50 acres of land from the state for each servant purchased from a ships captain.
An indentured servant would work for years without wages. The status of indentured servants in early Virginia and Maryland was similar to slavery, servants could be bought, sold, or leased and they could be physically beaten for disobedience or running away. Africans could legally raise crops and cattle to purchase their freedom and they raised families, married other Africans and sometimes intermarried with Native Americans or English settlers. By the 1640s and 1650s, several African families owned farms around Jamestown and some became wealthy by colonial standards and purchased indentured servants of their own. In 1640, the Virginia General Court recorded the earliest documentation of slavery when they sentenced John Punch. One of Dutch African arrivals, Anthony Johnson, would own one of the first black slaves, John Casor
Thomas William Tommy Heinsohn is an American retired professional basketball player. He has been associated with the Boston Celtics of the National Basketball Association for six decades as a player, coach and he played for the Celtics from 1956 to 1965, and coached the team from 1969 to 1978. He has been granted Hall of Fame Status for his success as a player and he has been inducted into the hall of fame as a coach. He helped form the NBA players union, Heinsohn is the only person to have the distinction of being involved in an official team capacity in each of the Celtics 17 championships, as well as each of their 21 NBA Finals appearances. He is currently the commentator on the Celtics television broadcasts on CSN New England. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey, Heinsohn was a standout at St. Michaels High School in nearby Union City. He accepted a scholarship to Holy Cross and became the schools leading scorer with 1,789 points. During his senior year, Heinsohn scored a school record 51 points in a game against Boston College, in 1956, Heinsohn was chosen as the Boston Celtics regional, or territorial, draft pick.
In his first season, Heinsohn played in an NBA All-Star Game, was named the NBA Rookie of the Year over teammate Bill Russell and he was part of a Celtics squad that won eight NBA titles in nine years, including seven in a row between 1959 and 1965. In NBA history, only teammates Russell and Sam Jones won more championship rings during their playing careers, during his playing career, Heinsohn was named to six All-Star teams. On the day his teammate and fellow Holy Cross Crusader Bob Cousy retired, Heinsohn scored his 10 and his number 15 was retired by the Celtics in 1965. Off the court, Heinsohn played an important leadership role in the NBA Players Association, Heinsohn became the Celtics head coach beginning in the 1969–70 season. He led the team to a league best 68–14 record during the 1972–73 season and was named Coach of the Year, the next season Heinsohn and the Celtics won the championship, and they claimed another title in 1976. He accumulated a career coaching record of 427–263, on February 14,2015, it was announced that Heinsohn will be inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame for a second time as a coaching inductee.
He is one of five members of the class of 2015 who were elected and is just one of four people to be inducted as both a player and coach. Heinsohns broadcasting career began in 1966, calling play-by-play for WKBGs Celtics broadcasts and he spent three seasons in this role before becoming coach in 1969. From 1990 to 1999, Heinsohn was the Celtics road play-by-play man on WFXT, WSBK, in 1981, Heinsohn joined Mike Gorman as color commentator in the Celtics television broadcasts, they have since become one of the longest-tenured tandems in sports broadcasting history. Occasionally, Bob Cousy makes appearances with the tandem of Gorman and he teamed with Brent Musburger and James Brown during his time with CBS